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Ladislaus II of Hungary

Ladislaus II or Ladislas II was King of Hungary and Croatia between 1162 and 1163, having usurped the crown from his nephew, Stephen III. Ladislaus received the title of Duke of Bosnia from his father, Béla II of Hungary, at the age of six but never ruled the province. Instead, around 1160, he followed his younger brother, Stephen's, example and settled in Constantinople but both were to return to Hungary following the death of their elder brother, Géza II of Hungary, in 1162, their return was backed by the Byzantine Emperor Manuel I Komnenos who used their return in a bid to expand his suzerainty over Hungary. The Emperor was planning to assist Stephen IV in seizing the throne, but the Hungarian lords were only willing to accept Ladislaus as king against the late Géza II's son, Stephen III. Although the latter's staunch supporter, Archbishop of Esztergom, refused to crown Ladislaus and excommunicated him, he was crowned by Mikó, Archbishop of Kalocsa, in July 1162 but died within six months of his coronation.

Born in 1131, Ladislaus was his wife, Helena of Rascia. A few months after his birth, his mother took him and his elder brother, Géza, to an assembly held at Arad where the barons who were considered responsible for the blinding of the King were massacred upon the Queen's order. Béla II's army invaded Bosnia in 1136, which he commemorated by adopting the title King of Rama after a small river; the following year, the King appointed Ladislaus Duke of Bosnia at an assembly of the prelates and barons in Esztergom. However, Ladislaus never ruled the territory and administration was overseen by the Ban, either an appointed or an elected official. Béla II died on 13 February 1141 and was succeeded by his oldest son, Ladislaus's elder brother, Géza II; the Illuminated Chronicle writes that during his reign King Géza "granted ducal revenues to his brothers", Ladislaus and his younger brother, Stephen, in an unspecified year, although according to historian Bálint Hóman, this happened in 1146. Scholars Ferenc Makk and Gyula Kristó argue that the two dukes only received this grant around 1152, when the King appointed his son, his successor.

Ladislaus's younger brother, conspired against King Géza but failed in 1156 or 1157. Stephen first sought refuge in the Holy Roman Empire but fled to the Byzantine Empire. Ladislaus followed him and settled in Constantinople around 1160. Contemporaneous sources disagree on the cause of Ladislaus' departure for Constantinople. According to John Kinnamos, both Stephen and Ladislaus "became hateful" towards King Géza after they had quarreled with him. On the other hand, Niketas Choniates wrote that Ladislaus "defected to Manuel, not so much because Géza loved him less than he should or that he feared a plot on his brother's part, but more because he was fascinated" by Stephen's favorable reception by the Emperor. Géza II died on 31 May 1162 and was succeeded by his son, the 15-year-old Stephen III. However, Emperor Manuel, who "put a high value on the overlordship of Hungary", according to the contemporaneous John Kinnamos, decided to intervene on behalf of the late King's two brothers, stating that "it is law among the Hungarians that the crown passes always to the survivors of brothers".

The Emperor planned to assist the younger of the two brothers, Stephen, as claimant to the throne. Bribed by Emperor Manuel's envoys, most Hungarian lords were willing to dethrone the young monarch but instead of Stephen, whom they viewed as a puppet of the Emperor, Ladislaus was chosen to be king. Six weeks after the young Stephen III's coronation, his partisans were routed at Kapuvár forcing him to leave Hungary and seek refuge in Austria; the Emperor... concluded. He marched out of Sardica and when arrived in the region of the Danube adjacent to Braničevo and Belgrade dispatched his nephew Alexios Kontostephanos with an armed force to. Once in control of Chramon, they did everything possible to secure the throne, winning over the most powerful of the Hungarians with gifts, seducing them with flattery, inciting them with the greatest promises. Ladislaus was crowned king in July 1162; the ceremony was performed by Mikó, Archbishop of Kalocsa, as the Archbishop of Esztergom, was loyal to Stephen III and considered Ladislaus an usurper.

Archbishop Lucas was arrested and imprisoned in return. According to the chronicle of Henry of Mügeln, Ladislaus granted one-third of the kingdom to his brother and the title of duke. Kinnamos wrote that Ladislaus granted the title urum to his brother as "among the Hungarians, this name means he who will succeed to the royal authority". Ladislaus attempted to reconcile himself with his opponents and released Archbishop Lucas at Christmas upon the request of Pope Alexander III. However, the Archbishop did not yield to him and continued to support Stephen III, who had returned to Hungary and captured Pressburg. Ladislaus did not attack his nephew in Pressburg, but again imprisoned Archbishop Lucas. Ladislaus "usurped the crown for half a year", according to the Illuminated Chronicle and died on 14 January 1163, he was buried in the Székesfehérvár Basilica. Ladislaus seems to have been a widower when he arrived in Constantinople in about 1160, but both the name of his wife and her family are unknown.

Ladislaus "could have married a woman of royal blood" according to Choniates. However, continues Choniates, Ladislaus "refrained

@ A. E. Harris

@ A. E. Harris is a theatre space located within the working metal fabricators' factory A E Harris, in the Jewellery Quarter of Birmingham, England, it is the home of the experimental Stan's Cafe theatre company. The venue was established in 2008 by Stan's Cafe for their work Of All The People In All The World; the collaboration won an Arts & Business award in 2009 and in 2010 the company secured funding from the National Lottery to extend their lease and improve the venue's facilities. Over the following year performances by Birmingham Rep, the Birmingham Opera Company and Kindle Theatre were held in the space, as well as further performances by Stan's Cafe; the venue hosted five performance spaces of varying sizes named after the five continents, but in 2013 economic expansion caused hosts A. E. Harris to take back the four largest to boost their manufacturing capacity, with the venue retaining Australia as a 50-seat performance space. Official website A E Harris metalworkers

Glaucopsyche lygdamus

Glaucopsyche lygdamus, the silvery blue, is a small butterfly native to North America. Its upperside is a dull grayish blue in females; the underside is gray with a single row of round spots of differing sizes depending upon the region. G. lygdamus is found over much of the western United States and most of Canada extending north excepting most of Nunavut and the high Arctic islands. Wingspan is from 18 to 28 mm. Eastern tailed-blue has small'tails' on hindwings Western tailed-blue has small'tails' on hindwings Arrowhead blue Greenish blue has two rows of small black spots on the underside of both wings Boisduval's blue has two rows of small black spots on the underside of both wings Listed alphabetically: G. l. afra – Afra blue G. l. arizonensis McDunnough, 1934 – Arizona silvery blue G. l. australis – southern blue G. l. columbia – Columbia blue or Skinner's blue G. l. couperi Grote, 1873 – Couper's silvery blue G. l. deserticola – Mojave silvery blue G. l. incognitus Tilden, 1974 – Behr's silvery blue G. l. jacki Stallings & Turner, 1947 – Jack's blue G. l. lygdamus – silvery blue G. l. mildredae F. Chermock, 1944 – Mildred's silvery blue G. l. minipunctum – mini-spotted silvery blue G. l. nittanyensis – Appalachian silvery blue G. l. oro Scudder, 1876 – oro blue G. l. palosverdesensis – Palos Verdes blue G. l. pseudoxerces – false Xerces blue G. l. sabulosa – sand dune silvery blue †G. l. xerces – Xerces blue Darby, Gene.

What is a Butterfly. Chicago: Benefic Press. P. 36. Media related to Glaucopsyche lygdamus at Wikimedia Commons Silvery blue, Talk about Wildlife Silvery blue, Massachusetts Butterfly Club

Kisik Lee

Kisik Lee is the National Head Coach of the US Olympic Archery Training Program, is considered to be the first person to bring the scientific method to archery training for the US. Lee used to be the head coach of the Korean Olympic archery team. From 1997 to 2004, Lee was Australian Institute of Sport Head Coach and coached 2000 Gold Medalist Simon Fairweather and 2004 Bronze Medalist Tim Cuddihy before coaching the US Olympic Archery Training Program in 2006. Lee is known for his extensive work with archer Brady Ellison on his way to becoming a member of the 2008 US Olympic Team and winning six World Cup medals, as well as reaching the Final of the World Cup. Lee's methods ensured that by the London 2012 Olympics, the US men were ranked first in the world and the US women were seventh; the National Training System is the official method of shooting form that coaches are required to learn in order to be certified by USA Archery. Created by Kisik Lee, the NTS is based on his analysis of body control, muscular requirements, mental concentration needed to generate a good shot.

NTS used to be known by the Biomechanical Efficient Shooting Technique method of shot execution. Both the BEST Method and its newer, more advanced incarnation as the NTS contain many elements of Lee's Shot Cycle; this separates an archer's shot into twelve steps and focuses on biomechanics, the study of how best to apply mechanical principles to human physiological actions. Lee came under scrutiny during 2008 after The New York Times reported some athletes felt uncomfortable with his strong advocacy of a religious lifestyle for the athletes at the Olympic Training Center. According to the article, Lee held Bible study classes, encouraged his archers to sing hymns and attend church, sponsored the baptisms of at least four archers, including Brady Ellison. A follow-up article from the Times in November of that year confirmed that Lee had ceased to mix spirituality and archery: "In a recent telephone interview, Lee said he no longer held Bible-study classes, executives for USA Archery said they had explained to Lee that such behavior was unacceptable."

The same follow-up article in the Times named Lee "a controversial figure" who attracts two kinds of people: "fans who say his style brings uniformity to the sport, but critics who are reluctant to give up their own methods."Opponents of the NTS see Lee's efforts to change archery technique as negative, saying that the NTS stunts innovation and experimentation on the part of the athlete. Yet USA Archery has no policy forcing archers to adopt the method, several top US archers have not made the switch, including Olympian Butch Johnson and Sydney Silver Medalist Vic Wunderle. Proponents of the NTS point to the repeatable nature of the system, the logic of having a scientifically-based method that can be shared and implemented on a nationwide basis; some believe the NTS method is better suited for the "stockier build" of Korean archers, although no studies have shown height or ethnic physiology to have a significant impact on the benefits of the NTS. In fact, proponents cite anecdotal evidence in claims that training with the NTS alleviated back or shoulder pain associated with shooting other techniques, as well as sports psychology issues such as target panic.

Teresa Iaconi, coach of 17-year-old 2012 Olympic hopeful Ariel Gibilaro, told ESPN that she was "once of NTS' biggest skeptics." Said Iaconi, "I refused to teach it for three years because I didn't understand it. But I read up on it, I now understand that it is based on biomechanics, it doesn't stunt innovation. We have several top archers, but what I like is that now we have an easy and repeatable way to teach archery."

Molly: An American Girl on the Home Front

An American Girl on the Home Front is the third movie in the American Girl film series, but is the first to premiere on the Disney Channel. The first two movies in the series were broadcast on The WB Television Network, but the series moved since it no longer fit in with its original network following the WB/UPN merger, it was not tagged as a Disney Channel Original Movie. The film stars Maya Ritter in the title role, with Molly Ringwald, David Aaron Baker, Tory Green and Genevieve Farrell in supporting roles; the screenwriter, Anna Sandor, won the 2007 Humanitas Prize for the movie. Based on the "Molly: An American Girl" book series, the film is set in 1943 to 1944 during World War II. 10-year-old Molly McIntire lives in Illinois with her parents and older siblings. Her father is an Army doctor. Molly is in the third grade at Willow Street School along with her best friends and Susan; as Molly's 10th birthday nears, she dreams of having princess-themed tea party for her birthday, only to be disappointed to learn that her family can't afford it.

Molly's older sister Jill says she is too immature to understand how the war changes people's lives. As Molly's class learns about the war going on and air raid drills, Molly's father announces that he must go to London to help injured soldiers. Molly is furious that her father is leaving her and going to an unsafe city, but he comforts her by calling Molly his "North Star" and telling her to look at the stars. Molly decides she wants to be the school's "Miss Victory", the star in the school performance but she struggles to practice her tap dancing, her classmate Allison, who wants the spot, has been dancing since she was a toddler. Molly gets chosen to represent her class in the school spelling bee; when Molly's mother takes a job, the girls are looked after by their neighbor Mrs. Gilford, stern and obsessed with her son, in the Navy. Soon after, the McIntires must take in a British girl named Emily Bennett, the same age as Molly. At first, Emily is shy and Molly doesn't want to live with her but Jill insists that Molly must learn to be accepting.

After being peppered with too many questions about her home in London, Emily lies to Linda and Susan by saying that her parents were of royalty and she lived in "Bennett Manor." When Emily wakes up in the midst of a nightmare, she confesses to Molly that her father is a bus driver, her mother has died and she lived in a small apartment above a candy shop and was not rich or royal. Molly forgives her; when Molly sees her mother baking a casserole for Mrs. Gilford, she learns that her son had been killed at war and feels empathetic toward her. In the end of the movie and Emily both win the spelling bee and Molly is chosen to be Miss Victory, she is ecstatic to learn that although her father was injured, he is alive and only wounded in his leg. Maya Ritter as Molly McIntire, the 10-year-old protagonist of the film. Tory Green as Emily Bennett, a girl from England, taken in by Molly's family during the war. Hannah Fleming as Susan Shapiro, Molly's best friend. Samantha Somer Wilson as Linda Rinaldi, Molly's best friend.

Josette Helpert as Alison Hargate, a rich, popular girl in Molly's class. David Aaron Baker as Dr. James McIntire, Molly's father, a doctor enlisted to go to England and help the wounded. Molly Ringwald as Helen McIntire, Molly's mother who took a job assembling war machinery after Mr. McIntire left. Genevieve Farrell as Jill McIntire, Molly's 14-year-old sister. Andrew Chalmers as Ricky McIntire, Molly's 12-year-old brother. Thomas Brodie-Sangster as boy in spelling bee An American Girl on the Home Front was filmed in Unionville, Canada. An American Girl — official home page Molly: An American Girl on the Home Front on IMDb

Tootie Smith

Tootie Smith is an American politician and hazelnut farmer from the state of Oregon. A Republican, she served in the state legislature from 2001 until 2005, on the Clackamas County Board of Commissioners from 2013 until 2017. Smith was born in 1957 in Oregon City, she graduated from Concordia University. Smith was elected to the Oregon House of Representatives in 2000, reelected in 2002. In 2012, she was elected to the Clackamas County Board of Commissioners. Smith unsuccessfully ran for the United States House of Representatives in 2014, but lost to incumbent Democrat Kurt Schrader, receiving 39% of the vote. Smith lost to Ken Humberston. Smith and her husband, have 1 child. Campaign website