LaFerrari

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LaFerrari
LaFerrari in Beverly Hills (14563979888).jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Ferrari N.V.
Production
  • June 2013 – January 2016 (coupé, 500 examples)
  • October 2016 – August 2018 (Aperta, 210 examples)
Model years 2013–2016 (coupé)
2016–2018 (Aperta)
Designer Centro Stile Ferrari under Flavio Manzoni[1]
Body and chassis
Class Sports car (S)
Body style 2-door coupé
2-door roadster (Aperta)
Layout Rear mid-engine, rear-wheel-drive
Related Ferrari FXX-K
Powertrain
Engine 6.3 L F140FE V12
Electric motor 1 electric motor and KERS
Transmission 7-speed dual-clutch automated manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,650 mm (104.3 in)[2]
Length 4,702 mm (185.1 in)[2]
Width 1,992 mm (78.4 in)[2]
Height 1,116 mm (43.9 in)[2]
Kerb weight

1,585 kg (3,495 lb)[3]

1,255 kg (2,767 lb) (dry)
Chronology
Predecessor Enzo Ferrari

The LaFerrari, project name F150 (also unofficially referred to as the Ferrari LaFerrari or Ferrari F70)[4] is a limited production hybrid sports car built by Italian automotive manufactuter Ferrari.[5] LaFerrari literally means "The Ferrari" in Italian and in some other Romance languages, in this context in the sense that it is the "definitive" Ferrari.

Development[edit]

LaFerrari Concept Manta and LaFerrari Concept Tensostruttura were unveiled at the Ferrari Museum in Maranello and the Ferrari World. They were two of the nine conceptual design studies manufactured for the development of the V12 hybrid flagship.[6]

Variants[edit]

LaFerrari (2013–2016)[edit]

LaFerrari (Japan)

The LaFerrari is based on findings from testing of the FXX development prototype.[5] and on research being conducted by the Millechili Project at the University of Modena. Association with the Millechili Project led to speculation during development that the car would weigh under 1,000 kg (2,205 lb),[7] but a dry weight of around 1,255 kg (2,767 lb) was claimed.[8] Only 499 units were produced, and each cost more than 1 million US dollars.

The car was unveiled at the 2013 Geneva Auto Show,[9][10] followed by Auto Shanghai 2013,[11][12] 2013 Tour Auto Optic 2000,[13][14] 2013 Supercar Chronicle,[15][16] Italian Chamber of Commerce in Japan.[17]

LaFerrari Aperta (2016–2018)[edit]

LaFerrari Aperta

The LaFerrari Aperta is a limited version (210 units) of the LaFerrari. Initially, 200 cars were sold with an additional nine reserved for use during the Ferrari 70th Anniversary celebrations.[18] One more model was later sold by auction.[19] The LaFerrari Aperta comes with a removable carbon-fibre hard top and a removable soft top. Other changes include more efficient powertrain's control electronics, re-angled radiators to direct air flow out along the underbody rather than over the bonnet, a longer front air dam to help boost downforce, a L-shaped flap on the upper corner of each windscreen pillar to reduce compression on the rear of the cabin in the absence of a roof, different butterfly door angles with different wheel arches and a new carbon fibre insert allowing the doors to rotate.[20]

The car was unveiled at the 2016 Paris Auto Show. Like past convertible Ferrari models, it uses the Aperta label to denote its removable roof. According to Ferrari, all units were already sold to customers via invitation.[21][22][23]

Specifications[edit]

The LaFerrari is the first mild hybrid produced by the Italian Automotive marque, providing the highest power output of any Ferrari road car whilst decreasing fuel consumption by 40 percent.[24] LaFerrari's internal combustion petrol powerplant is a longitudinally-mounted Rear mid-engine, rear-wheel-drive layout Ferrari F140 direct injection 65° V12 engine with a displacement of 6,262 cc (6.3 L) generating a maximum power output of 800 PS (789 hp; 588 kW) at 9,000 rpm and 700 N⋅m (516 lb⋅ft) of torque at 6,750 rpm,[25][2] supplemented by a 163 PS (120 kW; 161 hp) KERS unit (called HY-KERS), which will provide short bursts of extra power.[26] The KERS system adds extra power to the combustion engine's output level for a total of 963 PS (708 kW; 950 hp) and a combined torque of 900 N⋅m (664 lb⋅ft).[2][27] Ferrari claims CO2 emissions of 330 g/km. The engine's bore X stroke is 94 mm × 75.2 mm (3.70 in × 2.96 in) with a compression ratio of 13.5:1 and a specific power output of 94 kW (128 PS) per litre.[2] It is connected to a 7-speed dual-clutch transmission.[2]

Equipment[edit]

Wheel

The car is equipped with carbon-ceramic Brembo brake discs on the front (398 mm) and rear (380 mm),[28] The car is equipped with Pirelli P Zero Corsa tyres measuring 265/30 R 19 and 345/30 R 20 respectively.[29]

The car uses a carbon fibre monocoque structure designed by Ferrari's F1 technical director Rory Byrne, with a claimed 27 percent more torsional rigidity and 22 percent more beam stiffness than the Enzo.[30] It has a double wishbone suspension in the front and a multi-link suspension in the rear.[2]

LaFerrari has a number of electronic controls including ESC, high performance ABS/EBD (anti-lock braking system/electronic brake distribution), EF1-Trac F1 electronic traction control integrated with the hybrid system, E-Diff 3 third generation electronic differential, SCM-E Frs magnetorheological damping with twin solenoids (Al-Ni tube), and active aerodynamics, which are controlled by 21 of the LaFerrari's onboard computers, to enable maximum performance.[2] The body computer system is developed by Magneti Marelli Automotive Lighting.

Performance[edit]

Ferrari states that the car has a top speed exceeding 217 mph (349 km/h), similar to the Enzo's top speed, however, it is capable of accelerating from a standstill to 100 km/h (62 mph) in 2.4 seconds, 0–200 km/h (0–124 mph) in under 7 seconds, and 0–300 km/h (0–186 mph) in 15 seconds.[2] Ferrari also claims that the car has lapped its Fiorano Test Circuit in 1:19.70 which is faster than any other road-legal car Ferrari has ever produced.[31]

Design[edit]

LaFerrari wing mirror mounted on carbon fiber stalk

The design of the V12 flagship received no input from Pininfarina, making it the first Ferrari since the Bertone-styled 1973 Dino 308 GT4 not to have Pininfarina bodywork or other styling. This decision is a rare exception to the collaboration between Ferrari and Pininfarina that began in 1951. However, Ferrari has stated that two new models designed jointly with Pininfarina have yet to be unveiled and that there are no plans to end business relations with Pininfarina.[32]

The cockpit stands out for its essentiality and the sportiness of the shapes, intended to convey the high level of performance of the car. There is a steering wheel with integrated controls and gear levers directly fixed to the steering column, a solution that allows better use in all conditions. The "bridge" which exists between the two seats, designed like a suspended wing, is home to other instruments linked to the dual-clutch gearbox. The instrumentation consists of a 12.3-inch (310 mm) TFT display with the option to choose between two layouts and can host data from the telemetry system.

Gear 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Final Drive
Ratio 3.08 2.18 1.63 1.29 1.03 0.84 0.69

Recall[edit]

LaFerrari coupés were offered replacement fuel tank due to possible incorrect adhesion of a layer of paint on the fuel tank leading to possible fire.[33]

85 LaFerrari coupés between 2014 and 2015 model years were recalled due to headrests from Lear's L32 seat failed to absorb the required amount of energy, and Tyre Pressure Monitoring System displaying wrong message when tyre is punctured.[34]

Auction history[edit]

The production of the 500th LaFerrari coupé was announced on 31 August 2016. The vehicle was to be sold at auction to benefit the people of central Italy affected by the August 2016 Central Italy earthquake on 24 August 2016.[35] Ultimately, it was put up for auction on 3 December 2016, by RM Sotheby's at the Ferrari Finali Mondiali weekend at Daytona International Speedway. All proceeds are to go to the National Italian American Foundation’s Earthquake Relief Fund.[36] The Earthquake relief fund model sold for USD 7.5m.[37]

On 3 December 2016, a LaFerrari was auctioned off for $7 million (£5,743,500.00) making this car "the most valuable 21st century automobile ever sold at auction".[38] In 2017, the last of the Aperta version was auctioned for $10 million.[39]

Marketing[edit]

Hublot Manufacture produced 60 MP-05 "LaFerrari" hand-wound Tourbillon wristwatches inspired by the LaFerrari coupé.[40][41] The Hublot’s LaFerrari has 50 days of power reserve due to uses of 11 barrels. The more barrels it has, the more it can lengthen the power reserve, but it is usually used to increase precision.[42]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ferrari's LaFerrari Unveiled in Geneva as Alpha Supercar". Automoblog.net. 6 March 2013. Retrieved 7 March 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Technical specifications". Ferrari. Retrieved 6 March 2013. 
  3. ^ Lago, Carlos (20 April 2015). "First Test: Ferrari LaFerrari". 
  4. ^ "LaFerrari's unseen concepts: Project F150 by Ferrari". designboom.com. 18 March 2013. Retrieved 12 May 2015. 
  5. ^ a b Jack Rix (25 November 2009). "Ferrari F70 blasts in – 25th November 2009". Auto Express. Retrieved 11 October 2012. 
  6. ^ Ramsey, Jonathon. "These are two Ferrari design studies that led to the LaFerrari". Retrieved 29 December 2016. 
  7. ^ Iancu, Madalina (20 February 2009). "Ferrari Inaugurates 'Mille Chili' Laboratory". autoevolution. Retrieved 20 December 2009. 
  8. ^ Cropley, Steve (5 March 2013). "Geneva motor show 2013: LaFerrari vs McLaren P1 – full performance figures". Autocar. Retrieved 4 September 2013. 
  9. ^ Ross, Jeffrey N. "Ferrari LaFerrari is so nice, we say it twice [w/poll]". Retrieved 29 December 2016. 
  10. ^ "The LaFerrari unveiled at Geneva". Retrieved 29 December 2016. 
  11. ^ "LaFerrari supercar takes Auto Shanghai 2013 by storm [video] - Torque News". Retrieved 29 December 2016. 
  12. ^ "LaFerrari takes China by storm". Retrieved 29 December 2016. 
  13. ^ "LaFerrari is queen of France - Ferrari GT - en-EN". Retrieved 29 December 2016. 
  14. ^ "LaFerrari Premiered In France - HybridCars.com". 24 April 2013. Retrieved 29 December 2016. 
  15. ^ "LaFerrari Celebrates Its Japanese Debut - Motorward". Retrieved 29 December 2016. 
  16. ^ "Japanese debut for LaFerrari". Retrieved 29 December 2016. 
  17. ^ "The 150th anniversary of the relationship between Italy and Japan". Retrieved 29 December 2016. 
  18. ^ Woodard, Collin (29 September 2016). "Topless LaFerrari is Unbelievably..." Road & Track. Retrieved 27 March 2017. 
  19. ^ Vaughn, Mark (2017-09-09). "LaFerrari Aperta hammers for 10 million bucks!". Autoweek. Retrieved 2018-02-07. 
  20. ^ "LaFerrari Aperta at Paris 2016: details and pictures of the open-top LaFerrari". Retrieved 29 December 2016. 
  21. ^ Stocksdale, Joel (7 July 2016). "LaFerrari Spider might actually use Aperta name". Autoblog. Retrieved 12 July 2016. 
  22. ^ "The LaFerrari Aperta arrives". Retrieved 29 December 2016. 
  23. ^ Migliore, Greg. "Ferrari revealed the LaFerrari Aperta, and yeah, it's already sold out". Retrieved 29 December 2016. 
  24. ^ Ebhardt, Tommaso (24 May 2012). "Ferrari's F70, an Eco-Friendly Supercar". Bloomberg BusinessWeek. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  25. ^ "Ferrari's LaFerrari Unveiled in Geneva as Alpha Supercar". Automoblog.net. 6 March 2013. Retrieved 7 March 2013. 
  26. ^ "Ferrari F70 expected to use 6.5 litre V12". AUSmotive.com. Retrieved 19 February 2012. 
  27. ^ Howard, Bill. "Ferrari's new 'mild hybrid' LaFerrari supercar produces 936hp". Extreme Tech. Retrieved 14 March 2013. 
  28. ^ "La Ferrari Technical Data and Specifications". Ultimatespecs. Retrieved 10 March 2013. 
  29. ^ "La Ferrari Technical Data and Specifications". Motor Trend. Retrieved 20 April 2015. 
  30. ^ Vijayenthiran, Viknesh (5 March 2013). "Ferrari's New Flagship Is The 'La Ferrari' Supercar". Washington Post. Retrieved 14 April 2013. 
  31. ^ "LaFerrari". Motor Trend. Retrieved 20 April 2015. 
  32. ^ Vijayenthiran, Viknesh. "LaFerrari Is First Ferrari Designed Completely In-House". Motor Authority. Retrieved 14 March 2013. 
  33. ^ Joseph, Noah. "Ferrari replacing fuel tanks on limited number of LaFerraris". Retrieved 29 December 2016. 
  34. ^ Joseph, Noah. "Ferrari recalling 85 LaFerraris under two separate campaigns [UPDATE]". Retrieved 29 December 2016. 
  35. ^ "The 500th LaFerrari to be built". Retrieved 29 December 2016. 
  36. ^ Ferrari is auctioning the last new LaFerrari for charity -- To help rebuild central Italy after a devastating earthquake, Jordan Golson, The Verge, 29 November 2016
  37. ^ Mate, Betrank (5 December 2016). "The 500th LaFerrari Sold For $7 Million". Road & Track. Retrieved 27 March 2017. 
  38. ^ Savov, Vlad (5 December 2016). "$7 million LaFerrari becomes this century's most expensive car sold at auction". The Verge. Retrieved 5 December 2016. 
  39. ^ "RM Sotheby's - 2017 Ferrari LaFerrari Aperta | Ferrari – Leggenda e Passione 2017". Rmsothebys.com. 2017-10-05. Retrieved 2018-07-01. 
  40. ^ Ramsey, Jonathon. "Amazing LaFerrari tribute watch more intricate than the real thing [w/video]". Retrieved 29 May 2017. 
  41. ^ "Hublot MP-35 LAFERRARI - Ferrari watches - Titanium watches". Retrieved 29 December 2016. 
  42. ^ "Power Reserve Battle Royale: Who wants a longer power reserve? - Revolution". Revolution. 2017-02-16. Retrieved 2018-01-16. 

External links[edit]