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Kyoto Prefecture

Kyoto Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located in the Kansai region of Honshu. Kyoto Prefecture has a population of 2,610,353 and has a geographic area of 4,612 km². Kyoto Prefecture borders Fukui Prefecture to the northeast, Shiga Prefecture to the east, Mie Prefecture to the southeast, Nara Prefecture and Osaka Prefecture to the south, Hyogo Prefecture to the west. Kyoto is the capital and largest city of Kyoto Prefecture, with other major cities including Uji and Maizuru. Kyoto Prefecture is located on the Sea of Japan coast and extends to the southeast towards the Kii Peninsula, covering territory of the former provinces of Yamashiro and Tango. Kyoto Prefecture is centered on the historic Imperial capital of Kyoto, is one of Japan's two "urban prefectures" using the designation fu rather than the standard ken for prefectures. Kyoto has made Kyoto Prefecture one of the most popular tourism destinations in Japan for national and international tourists, 21% of the prefecture's land area was designated as Natural Parks.

Kyoto Prefecture forms part of the Keihanshin metropolitan area, the second-most-populated urban region in Japan after the Greater Tokyo area and one of the world's most productive regions by GDP. Until the Meiji Restoration, the area of Kyoto Prefecture was known as Yamashiro. For most of its history, the city of Kyoto was Japan's Imperial capital; the city's history can be traced back as far as the 6th century. In 544, the Aoi Matsuri was held in Kyoto to pray for good weather. Kyoto did not start out as Japan's capital. A noteworthy earlier capital was Nara. In 741, Emperor Shōmu moved the capital to Kuni-kyo, between the cities of Nara and Kyoto, in present-day Kyoto Prefecture. In 784, the capital was moved to Nagaokakyō in present-day Kyoto Prefecture. In 794, Emperor Kanmu moved the capital to Heian-kyō, this was the beginning of the current-day city of Kyoto. Today all of the streets, stores and shrines in Kyoto exist where they were placed in this year. Although in 1192 real political power shifted to Kamakura, where a samurai clan established the shogunate, Kyoto remained the imperial capital as the powerless emperors and their court continued to be seated in the city.

Imperial rule was restored in 1333, but another samurai clan established a new shogunate in Kyoto three years later. In 1467, a great civil war, the Ōnin War, took place inside Kyoto, most of the town was burned down. Japan plunged into the age of warring feudal lords. A new strong man, Tokugawa Ieyasu, established the shogunate at Edo in 1603. In the 15th century AD, tea-jars were brought by the shōguns to Uji in Kyoto from the Philippines, used in the Japanese tea ceremony; the Meiji Restoration returned Japan to imperial rule in 1868. Emperor Meiji, now the absolute sovereign, went to stay in Tokyo during the next year; the imperial court has not returned to Kyoto since then. During the instigation of Fuhanken Sanchisei in 1868, the prefecture received its suffix fu; the subsequent reorganization of the old provincial system merged the former Tango Province, Yamashiro Province and the eastern part of Tanba Province into today's Kyoto Prefecture. Although many Japanese major cities were bombed during World War II, the old capital escaped such devastation.

During the occupation, the U. S. Sixth Army was headquartered in Kyoto; the area was affected by the 2019-20 Wuhan coronavirus outbreak. Kyoto Prefecture is in the center of Honshu and of Japan, it covers an area of 4,612.19 square kilometres, 1.2% of Japan. Kyoto is 31st by size. To the north, it faces the Sea of Fukui Prefecture. To the south, it faces Nara Prefectures. To the east, it faces Shiga Prefectures. To its west is Hyōgo Prefecture; the prefecture is separated in the middle by the Tanba Mountains. This makes its climate different in the north and south; as of 15 April 2016, 21% of the prefecture's land area was designated as Natural Parks, namely Sanin Kaigan National Park. Fifteen cities are located in Kyoto Prefecture: These are the towns and villages in each district: Kyoto prefecture's economy is supported by industries that create value, unique to Kyoto, such as the tourism and traditional industries supported by 1,200 years of history and culture, as well as high-technology industries that combine the technology of Kyoto's traditional industries with new ideas.

Northern Kyoto on the Tango Peninsula has fishing and water transportation, midland Kyoto has agriculture and forestry. The prefecture produces 13 % of green tea. Japan's largest vertical farm is located in the prefecture; the Kyoto-based manufacturing industry holds shares of Japan's high-technology product markets and others. As of 2018, six Forbes Global 2000 companies were located in Kyoto prefecture: Nidec, Murata Manufacturing, Omron, Bank of Kyoto. Takara Holdings, GS Yuasa, SCREEN Holdings, Mitsubishi Logisnext and Kyoto Animation are based in the prefecture; as of October 2018, the minimum wage in the prefecture was ¥882 per hour. Kyoto has been, still remains, Japan's cultural center. For over 1000 years it was Japan's capital; when the capital was changed to Tokyo, Kyoto remained Japan's cultural capital. The local government proposes a plan to move the Agency for Cultural Affairs to Kyoto and to regard Tokyo as the capital of politics and economy and Kyoto as the capital of culture. See Culture of Japan.

Kyoto Tachibana Senior High School Kyoto Tachibana Junior High School The sports teams

2012 Tour of Flanders

The 2012 Tour of Flanders was the 96th edition of the Tour of Flanders single-day "Monument" cycling race. It was held on 1 April 2012 over a distance of 256.9 kilometres – between Brugge and Oudenaarde – and was the eighth race of the 2012 UCI World Tour season. In a three-man sprint finish, the race was won by Omega Pharma–Quick-Step Belgian Tom Boonen, who in the process, became the fifth different rider to win the race three times, took the lead of the overall World Tour standings. Boonen finished ahead of Farnese Vini–Selle Italia's Filippo Pozzato and 2007 winner Alessandro Ballan of BMC Racing Team, who completed the podium; the course of the classic was changed drastically. The finish was changed from Meerbeke to Oudenaarde due to the result of a changed parcours to the race. Famous hills like the Muur van Geraardsbergen and the Bosberg were the final two hills in every edition from 1975 but were removed from the course; the new final featured the Oude Kwaremont and Paterberg, both were climbed three times.

Included in the final were the infamous Koppenberg – climbed after the first passage of the Oude Kwaremont and Paterberg – as well as the Steenbeekdries and the Kluisberg. 2010 winner Fabian Cancellara stated in the Belgium TV show De Laatste Show that he liked the new route of the race. He said that he disliked the dead moment from Tenbosse until the Muur in the old route and the flat kilometres after the Bosberg until the finish. While Cancellara liked the new route, some riders expressed negative feelings about the new route. Two-time winner Stijn Devolder stated that: "This is no longer the Ronde van Vlaanderen". Former Belgian cyclist and three-time winner Johan Museeuw stated that the course was made too hard: "Three times up the Oude Kwaremont and Paterberg can blow you away; the course didn't need to be made harder, I think." Many cycling fans those in Belgium expressed against the changes in the route and thinking that the changes were made for commercial reasons. The omission of the Muur was not received well by the fans and was like "removing the Poggio from Milan–San Remo.

The "Muur" was included in the first World Tour E3 Harelbeke in 2012. As the Tour of Flanders was a UCI World Tour event, all 18 UCI ProTeams were invited automatically and obligated to send a squad. Seven other squads were given wildcard places into the race, as such, formed the event's 25-team peloton; the 25 teams that competed in the race were: Two main favourites were named before the race, 2005 and 2006 winner Tom Boonen and 2010 winner Fabian Cancellara, with outsiders including Matti Breschel, Sylvain Chavanel, Peter Sagan, Filippo Pozzato and Sep Vanmarcke. A group of 15 riders, including amongst others Tyler Farrar, Pablo Lastras and Maarten Tjallingii, formed the early breakaway, but due to the size of the group there were not allowed to gain more than five minutes over the peloton. In the peloton, the first attacks came during the first ascent of the Oude Kwaremont after about 180 km, eliminating some of the lesser riders, but still leaving a big group chasing the leaders, but the first major event happened some 10 km as Cancellara crashed out of the race, fracturing his collar bone in four places.

At the start of the second ascent of the Paterberg, several riders crashed in the first part of the peloton, allowing a select group of riders to take some advantage over the rest of the peloton. This elite group, which amongst others contained Boonen, Niki Terpstra, Sagan, Pozzato, Alessandro Ballan, Luca Paolini and Vincent Jérôme, raced past the remainder of the breakaway group and at that point seemed to be battling it out for the win. However, the riders stopped cooperating and in the peloton Team Sky chased hard in an attempt to bring Edvald Boasson Hagen back to the lead group, succeeding just before the third ascent of the Oude Kwaremont. During this ascent, Ballan raced away from the pack, only to be caught a few minutes by Pozzato and Boonen. Ballan and Pozzato climbed the final ascent of the Paterberg together and despite numerous attempts by Ballan to get away from the other two, the three riders contested the sprint for the victory. In Oudenaarde, Boonen outsprinted Pozzato by one bike-length at the line, with Ballan taking third place.

In a group of 43 riders finishing within one minute of the three leaders, Greg Van Avermaet finished in fourth place, edging out Sagan in fifth. Omega Pharma–Quick-Step were represented three times within the top ten. Race website

Groupe μ

Groupe μ is the collective pseudonym under which a group of Belgian 20th-century semioticians wrote a series of books, presenting an exposition of modern semiotics. This interdisciplinary group works out of the Center of Poetic Studies at the University of Liège, in Belgium, was formed in 1967. Members have included Francis Édeline, Jean-Marie Klinkenberg, Jacques Dubois, Francis Pire, Hadelin Trinon and Philippe Minguet, with several other associate members. Beyond their personal research in biochemistry, cultural sociology, aesthetics, or semiotics, the authors have published collectively various books as well as more than sixty papers in such journals as Communications, Poétique, Visio, Degrés, Cahiers internationaux de symbolisme, Communication et langage, Revue d'esthétique, Le Français moderne, Technê, Protée, RS/SI, Nouveaux actes sémiotiques, Les Documents de travail d'Urbino, etc. or in collected papers. Some of their early work in the 1960s dealt with linguistically oriented topics such as polysemous language, the nature of synecdoche and metaphor.

The concepts elaborated in the group's first major publication contributed to the revival of rhetorics at the time, by providing an explanatory model of rhetorical figures, which drew on contemporary concepts of linguistic structure. The group separated itself further from formal structuralism with the publication of A Rhetoric of Poetry, which showed that, although the presence of certain linguistic structures – and foremost amongst them poly-isotopy, made possible by rhetorical figures – was a necessary condition for the production of poetic effects, this condition was not enough, that anthropological and social criteria would be needed to complete these structures. In the 1970s and 1980s they worked on developing a theoretical approach towards visual rhetoric and visual semiotics that involved classifying images according to their differences from plastic and iconic norms; the Traité du signe visuel sought to elaborate a general grammar of the image, independently of the type of corpus being considered.

This semiotic of the visual contributed, in its turn, to semiotics in general: indeed, a question encountered by the group at this stage was that of the relationship between sensorial experience and signification, a question which reveals something of this degree of generality since it comes up against the question of the origin of meaning itself. The group took its name from the metaphor. A General Rhetoric Rhétorique de la poésie: lecture linéaire, lecture tabulaire Collages Plan d'une rhétorique de l'image Traité du signe visuel: Pour une rhétorique de l'image Figuras, cultura. Ensayos retóricos Principia semiotica: aux sources du sens. Allotopy