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Lake Tana

Lake Tana is the source of the Blue Nile and is the largest lake in Ethiopia. Located in Amhara Region in the north-western Ethiopian Highlands, the lake is 84 kilometres long and 66 kilometres wide, with a maximum depth of 15 metres, an elevation of 1,788 metres. Lake Tana is fed by the Gilgel Abay and Gumara rivers, its surface area ranges depending on season and rainfall. The lake level has been regulated since the construction of the control weir where the lake discharges into the Blue Nile; this controls the flow to hydro-power station. In 2015, the Lake Tana region was nominated as a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve recognizing its national and international natural and cultural importance. Lake Tana was formed by volcanic activity, blocking the course of inflowing rivers in the early Pleistocene epoch, about 5 million years ago; the lake was much larger than it is today. Seven large permanent rivers feed the lake as well as 40 small seasonal rivers; the main tributaries to the lake are Gilgel Abbay, the Megech and Rib rivers.

Lake Tana has a number of islands. It has fallen about 6 feet in the last 400 years. According to Manoel de Almeida, there were 21 islands, seven to eight of which had monasteries on them "formerly large, but now much diminished." When James Bruce visited the area in the 18th century, he noted that the locals counted 45 inhabited islands, but stated he believed that "the number may be about eleven." A 20th-century geographer named 37 islands, of which he believed 19 have or had monasteries or churches on them. Remains of ancient Ethiopian emperors and treasures of the Ethiopian Church are kept in the isolated island monasteries. On the island of Tana Qirqos is a rock shown to Paul B. Henze, on which he was told the Virgin Mary had rested on her journey back from Egypt; the body of Yekuno Amlak is interred in the monastery of St. Stephen on Daga Island. Emperors whose tombs are on Daga include Dawit I, Zara Yaqob, Za Dengel, Fasilides. Other important islands in Lake Tana include Dek, Gelila Zakarias and Briguida.

The monasteries are believed to have been built over earlier religious sites. They include the fourteenth-century Debre Maryam, the eighteenth-century Narga Selassie, Tana Qirqos, Ura Kidane Mehret, known for its regalia. A ferry service links Bahir Dar with Gorgora via various lakeshore villages. There is Zege Peninsula on the southwest portion of the lake. Zege is the site of the Azwa Maryam monastery. Compared to other tropical lakes, the waters in Lake Tana are cold ranging from about 20 to 27 °C; the water has a pH, neutral to somewhat alkaline and its transparency is quite low. Because of the large seasonal variations in the inflow of its tributaries and evaporation, the water levels of Lake Tana vary by 2–2.5 m in a year, peaking in September–October just after the main wet season. When the water levels are high, the plains around the lake are flooded and other permanent swamps in the region become connected to the lake. Since there are no inflows that link the lake to other large waterways and the main outflow, the Blue Nile, is obstructed by the Blue Nile Falls, the lake supports a distinctive aquatic fauna, related to species from the Nile Basin.

The lake's nutrient levels are low. There are 27 fish species in Lake Tana and 20 of these are endemic; this includes one of only two known cyprinid species flocks. It consists of 15 large, up to 1 m long, Labeobarbus barbs that were included in Barbus instead. Among these, L. acutirostris, L. longissimus, L. megastoma and L. truttiformis are piscivorous, L. dainellii, L. gorguari, L. macrophtalmus and L. platydorsus are piscivorous. Their most important prey are the small Garra species; the remaining Labeobarbus in Lake Tana have other specialized feeding habits: L. beso feeds on algae, L. surkis on macrophytes, L. gorgorensis on macrophytes and molluscs, L. brevicephalus on zooplankton, L. osseensis on macrophytes and adults insects, L. crassibarbis, L. intermedius, L. nedgia and L. tsanensis on benthic invertebrates like chironomid larvae. Among the endemic Labeobarbus, eight species spawn in the lake's wetlands and the remaining move seasonally into its tributaries where they spawn. In addition to the Labeobarbus species flock, the endemic species are Enteromius pleurogramma, E. tanapelagius, Garra regressus, G. regressus and Afronemacheilus abyssinicus.

The remaining non-endemic species are Nile tilapia, E. humilis, G. dembecha, G. dembeensis and the large African sharptooth catfish

Holland (band)

Holland was an American heavy metal band that formed in Chicago, Illinois in 1984. The short-lived band comprised vocalist Tommy Holland, guitarist Michael Angelo Batio, bassist Joey Cetner and drummer Brad Rohrssen. Holland, a member of Steppenwolf for a short period between 1979 and 1980 and released Get Up with The B'zz in 1982, would recruit Batio to form his own band in 1984. Shortly after releasing Little Monsters in 1985, the band split up and members concentrated on other projects. Batio would form Los Angeles, CA based metal band Nitro in 1988 and release a pair of albums on Rhino/Rampage before going solo. In 1988, Joey Cetner would team up with vocalist/guitarist Kevin Lee and others as Kevin Lee & The Lonesome City Kings; the group released their MCA debut Restless in 1993. Tom Holland went on to front a number of bands, including Raw Dogs, Tommy Holland & Bad Blood and House of Holland. In 1998 a compilation album, Wake Up the Neighbourhood, was released, which featured songs from the Little Monsters sessions, including five which appeared on the album itself and five other unreleased tracks.

Shortly after the initial pressing, another track from those sessions, "Nobody Else" was added as a bonus track. In 2003, Little Monsters was re-issued on CD by Wounded Bird. Holland have reunited sporadically since their initial break-up, including a September 2013 benefit gig for drummer Brad Rohrssen, diagnosed with oral cancer in 2013. Rohrssen was featured in a 2017 video for Forward Science where he told his story in order to spread awareness about the disease; the song "Wake Up The Neighbourhood" was featured on the official soundtrack for the film Girls Just Want to Have Fun starring Shannen Doherty, Sarah Jessica Parker and Helen Hunt. Tommy Holland – vocals Michael Angelo Batio – guitar Joey Cetner – bass Brad Rohrssen – drums Little Monsters Wake Up the Neighbourhood Michael Angelo Batio official site

Nancy Drew: Danger by Design

Danger by Design is the 14th installment in the Nancy Drew point-and-click adventure game series by Her Interactive. The game is available for play on Microsoft Windows platforms, it has an ESRB rating of E for moments of mild peril. Players take on the first-person view of fictional amateur sleuth Nancy Drew and must solve the mystery through interrogation of suspects, solving puzzles, discovering clues. There are two levels of gameplay and Senior detective modes, each offering a different difficulty level of puzzles and hints, however neither of these changes affect the actual plot of the game; the game is loosely based on a book entitled Death by Design. Nancy Drew travels to Paris to work undercover as an assistant to Minette, an up-and-coming couture fashion designer. Minette hasn't quite been herself lately, she is never seen without wearing a mask, she throws temper tantrums and irrationally fires her employees. She is running dangerously behind schedule and her financial backers are concerned about her ability to complete her work.

Has the stress of fame forced her behind that mask, or is there something sinister lurking in the shadows of her studio? Nancy Drew - Nancy is an eighteen-year-old amateur detective from the fictional town of River Heights in the United States, she is the only playable character in the game, which means the player must solve the mystery from her perspective. Minette - Minette donned a mask at the end of her fall show and hasn’t taken it off since; as her deadlines loom closer, she has been acting strangely, throwing temper tantrums and firing her employees. Minette is inept, high-strung, temperamental, but above all, she is talented. Minette has been receiving threatening notes from an anonymous writer. Heather McKay - Heather is Minette's friendly assistant, she has lasted far longer than any of the assistants before her, she dreams of making it big in the fashion world but is staying on with Minette in hopes of gaining some contacts and experience. Heather has a major crush on Dieter. Dieter von Schwesterkrank - Dieter is an enterprising and ambitious young photographer.

He once dated Minette. Dieter tends to keep to himself and dislikes everyone else in the fashion industry, he obsessively searches for his great-uncle’s long lost treasure. Jing Jing Ling - Jing Jing, better known as JJ, is Minette’s fitting model. Minette requires her to be a size 12, so she is eating chocolate chip cookies. Although she is down-to-earth and outgoing, JJ is bitter after being tricked into signing her current contract with Minette, forcing her to stay in Paris much longer than she anticipated. Jean Michel Traquenard - Jean Mi is a columnist for GlamGlam magazine and a critical voice when it comes to fashion. Most people are terrified that he will write something bad about them, so they bow and scrape in his presence; as far as Jean Mi is concerned, whatever he wants, he will get. He is well known for being conceited. Nancy Drew - Lani Minella Jing Jing Ling - Amy Broomhall Heather McKay / Monique - Megan Hill Minette / Malika - Shawnmarie Yates Jean-Michel Traquenard - Guy Nelson Dieter von Schwesterkrank / Zu / Ernst Schmeck - Stephen Hando Lynn Manrique - Dana Cali Hugo Butterly / Monsieur Marchand / Gunther Schmeck - Tim Moore Prudence Rutherford - Simone Choule Bess Marvin - Alisa Murray George Fayne - Patty Pomplun Frank Hardy - Jonah Von Spreekin Joe Hardy - Rob Jones Waiter / Police - Mathias Jangla Charles Herold of The New York Times wrote, "The game itself is decent over all, though hardly the best in the series, but the ending is anticlimactic."

Adrian Francis Laws

Pilot Officer Adrian Francis Laws was a British RAF pilot and flying ace during the Battle of Britain. He was killed on 30 September 1940 after colliding with another Spitfire while training new pilots. Laws was born in East Dereham and attended the County Primary School at Wells-next-the sea, Norfolk until the age of 14, his parents ran a sweet shop on Staithe Street. His daughter, Susan Mary Laws, was born two weeks after his death, he learned to shoot using a.410 shotgun to hunt rabbits in the fields around Wells-next-the-sea with his classmate Allan Tuck, who named his first son Adrian Francis in memory of his friend. Aged 19, Laws enlisted with the Royal Air Force in 1931 as an aircrafthand and trained as a storekeeper, he applied and was accepted for pilot training and began flying at No. 4 Flight Training School at RAF Abu Sueir in July 1935. He joined No. 64 Squadron RAF at Ismailia on 20 April 1936, as a sergeant pilot. Equipped with two-seater Demons they were to return to the UK in September 1936.

By late 1939 Laws was flying Blenheims out of RAF Church Fenton in the Leconfield sector. 64 Squadron was converted to the new Spitfire Mark I which a nearly promoted flight sergeant Laws now flew. Laws first success came on 12 June whilst participating in the hunt and destruction of what appeared to be a lone He 111; the battle was still in its early days and this is reflected by the length and detail of the combat reports. On in the battle a more sanguine Laws is to comment "closed into attack and usual dog-fight ensued", but here, both he and Gilbert describe every turn of the engagement. The incident shows the deadly effect of radar and observer tracking; the lone bomber trying to sneak out at zero feet was not allowed to escape. Laws and Gilbert, supposed to fly in section left the ground ten minutes apart. So it was Gilbert who emptied his guns into the enemy aircraft. One engine was damaged and one gunner was killed or injured. A short time the He 111 was to become the object of Laws' attention.

He hounded the damaged bomber to wave-top height with two passes. While two other Spitfires arrived to take shots at what was now a wallowing enemy, Laws emptied his guns and watched the bomber settle on the water, his reluctance to leave his first kill is evident as he describes circling the plane and seeing the crew inflating their dinghy. By this time 64 Squadron were being led by Aeneas MacDonell, a man who would go on to have a distinguished RAF career, he had been involved in the fighting over the convoys on 25 July. He had bagged a Ju 87 Stuka before he himself was badly shot up in combat with a Ju 88 off Dover. MacDonnell however managed to land safely. MacDonell, official head of the Glengarry clan, was to say about his squadron's pilots "'s like holding a team of wild horses when there are Germans near". On this day the pilots of 64 Squadron found their action amongst the German fighters when they engaged a flight of Me 109s over St. Margaret's Bay at eight o'clock in the morning and Laws downed an Me 109.

The German's planned "Eagle Day" was cancelled for the second day running due to the cloudy weather that prevailed. In place of this operation the Luftwaffe mounted a "free chase" over Sussex; the formation consisted of more than 30 fighters and the German plan was to draw the RAF interceptors away from bombing raids going into Weymouth and Portland. Four squadrons took the bait and 64 Squadron were vectored to intercept the force as it started to make its way home; the rear section was the first to spot the enemy. It seems. There followed a strange processional attack by the Germans which overshot the 8 Spitfires of 64 Squadron who pounced to their own attack; the Me 109 that Laws attacked was on the tail of Blue 1. Assuming the Messerschmitt had some ammunition left, the pilot of Blue 1 had reason to be thankful, it was Pilot Officer Gilbert, destined to survive the war. There is an air of disappointment in the description of the enemy tactics in the last paragraph of the squadron combat report.

They may have been new pilots, drafted in to replace mounting Luftwaffe losses of more experienced fighters. Or maybe they had expended too much ammunition and fuel in previous engagements and were running for home; the cloudy conditions meant. Bomber attacks were directed towards British airfields on this day but a combination of fighter resistance and thick clouds served to foil them, it seems that the bomber crews were suffering from frayed nerves. Laws was a member of "Flight B"; the enemy, set on a north-easterly course, needed no more persuasion than the sight of Spitfires to turn and run for home. Once on the run the formation opted for speed and wasted no energy on evasion. However, when Laws latched onto his tail one German pilot decided to fight for his life, he led Laws into a series of steep diving turns that challenged both Laws and his Spitfire to keep up. The German, with his rear gunner disabled from the initial attack, may have believed he had done enough to lose his Law's Spitfire and straightened up to dive for cloud.

He took more hits to the fuselage. The results of the engagements that took place on 15 August 1940 can be seen as a victory for the escorting German fighters in as much as they held back the intercepting British fighters and the bombers pressed home their attack, it symbolises the courage of the newly christened "Few" as Churchill was to describe them. Eighty-eight Dornier 17's approach


Eyewitness is a Norwegian crime drama from 2014, produced by Norway's NRK. It was directed by Jarl Emsell Larsen; the series follows the investigation into a multiple homicide witnessed by two teenage boys. The series was remade for USA Network in 2016 as Eyewitness, for HBO Europe as Valea Mută, for TF1 in 2018 as Les Innocents; the 15-year-old teenagers Philip and Henning live in the small village Mysen, close to the Norwegian border with Sweden. They are classmates and neighbors, but secretly in love. During a discreet liaison at a gravel pit in the nearby forest, they witness the shooting of four members of a criminal gang, they too come under threat from the murderer, but overpower the killer and escape with the murder weapon. Not wanting their relationship to be revealed, the boys decide to keep silent about being at the scene of the crime as it unfolded; the local police chief, Helen Sikkeland, heads up the investigation into the murder. She is Philip's foster mother; as the gang violence continues and more police resources are given to the investigation, the boys' secrecy pact unravels.

This drives a wedge between Philip and Henning, most anxious not to reveal why they were in the forest together that night. And while Helen doggedly pursues the truth, Henning is attacked by the murderer, it turns out. Axel Bøyum as Philip Anneke von der Lippe Helen Sikkeland Odin Waage as Henning Per Kjerstad as Gjerningsmann Yngvild Støen Grotmol as Camilla Kim Sørensen as Olle Yngve Berven as André Ingjerd Egeberg as Elisabeth In January 2016, USA Network gave a 10-episode straight-to-series order to a US adaptation from Shades of Blue producer Adi Hasak titled Eyewitness. Eyewitness premiered on USA Network on 16 October 2016. Starting from 23 October 2016, HBO Europe presented a four-episode Romanian adaptation of the series, titled Valea Mută. In January 2018, TF1 aired a six-episode French adaptation of the series, titled Les innocents. International Emmy Awards 2015 Best Performance by an Actress List of programs broadcast by the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation Øyevitne on IMDb

MS Bremen

MS Bremen, is a cruise ship operated by Hapag Lloyd since 1993. She was built as Frontier Spirit at the Mitsubishi Shipyard, Japan, in 1990. During a storm in the Southern Atlantic in March 2001, a rogue wave caused heavy damage breaking a window on the bridge, it left the ship adrift for two hours without propulsion. A uncharted island in the Antarctic was discovered by Bremen in 2003, was named Bremen Island in 2004. Bremen was featured in the TV show Killer Waves. In 2006 she ran the Northwest Passage, helped by satellite images telling where sea ice was. In July 2018, a crew member killed a polar bear in the Svalbard archipelago; the company was an act of self-defense. Media related to IMO 8907424 at Wikimedia Commons