Lagash, or Shirpurla, was an ancient city state located northwest of the junction of the Euphrates and Tigris rivers and east of Uruk, about 22 kilometres east of the modern town of Ash Shatrah, Iraq. Lagash was one of the oldest cities of the Ancient Near East; the ancient site of Nina marks the southern limit of the state. Nearby Girsu, about 25 km northwest of Lagash, was the religious center of the Lagash state. Lagash's main temple was the E-Ninnu, dedicated to the god Ningirsu. From inscriptions found at Girsu such as the Gudea cylinders, it appears that Lagash was an important Sumerian city in the late 3rd millennium BCE, it was at that time ruled by independent kings, Ur-Nanshe and his successors, who were engaged in contests with the Elamites on the east and the kings of Kienĝir and Kish on the north. Some of the earlier works from before the Akkadian conquest are extremely interesting, in particular Eanatum's Stele of the Vultures and Entemena's great silver vase ornamented with Ningirsu's sacred animal Anzu: a lion-headed eagle with wings outspread, grasping a lion in each talon.
With the Akkadian conquest Lagash lost its independence, its ruler or ensi becoming a vassal of Sargon of Akkad and his successors. After the collapse of Sargon's state, Lagash again thrived under its independent kings, Ur-Baba and Gudea, had extensive commercial communications with distant realms. According to his own records, Gudea brought cedars from the Amanus and Lebanon mountains in Syria, diorite from eastern Arabia and gold from central and southern Arabia, while his armies were engaged in battles with Elam on the east, his was the era of artistic development. We have a good idea of what Gudea looked like, since he placed in temples throughout his city numerous statues or idols depicting himself with lifelike realism. At the time of Gudea, the capital of Lagash was in Girsu; the kingdom covered an area of 1,600 square kilometres. It contained 17 larger cities, eight district capitals, numerous villages. According to one estimate, Lagash was the largest city in the world from c. 2075 to 2030 BC.
Soon after the time of Gudea, Lagash was absorbed into the Ur III state as one of its prime provinces. There is some information about the area during the Old Babylonian period. After that it seems to have lost its importance. In c. 2450 BCE, Lagash and the neighbouring city of Umma fell out with each other after a border dispute. As described in Stele of the Vultures the current king of Lagash, inspired by the patron god of his city, set out with his army to defeat the nearby city. Initial details of the battle are unclear, but the Stele is able to portray a few vague details about the event. According to the Stele's engravings, when the two sides met each other in the field, Eannatum dismounted from his chariot and proceeded to lead his men on foot. After lowering their spears, the Lagash army advanced upon the army from Umma in a dense Phalanx. After a brief clash and his army had gained victory over the army of Umma. Despite having been struck in the eye by an arrow, the king of Lagash lived on to enjoy his army's victory.
This battle is one of the earliest organised battles known to historians. These dynasties are not found on the Sumerian King List, although one fragmentary supplement has been found in Sumerian, known as The Rulers of Lagash, it recounts how after the flood mankind was having difficulty growing food for itself, being dependent on rainwater. At the end of the text is the statement "Written in the school", suggesting this was a scribal school production. A few of the names from the Lagash rulers listed below may be made out, including Ur-Nanshe, "Ane-tum", En-entar-zid, Ur-Ningirsu, Ur-Bau, Gudea. Lagash is one of the largest archaeological mounds in the region, measuring 3 by 1.5 km. Estimates of its area range from 400 to 600 hectares; the site is divided by the bed of a canal/river. The site was first excavated, for six weeks, by Robert Koldewey in 1887, it was inspected during a survey of the area by Thorkild Jacobsen and Fuad Safar in 1953, finding the first evidence of its identification as Lagash.
The major polity in the region of al-Hiba and Tello had been identified as ŠIR. BUR. LA. Tell Al-Hiba was again explored in five seasons of excavation between 1968 and 1976 by a team from the Metropolitan Museum of Art and the Institute of Fine Arts of New York University; the team was led by Vaughn E. Crawford, included Donald P. Hansen and Robert D. Biggs; the primary focus was the excavation of the temple Ibgal of Inanna and the temple Bagara of Ningirsu, as well as an associated administrative area. The team returned 12 years in 1990, for a final season of excavation led by D. P. Hansen; the work involved areas adjacent to an, as yet, unexcavated temple. The results of this season have not yet been published. In March-April of 2019, field work resumed under the University of Cambridge Lagash Archaeological Project. Cities of the ancient Near East Short chronology timeline Robert D. Biggs, "Inscriptions from al-Hiba-Lagash: the fi
Faye D'Souza is an Indian journalist and a television news anchor. She worked as the executive editor of Mirror Now, owned by The Times Group, she rose to fame with the show The Urban Debate on Mirror Now, where she anchored on subjects of corruption, communal violence and independent press. D'Souza has worked as an anchor and editorial lead on Investor's Guide on ET Now a member of the CNBC TV18 newsroom; the RedInk Award for ‘Journalist of the Year’ has been awarded to Faye D’Souza in 2018 Faye D'Souza was born in Chikmagalur. Mangalore is her native place, she grew up in Bengaluru, she studied journalism at the Mount Carmel College and holds a bachelor's degree in journalism and English literature and a master's degree in Mass Communication. She completed her post graduation from Commits in Bengaluru. D'Souza started her journalism career with All India Radio, she worked as a post graduate journalist at CNBC TV 18 in 2003 and moved on to reporting about mutual funds and personal finance. She ran three weekly shows on ET Now -- All About Stocks and The Property Guide.
The Times network launched the English news channel Mirror Now in April 2017. D'Souza was made its senior editor; the flagship show on Mirror Now, The Urban Debate was started, according to her to "shine an uncomfortable spotlight on apathy and corruption, the root cause of most problems that we face as Indians today.". In 2018 The RedInk Award for ‘Journalist of the Year’ has been awarded to Faye D’Souza, she has been awarded for her blistering coverage of issues. Her style of handling subjects like corruption, political opportunism, price rise and communalism over calendar 2017 has made her and her programme ‘The Urban Debate’ popular with the masses, she resigned from Mirror Now's daily operations on 9 September 2019. Vinay Tewari replaced her as the new Managing Editor at the news channel, her sudden resignation led to many speculating if her decision was a result of political pressure
SS Mutlah was a 3,393-ton steamship built for the Nourse Line in about 1906 by Charles Connell & Company Limited, Scotland. She had 425-nhp steam engines driving a single screw. Like other Nourse Line ships, she was used for the transportation of Indian indentured labourers to the colonies. Details of some of these voyages are as follows: Mutlah caught fire at Naples and sank on 24 March 1920, she was refloated and returned to service. In 1921 she was purchased by Soc di Nav Latina, Italy. In 1923 she was purchased by Occidens Soc. Anon di Nav, Italy. On 29 December 1923 she was in the Mediterranean Sea west-southwest of Sardinia on a voyage from Cagliari, Italy, to Antwerp, with a cargo of grain when she sent a distress signal, reporting her position as 38°40′N 006°34′E, she disappeared without trace. She is presumed to have foundered with the loss of all hands. Indian Indenture Ships to Fiji Indian indenture system Cheddie, Richard B. "Updated List of Ships that transported E". Genealogy.com. "Nourse Line".
Merchant Navy Officers. "Indian Immigrant Ship List". RootsWeb