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Ladislaus IV of Hungary

Ladislaus IV known as Ladislas the Cuman, was king of Hungary and Croatia from 1272 to 1290. His mother, was the daughter of a chieftain from the pagan Cumans who had settled in Hungary. At the age of seven, he married a daughter of King Charles I of Sicily. Ladislaus was only 10 when a rebellious lord, Joachim Gutkeled and imprisoned him. Ladislaus was still a prisoner when his father Stephen V died on 6 August 1272. During his minority, many groupings of barons — the Abas, Csáks, Kőszegis, Gutkeleds — fought against each other for supreme power. Ladislaus was declared to be of age at an assembly of the prelates, barons and Cumans in 1277, he allied himself with Rudolf I of Germany against Ottokar II of Bohemia. His forces had a preeminent role in Rudolf's victory over Ottokar in the Battle on the Marchfeld on 26 August 1278. However, Ladislaus could not restore royal power in Hungary. A papal legate, bishop of Fermo, came to Hungary to help Ladislaus consolidate his authority, but the prelate was shocked at the presence of thousands of pagan Cumans in Hungary.

Ladislaus promised that he would force them to adopt a Christian lifestyle, but they refused to obey the legate's demands. Ladislaus decided to support the Cumans; the Cumans imprisoned the legate, the legate's partisans captured Ladislaus. In early 1280, Ladislaus agreed to persuade the Cumans to submit to the legate, but many Cumans preferred to leave Hungary. Ladislaus vanquished a Cuman army that invaded Hungary in 1282. Hungary survived a Mongol invasion in 1285. Ladislaus had, by that time, become so unpopular that many of his subjects accused him of inciting the Mongols to invade Hungary. After he imprisoned his wife in 1286, he lived with his Cuman mistresses. During the last years of his life, he wandered throughout the country with his Cuman allies, but he was unable to control the most powerful lords and bishops any more. Pope Nicholas IV planned to declare a crusade against him, but three Cuman assassins murdered Ladislaus. Ladislaus was the elder son of Stephen V, son of Béla IV of Hungary, Stephen's wife Elizabeth the Cuman.

Elizabeth was the daughter of a chieftain of the Cumans. She was baptized before her marriage to Stephen. Ladislaus was born under the sign of Mars in 1262, according to Simon of Kéza, his chaplain in the 1270s. Conflicts between Ladislaus's father and grandfather developed into a civil war in 1264. Béla IV's troops, which were under the command of Ladislaus's aunt, captured the castle of Sárospatak, where Ladislaus and his mother were staying, imprisoned them. Ladislaus was kept in the Turóc Castle, but two months he was sent to the court of Boleslaw the Chaste, Duke of Cracow, Béla IV's son-in-law. After his grandfather and father made peace in March 1265, Ladislaus was set free and returned to his father. Ladislaus's father made an alliance with Charles I, king of Sicily, in September 1269. According to the treaty, Charles I's daughter, about four years old at that time, was engaged to the seven-year-old Ladislaus; the children's marriage took place in 1270. Béla IV died on 3 May 1270, Ladislaus's father was crowned king two weeks later.

Béla IV's closest advisors — Duchess Anna, Béla IV's former palatine, Henry Kőszegi — left Hungary and sought assistance from Anna's son-in-law, King Ottokar II of Bohemia. The newly appointed Ban of Slavonia, Joachim Gutkeled turned against Stephen V and kidnapped Ladislaus in the summer of 1272. Gutkeled held Ladislaus in captivity in the fortress of Koprivnica in Slavonia. Historian Pál Engel suggests that Joachim Gutkeled planned to force Stephen V to divide Hungary with Ladislaus. Stephen V could not take it. Stephen fell ill and died on 6 August. Joachim Gutkeled departed for Székesfehérvár as soon as he was informed of Stephen V's death, because he wanted to arrange the boy–king's coronation. Ladislaus's mother joined him, infuriating Stephen V's partisans who accused her of having conspired against her husband. Stephen V's master of the treasury, Egyed Monoszló, laid siege to her palace in Székesfehérvár, but Gutkeled's supporters routed him. Monoszló fled to Pressburg. Archbishop Philip of Esztergom crowned Ladislaus king in Székesfehérvár on about 3 September.

In theory, the 10-year-old Ladislaus ruled under his mother's regency, but in fact, baronial parties administered the kingdom. In November of that year, Henry Kőszegi returned from Bohemia and assassinated Ladislaus's cousin, Béla of Macsó. Duke Béla's extensive domains, which were located along the southern borders, were divided among Henry Kőszegi and his supporters. In retaliation for Hungarian incursions into Austria and Moravia and Moravian troops invaded the borderlands of Hungary in April 1273, they captured Szombathely, plundering the western counties. Joachim Gutkeled recaptured the two forts two months but Ottokar II of Bohemia invaded Hungary and seized many fortresses, including Győr and Sopron in the autumn. Peter Csák and his allies removed Joachim Gutkeled and Henry Kőszegi from power, but Gutkeled and Kőszegi seized Ladislaus and his mother in June 1274. Although Peter Csák liberated the king and his mother, Gutkeled and Kőszegi captured Ladislaus's younger brother and took him to Slavonia.

They demanded Slavonia in Duke Andrew's name, but Peter Csák defeated their united forces near P

G. V. Prasad

G. V. Prasad is an Indian business executive, Co-Chairman and Managing Director of Dr. Reddy's Laboratories. Prasad studied Chemical Engineering at the Alagappa College of Technology. After completing five semesters, he went on to the Illinois Institute of Technology in Chicago to complete the three remaining semesters. Prasad followed up the engineering degree with a one-year MBA at Purdue University, he won the'Outstanding Senior Student' Award from the American Institute of Chemists, Chicago chapter in 1982. He earned his Masters in Industrial Administration from Purdue University a year later, his first exposure to the world of pharmaceuticals was in 1985 with Benzex Labs, a pharmaceutical enterprise that he co-founded. Benzex was acquired by Dr. Reddys and Prasad returned to the construction business, only to come back to pharmaceuticals in 1990 – this time as the CEO and MD of Cheminor Drugs Ltd. In 2001, Cheminor Drugs merged with Dr. Reddy's Laboratories and Prasad took over as the vice-chairman and CEO of the merged entity.

Prasad, the second child of Syamala and Harishchandra Reddy, did his initial schooling at the Vidyaranya High School in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India. He moved to his hometown, where he finished his schooling at VR High School. Prasad is married to Anuradha, the daughter of Kallam Anji Reddy, the founder of Dr Reddy's Labs. Anuradha is the managing trustee of Dr Reddy's Foundation as well as the founder-director of Saptaparni, an organisation promoting the traditions and culture of India. After completing his Masters, Prasad returned to India and joined his father's construction business, immersing himself in various projects in Karnataka. In 1985, he co-founded Benzex Labs, an API manufacturing company, acquired by Dr Reddy's, he returned to the construction business before reappearing on the pharma landscape in 1990 as managing director of Cheminor Drugs Ltd. Fueled by a spirit of entrepreneurship, Prasad transformed Cheminor into a world class API and Generics manufacturer through his focus on professionalism, good governance and transparency.

In 2001, Cheminor Drugs merged with Dr. Reddy's Laboratories and Prasad took over as the vice-chairman and CEO of the merged entity. Prasad is credited as the architect of Dr. Reddy's successful global generics strategy, he envisioned newer business platforms like the Custom Pharmaceutical business and Specialty pharmaceuticals and is dedicated to building the innovation side of the business. AP State Committee, WWF-India Member of the Advisory Board, Acumen Fund Member of the Board, Cyient Ltd. Member of the Board, Diana Hotels, India Member of the Board, Ocimum Bio Solutions Member, American Chemical Society Member, American Institute of Chemical Engineers Served as Chairman of the CII National Committee on Environment and the Intellectual Property Committee Dr. Reddy's Laboratories official website

Kanefer (High Priest of Ptah)

See article Kanefer, about a prince with the same name. Kanefer was a High Priest of Ptah in Memphis from the reign of Sahure in the 5th dynasty. Items from Kanefer's tomb are known from museum. Two offering tables exist at the British Museum and Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek of Copenhagen respectively. A statue group of Kanefer, his wife Tjentety and their son Khuwyptah is in the Kimbell Art Museum. Kanefer is shown seated with his wife kneeling by his left leg and his son leaning against his right leg. Kanefer has the titles Overseer of the Craftsmen, Priest of Ptah, while his wife is a Royal Confidant. Kanefer's son Kuwyptah was a High Priest of Ptah