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La Nación

La Nación is an Argentine daily newspaper. As the country's leading conservative paper, La Nación's main competitor is the centrist Clarín; the paper was founded on 4 January 1870, by former Argentine President Bartolomé Mitre and associates. Until 1914, the managing editor was José Luis Murature, Foreign Minister of Argentina from 1914-1916. Enjoying Latin America's largest readership until the 1930s, its daily circulation averaged around 350,000, exceeded only by Crítica, a Buenos Aires tabloid; the 1945 launch of Clarín created a new rival, following the 1962 closure of Crítica, the 1975 suspension of Crónica, La Nación secured its position as the chief market rival of Clarín. Some of the most famous writers in the Spanish-speaking world: José Martí, Miguel de Unamuno, Eduardo Mallea, José Ortega y Gasset, Rubén Darío, Alfonso Reyes, Jorge Luis Borges, Mario Vargas Llosa and Manuel Mujica Láinez have all appeared in its columns. Published in Bartolomé Mitre's home, its offices were moved a number of times until, in 1929, a Plateresque headquarters on Florida Street was inaugurated.

The publishing group today is headquartered in the Bouchard Plaza Tower, a 26-storey Post-modern office building developed between 2000 and 2004 over the news daily's existing, six-storey building. The director of La Nación, Bartolomé Mitre, shares control of ADEPA, the Argentine newspaper industry trade group, of Papel Prensa, the nation's leading newsprint manufacturer, with Grupo Clarín; the newspaper was part of the conflict between Kirchnerism and the media, when Lidia Papaleo denounced, endorsed by the Kirchners, that they would have been forced to sell Papel Prensa under torture during the Dirty War. Judge Julián Ercolini acquitted him in 2016, pointing that there was no evidence to support the claim. In early 2012, La Nación bought ImpreMedia, the publisher of El Diario-La Prensa, La Opinión and other US-based Spanish-language newspapers. On October 30, 2016, La Nación announced a change in its printing format, with weekday editions now being printed as tabloids and weekend editions retaining the traditional broadsheet format.

In 2019, the Society for News Design named La Nación as the World's Best Designed Newspaper, sharing the award together with The Sunday Times and The New York Times. La Nación's daily circulation averaged 165,166 in 2012, still represented nearly 20% of the daily newspaper circulation in Buenos Aires. According to third-party web analytics providers Alexa and SimilarWeb, La Nación's website is the 9th and 17th most visited in Argentina as of August 2015. SimilarWeb rates the site as the 4th most visited news website in Argentina, attracting 32 million visitors per month. Electronic version: lanacion.com.ar

Uitenhage Group

The Uitenhage Group is one of three geological groups, which comprise the onshore and offshore post-Karoo middle to lower Upper Mesozoic geological rock units in South Africa. Stratigraphically, the Uitenhage Group overlies the Suurberg Group and is overlain by the Algoa Group, it contains four formations that range in age from late Early Jurassic and late Early Cretaceous in age. In the onshore part of the southern Cape, deposits of the Uitenhage Group occur predominantly in the Algoa and Gamtoos Basins, which are situated north/north-west of Port Elizabeth in the Eastern Cape, South Africa. Smaller deposits occur in the Baviaanskloof, Vlakteplaas, Plettenberg Bay, Herbertsdale-Mossel Bay, Heidelberg-Riversdale and Worcester-Robertson Basins; these are grabens and half-grabens that opened up due to normal faulting processes during the break-up of Gondwana. Stratigraphic units in this group include: Enon Formation: Contains subordinate sandstones and different types of thickly-bedded conglomerates, which consist of quartzite and sometimes slate and charcoal.

The clasts are sub-rounded to rounded pebbles and cobbles. Deposition occurred in high-energy alluvial environments. Kirkwood Formation: Contains medium-grained sandstone, locally charcoal-rich, sporadic conglomerates, variegated mudstone. Out of the three formations of the Uitenhage Group, the Kirkwood is the most well-studied, is fossil-rich. Deposition occurred under fluvial conditions at or near sea level. Sundays River Formation: Contains fine- to medium-grained grey sandstones and mudstones; the sandstone layers are cemented with calcite and contain shell fragments. The Sundays River is highly fossiliferous. Deposition occurred under shallow estuarine conditions. Buffelskloof Formation: Deposited in a high energy braided river system with conglomerate deposits, similar to that of the Enon Formation; some fossil material such as petrified wood and scant remains of fossil dinosaur teeth and claws have been recovered. In the Herbertsdale/Mossel Bay Basin this formation, with the overlying Hartenbos Formation, forms the lateral equivalent of the Sundays River Formation.

Fossils are common in the Kirkwood and Sundays River Formations, although regarding the Sundays River Formation the most common fossils are of invertebrates. Past expeditions within the Kirkwood Formation have uncovered several dis-articulated remains of theropod and ornithopod dinosaurs, a plesiosaur fossil is known from the Sundays River Formation. Fossil remains of amphibians, lizards and small mammals have been recovered. A variety of bivalve, gastropod and ostracods are known from these deposits; the fossil flora is diverse and silicified tree trunks - some with evidence of being charred by fire - have been found

Roberton, South Lanarkshire

Roberton is a village in South Lanarkshire, Scotland. The origins of the town of Roberton are intertwined with those of the Robertons of that Ilk, Earnock and Lauchope. Black 1965 describes the etymology as literally'the Town of Robert'; this Robert was brother of Lambin Asa, the progenitor of the Earls of Loddon and Lamington. Ritchie 1954, Reid 1928 and Grant 2007 assert the origins of Robert as a Flemish feudal vassal of Baldwin of Biggar, it is first mentioned in a charter by Wice of Wiston tything it to Malcolm IV. Grant dates ‘Robert, brother of Lambin’ as the first lord c.1157. The Chartulary of Kelso gives Robert as the brother of Lambyn Asa, the Laird of Lesmahagow. Lambyn appears to have held lands in and around Lesmahagow, including what became the barony of Lamington, alongside William Comyn at or around the time the grant of Lesmahagow was made to the Abbey of Kelso by David I; as a consequence Lambyn became the Laird of Lesmahagowand the minor baronies were divided up between his family and associates with terms based on the original grant of the lands of Draffan to Lambyn and to his son James.

It seems Lambyn had been in Yorkshire, as were Theobald and Baldwin, where his family had become Lords of Multon under the Earl of Richmond. Theobald took the grant of Douglas, Baldwin became Sheriff of Biggar and subsequently married the widow of Reginald, illegitimate son of Alan, Earl of Richmond, who had taken land which subsequently became the barony of CrawfordJohn in the possession of John son of Reginald and stepson of Baldwin; the precise family relationship of Theobald and Baldwin to Lambyn Asa is not clear as Robert is stated to be his brother and Eustace of Ardoch to be a member of his family. For reference, consult the Cartulary of Kelso from the Bannatyne Club, Annals of Lesmahagow and Burkes Commoners, it became the seat of the Robertons of that ilk until their dispossession by Robert I for Stephen de Robertoun's signing of the 1296 Ragman Roll. It was subsequently bestowed upon ancestor of the Earls of Morton. Roberton was a parish town chartered by Kelso Abbey, it was an Established Church of Scotland.

It merged with Wiston in 1772, became a United Presybterian Church in 1847. In 1843 a Free Church was established that dwindled belonging to the Presbytery of Jedburgh by 1880 In the mid 1990s the church was purchased by musician John Martyn, who converted it into a recording studio, recorded his 1998 album "The Church With One Bell" there. Before buying the church, Martyn was living in an adjoining cottage. Roberton is most notable for being one of the earliest documented Flemish settlements in Lanarkshire, at 12 square miles in size it was one of the largest in the Flemish enclave around Biggar. Running beside the river Clyde for 6 miles, the agriculture included oats and barley Beverage, A. n.d. Clydesdale: Descriptive and Romantic, p. 50 Black, G. Surnames of Scotland, Edinburgh: Birlinn, 1999 Familysearch Grant, ‘A Lordship and Society in 12th Century Clydesdale’ in Pryce et al. Power and Identity in the Middle Ages: Essays in Memory of Rees Davies. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007 Hardie–Stoffelen, A.

‘The rise of the Flemish families in Scotland’ at < http://www.amg1.net/scotland/flemfam.htm> last cited 12 January 2009. The 1296 Ragman Roll Reid, T. History of the Parish of Crawfordjohn, Upper Ward of Lanarkshire 1153 to 1928. Edinburgh: Turnball & Spiers, 1928 Ritchie, R. L. G; the Normans in Scotland. Edinburgh: University Press, 1954 Sinclair, J. Statistical Accounts of Scotland 1791 - 99.