Labrador City

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Labrador City
Town
Official seal of Labrador City
Seal
Coat of arms of Labrador City
Coat of arms
Motto(s): 
Kamistaitusset (Naskapi)
(English: "Land of the Hard-Working People")
Labrador City is located in Newfoundland and Labrador
Labrador City
Labrador City
Location of Labrador City in Labrador
Coordinates: 52°57′N 66°55′W / 52.950°N 66.917°W / 52.950; -66.917
Country Canada
Province Newfoundland and Labrador
Census division10
Settled1960s
Government
 • TypeLabrador City Town Council
 • MayorFabian Benoit
 • MHAJordan Brown
 • MPYvonne Jones
Area
 • Total38.83 km2 (14.99 sq mi)
Elevation
555 m (1,821 ft)
Population
 (2016 census)[1]
 • Total7,220
 • Density186.0/km2 (482/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-4 (AST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-3 (Atlantic Daylight Saving Time)
Postal code span
Area code(s)709
HighwaysNL Route 500.svg Highway 500
Websitewww.labradorwest.com

Labrador City is a town in western Labrador (part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador), near the Quebec border[2] with a population of 7,220 as of 2016.[1] Neighbouring Labrador City is Wabush, a smaller town with a population of approximately 1,906 as of 2016.[3] Together, the "twin towns" are known as Labrador West.

In the 1960s, Labrador City was founded to accommodate employees of the Iron Ore Company of Canada, and iron ore mining continues to be the primary industry in the town.

The Labrador City town motto is Kamistiatusset, a Naskapi word meaning "land of the hard-working people." The Labrador City town crest is that of a snowy owl holding a scroll atop a black spade on a mound of red earth. The symbol represents iron ore mining; the spade is flanked by two caribou. Both snowy owls and caribou are native to the Labrador City area.

Government[edit]

Fabian Benoit, was appointed mayor in 2019.

Since a 2013 by-election, the federal riding of Labrador seat has been held by Yvonne Jones, a Liberal Party member, while New Democrat Jordan Brown has represented Labrador West in the provincial House of Assembly since 2019.

Economy[edit]

Labrador City was built around the rich iron ore deposits of the Labrador Trough by the Iron Ore Company of Canada (IOC) in the 1960s; the Carol Project is the major iron ore mining operation for the area.[4] In 2008, IOC and their parent company Rio Tinto announced they would spend $800 million to develop additional mines in the region. However, only a few months after announcing the second phase of their expansion, the project was shelved due to the economic recession and low demand for steel. With the world recovering from the economic crisis, it is believed that IOC will go ahead with their expansion in the near future.[5][6][7][8]

The town is serviced by the Wabush Airport, and the airlines flying out of the airport are Air Canada Jazz, Provincial Airlines, Air Inuit and Pascan Aviation. Additionally, the Quebec North Shore and Labrador Railway provides freight rail transportation to and from Sept-Îles.

The town contains an ice arena, the Labrador City Arena[9] and a ski club, the Menihek Nordic Ski Club.[10]

The main shopping centre in the town, the 22,940-square-metre (246,923 sq ft) Labrador Mall, includes a Walmart; there is also an IGA grocery store.[11] Owned by the Westcliff Group, the mall opened in 1978 and is the largest shopping mall in Labrador; it is also the only enclosed mall.[12][13][14][15]

There is a Masonic lodge in Labrador City, Lodge Anik No 1707 of the District Grand Lodge of Newfoundland and Labrador of the Grand Lodge of Scotland.

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
YearPop.±%
198111,538—    
19919,061−21.5%
19968,455−6.7%
20017,744−8.4%
20067,240−6.5%
20117,367+1.8%
20167,220−2.0%
Canada 2016 Census Population % of Total Population
Visible minority group
Source:[16]
South Asian 25 0.3%
Chinese 25 0.3%
Black 0 0%
Filipino 250 3.5%
Latin American 0 0%
Arab 0 0%
Southeast Asian 0 0%
West Asian 0 0%
Korean 0 0%
Japanese 0 0%
Other visible minority 10 0.1%
Mixed visible minority 10 0.1%
Total visible minority population 330 4.6%
Aboriginal group
Source:[17]
First Nations 170 2.4%
Métis 295 4.1%
Inuit 125 1.7%
Other Aboriginal 30 0.4%
Total Aboriginal population 630 8.7%
White 6,230 86.3%
Total population 7,220 100%

Landmarks[edit]

The Basilica of our Lady of Perpetual Help is located here.

Climate[edit]

Wabush and Labrador City has a subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfc), with mild summers and severely cold winters.Precipitation is heavy year round (although higher in summer) due to the strong Icelandic Low to the east driving cold, moist and unstable air onto the region. Snowfall, as is typical for the province, is very heavy for seven months each year and depths can reach as high as 218 centimetres (85.83 in). Despite its moderate latitude around the same as cities like Amsterdam, its annual mean temperature is 13 °C colder.[citation needed]

Climate data for Wabush (Wabush Airport, normals from 1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high humidex 7.7 5.9 14.6 16.9 35.0 37.1 39.0 35.3 32.2 22.6 13.8 6.5 39.0
Record high °C (°F) 8.0
(46.4)
6.2
(43.2)
14.7
(58.5)
16.8
(62.2)
28.4
(83.1)
33.3
(91.9)
32.6
(90.7)
30.6
(87.1)
27.8
(82.0)
21.1
(70.0)
12.2
(54.0)
5.6
(42.1)
33.3
(91.9)
Average high °C (°F) −16.7
(1.9)
−14.2
(6.4)
−6.7
(19.9)
1.5
(34.7)
9.6
(49.3)
16.1
(61.0)
19.1
(66.4)
17.6
(63.7)
11.8
(53.2)
3.8
(38.8)
−4.2
(24.4)
−12.6
(9.3)
2.1
(35.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −22.2
(−8.0)
−20.6
(−5.1)
−13.3
(8.1)
−4.3
(24.3)
4.0
(39.2)
10.3
(50.5)
13.8
(56.8)
12.5
(54.5)
7.6
(45.7)
0.5
(32.9)
−8.2
(17.2)
−17.5
(0.5)
−3.1
(26.4)
Average low °C (°F) −27.8
(−18.0)
−27.0
(−16.6)
−19.8
(−3.6)
−10.0
(14.0)
−1.7
(28.9)
4.4
(39.9)
8.3
(46.9)
7.4
(45.3)
3.3
(37.9)
−2.9
(26.8)
−12.0
(10.4)
−22.5
(−8.5)
−8.4
(16.9)
Record low °C (°F) −45.7
(−50.3)
−47.8
(−54.0)
−46.7
(−52.1)
−37.2
(−35.0)
−21.7
(−7.1)
−11.1
(12.0)
−6.7
(19.9)
−0.6
(30.9)
−7.0
(19.4)
−21.7
(−7.1)
−33.1
(−27.6)
−46.1
(−51.0)
−47.8
(−54.0)
Record low wind chill −62.8 −57.1 −52.6 −41.8 −32.6 −9.6 0.0 −6.2 −13.9 −25.6 −43.9 −59.5 −62.8
Average precipitation mm (inches) 49.2
(1.94)
40.3
(1.59)
54.1
(2.13)
48.8
(1.92)
53.5
(2.11)
82.7
(3.26)
113.9
(4.48)
103.5
(4.07)
96.5
(3.80)
75.7
(2.98)
70.9
(2.79)
50.4
(1.98)
839.5
(33.05)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 0.6
(0.02)
1.6
(0.06)
2.6
(0.10)
12.1
(0.48)
40.4
(1.59)
80.6
(3.17)
113.9
(4.48)
103.4
(4.07)
92.3
(3.63)
42.0
(1.65)
10.9
(0.43)
2.5
(0.10)
502.9
(19.80)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 63.8
(25.1)
50.9
(20.0)
65.9
(25.9)
44.3
(17.4)
14.4
(5.7)
2.1
(0.8)
0.0
(0.0)
0.1
(0.0)
4.4
(1.7)
39.0
(15.4)
77.5
(30.5)
66.2
(26.1)
428.7
(168.8)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 17.3 14.6 16.0 14.2 15.2 17.1 19.0 20.0 20.5 20.1 20.4 19.3 213.7
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 0.44 0.78 1.4 3.8 11.9 16.4 19.0 20.0 19.7 10.5 3.9 1.0 109.0
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 17.7 15.0 16.4 12.3 6.0 1.2 0.04 0.07 2.5 13.9 19.7 19.7 124.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 98.0 132.2 151.3 180.1 210.6 212.5 218.0 202.7 116.6 75.4 56.9 67.3 1,721.4
Percent possible sunshine 38.6 47.6 41.2 43.1 43.0 42.1 43.0 44.4 30.6 22.9 21.7 28.3 37.2
Source: Environment Canada[18]

See also[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

Notable former residents of Labrador City include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Labrador City, Town [Census subdivision]". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Statistics Canafa. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  2. ^ Labrador West. "Labrador City". Retrieved 2008-03-13.
  3. ^ "Wabush, Town". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  4. ^ Labrador West
  5. ^ Iron Ore Company announces $500M expansion
  6. ^ Iron Ore Co. announces $300M expansion for Labrador
  7. ^ Iron Ore Co. shelves Labrador expansion
  8. ^ IOC press release - NL 2010 Budget
  9. ^ http://www.labradorwest.com
  10. ^ http://www.meniheknordicski.ca
  11. ^ Page 2 | List of companies in Labrador City, Newfoundland Canada
  12. ^ History of Labrador City, LabradorWest.com, Retrieved February 7, 2011
  13. ^ [1]
  14. ^ Labrador Mall Archived 2014-06-06 at the Wayback Machine, Westcliff.ca, Retrieved February 7, 2011
  15. ^ (22 November 2010). Concerns turn to action, The Aurora
  16. ^ "Visible minority population". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  17. ^ "Aboriginal population". www.12.statcan.gc.ca. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  18. ^ "Wabush Lake Airport". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved May 23, 2014.

External links[edit]

Media related to Labrador City at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 52°57′N 66°55′W / 52.950°N 66.917°W / 52.950; -66.917 (Labrador City)