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Lake Como

Lake Como known as Lario, is a lake of glacial origin in Lombardy, Italy. It has an area of 146 square kilometres, making it the third-largest lake in Italy, after Lake Garda and Lake Maggiore. At over 400 metres deep, it is the fifth deepest lake in Europe, the deepest outside Norway. Lake Como has been a popular retreat for aristocrats and wealthy people since Roman times, a popular tourist attraction with many artistic and cultural gems, it has many villas and palaces such as Villa Olmo, Villa Serbelloni, Villa Carlotta. Many famous people have homes on the shores of Lake Como. One of its particularity is its characteristic "Y" shape, which forms the so-called "Larian Triangle", with the little town of Canzo as its capital. In 2014, The Huffington Post called it the most beautiful lake in the world for its microclimate and environment with prestigious villas and villages; the lake's name in Latin is Larius, Italianised as Lario, but this name is used. In guidebooks the lake may be variously referred to as Lake of Como, or Como Lake.

Its name comes from the city of Como, known to the Romans as Comum. The lake is shaped much like an inverted letter "Y"; the northern branch begins at the town of Colico, while the towns of Como and Lecco sit at the ends of the southwestern and southeastern branches respectively. The small towns of Bellagio and Lierna are situated at the intersection of the three branches of the lake: a triangular boat service operates between them. Lake Como is fed by the Adda River, which enters the lake near Colico and flows out at Lecco; this geological conformation makes the southwestern branch a dead end, so Como, unlike Lecco, is flooded. The mountainous pre-alpine territory between the two southern arms of the lake is known as the Larian Triangle, or Triangolo lariano; the source of the river Lambro is here. At the centre of the triangle, the town of Canzo is the seat of the Comunità montana del Triangolo lariano, an association of the 31 municipalities that represent the 71,000 inhabitants of the area.

Lake Como weather is humid subtropical. In the winter, the lake helps to maintain a higher temperature in the surrounding region. Average daily temperatures range from about 3.7 °C in January to 23.4 °C in July, according to historical weather data from Como. Water temperatures can reach an average of 24 °C during the month of July. Snowfall is erratic and affects the higher elevations. Rainfall is lowest during the winter months; as a tourist destination, Lake Como is popular for its landscapes and spas. It is a venue for sailing and kitesurfing. In 1818 Percy Bysshe Shelley wrote to Thomas Love Peacock: "This lake exceeds anything I beheld in beauty, with the exception of the arbutus islands of Killarney, it is long and narrow, has the appearance of a mighty river winding among the mountains and the forests". In the area surrounding Lake Como there are several farms which produce goods such as honey, olive oil, milk and salamis. Visitors can find lists of these farms and visit the farm itself in person to make their purchases.

In 2018, the Italian luxury label Gabbana held a fashion event on Lake Como. The lake is well known for the attractive villas that have been built there since Roman times, when Pliny the Younger built the Comedia and the Tragedia resorts. Many villas on the lake shores have admirable gardens that benefit from the mild climate induced by the stabilizing presence of 22.5 cubic kilometres of lake water and can sustain many subtropical and Mediterranean plants. Villa Carlotta was built for the Milanese Marquis Giorgio Clerici in 1690 and occupies a site of over 7 hectares at Tremezzo, facing the Bellagio peninsula. An Italian garden was laid out at the same time; the villa was sold to powerful banker and Napoleonic politician Giovanni Battista Sommariva. Stendhal was his guest in 1818, his visit is recalled at the start of La Chartreuse de Parme. In 1843 it was purchased by Princess Marianne of Nassau as a wedding present for her daughter Carlotta, after whom the villa is now named; the latter, together with her husband Georg II of Saxen-Meiningen, laid out the woodland landscape park in Romantic style.

The villa today includes a museum of agricultural implements as well as important works of sculpture by Sommariva's friend Antonio Canova and by Luigi Acquisti. Villa d'Este, in Cernobbio, was built in 1568 by a native of the town. In 1816–1817 the villa was home to Caroline of Brunswick, estranged wife of the Prince of Wales and shortly to become Queen Consort of King George IV of the United Kingdom; the landscaped gardens in the English style are a product of this period. In the century it was turned into a luxury hotel. Today the Villa d'Este is known for attracting celebrity guests. Villa del Balbianello, famous for its elaborate terraced gardens, lies on a promontory of the western shore of the lake near Isola Comacina. Built in 1787 on the site of a Franciscan monastery, it was the final home of the explorer Guido Monzino and today houses a museum devoted to his work. Villa Melzi d'Eril in Bellagio was built in neo-classical style by architect Giocondo Albertolli in 1808–1810 as the summer residence of Duke Francesco Melzi

Columbus Square (Providence)

Columbus Square is a historic public square in the Historic Elmwood Neighborhood of Providence, Rhode Island. It is located at the intersection of Reservoir Avenue, it serves as a gateway to Elmwood from the West End Neighborhoods. The small triangular plot of land was owned by Joseph Cooke, who deeded to the Town of Cranston on May 24, 1824. Cranston in turn deeded it to Providence in 1868, it was renamed Columbus Park in 1893 in honor of a bronze statue of Columbus, erected in on the small plot on the occasion of the 400th anniversary of Columbus's landing. Columbus Square is the heart of the Elmwood Avenue business district that abuts the South Elmwood Historic District, it is home to nearby charter school, Paul Cuffee Upper School and independent middle school Sophia AcademyColumbus square is notable for its bronze statue, designed by French sculptor Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi and cast in bronze in 1893 by the historic Gorham Manufacturing Company, located nearby on Adelaide Avenue. The statue, of Christopher Columbus, is a recasting of a statue prepared in sterling silver by the Gorham company for the Columbian World's Fair in Chicago, 1893.

The statue is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and is sited in Columbus Square Park, a public park of the City of Providence Parks Department. Neighborhoods in Providence Elmwood Neighborhood

Berggruen Museum

The Berggruen Museum is a collection of modern art classics in Berlin, which the collector and dealer Heinz Berggruen, in a "gesture of reconciliation", gave to his native city. The most notable artists on display include Pablo Picasso, Giambattista Pittoni, Alberto Giacometti, Georges Braque, Paul Klee and Henri Matisse; the Berggruen Collection is part of the National Gallery of Berlin. The collection arrived in Berlin in 1996, with Berggruen's return to his native city after six decades in exile. In 1988 he had given about 90 Klees to the Metropolitan Museum of Art, in 1990, he had agreed to make a five-year loan to the National Gallery in London of 72 paintings and drawings by Paul Cézanne, Georges Seurat, Vincent van Gogh, Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, Joan Miró. In 1990, negotiations with Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía for the Berggruen collection to be shown in Madrid fell through. Berggruen lent the collection, which he had assembled over 30 years, to the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation.

He sold it to the PCHF in December 2000, for the "symbolic" price of 253 million marks, well below its estimated value of 1.5 billion marks. Today it is exhibited under the title "Berggruen Collection – Picasso and His Time" as part of the National Gallery of Berlin, in the West Stüler Building on Schloßstraße, opposite Charlottenburg Palace; the centrepiece of the collection is the work of Picasso, with over 100 exhibits, together with over 60 pictures by Paul Klee. Henri Matisse is represented by over 20 works, including more than half a dozen of his famous cutouts. Sculpture ensembles by Alberto Giacometti and examples of African sculpture round out the core of the collection. Berggruen continued to purchase works after the museum's opening in 1996, including Picasso's important 1909 painting Houses on the Hill from the Museum of Modern Art in New York. A total of 165 works were transferred from Berggruen to the PCHF in the 2000 sale. In 2005 the Berggruen family acquired Picasso's Nu Jaune for $13.7 million at Sotheby's in New York.

This gouache is one of the first studies for Les Demoiselles d'Avignon, a milestone in 20th-century art. To mark the 10th anniversary of the museum, his permanent retirement from public life at the age of 92, Berggruen donated a sculpture by Alberto Giacometti, Standing Woman III, to the collection in December 2006, it had in fact been on loan at the museum until standing in the Stüler Building's rotunda. To keep the two-metre high bronze statue within the collection – his life's work – Berggruen purchased it and donated it to the PCHF. Several weeks on 23 February 2007, he died in Paris; the museum received 1.5 million visitors during its first decade from 1996 to 2006. Besides the permanent exhibition "Picasso and His Time", the museum hosts numerous special exhibitions on themes of classic modern art. In July 2007 the heirs to Berggruen's estate announced that they would present a further 50 classic modern works to the museum, in order to continue in their father's tradition of reconciliation with Germany.

Since the transfer at Christmas 2000 Berggruen had continued to purchase paintings, including works by Picasso, Klee and Cézanne, among others. To make an expansion possible, the state of Berlin announced that it would endow the PCHF with a new building for its 50th anniversary: the Kommandantenhaus, adjacent to the West Stüler Building. A society for friends of the Berggruen Museum was founded at the same time, with members including Berggruen's widow Bettina, his children Nicolas, Olivier and Helen, as well as Michael Blumenthal, Michael Naumann and Simon de Pury; the PCHF agreed to take on the running costs of the society. Plans were announced in 2008 to connect the two buildings with a glass pergola, chosen from an architectural competition, to be paid for by the government and installed by the state of Berlin. In May 2008 a further 70 paintings were added to the collection. Home page on the Berlin State Museums website