Chikuzen Province was an old province of Japan in the area, today part of Fukuoka Prefecture in Kyūshū. It was sometimes called Chikuyō, with Chikugo Province. Chikuzen bordered Buzen, Bungo and Hizen Provinces; the original provincial capital is believed to be near Dazaifu, although Fukuoka city has become dominant in modern times. At the end of the 13th century, Chikuzen was the landing point for a Mongol invasion force, but the main force was destroyed by a typhoon. In April 1336, Kikuchi Taketoshi attacked the Shoni clan stronghold at Dazaifu. At the time, the Shoni were allied with Ashikaga Takauji in his battles against Go-Daigo; the Shoni were defeated, which led to the suicide of several clan members, including their leader Shoni Sadatsune. In the Meiji period, the provinces of Japan were converted into prefectures. Maps of Japan and Chikuzen Province were reformed in the 1870s. At the same time, the province continued to exist for some purposes. For example, Chikuzen is explicitly recognized in treaties in 1894 between Japan and the United States and between Japan and the United Kingdom.
Sumiyoshi-jinja and Hakosaki-gū were the chief Shinto shrines of Chikuzen. Fukuoka Prefecture Geza District - merged with Johza and Yasu Districts to become Asakura District on February 26, 1896 Honami District - merged with Kama District to become Kaho District on February 26, 1896 Ito District - merged with Shima District to become Itoshima District on February 26, 1896 Johza District - merged with Geza and Yasu Districts to become Asakura District on February 26, 1896 Kama District - merged with Honami District to become Kaho District on February 26, 1896 Kasuya District Kurate District Mikasa District - merged with Mushiroda and Naka Districts to become Chikushi District on February 26, 1896 Munakata District - dissolved Mushiroda District - merged with Mikasa and Naka Districts to become Chikushi District on February 26, 1896 Naka District - merged with Mikasa and Mushiroda Districts to become Chikushi District on February 26, 1896 Onga District Sawara District - dissolved Shima District - merged with Ito District to become Itoshima District on February 26, 1896 Yasu District - merged with Geza and Johza Districts to become Asakura District on February 26, 1896 Fukuoka Domain Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth..
Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5. Historical and Geographic Dictionary of Japan. Tokyo: Librarie Sansaisha. OCLC 77691250 Media related to Chikuzen Province at Wikimedia Commons Murdoch's map of provinces, 1903
Miyazaki is the capital city of Miyazaki Prefecture on the island of Kyushu in Japan. Located on the coast and crossed by several rivers, Miyazaki City enjoys scenic views of both ocean and nearby, verdant mountains. A popular resort destination for Japanese tourists, the city offers many attractions, including the SeaGaia event center, the Phoenix Zoo, many large hotels and onsens; the city is the primary shopping destination for eastern Kyushu residents in smaller towns around the prefecture. The city was founded on April 1, 1924; as of this merger, the city has an estimated population of 365,311 and a population density of 612 persons per km². The total area is 596.68 km². As of December 2010, the current population is 399,834. Miyazaki Airport and Miyazaki seaport serve the city. In 1940, the imperialist Shōwa regime constructed the 37 meter Hakkō Ichiu pillar upon the legendary site of Emperor Jimmu's palace. Located near Miyazaki, it was intended to symbolize the divine right of the Empire of Japan to "unify the eight corners of the world".
The tower is now the center piece of the Heiwadai-koen peace park. On January 1, 2006, the towns of Sadowara and Tano, the town of Takaoka were merged into Miyazaki. On March 23, 2010, the town of Kiyotake was merged into Miyazaki. Miyazaki District was dissolved as a result of this merger. Skynet Asia Airways has its headquarters in Miyazaki. Asiana Airlines operates a sales office on the sixth floor of the Miyazaki Daiichi Seimei Building in Miyazaki. Dell Inc has their two call centers in Japan had opened the one on the 5th floor of Carino Miyazaki Building in Miyazaki. Miyazaki Prefectural Office became famous as a tourist spot when Hideo Higashikokubaru, a national celebrity, became the prefectural governor of Miyazaki. Miyazaki-jingū, a shrine in the city's center, is one of Miyazaki's sacred dedications to Japan's first emperor, Jinmu. Heiwadai Tower or "Peace Tower", in the expansive Heiwadai park, is a must-see for tourists; the "Tower of the Emperor," symbolizing Japanese imperial expansion, it was renamed for peace after the events of World War II.
Aoshima Island and shrine, only minutes south of the city, boasts some rare rock formations known as the Devil's Washboard among a peaceful beach setting, is a popular relaxation and play destination for locals and travelers alike. The fascinating Aoshima Subtropical Botanical Garden is located nearby; the Tom Watson Golf Course was produced by an American professional golfer. Miyazaki-city Phoenix Zoo The Citizen's Forest. A Large park near Phoenix Zoo. Located on its grounds is the Misogi-ike, Pond of Purification, that according to legend is the birthplace of the sun goddess Amaterasu; the Ikimen Burial Mounds are located in Miyazaki and include the Ikime-no-mori Yukokan, Activity Centre, where visitors learn the history of the burial mounds and learn about ancient activities. Miyazaki City is known for its excellent surfing conditions year-round, Kisakihama Beach, Aoshima Beach, Shirahama Beach are popular surfing spots all within the city limits; the JR Kyushu Nichinan Line serves the area.
The city is served by Miyazaki Airport. Miyazaki has five sister cities: Kashihara, Nara Tano, Kōchi Daisen, Akita Waukegan, United States, since May 3, 1990 Virginia Beach, United States, since May 25, 1992 Boeun County, North Chungcheong, South Korea, since August 6, 1993 Huludao, China, since May 16, 2004 Yui Asaka Shinzo Koroki Kosei Inoue Ryunosuke Haga University of Miyazaki Miyazaki Prefectural Nursing University Miyazaki Municipal University Miyazaki Sangyo-keiei University Minami Kyushu University Miyazaki International College Minami Kyushu Junior College Miyazaki has a humid subtropical climate with hot, humid summers and cool winters. During the summer, the city is prone to typhoons, one of which drenched the city with 587.2 millimetres of rain in one day on 16 October 1939. The wettest month since records began has been September 1886 with 1,259.3 millimetres and the driest December 1988, which stands as the only month with no measurable precipitation. Official website
Nagasaki is the capital and the largest city of Nagasaki Prefecture on the island of Kyushu in Japan. The city's name, 長崎, means "long cape" in Japanese. Nagasaki became a centre of colonial Portuguese and Dutch influence in the 16th through 19th centuries, the Hidden Christian Sites in the Nagasaki Region have been recognized and included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Part of Nagasaki was home to a major Imperial Japanese Navy base during the First Sino-Japanese War and Russo-Japanese War. During World War II, the American atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki made Nagasaki the second and, to date, last city in the world to experience a nuclear attack; as of 1 March 2017, the city has an estimated population of 425,723 and a population density of 1,000 people per km2. The total area is 406.35 km2. Nagasaki is a Japanese port city, occupied by the Portuguese in the late 16th century. A small fishing village set in a secluded harbor, Nagasaki had little historical significance until contact with Portuguese explorers in 1543.
An early visitor was Fernão Mendes Pinto, who came from Sagres on a Portuguese ship which landed nearby in Tanegashima. Soon after, Portuguese ships started sailing to Japan as regular trade freighters, thus increasing the contact and trade relations between Japan and the rest of the world, with mainland China, with whom Japan had severed its commercial and political ties due to a number of incidents involving Wokou piracy in the South China Sea, with the Portuguese now serving as intermediaries between the two Asian countries. Despite the mutual advantages derived from these trading contacts, which would soon be acknowledged by all parties involved, the lack of a proper seaport in Kyūshū for the purpose of harboring foreign ships posed a major problem for both merchants and the Kyushu daimyōs who expected to collect great advantages from the trade with the Portuguese. In the meantime, Spanish Jesuit missionary St. Francis Xavier arrived in Kagoshima, South Kyūshū, in 1549, soon initiated a thorough campaign of evangelization throughout Japan, left for China in 1552 and died soon afterwards.
His followers who remained behind converted a number of daimyōs. The most notable among them was Ōmura Sumitada. In 1569, Ōmura granted a permit for the establishment of a port with the purpose of harboring Portuguese ships in Nagasaki, set up in 1571, under the supervision of the Jesuit missionary Gaspar Vilela and Portuguese Captain-Major Tristão Vaz de Veiga, with Ōmura's personal assistance; the little harbor village grew into a diverse port city, Portuguese products imported through Nagasaki were assimilated into popular Japanese culture. Tempura derived from a popular Portuguese recipe known as peixinho-da-horta, takes its name from the Portuguese word,'tempero,' seasoning, refers to the tempora quadragesima, forty days of Lent during which eating meat was for bidden, another example of the enduring effects of this cultural exchange; the Portuguese brought with them many goods from China. Due to the instability during the Sengoku period and Jesuit leader Alexandro Valignano conceived a plan to pass administrative control over to the Society of Jesus rather than see the Catholic city taken over by a non-Catholic daimyō.
Thus, for a brief period after 1580, the city of Nagasaki was a Jesuit colony, under their administrative and military control. It became a refuge for Christians escaping maltreatment in other regions of Japan. In 1587, Toyotomi Hideyoshi's campaign to unify the country arrived in Kyūshū. Concerned with the large Christian influence in southern Japan, as well as the active and what was perceived as the arrogant role the Jesuits were playing in the Japanese political arena, Hideyoshi ordered the expulsion of all missionaries, placed the city under his direct control. However, the expulsion order went unenforced, the fact remained that most of Nagasaki's population remained practicing Catholic. In 1596, the Spanish ship San Felipe was wrecked off the coast of Shikoku, Hideyoshi learned from its pilot that the Spanish Franciscans were the vanguard of an Iberian invasion of Japan. In response, Hideyoshi ordered the crucifixions of twenty-six Catholics in Nagasaki on February 5 of the next year. Portuguese traders were not ostracized, so the city continued to thrive.
In 1602, Augustinian missionaries arrived in Japan, when Tokugawa Ieyasu took power in 1603, Catholicism was still tolerated. Many Catholic daimyōs had been critical allies at the Battle of Sekigahara, the Tokugawa position was not strong enough to move against them. Once Osaka Castle had been taken and Toyotomi Hideyoshi's offspring killed, the Tokugawa dominance was assured. In addition, the Dutch and English presence allowed trade without religious strings attached. Thus, in 1614, Catholicism was banned and all missionaries ordered to leave. Most Catholic daimyo apostatized, forced their subjects to do so, although a few would not renounce the religion and left the country for Macau and Japantowns in Southeast Asia. A brutal campaign of persecution followed, with thousands of converts across Kyūshū and other parts of Japan killed, tortured, or forced to renounce their religion. Catholicism's last gasp as an open religion and the last major military action in Japan until the Meiji Restoration was the Shimabara Rebellion of 1637.
While there is no evidence that Europeans directly incited the rebellion
Ōita Prefecture is a prefecture on Kyushu region of Japan. The prefectural capital is the city of Ōita. Around the 6th century Kyushu consisted of four regions: Tsukushi Province, Hi Province, Kumaso Province and Toyo Province. Toyo Province was divided into two regions and lower Toyo Province, called Bungo Province and Buzen Province. After the Meiji Restoration, districts from Bungo and Buzen provinces were combined to form Ōita Prefecture; these provinces were divided among many local daimyōs and thus a large castle town never formed in Ōita. From this time that whole area became known as "Toyo-no-kuni", which means "Land of Abundance"; the origins of the name Ōita are documented in a report from the early 8th century called the Chronicles of Bungo. According to the document, when Emperor Keikō visited the Kyushu region, stopping first in Toyo-no-kuni, he exclaimed that'This is a vast land, indeed, it shall be known as Okita-Kuni!' Okita-Kuni, meaning "Land of the Great Fields" came to be written as "Ōita".
Present day interpretations based on Ōita's topography state that Oita's name comes from "Okita", meaning "many fields", rather than "vast" or "great" field, because of Ōita's complex terrain. In the Edo period the town of Hita was the government seat for the entire domain of Kyushu, directly controlled by the national government or shōgun at that time; the region became well known for the money-lending industry based out of Hita. Merchants in Hita's Mameda and Kuma districts worked with the national government to create this money-lending industry known as Hita-kin. Ōtomo Sōrin: The Otomo family ruled over the Funai Domain, present day Ōita City, in the 16th century. Funai was a internationalized city which engaged in trade and exchange with other nations. Sōrin, the 21st leader of the Ōtomo clan, embraced Western culture enthusiastically and invited the missionary Francis Xavier to the city to promote Christianity. Sōrin dreamed of creating a Christian nation. Sōrin died in Tsukumi. Miura Baien: A scholar known as Susumu but called Baien after the name of his private school where he educated many scholars.
Miura developed his own system of logic and wrote many works including his three famous words, Deep Words, Redundant Words, Bold Words. He worked in a hospital and had a good knowledge of astronomy, he hand made an astronomical globe, passed down through many generations. He spent his entire life in Tominaga Village, the present day area of Aki Town in Kunisaki City. Miura Baien is considered one of Ōita's three sages along with Hoashi Banri and Hirose Tansō. Hoashi Banri: Miura Baien's pupil who expanded his academic ability into many fields including Confucianism, natural sciences and language, he taught himself Dutch to reference scientific publications for his eight-volume work Kyuritsu, considered the top work of Western natural science in Japan at that time. In 1832 he was made Minister for the Feudal Lord to fix the financial problems of the Hiji clan. Banri Hoashi is considered one of Ōita's three sages along with Miura Baien and Hirose Tansō. Hirose Tansō: A Confucian scholar and educator from a money-lending family in Hita.
Ōita's current governor Katsusada Hirose is a descendant of Tansō Hirose. In Edo period Japan, education was limited to the rich. However, Hirose Tansō opened a school called Kangien meaning "all are welcome" and admitted students regardless of social status, age, or education level; the school's methodology of a "self-administered work-study policy" is said to have had great influence on the modern day education system in Japan. Former Prime Minister Kiyoura Keigo was educated here, with other students who went on to become influential scholars and politicians; the school’s remains were designated a historical site in 1932 and are a couple blocks from the original Hirose family house, where the Hirose Museum is. There, Tansō Hirose and other family members’ works are on display, with other original Hirose artifacts, hina dolls, tea ceremony utensils and more. Both are about a 10-minute walk from Hita Station. Tansō Hirose is considered one of the Oita's three sages along with Hoashi Banri. An asteroid called 10009 Hirosetanso discovered by the University of Tokyo in 1977 was named after Tansō Hirose.
Fukuzawa Yukichi: Founded Japan's oldest institute of higher education, Keio University in Tokyo. Fukuzawa Yukichi is pictured on the 10,000 yen bill, he was influential in Japan's education system by promoting independence and self-reliance of the Japanese people at his classes as Keio-Gijuku University, known as present day Keio University a school for Western studies. The university now produces influential and prominent alumni. Sasamuta-jinja and Yusuhara Hachiman-gū are the chief Shinto shrines in the prefecture. Ōita Prefecture is on the north-eastern section of the island of Kyūshū. It is 119 kilometers from east to west, 106 kilometers from north to south, with a total area of 6,339 square kilometers. Surrounded by the Suo Channel and Honshū Island to the north, the Iyo Channel and Shikoku Island to the east, it is bordered by Miyazaki Prefecture to the south, Fukuoka Prefecture and Kumamoto Prefecture to the west, it is divided between north and south by a major tectonic line running from Usuki City in Ōita Prefecture to Yatsushiro City in Kumamoto Prefecture, to the west of Ōi
Nagasaki Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Kyushu. The capital is the city of Nagasaki. Nagasaki Prefecture was created by merging of the western half of the former province of Hizen with the island provinces of Tsushima and Iki. Facing China and Korea, the region around Hirado was a traditional center for pirates. During the 16th century, Catholic missionaries and traders from Portugal arrived and became active in Hirado and Nagasaki, which became a major center for foreign trade. After being given free rein in Oda Nobunaga's period, the missionaries were forced out little by little, until in the Tokugawa era, Christianity was banned under the Sakoku national isolation policy: Japanese foreign trade was restricted to Chinese and Dutch traders based at Dejima in Nagasaki. However, Kirishitan worship continued underground; these Kakure Kirishitan were tried at every step, forced to step on fumi-e to prove that they were non-Christian. With the banishment of all Catholic missionaries, traders from Catholic countries were forced out of the country.
Along with them, their children, half Japanese and half European, were forced to leave. The majority was sent to Jagatara and are still remembered by the locals as the people who wrote the poignant letters which were smuggled across the sea to their homeland. Today, Nagasaki has prominent Catholic churches, the Hidden Christian Sites in the Nagasaki Region, have been included on the UNESCO World Heritage List. During the Meiji Restoration and Sasebo became major ports for foreign trade, major military bases and shipbuilding centers for the Imperial Japanese Navy and the Mitsubishi Heavy Industries up to World War II. On August 9, 1945, the United States dropped an atomic bomb on Nagasaki, which destroyed all buildings in a 1.6 kilometres radius from the point of impact and extensively damaged other parts of the city. 39,000 people were killed, including 27,778 Japanese munitions workers, 2,000 Korean forced workers, 150 Japanese soldiers. About 68-80% of the industrial production was destroyed to the point it would not recover for months or at least a year.
Nagasaki Prefecture contains many areas prone to heavy landslide damage. In July 1957 in the Isahaya area, damage from heavy rains and landslides lead to a death toll of 586, with 136 people missing and 3,860 injured. In July 1982, typhoon damage in the Nagasaki area lead to 299 fatalities, according to a report by the Japanese government. Nagasaki borders Saga Prefecture on the east, is otherwise surrounded by water, including Ariake Bay, the Tsushima Straits, the East China Sea, it includes a large number of islands such as Tsushima and Iki. Most of the prefecture is near the coast and there are a number of ports such as Nagasaki and a United States Navy base at Sasebo; as of 1 April 2014, 18% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Saikai and Unzen-Amakusa National Parks. Thirteen cities are located in Nagasaki Prefecture: These are the towns and villages of each district: The following municipalities have been dissolved since the year 2000. Kitamatsuura District: Emukae, Ikitsuki, Kosaza, Ōshima, Shikamachi, Takashima, Yoshii Minamimatsuura District: Arikawa, Kamigotō, Miiraku, Naru, Shin'uonome, Tomie, Wakamatsu Nishisonogi District: Iōjima, Kinkai, Kōyagi, Nomozaki, Ōseto, Ōshima, Sakito, Seihi, Takashima, Tarami Kitatakaki District: Iimori, Moriyama, Takaki Minamitakaki District: Aino, Arie, Chidiwa, Futsu, Kitaarima, Kunimi, Minamikushiyama, Nishiarie, Obama Kamiagata District: Kamiagata, Mine Shimoagata District: Izuhara, Toyotama Iki District: Ashibe, Ishida, Katsumoto Nagasaki is the most Christianized area in Japan with Roman Catholic missions having been established there as early as the 16th century.
Shusaku Endo's novel Silence draws from the oral history of the local Christian communities, both Kakure Kirishitan and Hanare Kirishitan. As of 2002, there are 68,617 Catholics in Nagasaki Prefecture, accounting for 4.52 percent of the population of the prefecture. The Nagasaki Saints of the Shikoku-Kyūshū Island League make Nagasaki Prefecture their home. Nagasaki Ōura Church Urakami Cathedral Confucius Shrine, Nagasaki Glover Garden Nagasaki Shinchi Chinatown Mount Inasa Kōfuku-ji Sōfuku-ji Suwa Shrine Hirado Hirado Castle Sakikata Park Sasebo Kujū-ku Islands Huis Ten Bosch Tenkaihō Saikai Nagasaki Bio Park Shimabara Peninsula Mount Unzen Shimabara Castle JR Kyushu Nagasaki Main Line Sasebo Line Omura Line Shimabara Railway Matsuura Railway Nishi-Kyūshū Line Nagasaki Electric Tramway Nagasaki Expressway West Kyushu Expressway Nagasaki Dejima Road Kawahira Toll Road Kunimi Toll Road Kawahira Toll Road Route 34 Route 35 Route 57 Route 202 Route 204 Route 205 Route 206 Route 207 Route 251 Route 324 Route 382 Route 383 Route 384 Route 389 Route 444 Route 498 Route 499 Nagasaki Port Sasebo Port Matsuura Port Hirado Port Shimabara Port Fukue Port Izuhara Port of Tsushima Gonoura Port of Iki Island Nagasaki Airport Fukue Airport Iki Airport Tsushima Airport The current governor of Nagasaki is former vice-governor Hōdō Nakamura.
First elected in 2010 to succeed Genjirō Kaneko, he was reelected for a second term in 2014. The prefectura
Kagoshima Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Kyushu. The capital is the city of Kagoshima. Kagoshima Prefecture corresponds to the ancient Japanese provinces Ōsumi and Satsuma, including the northern part of the Ryukyu Islands; this region played a key role in the Meiji Restoration, the city of Kagoshima was an important naval base during Japan's 20th century wars and the home of admiral Tōgō Heihachirō. More recent incidents are the sinking of a North Korean spy ship in 2001 by the Coast Guard, salvaged and exhibited in Tokyo, the abduction of an office clerk from a Kagoshima beach in 1978 by agents from the same country; this became known only under the Koizumi administration. Kagoshima Prefecture is located at the southwest tip of Kyushu on the Satsuma Peninsula and Ōsumi Peninsula; this prefecture includes a chain of islands stretching further to the southwest of Kyushu for a few hundred kilometers. The most important group is the Amami Islands. Surrounded by the East China Sea to the west, Okinawa Prefecture in the south, Kumamoto Prefecture to the north, Miyazaki Prefecture to the east, it has 2,632 km of coastline.
It has a bay called Kagoshima Bay, sandwiched by two peninsulas, Satsuma and Ōsumi. Its position made it a'gateway' to Japan at various times in history. While Kyushu has about 13 million people, there are less than 2 million in this prefecture; the prefecture boasts a chain of active and dormant volcanoes, including the great Sakurajima, which towers out of the Kagoshima bay opposite Kagoshima city. A steady trickle of smoke and ash emerges from the caldera, punctuated by louder mini-eruptions on an daily basis. On active days in Kagoshima city an umbrella is advisable to ward off the ash. Sakurajima is one of Japan's most active volcanoes. Major eruptions occurred in 1914, when the island mountain spilled enough material to become permanently connected to the mainland, a lesser eruption in 1960. Volcanic materials in the soil make Sakurajima a source for record daikon radishes the size of a basketball. Many beaches around the Kagoshima Bay are littered with well-worn pumice stones. A crater lake in the southwestern tip of the prefecture, near the spa town of Ibusuki, is home to a rare species of giant eel.
As of March 31, 2008, 9% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Kirishima-Yaku and Unzen-Amakusa National Parks. Most of the economic sector is focused in Kagoshima City and the surrounding area, corresponding to the extent of the former Satsuma Province; the eastern part of the prefecture, the former Ōsumi Province, is rural and shows a general population decline. The prefecture has strong agricultural roots, which are reflected in its most well-known exports: green tea, sweet potato, Pongee rice, Satsuma ware and Berkshire pork. Kagoshima prefecture's production of bonito flakes is second only to that of Shizuoka. In addition it produces Japan's largest volume of unagi eels; the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency has several facilities within the prefecture, including the country's main launch facility on Tanegashima and the Uchinoura Space Center. The prefecture's gross domestic product is 4.834 trillion yen. The following is a list of Kagoshima Prefecture's cities, its administrative districts with their constituent towns and villages: Nineteen cities are located in Kagoshima Prefecture: Kagoshima These are the towns and villages in each district: Kagoshima Rebnise, a professional basketball team, was founded in 2003 and competes in the second division of the national B.
League. Kagoshima United FC, a soccer team, competes in the J3 League. Although no major professional baseball teams are based in the prefecture, a number of Kagoshima's ballparks have hosted the spring training camps of Nippon Professional Baseball teams: Kamoike Ballpark, previous camp home of the Chiba Lotte Marines and Lotte Giants. Hosts regular season games. Kamoike Citizen Stadium Ibusuki Municipal Ballpark, camp home of the Kokutesu Swallows Yunomoto Ballpark, camp home of the Yakult Atoms Kagoshima Kamoike Stadium, camp home of Júbilo Iwata and Toshiba Brave Lupus Kagoshima Fureai Sportsland, camp home of Sagan Tosu The Kirishima-Yaku National Park is located in Kagoshima Prefecture. Kagoshima University National Institute of Fitness and Sports in Kanoya The International University of Kagoshima Kagoshima Immaculate Heart University Daiichi Institute of Technology Shigakukan University Kagoshima Prefectural College Kagoshima Immaculate Heart College Kagoshima Women's Junior College Daiichi Junior College of Infant Education Tanegashima Space Center Uchinoura Space Center Bansei Tokkō Peace Museum Chiran Peace Museum for Kamikaze Pilots Museum of the Meiji Restoration Reimeikan, Kagoshima Prefectural Center for Historical Material Uenohara site JR Kyushu Kyushu Shinkansen Kagoshima Line Nippō Main Line Ibusuki Makurazaki Line Hisatsu Line Kitto Line Hisatsu Orange Railway Kagoshima City Tram Kyushu Expressway Miyazaki Expressway Ibusuki Toll Road Minamikyushu Expressway Higashikyushu Expressway National Route 3 National Route 10 National Route 58 Route 220 (Miyazaki-Nichinan-Shibushi-Kanoya