Frimley is a small English town centred 2 miles south of Camberley, in the extreme west of Surrey, adjacent to the border with Hampshire in the Borough of Surrey Heath. It is about 30 miles south-west of Central London; the town is connected to the M3 motorway by the A331 Blackwater Valley Road. The village can be considered a more developed twin of Frimley Green. Frimley became an urban district in 1894, was renamed Frimley and Camberley in 1929; the name Frimley is derived from the Saxon name Fremma's Lea, which means "Fremma's clearing". The land was a farming village. More it was a coach stop on a Portsmouth and popular Southampton road for about four hundred years. Frimley was not listed in Domesday Book of 1086, but is shown on the map as Fremely, its spelling in 933 AD. Frimley Lunatic Asylum was opened in 1799. Magistrates ordered the proprietors to stop chaining the patients. An 1811 inventory from Frimley, a Workhouse, can be seen on the Surrey County Council website; the present St. Peter's Church was built in 1826 replacing earlier buildings.
The building has a balcony running around three sides of the interior. Dame Ethel Smyth once preached from the pulpit. In 1904, the Brompton Hospital Sanatorium was established in Frimley to treat tuberculosis patients. Dr Marcus Sinclair Paterson was the first medical superintendent, he developed a system of treatment called'graduated labour' which generated a lot of interest from other health professionals; the treatment used controlled levels of physical activity. In 1931 the staff at Frimley Cottage Hospital were unable to save the life of Lieutenant Hubert Chevis, admitted, along with his wife Frances, after eating poisoned partridge meat, he died of strychnine poisoning. The case remains an unsolved murder mystery. In 1959 the Cadet Training Centre at Frimley Park was formed following the 1957 publication of the Amery Report; the main shopping street includes a branch of Waitrose and some smaller shops, several restaurants, charity shops, a post office, a number of estate agents, opticians, betting shops, an insurance broker and two public houses, the Railway Arms and the White Hart.
Frimley Park Hospital is within the boundaries. One of the major employers in the town is BAE Systems. Siemens opened its main UK headquarters in Frimley in 2007. Frimley Business Park is to the west on a north-south road, the A331, it has offices of the Environment Agency, Genesys Telecommunications, AMD and Novartis Pharmaceuticals. The usual number of residents in the ward, 6,178, belies the observation that this is the largest and most commercial settlement of the GU16 postcode which covers the southernmost, Heatherside/Parkside, neighbourhoods Camberley of and the distinct villages of Frimley Green and Deepcut; the working population worked as set out below in the official industry categorisations in 2011: The ward is representative of the nation as a whole in terms of national identity: The proportions of those retired and who were students in 2011 were close to the regional average whereas those in the economically inactive category were fewer: Those who replied that again there were no people in the household with English as their main language formed a proportion of the population 0.1% less than the national average.
Frimley railway station provides access to Guildford and London Waterloo. Frimley Lodge Park Railway is nearby; the town is situated close to the junction of the A325 Farnborough Road and A331 Blackwater Valley Relief Road, which provides a link to the M3 Motorway junction 4. There are a number of schools in Frimley including: The Grove Primary School, Lakeside Primary School, Ravenscote Junior School, Tomlinscote School and St Augustine's RC Primary School. Frimley Town Football Club was formed over 100 years ago, it runs four teams, the first team competes in the Senior Division of the Aldershot & District Football League. The club is based at Chobham Road recreation ground. Frimley Green, a neighbouring village, has hosted the British Darts Organisation's World Professional Darts Championship since 1986 each January in the Lakeside complex. James Cobbett, famous cricketer and considered by many as the finest all-rounder of his day, was born in Frimley on 12 January 1804. Frimley Park Hospital was the birthplace in 1979 of Jonny Wilkinson, a fly-half for England Rugby Union and one of the most famous players in international professional rugby, Lady Louise Windsor in 2003.
James, Viscount Severn was born in Frimley Park Hospital in 2007. Jonny Wilkinson's England teammate Toby Flood was born in Frimley in 1985. Chris Benham was born in Frimley on 24 March 1983, he has played county cricket for Hampshire. John McFall, British Paralympic sprinter, was born on 25 April 1981 in Frimley. Other sportsmen born in Frimley include Richard Ingleby Jefferson. Jacqueline Cass MBE, founder and head coach of the Thames Valley Kings Junior Wheelchair Basketball team was born in Frimley on 22 July 1985 Garth Walford, recipient of the Victoria Cross Sir Harry Broadhurst, Air Chief Marshal of the Royal Air Force Lucy Rose, folk-musician Greg Bateman, premiership rugby player for Leicester Tigers of London Welsh and Exeter Chiefs Dame Ethel Smyth, English composer and suffragette grew up in nearby Frimley Green and purchased One Oak Cottage in Frimley, her family moved to
Provinces and territories of Canada
The provinces and territories of Canada are the sub-national governments within the geographical areas of Canada under the authority of the Canadian Constitution. In the 1867 Canadian Confederation, three provinces of British North America—New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the Province of Canada —were united to form a federated colony, becoming a sovereign nation in the next century. Over its history, Canada's international borders have changed several times, the country has grown from the original four provinces to the current ten provinces and three territories. Together, the provinces and territories make up the world's second-largest country by area. Several of the provinces were former British colonies, Quebec was a French colony, while others were added as Canada grew; the three territories govern the rest of the area of the former British North America. The major difference between a Canadian province and a territory is that provinces receive their power and authority from the Constitution Act, 1867, whereas territorial governments have powers delegated to them by the Parliament of Canada.
The powers flowing from the Constitution Act are divided between the Government of Canada and the provincial governments to exercise exclusively. A change to the division of powers between the federal government and the provinces requires a constitutional amendment, whereas a similar change affecting the territories can be performed unilaterally by the Parliament of Canada or government. In modern Canadian constitutional theory, the provinces are considered to be sovereign within certain areas based on the divisions of responsibility between the provincial and federal government within the Constitution Act 1867, each province thus has its own representative of the Canadian "Crown", the lieutenant governor; the territories are not sovereign, but instead their authorities and responsibilities come directly from the federal level, as a result, have a commissioner instead of a lieutenant governor. Notes: There are three territories in Canada. Unlike the provinces, the territories of Canada have no inherent sovereignty and have only those powers delegated to them by the federal government.
They include all of mainland Canada north of latitude 60° north and west of Hudson Bay, as well as most islands north of the Canadian mainland. The following table lists the territories in order of precedence. Ontario, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia were the original provinces, formed when several British North American colonies federated on July 1, 1867, into the Dominion of Canada and by stages began accruing the indicia of sovereignty from the United Kingdom. Prior to this and Quebec were united as the Province of Canada. Over the following years, British Columbia, Prince Edward Island were added as provinces; the British Crown had claimed two large areas north-west of the Canadian colony, known as Rupert's Land and the North-Western Territory and assigned them to the Hudson's Bay Company. In 1870, the company relinquished its claims for £300,000, assigning the vast territory to the Government of Canada. Subsequently, the area was re-organized into the province of the Northwest Territories; the Northwest Territories were vast at first, encompassing all of current northern and western Canada, except for the British holdings in the Arctic islands and the Colony of British Columbia.
The British claims to the Arctic islands were transferred to Canada in 1880, adding to the size of the Northwest Territories. The year of 1898 saw the Yukon Territory renamed as Yukon, carved from the parts of the Northwest Territories surrounding the Klondike gold fields. On September 1, 1905, a portion of the Northwest Territories south of the 60th parallel north became the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan. In 1912, the boundaries of Quebec and Manitoba were expanded northward: Manitoba's to the 60° parallel, Ontario's to Hudson Bay and Quebec's to encompass the District of Ungava. In 1869, the people of Newfoundland voted to remain a British colony over fears that taxes would increase with Confederation, that the economic policy of the Canadian government would favour mainland industries. In 1907, Newfoundland acquired dominion status. In the middle of the Great Depression in Canada with Newfoundland facing a prolonged period of economic crisis, the legislature turned over political control to the Newfoundland Commission of Government in 1933.
Following Canada's participation in World War II, in a 1948 referendum, a narrow majority of Newfoundland citizens voted to join the Confederation, on March 31, 1949, Newfoundland became Canada's tenth province. In 2001, it was renamed Newfoundland and Labrador. In 1903, the Alaska Panhandle Dispute fixed British Columbia's northwestern boundary; this was one of only two provinces in Canadian history to have its size reduced. The second reduction, in 1927, occurred when a boundary dispute between Canada and the Dominion of Newfoundland saw Labrador increased at Quebec's expense – this land returned to Canada, as part of the province of Newfoundland, in 1949. In 1999, Nunavut was created from the eastern portion of the Northwest Territories. Yukon lies in the western portion of Northern Canada. All t
Buckingham Palace is the London residence and administrative headquarters of the monarch of the United Kingdom. Located in the City of Westminster, the palace is at the centre of state occasions and royal hospitality, it has been a focal point for the British people at times of national mourning. Known as Buckingham House, the building at the core of today's palace was a large townhouse built for the Duke of Buckingham in 1703 on a site, in private ownership for at least 150 years, it was acquired by King George III in 1761 as a private residence for Queen Charlotte and became known as The Queen's House. During the 19th century it was enlarged, principally by architects John Nash and Edward Blore, who constructed three wings around a central courtyard. Buckingham Palace became the London residence of the British monarch on the accession of Queen Victoria in 1837; the last major structural additions were made in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, including the East Front, which contains the well-known balcony on which the royal family traditionally congregates to greet crowds.
The palace chapel was destroyed by a German bomb during World War II. The original early 19th-century interior designs, many of which survive, include widespread use of brightly coloured scagliola and blue and pink lapis, on the advice of Sir Charles Long. King Edward VII oversaw a partial redecoration in a Belle Époque gold colour scheme. Many smaller reception rooms are furnished in the Chinese regency style with furniture and fittings brought from the Royal Pavilion at Brighton and from Carlton House; the palace has 775 rooms, the garden is the largest private garden in London. The state rooms, used for official and state entertaining, are open to the public each year for most of August and September and on some days in winter and spring. In the Middle Ages, the site of the future palace formed part of the Manor of Ebury; the marshy ground was watered by the river Tyburn, which still flows below the courtyard and south wing of the palace. Where the river was fordable, the village of Eye Cross grew.
Ownership of the site changed hands many times. William gave the site to Geoffrey de Mandeville, who bequeathed it to the monks of Westminster Abbey. In 1531, Henry VIII acquired the Hospital of St James, which became St James's Palace, from Eton College, in 1536 he took the Manor of Ebury from Westminster Abbey; these transfers brought the site of Buckingham Palace back into royal hands for the first time since William the Conqueror had given it away 500 years earlier. Various owners leased it from royal landlords and the freehold was the subject of frenzied speculation during the 17th century. By the old village of Eye Cross had long since fallen into decay, the area was wasteland. Needing money, James I sold off part of the Crown freehold but retained part of the site on which he established a 4-acre mulberry garden for the production of silk. Clement Walker in Anarchia Anglicana refers to "new-erected sodoms and spintries at the Mulberry Garden at S. James's". In the late 17th century, the freehold was inherited from the property tycoon Sir Hugh Audley by the great heiress Mary Davies.
The first house erected within the site was that of a Sir William Blake, around 1624. The next owner was Lord Goring, who from 1633 extended Blake's house and developed much of today's garden known as Goring Great Garden, he did not, obtain the freehold interest in the mulberry garden. Unbeknown to Goring, in 1640 the document "failed to pass the Great Seal before King Charles I fled London, which it needed to do for legal execution", it was this critical omission that helped the British royal family regain the freehold under King George III. The improvident Goring defaulted on his rents. Arlington House rose on the site—the location of the southern wing of today's palace—the next year. In 1698, John Sheffield the first Duke of Buckingham and Normanby, acquired the lease; the house which forms the architectural core of the palace was built for the first Duke of Buckingham and Normanby in 1703 to the design of William Winde. The style chosen was of a large, three-floored central block with two smaller flanking service wings.
Buckingham House was sold by Buckingham's natural son, Sir Charles Sheffield, in 1761 to George III for £21,000. Sheffield's leasehold on the mulberry garden site, the freehold of, still owned by the royal family, was due to expire in 1774. Under the new Crown ownership, the building was intended as a private retreat for King George III's wife, Queen Charlotte, was accordingly known as The Queen's House. Remodelling of the structure began in 1762. In 1775, an Act of Parliament settled the property on Queen Charlotte, in exchange for her rights to Somerset House, 14 of her 15 children were born there; some furnishings were transferred from Carlton House, others had been bought in France after the French Revolution of 1789. While St James's Palace remained the official and ceremonial royal residence, the name "Buckingham-palace" was used from at least 1791. After his accession to the throne in 1820, King George IV continued the renovation with the idea in mind of a small, comfort
Girlguiding is the operating name of The Guide Association named The Girl Guides Association and is the national guiding organisation of the United Kingdom. It is the UK's largest girl-only youth organisation. Girlguiding is a charitable organisation. Within Girlguiding, participants take on adventurous activities, such as climbing, canoeing and orienteering and have the opportunity to get involved in camps and international events, including girl-only festivals and overseas development projects. In local groups – called'units' - girls complete badges and challenges that cover topics from circus skills and scientific investigation, to first aid and community action; each year, the organisation publishes the Girls' Attitudes Survey, which surveys the views of girls and young women on topics such as body image, career aspirations and mental health. Girlguiding is a campaigning organisation, having supported the No More Page 3 campaign and lobbied the government on sexual harassment in schools, women's political representation and media sexism.
Guiding began in the UK in 1910, when Robert Baden-Powell, founder of The Scout Association, established a separate organisation for girls. The Guide Association was a founding member of the World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts in 1928. Girlguiding is supported by around 100,000 volunteers. Following the origin of the Boy Scouts in 1907 many girls took up Scouting. In 1909, a number of Girl Scouts attended the Boy Scout Rally in Crystal Palace Park The girls told Robert Baden Powell that they wanted'to do the same thing as the boys'. Guiding was introduced to respond to the demand. In 1910 Robert Baden-Powell formed the Girl Guides and asked his sister Agnes to look after the Girl Guides organisation. A few years Baden-Powell's new wife Olave became involved and, in 1918, was appointed Chief Guide; the name Guides was chosen from Baden-Powell's military background, "Guides" had operated in the north-west frontier in India, their main task was to go on hazardous expeditions. These men had influenced Baden-Powell as they continued training minds and body when off duty.
As a result, Baden Powell decided Girl Guides would be a suitable name for the pioneering young women's movement he wished to establish. In 1914 Rosebuds were established for girls aged 8–10, this name was changed to Brownies. Two years in 1916 the first Senior Guide groups were formed, in 1920 these groups became Rangers. 1943 saw the establishment of the Trefoil Guild for members over 21 who wished to remain a part of the movement but couldn't remain active with a unit. The section for the youngest members of the association, was introduced in 1987 for girls aged 5–7. In 1936 the Girl Guides Association was one of the founding members of The National Council for Voluntary Youth Services, created with the aim of promoting and supporting youth development work across England. Girlguiding has remained a member of NCVYS since. In 1964, a "Working Party" was established to review and update the whole programme of the association; these recommendations were implemented in 1968 and included new uniforms and awards across all the sections of the association.
Land and Air Rangers were merged into a single Ranger section. Girls are organised into sections by age; these are Rainbows, Brownies and Rangers. Rainbow Guides or Rainbows are aged from 5 to 7 year old, except in Northern Ireland where girls can join from age 4. Activities are organised around work the four areas of the Rainbow Jigsaw – Look, Learn and Love. In the UK the girls used to wear a tabard in one of the colours of the Rainbow, now the newer uniform is worn. There is a baseball cap, cycle shorts, jogging bottoms, polo shirt to choose from; each girl makes a promise on joining a Rainbow unit and must be able to understand and want to make this promise. This Promise is a simpler version of the one; the Rainbow Jigsaw is used in the unit via the Rainbow Roundabout. The Rainbows themselves choose an activity from one of each of the four Jigsaw areas; these activities are carried out alongside the normal activities. When all four have been completed the Rainbow is awarded a badge showing the symbols of each of the Jigsaw areas.
It is intended. Roundabouts have a theme, ones produced so far are Roundabout Festivals, Roundabout the World, Roundabout Rainbows, Roundabout Get Healthy and Roundabout Global Adventure. Rainbows can receive other badges for activities that they attend, other activities they complete within their unit, maybe after a themed half term. During 2008, a special challenge book Olivia's Favourites was produced to commemorate the 21st Birthday of the section and a badge was produced. At the end of the Rainbow programme, as the girls get ready to move on to the Brownie section, girls undertake the personal Pot of Gold Challenge. Brownie Guides or Brownies are from 7 to 10 years old. Brownies work from the Brownie Adventure, divided into three areas: You and World. Brownies can work towards activity badges covering a variety of subjects. Brownies units are called Packs. Packs are divided into small groups of girls who work together. Sixes are traditionally named after fairies e.g. Gnomes, Leprechauns; each six has a leader called a'Sixer' and a'Second'.
The adult leader in charge is called Brown Owl. Other leaders are named after different owls; these two elements are taken from the Brownie Story, in wh
Olympia is an exhibition centre, event space and conference centre in West Kensington, England. The venue is home to a range of international trade and consumer exhibitions and events; the nearest railway station is Kensington, a London Overground station, a London Underground station and a mainline rail station. The direct District Line spur to the station only runs on weekends. In 2012, Olympia celebrated 125 years of events by commissioning British artists Peter Blake, Rob Ryan, Sanna Annukka and Paul Hicks to create their interpretations of the venues. In January 2013, a £40 million investment was completed and the company re-launched with a new brand. BBC Good Food Show Olympia London International Horse Show London Chess Classic Pure London Spirit of Christmas International Art & Antiques Fair Marketing Week Live Great British Beer Festival Salon du Chocolat UCAS Design Your Future National Wedding Show Toy Fair The International Motor Exhibition was held annually at Olympia from 1905 to 1936 The 1st World Scout Jamboree was held at Olympia from 30 July to 8 August 1920 Jimi Hendrix Experience on 22 December 1967 Status Quo played on 31 December 1975 Procol Harum played on 1 January 1976 Bad Company played on 2 and 3 January 1977 Rod Stewart performed on 14 and 15 January 1977 Eubank v Stretch at the WBO Middleweight title battle, 18 April 1991 The Cure performed on the 26th,27th,28th,30 November 1992 Smash Hits Awards held at Olympia London on 6 December 1992 Eubank v Holmes at WBO super middleweight class, 20 February 1993 Fairuz played on 11 and 12 March 1994 Eubank v Jose Carlos Amaral at the WBO Super-middleweight Championship, 9 July 1994 Spencer Oliver v Serge Poilblanc at WBO fight, 12 July 1997 ATP tennis held from 3-6 December 1998 3rd Mind Sports Olympiad held 21-30 August 1999 Miss World 49th Pageant held on 4 December 1999 Naseem Hamed v Vuyani Bungu at WBO featherweight title battle, 11 March 2000 MOVE IT annual dance event, first held 2005 Chemical Brothers played on 30 August 2008 Vivienne Westwood hosted a catwalk show for London Fashion Week in Olympia London, 21 February 2009 Bloc Party played at Olympia London on 11 and 12 May 2009 Gavin Rees v Colin Lynes at Prizefighter light-Welterweight battle, 2 December 2009 Primal Scream performed on 26 and 27 November 2010 Got to Dance aired from Olympia London on 29 January 2011 Darren Barker v Domenico Spada in the WBO European Middleweight title, 30 April 2011 Doctor Who Experience was held from 1 January to 22 February 2012 Got to Dance final aired live in March 2012 and 2013 Hatsune Miku Expo 2018 Europe, the first Hatsune Miku concert in the UK, 8 December 2018 Olympia Beauty is an annual beauty event which first was held at Olympia in 2004 Olympia London website Olympia London website Olympia Events Calendar Eat Outs Around Satellite Image Google Maps satellite image of London Olympia
Royal International Horse Show
The Royal International Horse Show is the official horse show of the British Horse Society and consists of both showing and showjumping events. The event is held during July each year at the All England Jumping Course at Hickstead; the event is title sponsored by Longines, making it the Longines Royal International Horse Show. The show is the oldest horse show in Britain, having started in 1907; the first Royal International Horse Show was held at London Olympia in 1907, hosted by the Institute of the Horse and Pony Club, which would become the British Horse Society. It was revived after it. No show took place in 1933, but a new committee headed by the young 10th Duke of Beaufort re-established the event at Olympia in 1934. Having been held at Wembley Stadium, White City Stadium in West London and the National Exhibition Centre in Birmingham, the show moved to the All England Jumping Course at Hickstead in 1992; the 2016 Supreme championship title was awarded to Tambrook My Destiny. Official Royal International Horse Show Page