Kyoto Kyoto City, is the capital city of Kyoto Prefecture in Japan. Located in the Kansai region on the island of Honshu, Kyoto forms a part of the Keihanshin metropolitan area along with Osaka and Kobe; as of 2018, the city had a population of 1.47 million. In 794, Kyoto was chosen as the new seat of Japan's imperial court; the Emperors of Japan ruled from Kyoto in the following eleven centuries until 1869, when the court relocated to Tokyo. The city was devastated during the Ōnin War in the 15th century and went into an extended period of decline, but revived under the Tokugawa shogunate and flourished as a major city in Japan; the modern municipality of Kyoto was established in 1889. The city was spared from large-scale destruction during World War II and as a result, its prewar cultural heritage has been preserved. Kyoto is considered the cultural capital of a major tourist destination, it is home to numerous Buddhist temples, Shinto shrines and gardens, many of which are listed collectively by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.
Prominent landmarks include the Kyoto Imperial Palace, Kiyomizu-dera, Kinkaku-ji, Ginkaku-ji and the Katsura Imperial Villa. Kyoto is a center of higher learning, with Kyoto University being an institution of international renown. In Japanese, Kyoto was called Kyō, Miyako, or Kyō no Miyako. In the 11th century, the city was renamed "Kyōto", from the Middle Chinese kiang-tuo. After the city of Edo was renamed "Tōkyō" in 1868 and the seat of the Emperor was moved there, Kyoto was for a short time known as "Saikyō". Kyoto is sometimes called the thousand-year capital; the National Diet never passed any law designating a capital. Foreign spellings for the city's name have included Kioto and Meaco, utilised by Dutch cartographers. Another term used to refer to the city in the pre-modern period was Keishi, "capital". Gallery Ample archaeological evidence suggests human settlement in the area of Kyoto began as early as the Paleolithic period, although not much published material is retained about human activity in the region before the 6th century, around which time the Shimogamo Shrine is believed to have been established.
During the 8th century, when powerful Buddhist clergy became involved in the affairs of the Imperial government, Emperor Kanmu chose to relocate the capital in order to distance it from the clerical establishment in Nara. His last choice for the site was the village of Uda, in the Kadono district of Yamashiro Province; the new city, Heian-kyō, a scaled replica of the Chinese Tang dynasty capital Chang'an, became the seat of Japan's imperial court in 794, beginning the Heian period of Japanese history. Although military rulers established their governments either in Kyoto or in other cities such as Kamakura and Edo, Kyoto remained Japan's capital until the transfer of the imperial court to Tokyo in 1869 at the time of the Imperial Restoration; the city suffered extensive destruction in the Ōnin War of 1467–1477, did not recover until the mid-16th century. During the Ōnin War, the shugo collapsed, power was divided among the military families. Battles between samurai factions spilled into the streets, came to involve the court nobility and religious factions as well.
Nobles' mansions were transformed into fortresses, deep trenches dug throughout the city for defense and as firebreaks, numerous buildings burned. The city has not seen such widespread destruction since. In the late 16th century, Toyotomi Hideyoshi reconstructed the city by building new streets to double the number of north-south streets in central Kyoto, creating rectangle blocks superseding ancient square blocks. Hideyoshi built earthwork walls called odoi encircling the city. Teramachi Street in central Kyoto is a Buddhist temple quarter where Hideyoshi gathered temples in the city. Throughout the Edo period, the economy of the city flourished as one of three major cities in Japan, the others being Osaka and Edo. Gallery The Hamaguri rebellion of 1864 burnt down 28,000 houses in the city which showed the rebels' dissatisfaction towards the Tokugawa Shogunate; the subsequent move of the Emperor to Tokyo in 1869 weakened the economy. The modern city of Kyoto was formed on April 1, 1889; the construction of Lake Biwa Canal in 1890 was one measure taken to revive the city.
The population of the city exceeded one million in 1932. There was some consideration by the United States of targeting Kyoto with an atomic bomb at the end of World War II because, as an intellectual center of Japan, it had a population large enough to persuade the emperor to surrender. In the end, at the insistence of Henry L. Stimson, Secretary of War in the Roosevelt and Truman administrations, the city was removed from the list of targets and replaced by Nagasaki; the city was spared from conventional bombing as well, although small-scale air raids did result in casualties. As a result, the Imperial City of Kyoto is one of the few Japanese cities that still have an abundance of prewar buildings, such as the traditional townhouses known as machiya. However, modernization is continually breaking down the traditional Kyoto in favor of newer architecture, such as the Kyōto Station complex. Kyoto became a city designated by government ordinance on September 1, 1956. In 1997, Kyoto hosted the conference.
Gallery Kyoto is located in a
Star Trek Maps is a reference work demonstrating the stellar cartography and navigation system featured on the Star Trek television series, written from an in-universe perspective. It was published by Bantam Books in August 1980, licensed by Paramount Pictures; the box set included four four-color wall maps, an instructional booklet from the "Technical Publications Section" of Starfleet Command. A number of artists contributed to the production of the booklet, wall maps. Many of the contributors would work on Star Trek productions. Jeffrey Maynard, Co-designer and coordinator. Michael McMaster, Concept artist. Self-published Star Trek blueprint sets 1975–78, under the name "Galactic Designs and Productions." Geoffrey Mandel, Astronomical art design. Was a member of the art department on Star Trek Generations, Deep Space Nine, Voyager. Lee Cole, Technical graphics. Scenic artist for the unproduced Phase II, The Motion Picture and The Wrath of Khan. Michael Nicastre and Rick Sternbach, Airbrush art.
Sternbach was a production illustrator for The Motion Picture, The Next Generation, Deep Space Nine, Voyager. John Upton, instruction manual author. Sydny Weinberg, editor. Weinberg was credited as an editor at Bantam Books. Larry Nemecek, uncredited consultant. Nemecek contributed technical material, included in the sidebars on each of the maps. Star Trek Maps box set contains four four-color wall maps, a 31-page staple-bound booklet. Introduction to Navigation: Labelled with an in-universe document number: TM:3001499-03, as published by the Technical Publications Section of Starfleet Command; the text includes historical background, explanations of warp travel, navigation within the Federation, a briefing on course calculations, which include vector calculus, a table of corrections for warp speed designations. Chart A: United Federation of Planets. Plots the locations of the core Federation member worlds, their relation to Earth. Sidebars include projections, called “Astrogation” in the key, of the coordinate system, prime directions, explained in the booklet, in eight specifications: Galaxy down to individual sector.
Chart B: Named Planets and their Primaries, Planetary Descriptions. Plots location of named planets from the television series using a galactic side view. Sidebars include vector drawings of Federation vessels and buoys, two maps of member worlds more distant from the Federation core. Chart C: Enterprise Zone of Patrol Map Five, with scaled maps of the Klingon Empire and an updated map of Earth Outpost Sector Z-6 featured in “Balance of Terror”. Sidebar features planetary layouts of Sol, Talos and Gamma Vertis systems. Chart D: Enterprise Zone of Patrol Map Six. Sidebars are a detailed map of the Rigel system, depictions of twelve words, including Memory Alpha, Sherman’s Planet and Vulcan. William A. Barton reviewed the box set in The Space Gamer No. 34, saying that "Star Trek fans of Earth owe a vote of thanks to designer Jeffrey Maynard and to Bantam for taking the time to release these… They should prove a worthwhile purchase to anyone interested in the Star Trek universe."According to Memory Alpha, maps from the set were featured as part of the 1992 Star Trek exhibition presented by the National Air & Space Museum.
Nemecek created a in-depth package of wall maps and encyclopedic booklet in 2013, released as Stellar Cartography: The Starfleet Reference Library. The maps and text were updated by Nemecek to include information from other Star Trek spin-off series, films released since 1980, combined with material he contributed to Star Trek: Star Charts. Star Trek Maps at Memory Alpha Star Trek Maps at Memory Beta
Morristown National Historical Park is a United States National Historical Park, headquartered in Morristown, New Jersey, consisting of four sites important during the American Revolutionary War: Jockey Hollow, the Ford Mansion, Fort Nonsense and the New Jersey Brigade Encampment site. The sites are located in Morristown and Harding Township, both in Morris County, in Bernardsville in Somerset County. With its establishment in March 1933, Morristown became the country's first National Historical Park. Jockey Hollow, a few miles south of Morristown along Route 202 in Harding Twp. was the site of a Continental Army encampment. It was from here that the entire Pennsylvania contingent mutinied and 200 New Jersey soldiers attempted to emulate them. Fort Nonsense occupied a high hilltop overlooking Morristown, is believed to have been the site of a signal fire, along with earthworks; the Ford Mansion, in Morristown proper, was the site of the "hard winter" quarters of George Washington and the Continental Army.
That winter remains the coldest on record for New Jersey. Theodosia Ford, widow of Jacob Ford Jr. and her four children shared their household with Washington, his staff, including Alexander Hamilton, along with their servants and sometimes, their family members. Martha Washington traveled to Morristown to spend the winter with her husband. Washington's Headquarters Museum, the adjacent museum is open to the public Wednesday thru Sunday from September–June and seven days a week from July- August from 9:30 AM to 5:00 PM; the museum has a sales area. A video production "Morristown: Where America Survived" is shown; the Ford Mansion is shown only by guided tour. The Museum hosted one of the events of the CelebrateHAMILTON 2015 program: hosted by the Alexander Hamilton Awareness Society, a talk by Author and Historian Michael E. Newton - "Hamilton's Revolutionary War Services", who presented his book "Alexander Hamilton: The Formative Years." at the same event. The New Jersey Brigade Encampment Site is located south of Jockey Hollow in Bernardsville, Somerset County.
It was used by about 1,300 soldiers during the winter of 1779–80. In April 1932, the National Park Service published a report recommending that the site of the Continental Army's winter encampments in 1776-77 and 1779-80 become a "Federal Historical Reserve". In January 1933, a conference consisting of representatives of the NPS, the Secretary of the Interior, civic and business leaders from the Morris County area, drafted a bill supporting the concept of a national historical park, with "the rank and dignity equal to the scenic program in the West."The bill for creating the Morristown National Historical Park was submitted in mid-January, with the support of Secretary Ray Lyman Wilbur, who called it "the most important park project before this department at the present time."In March 1933, in the last days of Herbert Hoover's presidency, the 72nd Congress established Morristown as the country's first National Historical Park. National Register of Historic Places listings in Morris County, New Jersey Media related to Morristown National Historical Park at Wikimedia Commons National Park Service: Morristown National Historical Park NPS Museum Exhibit: Morristown NJ Skylands: Morristown National Historical Park StateParks: Morristown National Historical Park NY-NJTC: Morristown National Historical Park Trail Details and Info