Léon Bakst

Léon Bakst – born as Leyb-Khaim Izrailevich Rosenberg, Лейб-Хаим Израилевич Розенберг was a Russian painter and scene and costume designer of Belarus origin. He was a member of the Sergei Diaghilev circle and the Ballets Russes, for which he designed exotic, richly coloured sets and costumes. Leyb-Khaim Izrailevich Rosenberg was born in Grodno, into a middle-class Jewish family; as his grandfather was an exceptional tailor, the Tsar gave him a good position, he had a huge and wonderful house in Saint Petersburg. When Leyb's parents moved to the capital, the boy Leyb would visit his grandfather's house every Saturday, he said that he had been impressed as a youth by that house, always returning with pleasure. At the young age of twelve, Lejb won a drawing contest and decided to become a painter, but his parents did not approve of this. After graduating from gymnasium, he studied at the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts as a noncredit student, because he had failed the entry, he worked part-time as a book illustrator, gaining admission into the Imperial Academy in 1883.

At the time of his first exhibition he took the surname of "Bakst," based on his mother's maiden name. The surname "Rosenberg" was thought to be "too Jewish" and not good for business. At the beginning of the 1890s, Bakst exhibited his works with the Society of Watercolourists. From 1893 to 1897 he lived in Paris, he still visited Saint Petersburg. After the mid-1890s, Bakst became a member of the circle of writers and artists formed by Sergei Diaghilev and Alexandre Benois, who in 1899 founded the influential periodical Mir iskusstva, meaning "World of Art." His graphics for this publication brought him fame. Bakst continued painting, producing portraits of Filipp Malyavin, Vasily Rozanov, Andrei Bely, Zinaida Gippius, he worked as an art teacher for the children of Grand Duke Vladimir Alexandrovich of Russia. In 1902, he took a commission from Tsar Nicholas II to paint Admiral Avellan and Russian sailors meeting in Paris, a painting he started there, during the celebrations from the 17 to 25 October 1893.

However, it took him 8 years to finish this work. In 1898, he showed his works in the Diaghilev-organized First Exhibition of Russian and Finnish Artists. During the Russian Revolution of 1905, Bakst worked for the magazines Zhupel, Adskaja Pochta, Satyricon for an art magazine called Apollon. Beginning in 1909, Bakst worked as a stage-designer, designing sets for Greek tragedies. In 1908, he gained attention as a scene-painter for Diaghilev with the Ballets Russes, he produced scenery for Cleopatra, Carnaval, Narcisse, Le Spectre de la Rose, L'après-midi d'un faune and Daphnis et Chloé. During this time, Bakst lived in western Europe because, as a Jew, he did not have the right to live permanently outside the Pale of Settlement in the Russian Empire. Despite being known for his work as a stage designer, art was commissioned by various English families during the Art Deco era. During this time, he produced such works as the Sleeping Beauty series for James and Dorothy de Rothschild at Waddesdon Manor in 1913.

The story is depicted in seven panels that line the walls of an oval, theatrical styled space in the Buckinghamshire manor house. During his visits to Saint Petersburg, he taught in Zvantseva's school, where one of his students was Marc Chagall. Bakst described Chagall as a favorite, because when told to do something, he would listen but he would take his paint and his brushes and do something different from the assignment. In 1914, Bakst was elected a member of the Imperial Academy of Arts. In 1922, Bakst broke off his relationship with the Ballets Russes. During this year, he visited Baltimore and Evergreen House - the residence of his American friend and patron, art philanthropist Alice Warder Garrett. Having met in Paris in 1914, when Mrs. Garrett was accompanying her diplomat husband in Europe, Bakst soon depended upon Garrett as both a confidante and agent. Alice Garrett became Bakst's representative in the United States upon her return home in 1920, organizing two exhibitions of the artist's work at New York's Knoedler Gallery, as well as subsequent traveling shows.

When in Baltimore, Bakst re-designed the dining room of Evergreen into a shocking acidic yellow and'Chinese' red confection. The artist transformed the house's small c. 1885 gymnasium into a colorfully Modernist private theatre. This is believed to be the only extant private theatre designed by Bakst. Bakst died on 27 December 1924, near Paris, from lung problems, his many admirers amongst the most famous artists of the time, musicians and critiques, formed a funeral procession to accompany his body to his final resting place, in the Cimetière des Batignolles, in Paris, during a moving ceremony. In late 2010, the Victoria and Albert Museum in London presented an exhibit of Bakst's costumes and prints. Anna Pavlova, film by Emil Loteanu. List of Orientalist artists Orientalism Place des États-Unis Marc Chagall, My Life, St.-Petersburg, Azbuka, 2000, ISBN 5-267-00200-3 Léon Bakst, Serov et moi en Grèce, traduction et introduction d'Olga Medvedkova, préface de Véronique Schiltz, TriArtis Editions, 2015, 128 p. 24 illustrations The seven Sleeping Beauty panels at Waddesdon M

M-147 (Michigan highway)

M-147 was a state trunkline highway in the U. S. state of Michigan. The route started at M-106 just north of Jackson and stopped at the entrance of State Prison of Southern Michigan; the route of M-147 was transferred to local control in 1991 after being signed in 1936. M-147 started at an intersection with M-106 west of the State Prison of Southern Michigan property. From there, the trunkline terminated. Just east of the terminus was a branch line of the Grand Trunk Western Railroad. In 1976, a newspaper article said that "it's... the second shortest highway on Michigan's state highway system, but for those who travel it one way, M-147 is the longest road in the world" in discussing its role as the connection to the state prison. M-147 was designated in 1936 to connect the prison property with the state trunkline system, it would remain under state control until 1991. The entire highway was in Jackson County. Michigan Highways portal M-147 at Michigan Highways

Cuevas del Drach

The Caves of Drach are four great caves that are located in the island of Majorca, Balearic Islands, extending to a depth of 25 m and reaching 4 km in length. They are near the locality of Porto Cristo, they were first mentioned in a letter dated 1338. The four caves, called Black Cave, White Cave, Cave of Luis Salvador, Cave of the French, are connected to each other; the caves have formed by water being forced through the entrance from the Mediterranean Sea, some researchers think the formation may date back to the Miocene Epoch. There is an underground lake situated in the caves called Martel Lake, about 115 m in length and 30 m in width, its depth varies between four and twelve meters, it is named after the French explorer and scientist Édouard-Alfred Martel, considered the founding father of speleology, invited to explore the cave 1896. While German cave explorer, M. F. Will, had mapped the White and Black cave in 1880, Martel found two more caves, as well as the underground lake; the caves are open to one of the main attractions on Mallorca.

The visit ends with a short classical concert performed by four musicians on a boat