Lake Charles is the fifth-largest incorporated city in the U. S. state of Louisiana, located on Lake Charles, Prien Lake, the Calcasieu River. Founded in 1861 in Calcasieu Parish, it is a major industrial and educational center in the southwest region of the state; as of the 2010 census, the population was 71,993. Lake Charles is the principal city of the Lake Charles Metropolitan Statistical Area, having a population of 202,040, it is the larger principal city of the Lake Charles-Jennings Combined Statistical Area, with a population of 225,235. The 2010 population of the five-parish area of Southwest Louisiana was 292,619, it is considered a regionally significant center of petrochemical refining, gaming and education, being home to McNeese State University and Sowela Technical Community College. Because of the lakes and waterways throughout the city, metropolitan Lake Charles is referred to as the Lake Area. On March 7, 1861, Lake Charles was incorporated as the town of Charleston, Louisiana.
Lake Charles was founded by merchant and tradesman Marco Eliche as an outpost. He was a Sephardic Jewish trader of either Venetian-Italian origins, he had arrived to Louisiana after hitchhiking and was invited onto a Spanish vessel due to his determination and loyalty to volunteer and work for the Spanish Empire. Long before incorporation and before the Louisiana Purchase, other names for Lake Charles were Porte du Lafitte or Rivière Lafitte, among many other names now lost. Eliche had founded other outposts and towns in Louisiana prior, most notably Marksville, named after him. There are urban tales he had planned to name the settlement Nouveau Cadix", after the city in Spain, but this is uncertain; the town was first incorporated in 1857 as Charleston after Charles Sallier. Ten years on March 16, 1867, Charleston was reincorporated as the City of Lake Charles. In 1910, a fire, known as the "Great Fire of 1910", devastated much of the city. However, Lake Charles soon continued to grow and expand in the twentieth century.
The Charleston Hotel was completed during the administration of Mayor Henry J. Geary. During and after World War II, Lake Charles experienced industrial growth with the onset of the petrochemical refining industries; the city grew to a high of some 75,000 people in the early 1980s, but with local economic recession, the population declined. In 1985, the city was identified as a potential Strategic Homeport to support Navy Secretary John Lehman's desire for a 600-ship Navy. Support ships were to be operated from the new Naval Station Lake Charles, but with the tailing-off of the Cold War, the 1988 Base Realignment and Closure Commission recommended it be closed. By 1991 the incomplete base had been dropped from the program, shuttered. Lake Charles, located on a level plain about 30 miles from the Gulf of Mexico, has an elevation of 13 feet, is located on the banks of the Calcasieu River in southwestern Louisiana, it borders both Lake Prien Lake. Contraband Bayou, Henderson Bayou, English Bayou flow through the city.
Oak trees and pine trees dot the landscape. The Calcasieu Ship Channel, which allows large ocean-going vessels to sail up from the Gulf borders the city. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 44.8 square miles, of which 42.0 square miles is land and 2.7 square miles, or 6.12%, is water. Lake Charles is tied with Port Arthur and Astoria, Oregon, as the most humid city in the contiguous United States, the second-most humid measured location behind unincorporated Quillayute, Washington; the average relative humidity in Lake Charles is 90% in the morning, 72% in the afternoon. As of the 2010 census, the population was 71,993. In 2010, the population density was 1,711.8 people per square mile. There were 32,469 housing units; the racial makeup of the city was 47% White, 47% African American, 0.4% Native American, 1.7% Asian, 0.47% from other races, 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 2.9% of the population. There were 28,228 households, out of which 26.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.8% were married couples living together, 18.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 39.4% were non-families.
33.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.13. In 2010, the population was spread out with 27% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 20 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 25% from 45 to 64, 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.9 males. The percentage of males was 45.7% versus 54.3% for females. The median income for a household in the city was $36,001; the per capita income for the city was $22,855. 20.9% of the population was below the poverty line. The top employer, the Calcasieu Parish School System, employs 5,000 workers; the second-largest employer is L'Auberge Casino Resort. Several petrochemical plants and an oil refinery are located nearby along the Calcasieu Ship Channel. Turner Industries, Westlake Chemical Corporation, Citgo each employ over a thousand engineers; the Trunkline LNG terminal southwest of Lake Charles, is one of the United States' few liquified natural gas terminals.
It has facilities for LNG receipt, re-gasification. Other industrial companies incl
Royal Canadian Air Farce, credited as Air Farce, was a Canadian sketch comedy series starring the comedy troupe Royal Canadian Air Farce, that starred in an eponymous show on CBC Radio, from 1973 to 1997. The top-rated television show was broadcast on CBC Television, beginning in 1993 and ending in December 2008; the Air Farce Live name was adopted in October 2007. For the show's final season which began October 3, 2008, the series was renamed Air Farce—Final Flight!. The show was a weekly topical sketch comedy series focusing on political and cultural satire and was one of the most popular Canadian television shows, it was aired as a radio series beginning in 1973, on radio, Air Farce continued for 24 seasons through 1997. In terms of the troupe's TV career, the first Air Farce TV special aired in 1980. A short-lived Air Farce TV series was broadcast in 1981, further TV specials aired in 1982, 1983, 1984. After a long hiatus from TV, a 1992 New Year's Eve special for CBC-TV was well received, a new Air Farce TV series began in October 1993.
The TV series was retitled Air Farce Live beginning with the October 6, 2007 broadcast and was the first Canadian sketch comedy series to be broadcast in HD. Despite the name change, the show was broadcast live only in the Atlantic time zone; the other time zones aired the show via tape delay. In November 1998, original cast members Roger Abbott, Don Ferguson, Luba Goy, John Morgan received the Governor General's Performing Arts Award for Lifetime Artistic Achievement, Canada's highest honour in the performing arts; the show began as a radio show in 1973, continuing until 1997 when the troupe decided to concentrate on the TV series which began in 1993. Madly Off in All Directions, starring Lorne Elliott, replaced the Air Farce radio show on the CBC schedule. Over that time the Air Farce cast has remained stable, with three of the troupe's five founders remaining with the program for its entire run. Roger Abbott. Don Ferguson Luba Goy John Morgan. Dave Broadfoot. Appeared on the final episode in the show's final sketch.
Died at the age of 90 on November 1, 2016. Barbara Budd, frequent appearances as a "special guest" on the radio show Jessica Holmes Craig Lauzon, supporting member during 2003, became full member in 2004 Alan Park, supporting member during 2003, became full member in 2004 Penelope Corrin, filled in during Holmes's maternity leave during the first two months of 2007, returned for the live season finale, joined cast for 2007/2008 season Arnold Pinnock, who made a guest appearance in the 2012 New Year's Eve special, but was credited as a member for 2013 Royal Canadian Air Farce began in 1973 as a radio show on CBC Radio, it became one of the radio network's most popular programs. Based in Toronto, most of their shows were recorded in CBC's Cabbagetown studios; the Farce troupe recorded a one-hour television special in 1980, which evolved into a ten-week series and two sequel specials. They continued to perform their radio series as the TV series and specials moved forward. Many of the TV show's sketches were performed as "radio sketches"—during filming, Air Farce cast members stood on stage in front of microphones reading from scripts, whilst sound effects technician Alex Sinclair could be seen on stage adding sound effects as needed.
Other sketches, some quite elaborate, were acted out in full costume as more traditional television sketches. Despite the decent ratings for the initial special, the TV series was received with somewhat lukewarm reviews and ratings; the Air Farce left television after a special in 1984. In the early 1980s, Air Farce's summer radio hiatus periods were filled by another comedy troupe, The Frantics, who moved on to their own TV series, Four on the Floor. Summer hiatus periods, were filled by Ferguson and Abbott playing classic comedy recordings. In the late 1980s, CBC Radio launched another 30-minutes weekly political satire, Double Exposure. Though the programmes were never in direct competition, some found the latter show fresher and edgier. In 1992, Air Farce took a second plunge into television with 1992: Year of the Farce, a satirical New Year's Eve special. For this and all subsequent TV appearances, the troupe abandoned the idea of performing TV sketches as "radio sketches", presented their TV work in a traditional TV sketch show format.
A ratings smash, the special led the troupe to produce another weekly television series, which debuted in 1993. However, this time the move to television was permanent; the radio series continued alongside the TV show for four seasons until May 1997, when it was discontinued. The practice of having a New Year's Eve special continued through the show's entire run, such episodes were titled Year of the Farce. Air Farce frequently had the honour of counting down the seconds before the New Year on CBC, the show's final episode was itself a New Year's Eve special. Recurring characters on the TV series included the slow Albertan Mike from Canmore and angry Scot Jock McBile, self-righteous movie critic Gilbert Smythe Bite-Me, chain-smoking bingo player Brenda. Though these characte
For the DC Comics super-villain, see Kite Man. "The State" is a fictional totalitarian world government in a future history that forms the back-story of three of Larry Niven's novels: A World Out of Time, The Integral Trees, The Smoke Ring. It is the setting of two short stories, "Rammer" and "The Kiteman" as well as a stalled fourth novel, The Ghost Ships. After several years in development, Niven announced that The Ghost Ships would never be made, wrote The Ringworld Throne instead; the novel would have focused on a race of self-aware natural Bussard ramjets birthed in the supernova that created Levoy's Star and were returning to their place of birth to mate. According to Playgrounds of the Mind and the kite-fliers from "The Kiteman" would have returned also. Works set in the fictional universe "The State". “Rammer” “Down and Out” “The Children of the State” A World Out of Time The Integral Trees The Smoke Ring “The Kiteman” The Ghost Ships Most information regarding the State comes from A World Out of Time, including a brief overview of its formation in the aftermath of a "global brush war".
The precise timeframe the State occupies is not defined. In A World Out of Time, the State exists as of 2190, it rules over an crowded world, in which privacy is no longer a concept. Religion is no longer in practice, as a corpsicle on the Discipline is noted as having to explain to others what a Christmas wreath is. A comment from Kendy in The Smoke Ring indicates that the State abolished capitalism when it was established. In The Smoke Ring Kendy states that as of the time when Discipline left Earth, the State had colonized all ten planets of the solar system, thirty moons, hundreds of asteroids, with twenty-eight extrasolar worlds in the process of terraforming. According to Niven, The Ghost Ships would have revealed that the State had split into two factions, the Inner State based in the Solar system and the Outer State based on the extrasolar colony worlds, which would have featured in the novel; this is implied by a graphic presentation in A World Out Of Time, which the protagonist interprets as showing a distinction between "people, like us" and "not people, not like us".
The State has technologies of fusion-assisted interstellar spaceflight and technologies which enable personalities to be transferred chemically from one body to another. It may transfer personalities extracted from medically unsalvageable bodies of "corpsicles" frozen in the past to mindwiped criminals to use them as agents in circumstances where their free-thinking skills can still be useful to the State, such as in piloting ramships to other stars; the State has perfected the storage of human personalities within AI systems, can install copies of the personalities of "checkers" loyal to the State into the ramships' control computers, in order to keep a watch on disloyal revived corpsicles. The temporal dilation of the novel permits the protagonist of A World Out of Time a view of the State in several spaced time periods, over three million years, he describes it to his AI minder as a hydraulic empire, accounting for its long life and stability. He claims that hydraulic empires only fall to barbarians from outside - but there is nothing "outside" of the State, which encompasses all of human civilization.
It is revealed that the State created its own "barbarians" by establishing colonies in other systems. A World Out of Time was nominated for a Locus Award in 1977, The Integral Trees won a Locus Award in 1985
Courtney Combs was a member of the Ohio House of Representatives, representing the 54th District since his appointment in 2004. He was the Chairman of the House Criminal Justice Committee, he is a member of the Republican Party. A graduate of Miami University, Combs served on Hamilton City Council and was Butler County Commissioner from 1986 to 2004, he is a licensed Realtor, is a broker of Combs Group Realty. While Combs had planned to run against Gary Cates for the Fourth District of the Ohio Senate, he instead filed for the Ohio House. In another turn of events that expedited his career at the Statehouse, Greg Jolivette who had decided to run for Combs' Commission seat, resigned early so the two could swap seats, he was sworn into the House on January 21, 2004. Combs faced no opposition to retain his seat in 2004. In 2006, Combs won reelection against Democrats Kenneth Keith with 57.16% of the vote. In 2008, he won a third full term, with 57.04 % of the vote. With his reelection in 2010 over Democrat Bruce Carter with 62.2% of the vote, Combs will be Dean of the House of Representatives in the 129th General Assembly.
Speaker of the House William G. Batchelder has named Combs as a member of the Republican majority caucus' Policy Committee, he serves on the committees of Insurance. Combs serves on the Butler County Transportation Improvement District Board of Trustees. In 2011, Combs announced. In his fourth and final term, Combs introduced legislation that will lift the cap on online charter schools. With the introduction of John Kasich's biennium budget, the number of vouchers available for charter schools has quadrupled. Both initiatives have come with criticism from teachers' unions. Combs has introduced a bill that would designate Lentil as the State Children's Book and make Robert McCloskey the State Children's Author; as chairman of the Transportation, Public Safety and Homeland Security Committee, Combs garnered unanimous support for a bill that would ban texting while driving, voted the bill out of the committee. A proponent of the immigration reform, Combs has introduced legislation to show Ohio’s support for the state of Arizona in its legal battle with the federal government over Arizona’s efforts to control illegal immigration.
Opponents of the measure says it's overreaching and amounts to racial profiling, but supporters say it is a necessary step in combatting illegal immigrants. Ohio House of Representatives: Rep. Courtney Combs official site
Tsvetta Kaleynska, better known as Tsvetta, is a Bulgarian author, marketing consultant and a model. She participated in the Miss Diaspora Models International Competition in New York City in 2010. Tsvetta was born and raised in Veliko Tarnovo, Bulgaria in the family of a university professor and a gynaecologist, both of Bulgarian descent. Kaleynska was named after her grandmother, her name in translation from Bulgarian means “flower.” In addition to her native language, Tsvetta speaks English, French and Italian. In 2008, Tsvetta moved to the United States on an academic scholarship to pursue her higher education. In 2012, she graduated from St. Francis College, with dual degrees in Marketing Management and International Business and Economics. In 2015, she received a master's degree in Public Administration from the City University of New York at Baruch College. In 2012 Tsvetta joined the Dogs Bollocks 5 as a consulting strategist specializing in social media analysis and market research. In 2015 she moved to Brandwatch as customer success director.
Tsvetta published her first book of poetry, "Flowers From Heaven" in 2011. Her work is featured in outlets such as the national scientific magazine “Българска наука” /Bulgarian Science/, Cosmopolitan magazine and other newspapers and magazines in Eastern Europe. In 2014, Kaleynska published her second book: “#TheQueen: Social Media”. Tsvetta began her televised appearances in 2008 through the Miss Diaspora International Pageant. Since 2011 she has been featured on national TV shows in her home-country, including “Predi Obed” on bTV, TV7, “Na Kafe” on NOVA TV, TV7, Bulgarian National Television. Since 2017 she has been a contributor on the national morning show “Na Kafe” with Gala covering topics including the Women's March in NYC, the Bulgarian Parliamentary election and others. In November 2014, Tsvetta was awarded a silver Stevie Award in the category “Women Helping Women.” The Stevie Awards honor and generate public recognition of the achievements and positive contributions of organizations and working professionals worldwide.
In 2016 Kaleynska was invited to be the first Bulgarian woman to judge the awards as well. In 2017 Tsvetta began speaking at events and career panels on the topics of education and motivation, she participated on a Baruch College career panel in 2017. In 2010 she was crowned Miss Bulgaria Diaspora USA and started her modeling career despite her height of 5’5, she has participated in fashion shoots for Bulgarian brands. Kaleynska worked with the U. S. Bulgarian Orphanage and Medical Relief Fund to raise funds and deliver medical supplies to orphanages in Bulgaria, her volunteer work is focused on empowering adolescent girls through GLOW Leadership Academy, Bulgaria. Tsvetta promotes literacy among youngsters, she is the face of the national literacy campaign “Да напълним Студентски град с книги” under the patronage of Bulgaria's president, Rosen Plevlenliev. In 2013, Tsvetta started her own national literacy campaign - “Tsvetta for the colors of the languages” - aimed at providing foreign language literature to libraries and schools in small and medium-sized communities all over Bulgaria.
"Look Dad No Tunes" is a 1999 CD single by Birkenhead indie band Half Man Half Biscuit, released by Probe Plus Records, for whom they have always recorded. John Peel, who admired the band, included "Look Dad No Tunes" at No. 11 in his 1999 Festive Fifty. "Look Dad No Tunes" "Ecclesiastical Perks" "Lock Up Your Mountain Bikes" "Look Dad No Tunes" is included on the 2000 album Trouble over Bridgwater. "Lock Up Your Mountain Bikes" parodies the traditional song "She'll Be Coming'Round the Mountain". "Look Dad No Tunes". Retrieved 25 February 2016; the oldest-established Half Man Half Biscuit fansite. "Look Dad No Tunes". Retrieved 25 February 2016; the Half Man Half Biscuit Lyrics Project