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Labrador Peninsula

The Labrador Peninsula or the Quebec-Labrador Peninsula is a large peninsula in eastern Canada. It is bounded by the Hudson Bay to the west, the Hudson Strait to the north, the Labrador Sea to the east, the Gulf of Saint Lawrence to the southeast; the peninsula includes the region of Labrador, part of the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, the regions of Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean, Côte-Nord, Nord-du-Québec, which are in the province of Quebec. It has an area of 1,400,000 km2; the peninsula is surrounded by sea on all sides, except for the southwest where it widens into the general continental mainland. The northwestern part of the Labrador Peninsula is shaped as a lesser peninsula, the Ungava Peninsula, surrounded by Hudson Bay, the Hudson Strait, Ungava Bay; the northernmost point of the Ungava Peninsula, Cape Wolstenholme serves as the northernmost point of the Labrador Peninsula and of the province of Quebec. The peninsula is a plateau threaded by river valleys. There are several mountain ranges.

The Torngat Mountains, located in the northern part of the peninsula, contain the highest point of the peninsula Mount Caubvick, which at 1,652 metres is the highest point of mainland Canada east of Alberta. The mountains host Torngat Mountains National Park, the only national park of Canada on the Labrador Peninsula; the park is located in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, whereas the adjacent Kuururjuaq National Park is located in the province of Quebec. Due to it being covered entirely by the Canadian Shield - a vast, rocky plateau with a history of glaciation - the peninsula has a large number of lakes; the province of Quebec alone has more than half a million lakes of varying size. The largest body of water on the Labrador Peninsula is the Smallwood Reservoir, but the largest natural lake is Lake Mistassini. Other lakes of note include the Manicouagan Reservoir, the Caniapiscau Reservoir, the La Grande 2 and La Grande 3 reservoirs. Due to a history of hydroelectic development, the majority of the larger freshwater lakes on the peninsula are reservoirs.

In addition to an abundance of lakes, the peninsula has many rivers. The longest, the La Grande River, is 900 km long and flows westwards across nearly half the peninsula. Other rivers of note include the Eastmain River, Rupert River, Churchill River. Prior to European arrival, the peninsula was inhabited chiefly by Cree people, as well as the Innu people in the Southeast area of the peninsula, who referred to their land as Nitassinan, meaning "our land" in the Innu language; the area was known as Markland in Greenlandic Norse and its inhabitants were known as skrælingjar. It is accepted that the peninsula is named after Portuguese explorer João Fernandes Lavrador, he was granted a patent by King Manuel I of Portugal in 1499 which gave him the right to explore that part of the Atlantic Ocean as set out in the Treaty of Tordesillas. Together with Pêro de Barcelos, he first sighted Labrador in 1498. Fernandes charted the coasts of Southwestern Greenland and of adjacent Northeastern North America around 1498 and gave notice of them in Portugal and Europe.

His landowner status allowed him to use the title lavrador, Portuguese for "farmer" or "landholder", while "labrador" in Spanish and Galician means "agricultural worker".. Fernandes gave the name of Terra do Lavrador to Greenland, the first land he sighted, but the name was spread to all areas and was set for Labrador

Cy Feuer

Cy Feuer was an American theatre producer, composer and half of the celebrated producing duo Feuer and Martin. He won three competitive Antoinette Perry Awards for Excellence in Theatre, a Lifetime Achievement Tony Award, he was nominated for Academy Awards as the producer of Storm Over Bengal and Cabaret. Born Seymour Arnold Feuer in Brooklyn, New York, he became a professional trumpeter at the age of fifteen, working at clubs on weekends to help support his family while attending New Utrecht High School, it was there he first met Abe Burrows, who in years he would hire to write the book for Guys and Dolls. Having no interest in mathematics, science, or sports, he dropped out of school and found work as a trumpeter on a political campaign truck, he studied at the Juilliard School before joining the orchestras at the Roxy Theater and Radio City Music Hall. In 1938, he toured the country with Leon Belasco and His Society Orchestra ending up in Burbank, California. Following a ten-week stint there, the orchestra departed for Minneapolis, but he opted to remain in California.

Feuer found employment at Republic Pictures, serving as musical director, and/or composer of more than 125 B-movies, many of them serials and westerns, for the next decade, save for a three-year interruption to serve in the military during World War II. During his Hollywood sojourn, he enjoyed a tumultuous one-year affair with actress Susan Hayward, worked with Jule Styne, Frank Loesser, Victor Young, among others, received five Academy Award nominations for his film scores, married a divorcée, Posy Greenberg, a mother of a three-year-old son; the couple had a son of their own named Jed. In 1947, having decided he had no real talent for film scoring, Feuer returned to New York City, where he teamed up with Ernest H. Martin, the head of comedy programming at CBS Radio. After an aborted attempt to stage a production based on George Gershwin's An American in Paris, they produced Where's Charley?, the 1949 Frank Loesser adaption of Charley's Aunt. Although it was panned by six of the seven major New York critics, positive word-of-mouth about the show Ray Bolger's star turn in it, kept it running for three years.

Over the next several decades, Feuer & Martin mounted some of the most notable titles in the Broadway musical canon, including Guys and Dolls and How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying, both of which won the Tony Award for Best Musical. As of 2007, How to Succeed... is one of only seven musicals to have won the Pulitzer Prize for Drama. Feuer and Martin owned the Lunt-Fontanne Theatre from 1960 to 1965. Feuer was a stage director. Among his Broadway directing credits were Little Me and the ill-fated I Remember Mama. Feuer's greatest career success was the 1972 film version of Cabaret, which won eight Academy Awards, winning him a Best Picture Oscar nomination as the film's credited producer. With Martin, he was responsible for the 1985 screen adaptation of A Chorus Line, which proved to be one of their biggest flops. Feuer's memoir, I Got The Show Right Here: The Amazing, True Story of How an Obscure Brooklyn Horn Player Became the Last Great Broadway Showman, written with Ken Gross, was published by Simon & Schuster in 2003.

Feuer served as president, chairman, of the League of American Theatres and Producers from 1989 to 2003. He died on May 17, 2006 of bladder cancer in New York City, aged 95. Can-Can The Boy Friend Silk Stockings Whoop-Up Hamlet Skyscraper Walking Happy The Act I Remember Mama Storm Over Bengal - nominated for an Academy Award Woman Doctor Sons of the Pioneers Man from Cheyenne Cabaret - nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture Feuer, Cy. I Got the Show Right Here. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-7432-3611-9. Interview with Cy Feuer

Virados do Avesso

Virados do Avesso is a 2014 Portuguese comedy film directed by Edgar Pêra. It was released on 27 November 2014. Diogo Morgado Nicolau Breyner Rui Unas Nuno Melo Rui Melo As of 11 January 2015, it was the second highest-grossing Portuguese film of 2014 at the Portuguese box office, with €550,441.04, the second with most admissions, with 106,736. As of 14 January 2015, it was the 10th highest-grossing Portuguese film at the Portuguese box office since 2004, with €573,149.88, the 11th with most admissions, with 111,144. On Público, Jorge Mourinha gave the film a grade of "mediocre". Virados do Avesso on IMDb

History of Everton F.C.

Everton Football Club have a long and complex history. The club's roots loosely lie with a Methodist New Connexion congregation who had a chapel on the corner of Breckfield Road North and St. Domingo Vale in Everton, Liverpool. Formed as St. Domingo FC, named after the chapel, the football team was renamed Everton in 1878 after the district of Everton. Since Everton have had a successful history winning the Cup Winners' Cup, the league title nine times and the FA Cup five times, they were the first club to play over 100 seasons in the top flight of English football, the 2018–19 season will be their 116th. St. Domingo Methodist New Connexion Chapel was opened in 1871 in Breckfield Road North, Liverpool; the chapel took its name from its location on the corner of Breckfield Road North and St. Domingo Vale. St. Domingo related addresses in Everton have their origins in St. Domingo House, a building built in 1758 by West Indies trader and sugar boiler George Campbell who would frequent the Colony of Santo Domingo and became Mayor of Liverpool.

In 1877 Rev. Ben Swift Chambers was appointed Minister of St. Domingo Chapel, he created a cricket team for the youngsters in the area but, as cricket was only played in summer, there was room for another sport during winter. Thus a football club called St. Domingo F. C. was formed in the club's first match being a 1 -- 0 home victory over Everton Church Club. Many people not attending the chapel were interested in joining the football club so it was decided that the name should be changed. In November 1879 at a meeting in the Queen's Head Hotel, the team name was changed to Everton Football Club, after the surrounding area. Barker and Dobson, a local sweet manufacturer, introduced "Everton Mints" to honour the club; the district is the location of the team's crest image, Everton Lock-Up, sometimes referred to locally by the nickname Prince Rupert's Tower. Everton played at anfield on an open pitch in the southeast corner of the newly laid out Stanley Park, the same site for the once proposed new Liverpool F.

C. stadium. The first official match under the name Everton F. C. took place in 1879 against St. Peters with a 6–0 win. John Houlding's house backed onto the park and was attracted to the club that attracted large crowds. Professional clubs required proper enclosed facilities. In 1882, a Mr J. Cruit donated land at Priory Road which became the club's home for two years, with proper hoarding and turnstiles. Mr Cruit asked the club to leave his land as the crowds became noisy. Everton moved to nearby Anfield in 1884, renting from a friend of Houlding. Proper covered. Houlding bought Anfield one year after Everton moved in, Everton making a donation to a local hospital in lieu of rent before paying rent to their own president. Within seven years of moving to Anfield the club had converted the ground from a brick field to a 20,000 plus international standard ground with accommodation on all sides; the club rose from amateur to professional, hosting an international match, England vs. Ireland, founder members of the Football League and winning their first title.

The club's income rose substantially. In 1888 Everton became founder members of the Football League, finishing eighth the first season and second the following; the 1890–91 season started in superb form with five straight victories, with Fred Geary scoring in each of the first six matches. By mid-January, Everton had completed all but one of their fixtures and were on 29 points, while Preston North End were eleven points adrift with seven games still to play. Everton than had to sit out the next two months as Preston completed their fixture list until they were only two points adrift with one match each left to play. Both teams played their final games of the season on 14 March, with Everton losing 3–2 at Burnley and Preston going down 3–0 at Sunderland. Everton were thus able to win the Football League Championship for the first time, by a margin of two points with fourteen victories from their 22 league games. Geary had been ever-present, was the club's top goal-scorer with 21 goals. After winning the league for the first time, the Everton Committee and President John Houlding became embroiled in deep and bitter conflict.

Houlding rented Anfield from the Orrell family and sublet to Everton FC. In 1885 Houlding bought the land from Orrel and rented directly to Everton FC; the Liberal-leaning committee viewed Conservative councillor Houlding as having a personal financial and political agenda and there was disagreement over the club's business model and the issue of selling refreshments, to which Houlding had sole rights. Houlding had increased the club's rent by 150% after the 1889–90 season to £250 per annum. John Orrell, who owned the adjacent land attempted to run a road through the new main stand to access his land; this would require Everton to rent both. Everton committee members accused Houlding of knowing of the legal right of way and allowing the new stand to be built; the committee wanted Houlding to negotiate on the combined Anfield and Orrell's land rent of £370 or the purchase of both, but were told the rental fee was non-negotiable. Houlding refused to give Everton FC a contractual rental lease. Houlding attempted to hijack the club by incorporating another company, The Everton Football Club and Athletic Grounds Limited in January 1892. and seeking to get it registered as the official club in March 1892.

Everton were still occupying and playing at Anfield, Houlding sought to take over Everton's fixtures and position in the Football League. The Football Council would not recognise Houlding's new company as Everton, resulting in his changing the name to Liver

Department of Defence (Ireland)

The Department of Defence is the department of the Government of Ireland, responsible for preserving peace and security in Ireland. The department is led by the Minister for Defence, assisted by one Minister of State; the official headquarters of the department are at Station Road, County Kildare. The departmental team consists of the following: Minister for Defence: Leo Varadkar, TD Minister of State at the Department of Defence: Paul Kehoe, TD Secretary General of the Department: Maurice Quinn The Department of Defence was created at the first meeting of Dáil Éireann on 21 January 1919; the Ministers and Secretaries Act 1924, passed soon after the establishment of the Irish Free State in 1922, provided it with a statutory basis. This act provided it with: the administration and business of the raising, organisation, equipment, discipline and control according to law of the Military Defence Forces of Saorstát Eireann, all powers and functions connected with the same, of which Department the head shall be, shall be styled, an t-Aire Cosanta or the Minister for Defence, shall be assisted by a Council of Defence as hereinafter provided.

The mission of the Department of Defence is to meet the needs of Government and the public by providing value for money defence and civil defence services and by co-ordinating and overseeing the emergency planning process via the Office of Emergency Planning. The Department is concerned with ensuring the secure and stable environment necessary for economic growth and development in Ireland; the military budget was €1.005 Billion in 2007 and €1.354 Billion in 2010. By 2015 the budget had been cut to €885 Million and is projected to stay at that level until 2017 according to the latest Department of Finance report; the Department oversees the operations of the Irish Defence Forces whose roles are: to defend the State against armed aggression. When not engaged in military operations at home or overseas, most defence organisations concentrate on training and preparation and not on the provision of non-military services; the Defence Forces have achieved high levels of training and preparation in recent years while providing a wide range of services to other Government Departments and agencies.

The Defence Forces Training Centre at the Curragh Camp is staffed by 1,300 soldiers and 300 civilians. Records are maintained by the Irish Military Archives. Department of Defence Structure of the Department

Francisco Javier Venegas

Francisco Javier Venegas de Saavedra y Ramínez de Arenzana, 1st Marquess of Reunión and New Spain, KOC was a Spanish general in the Spanish War of Independence and viceroy of New Spain from September 14, 1810 to March 4, 1813, during the first phase of the Mexican War of Independence. Venegas gave them up to serve in the military, he rose in rank to lieutenant colonel. He had retired from service at the time of the Napoleonic invasion of Spain, but returned to active duty, he took part in the Battle of Bailén, was named commander of a division in Andalucía. His services in the war with the French were valuable, he demonstrated his intelligence and courage. With the patronage of the minister Francisco Saavedra de Sangronis, he advanced rapidly. On Christmas Day 1808, Venegas and his division attempted a surprise attack on a brigade of French dragoons at Tarancón, they surrounded the town but the French cavalrymen became aware of the trap and rode out of the town. When the Spanish infantry formed into squares across their path, the enemy cavalry galloped through the gaps between the squares.

The French escaped with the loss of about 60 troopers. The late arrival of Venegas' cavalry prevented further damage from being inflicted on the dragoons. On 13 January 1809, Venegas with 9,500 infantry, 1,800 cavalry, four artillery pieces unwisely offered battle to the French. In the Battle of Uclés, 12,500 French foot soldiers and 3,500 horsemen under Marshal Claude Perrin Victor crushed the force led by Venegas. Victor ordered one division and his cavalry to mount a frontal assault while his second division attempted an envelopment; the frontal attack was successful in driving the Spanish force into the arms of the second division, which had reached a position behind their adversaries. For only 150 casualties, the French inflicted losses of 1,000 killed and wounded and captured 5,866 prisoners and all four guns, his superior officer, who had failed to come to Venegas' aid with 9,000 troops, ordered an immediate retreat upon hearing of the disaster. Despite the setback, Venegas was given command of the Army of La Mancha after its previous commander was badly beaten at the Battle of Ciudad-Real on 27 March 1809.

In mid-July 1809 Venegas and his 23,000 soldiers sparred with the French IV Corps avoiding being drawn into battle with 20,000 troops of superior quality. According to the strategic plan, Venegas was supposed to ensure that the IV Corps did not combine with other French forces against Arthur Wellesley's British and Gregorio García de la Cuesta's Spanish armies. However, the IV Corps managed to elude Venegas and join the army of Joseph Bonaparte for the Battle of Talavera on 27–28 July; the action resulted in an Anglo-Spanish victory. With only a handful of enemies in front of him, Venegas had a brief chance to recapture Madrid, but he allowed the opportunity to slip away. At the head of an army of 20,000 foot and 3,000 horse, Venegas ignored Cuesta's orders to retreat and stood to fight on 11 August 1809. Venegas believed that he faced only 14,000 Frenchmen, but in fact Joseph's army consisted of 17,000 infantry and 4,000 cavalry. In the Battle of Almonacid the Spanish army was defeated with the loss of 800 killed, 2,500 wounded, 2,000 prisoners, 21 cannons.

French casualties numbered 319 killed and 2,075 wounded, indicating that the Spanish troops fought well. A few weeks Venegas was replaced in command by Juan Carlos de Aréizaga. During the French invasion of Andalusia in January 1810, Venegas was military governor of Cádiz. Before the powerful invading army, the Spanish defenders collapsed and the Supreme Central Junta fled to Cádiz. José María de la Cueva, 14th Duke of Alburquerque was able to bring 12,000 troops to reinforce the weak Cádiz garrison. In the crisis, Venegas ensured that all boats in nearby waters were transferred to Cádiz and ordered the demolition of all forts on the Isla del Trocadero and the adjacent peninsula to prevent their use by the enemy. A squabble arose between Venegas and Alburquerque over, the superior officer; this problem was resolved when the Junta appointed Venegas to the position Viceroy of New Spain and gave Alburquerque command of Cádiz. Venegas was a man of few words, active and calculating. On February 20, 1810 he was named viceroy of New Granada.

He held the title until August, but never took up the position. He was diverted to New Spain before his arrival in New Granada, he arrived in Veracruz August 28, 1810, made his formal entry into Mexico City to take up the position on September 14, 1810. One of his first measures was to enforce the decree suspending tribute from Mestizos, he announced the abolition of tribute on October 5, 1810, in a Nahuatl-language broadside titled "Ayamo moyolpachihuitia in Totlatocatzin Rey D. Fernando VII", he prohibited publications. He set up special police tribunals and founded a military junta in the capital of each province of New Spain. On January 14, 1811 the last Manila galleon arrived at the port of San Blas. Two days after Venegas took office, Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla delivered the Grito de Dolores and rose in rebellion. Venegas recognized, he had recourse to the army to suppress the rebels. The capital was left without a garrison in order to increase the number of troops in the field, he ordered the clergy to preach against them.

With the fall of Celaya, Guanajuato and Valladolid to the rebels, Venegas began to refer to them as insurgentes, the name by which they are still known in Mexic