Elizabeth Woolridge Grant, known professionally as Lana Del Rey, is an American singer and record producer. Her music is noted for its stylized cinematic quality. Born in New York City and raised in Upstate New York, Del Rey returned to New York City in 2005 to begin her music career. Following numerous projects including her debut studio album and the unreleased Sirens, Del Rey's breakthrough came after the viral success of her debut single "Video Games" in 2011, she signed with Interscope and Polydor that year. Her major label debut Born to Die proved an international success and spawned a top-ten single on the Billboard Hot 100 with the Cedric Gervais remix of "Summertime Sadness", as well as the internationally successful singles "Blue Jeans", "Born to Die", "National Anthem". Del Rey released the Grammy-nominated EP, Paradise in 2012; the next year, Del Rey ventured into film as she wrote and starred in the short music film and released "Young and Beautiful" as the lead single for the romantic drama film The Great Gatsby.
Del Rey subsequently issued her sophomore major label effort, Ultraviolence, to critical success, topping the charts and spawning the single, "West Coast". That same year, Del Rey recorded the eponymous theme for the drama film Big Eyes, which garnered her Grammy and Golden Globe nominations, she released the album Honeymoon in 2015 and Lust for Life in 2017, the latter of which topped the charts in the U. S. and was nominated for the Grammy Award for Best Pop Vocal Album. Del Rey's sixth studio album, Norman Fucking Rockwell!, received widespread critical acclaim and two Grammy nominations, including Album of the Year. In 2019, Del Rey released the singles "Doin' Time" and "Don't Call Me Angel", the latter being a trio with Ariana Grande and Miley Cyrus; as of 2020, Del Rey has sold 19.1 million albums and over 13 million singles worldwide, while her YouTube and Vevo pages have combined lifetime views of 3.8 billion. Among her awards and nominations, Del Rey has received 2 Brit Awards, 2 MTV Europe Music Awards, a Satellite Award and 9 GAFFA Awards, has been nominated for 6 Grammy Awards and a Golden Globe Award.
Del Rey was born Elizabeth Woolridge Grant on June 21, 1985 in Manhattan, New York City, to Robert England Grant, Jr. a wealthy Grey Group copywriter, Patricia Ann "Pat", an account executive at Grey Group. She has one younger sister and one younger brother, Charlie, she was raised Roman Catholic. When she was one year old, the family moved to the upstate New York town of Lake Placid, which famously hosted the 1932 and 1980 Winter Olympics. In Lake Placid, her father worked for a furniture company before becoming an entrepreneurial domain investor. In Lake Placid, she attended a Catholic elementary school and began singing in her church choir, where she was the cantor, she attended the high school where her mother taught for one year, but, at age 15, was sent to Kent School by her parents to resolve a budding drinking problem. Her uncle, an admissions officer at the boarding school, secured her financial aid to attend. According to Grant, she had trouble making friends throughout much of her teenage and early adult years.
She elaborated on being preoccupied with death from a young age, its role in her feelings of anxiety and alienation: When I was young I was sort of floored by the fact that my mother and my father and everyone I knew was going to die one day, myself too. I had a sort of a philosophical crisis. I couldn't believe. For some reason that knowledge sort of overshadowed my experience. I was unhappy for some time. I got into a lot of trouble. I used to drink a lot; that was a hard time in my life. After graduating from the Kent School, she spent a year living on Long Island with her aunt and uncle while working as a waitress. During this time, Grant's uncle taught her how to play guitar, she "realized could write a million songs with those six chords." Shortly after, she began writing songs and performing in nightclubs around the city under various names such as "Sparkle Jump Rope Queen" and "Lizzy Grant and the Phenomena". "I was always singing, but didn't plan on pursuing it seriously", she said. "When I got to New York City when I was eighteen, I started playing in clubs in Brooklyn—I have good friends and devoted fans on the underground scene, but we were playing for each other at that point—and, it."
In the fall of 2004, at age 19, Grant enrolled at Fordham University in The Bronx where she majored in philosophy, with an emphasis on metaphysics. She has said she chose to study the subject because it "bridged the gap between God and science... I was interested in God and how technology could bring us closer to finding out where we came from and why." In the spring of 2005, while still in college, Del Rey registered a seven-track extended play with the United States Copyright Office. A second extended play, titled From the End, was recorded under Del Rey's stage name at the time, May Jailer. Between 2005 and 2006, she recorded an acoustic album titled Sirens under the May Jailer project, which leaked on the internet in mid-2012. At her first public performance in 2006, for the Williamsburg Live Songwriting Competition, Del Rey met Van Wilson, an A&R representative for 5 Points Records, an independent label owned by David Nichtern. In 2007, while a senior at Fordham, she submitted a demo tape of acoustic tracks titled No Kung Fu to 5 Points, who offered her a recording contract for $10,000
No Man's Land Fort referred to as No Man's Fort, is a sea fort in the Solent, near Portsmouth, England. It is one of the Palmerston Forts built between 1867 and 1880 after the recommendations of the 1859 Royal Commission, it is 200 feet in diameter, lies 1.4 miles off the coast of the Isle of Wight. The fort was designed by Captain E. H. Stewart, overseen by Assistant Inspector General of Fortifications, Colonel W. F. D. Jervois. Construction work began in 1865, the fort was completed in 1880, long after the threat of a seaborne invasion from France had passed, at a cost of £462,500. No Man's Land Fort is identical to Horse Sand Fort, it has been used as a luxury home/hospitality centre for high-paying guests – due to the privacy it offers – with an indoor swimming pool and two helipads. In July 2004, Legionella bacteria found in the hotel's water system forced its closure; the Fort was put up for sale in 2005 and again in 2007. In March 2008, Harmesh Pooni, claiming to still be the owner, barricaded himself inside the fort in protest against the administrators KPMG.
The property was sold by KPMG for £910,000 in March 2009. In March 2012, it was purchased by Clarenco with the intention of refurbishing it as a hotel; the fort opened as a hotel in April 2015. The 1972 Doctor Who serial The Sea Devils used the fort as a filming location for several scenes. Other sea forts include St Helens Fort and Horse Sand Fort. Victorian Forts data sheet Solent Forts
The Offenbacher Kreuz is a cloverleaf interchange in the Frankfurt Rhine-Main Metropolitan Region in the German state of Hesse. The motorway interchange forms the connection between the short north-south A661, the northwest-southeast A3 that runs from the Dutch border to the Austrian border; the motorway interchange lies within the city limits of Offenbach am Main. Nearby cities and villages are Neu-Isenburg, Frankfurt am Main, Heusenstamm and Dreieich; the interchange lies 5 km south of the city centre of Frankfurt and 5 km southwest of the city centre of Offenbach. To the west is the Frankfurt airport and Frankfurter Kreuz; the A3 between the exit Frankfurt-Süd and the Offenbacher Kreuz was opened in 1957 and in 1958 lengthened to exit Hanau. In 1976 the Offenbacher Kreuz was opened together with the opening of the A661 between Offenbach and Dreieich; the Offenbacher Kreuz is a cloverleaf interchange and to the north side of it is a motorway split connecting the B3 coming from Frankfurt and vice versa to the A661.
Not far east from the interchange the B3 merges to the A3 in a trumpet interchange. Near and at the interchange both motorways have sliproads, these have one lane except the parts between the indirect links which have two lanes. Coming from the west, the A3 between the Frankfurter Kreuz and the Offenbacher Kreuz has a 2x4 layout. To the east towards Würzburg, the A3 has 2x3 lanes; the A661 has a 2x3 layout, from the separation of the sliproad and the A3 to the east has three lanes. There are plans to exit Hanau. Doing so requires reconstruction of the interchange. After the Frankfurter Kreuz, this is the second most used interchange in Hesse, with 215,000 vehicles passing it on a daily basis. Dirk Beutel. "Der Wahnsinn geht weiter". Retrieved 2016-02-16. "The competent Office of Roads and Transportation Frankfurt knows the problem: "The Offenbacher Kreuz has reached its capacity limit." "A reconstruction of Offenbacher cross is not expected to be completed before 2017". "Verkehr auf A3 soll heute wieder rollen".
Frankfurter Rundschau. 20 August 2014. Retrieved 2016-02-17; the Hessian Minister of Transport Tarek Al-Wazir has made a personal image of the reference of a 500kg bomb on the A3 at Offenbacher Kreuz at noon. "First of all, I am relieved that no one was injured during the construction and the subsequent explosion of the bomb," said Al-Wazir.... The British dud had been found on Tuesday alongside Highway 3 near the Frankfurt airport during construction work and could not be defused; the explosion had torn a 20-meter wide and two to three meters deep crater into the pavement, a police spokesman said. Webcam am Offenbacher Kreuz