Rutherglen is a town in South Lanarkshire, Scotland. Having existed as a Lanarkshire burgh in its own right for more than 800 years, in 1975 it lost its own local council and administratively became a component of the City of Glasgow District Council within the Strathclyde region. In 1996 Rutherglen was reallocated to the South Lanarkshire council area. Rutherglen received the status of Royal Burgh in 1126 by Royal Charter from King David I of Scotland who ruled from 1124 to 1153. In the 14th century Walter Stewart, father of King Robert II, was granted Farme Castle; this was located close to Farme Cross in the east of Rutherglen, stood until the 1960s. Rutherglen was a centre of heavy industry, having a long coal mining tradition which died out by 1950. J&J White's Chemical Works in Shawfield, in existence from 1820 to 1967, produced more than 70 per cent of the UK's chromate products including chromic acid, chromic oxide pigment and potassium chromate and dichromate. Today there is a significant legacy of soluble chromium waste in the area.
Rutherglen, most of the other towns encircling the city, are dormitory suburbs of Glasgow. The name of Rutherglen, as well as its Scots name Ruglen, is from Scottish Gaelic An Ruadh-Ghleann, meaning'the red valley'; the derivation may however be Welsh, or Cumbric and mean "the valley of Rydderch". Rydderch - pronounced'rutherch' -'ruther' as in'brother' and'ch' as in'loch' - was one of the most famous kings associated with the Welsh-speaking kingdom which centred on Dumbarton. Rutherglen was a parliamentary burgh represented in the UK Parliament as a component of Glasgow Burghs constituency from 1708 to 1832, as a component of Kilmarnock Burghs from 1832 to 1918. In 1918, the Rutherglen constituency was created, which became Glasgow Rutherglen in 1983. In 2005, Scottish constituencies for the UK parliament were replaced with new constituencies, Rutherglen is now within the Rutherglen and Hamilton West constituency. Following the 2017 election, Gerard Killen is the local MP, replacing Margaret Ferrier of the Scottish National Party who had won in 2015.
In 1999, the Scottish Parliamentary constituency of Glasgow Rutherglen was created, with the same boundaries as the UK parliamentary constituency. In 2011 The constituency was redrawn and renamed Rutherglen. Following the 2016 elections, Clare Haughey is the MSP for Rutherglen; the defeated incumbent James Kelly was elected as a list MSP for the Glasgow region which includes Rutherglen. All local representatives have strong personal ties to the area. Administratively, the town centre is within the Rutherglen Central and North ward of South Lanarkshire Council, which has a population of around 15,000. Including another ward of similar size encompassing the southern parts of the town, its overall population was 30,000 in 2016. With neighbouring Cambuslang's figures being similar, the many services and amenities shared between the towns must provide for 60,000 residents; the councillors elected for Rutherglen Wards in the 2007 local elections were: Rutherglen South Councillor Brian McKenna Councillor Eileen Baxendale Councillor Anne Higgins Rutherglen Central and North Councillor Edward McAvoy Councillor Gordon Clark Councillor Denis McKenna In the 2012 local elections, the following councillors were elected: Rutherglen South Councillor Brian McKenna Councillor Robert Brown Councillor Anne Higgins Councillor Anne Higgins subsequently died on 20 November 2012 and a by-election was held on 14 February 2013.
This was won by Ged Killen. Rutherglen Central and North Councillor Edward McAvoy Councillor Gordon Clark Councillor Denis McKenna In the 2017 local elections, the following councillors were elected: Rutherglen South Councillor Carol Nugent Councillor Robert Brown Councillor Margaret Cowie Rutherglen Central and North Councillor Janine Calikes Councillor Ged Killen Councillor Jared Wark Ged Killen subsequently became Westminster MP for the area. A by-election was won by Martin Lennon. Rutherglen Main Street is served by Rutherglen railway station and there are numerous bus links into Glasgow City Centre. Completion of the M74 Extension means that there is a motorway going through the town, that will allow easier access to places such as Glasgow Airport and the English Border; the local newspaper is the Rutherglen Reformer. The local community radio station is CamGlen Radio; the Royal Burgh of Rutherglen now contains many other areas. Since being granted Royal Burgh status by King David I, the town has grown from strength to strength and increased in size.
It now covers a much larger region than the initial Burgh boundary. The nearby village of Burnside and High Burnside fall under the Rutherglen boundary but have their own Community Council. Historic areas such as the Burgh, Farme Cross and Burnside have changed over the years too and more recent estates like Westhouse and the post-war developments of Newfield and Burnhill have given the Burgh an ever-changing character; the current area of Rutherglen can be divided into 22 areas (seven of which fall into the Burnside and
The Lowther Hills sometimes known as the Lowthers, are an extensive area of hill country in the Southern Uplands of Scotland, though some sub ranges of hills in this area go under their own local names - see "Hill Walking" below. They form a rhomboidal or lozenge shape on the map with the acute angles being to north and south, it has river valleys along its boundaries to north east and south west which carry the two largest arterial routes northwards into the west side of the Central Belt of Scotland. A string of small towns have long since developed along these routes. Most of the Lowther Hills lie in the Administrative County of Dumfries and Galloway, though part in the Administrative County of South Lanarkshire eats into them around the village of Leadhills and the Daer Reservoir; the is some obscurity surrounding the name Lowther. Derivation from the early Irish lothur meaning "a canal, a trench", in this sense "a pass between hills", has been suggested, it is some 30 kilometres across the rhomboid as the crow flies from the town of Sanquhar just to the west of the Lowthers to the towns of Beattock and Moffat on the east and some 28 kilometres from the town of Thornhill near the southern apex to Abington near the northern one.
Sanquhar and Thornhill lie on the River Nith, Moffat on the River Annan and Abington on the River Clyde. Annandale and Clydesdale taken together, form a corridor between the Lowther Hills and the Moffat Hills; this corridor between the hills carries the main route running northwards into Scotland on its west side. It carries both the west coast railway line and the M74 motorway and has been the main route north over centuries. Nithsdale to the west of the Lowthers carries both the A76 road and the rail line from Dumfries to Kilmarnock; the next range of hills to the west beyond the River Nith is the Carsphairn and Scaur Hills The north west boundary of the hills runs up the Crawick Water in a north easterly direction from where the Crawick Water runs into the River Nith. This boundary follows the B740 road through Crawfordjohn and connects to the old trunk road north, used before the M74 was built on its present route. North of the B740 the hills fizzle out into the Central Lowlands of Scotland though Tinto Hill is an outlier 11 kilometres north of Abington.
The south east boundary of the hills is formed by the Forest of Ae, one of the largest forests, in Britain at 10,000 hectares. A continuous band of trees runs, again in a north easterly direction, from Auldgirth on the River Nith, for some 26 kilometres till it meets the M74 motorway 10 kilometres north of Beattock. South of the Forest you are into the plain. There are three passes running in a north easterly direction diagonally through the Lowthers linking the A76 trunk road to the M74 motorway. Dalveen Pass is the longest pass within the Lowther Hills, it runs from Carronbridge on the A76 just north of Thornhill to Elvanfoot near the M74 and carries the A702 trunk road. The road passes near the village of Durisdeer en route and reaches a height of 350 metres at the top of the pass; the Mennock Pass carries the B797 which runs from the small village of Mennock on the A76 to Abington near the M74, passing through the villages of Wanlockhead and Leadhills. The B797 reaches to a height of 467 metres as it leaves Wanlockhead -, the highest village in Scotland.
Crawick Pass is the most northerly of the three passes and carries the B740 from Crawick to Crawfordjohn and on to the M74. The Crawick is the shortest of the three passes without the steep ascents and overarching hills that characterise the other two, it is the lowest of the three reaching a maximum height of 288 metres. There was another pass from Durisdeer through to Wanlockhead called the Enterkin Pass, an old pack horse route through the hills from Dumfries to Glasgow, it has been argued by H. R. G. Inglis that this route was used for extracting lead to the Solway coast and was never viable as a main route north because of its height. There is no road through there now; the Enterkin Pass was the location of a 1684 Covenanter ambush of a party of Dragoons during the Killing Time The Romans built a road through from their fortlet near Durisdeer on a route which takes a more direct route to the head of the pass than is offered by the Dalveen Pass. Inglis calls this route Well Path and he considers this to have been on the main pilgrimage route from Edinburgh to Whithorn and one of the main ancient routes northwards through the Southern Uplands.
The village of Durisdeer sits at some distance from the A702 nestling into the foot of Durisdeer Hill at the bottom of the pass through the hills that the Romans used. The Duke of Buccleuch, the largest private landowner in Britain owns much of the land for many miles around this area and has a castle at Drumlanrig on the west bank of the River Nith some 5 kilometres north of Thornhill. In the church at Durisdeer there is a mausoleum to the first Duke of Buccleuch complete with marble statues of him and his wife Mary dating from 1713 though there has been a church on this site since medieval times; as you approach Elvanfoot on the A702 you come to what seems like an insignificant farmhouse by the roadside called Glenochar. But there are two things of interest close by here. Just to the north, there is Glenochar Bastle and Fermtoun a 17th-century settlement and fortified house; the archaeological dig which revealed this was the winner of the 1997 Pitt Rivers Award for amateur Archaeologists. Just to the south is the source of the River Clyde which flows north through Lanarkshire and pa
Cumbernauld is a town in North Lanarkshire, Scotland. It is the ninth most-populous locality in Scotland, positioned in the centre of Scotland’s Central Belt. Geographically, Cumbernauld sits between east and west, being on the Scottish watershed between the Forth and the Clyde. Cumbernauld was marked by the Romans in antiquity. Traces of this are still visible today for example at Westerwood and, less conspicuously, north of the M80 where the legionaries surfaced what would be called the Auld Cley Road; this is acknowledged in Cumbernauld Community Park site of Scotland’s only visible open-air Roman altar, in the shadow of the imposing Carrickstone Water Tower. For many years Cumbernauld was chiefly populated around what is now called The Village with the medieval castle a short walk away surrounded by its own park grounds; the castle hosted visiting royalty and the grounds were famous for their white cattle which were hunted in the oak forest. The town began to spread as the weaving industry of the village was supplemented by mining and quarrying as travel across Scotland became easier due to the Forth and Clyde Canal and the railways being constructed.
Cumbernauld Railway Station, though some distance from the village, improved communications with Glasgow and Stirling. Cumbernauld was designated as the site for a New Town on 9 December 1955; this led to rapid expansion and building for about 40 years until the town became established as the largest in North Lanarkshire. At the UK census in 2011, the population of Cumbernauld was 52,000, housed in more than a dozen residential areas. Cumbernauld‘s economy is a mixture of some manufacturing on its industrial estates, as well as service industries in the Town Centre and in sites close to the M80. Cumbernauld's history stretches at least to Roman times, as Westerwood was a Roman fort on the Antonine Wall, the furthest and most northerly boundary of the Roman Empire. Two Roman temporary camps have been discovered and digitally reconstructed east of the fort, at Tollpark and at Garnhall, similar to the two at Dullatur. One of the most discussed Roman finds from Cumbernauld is a sandstone slab depicting Triton and a naked, kneeling captive.
It was found on a farm at Arniebog. The slab can now be viewed at the Hunterian Museum in Glasgow along with an uninscribed altar from Arniebog and other artefacts like the inscribed altar, statuette found at Castlecary and an older copy of the Bridgeness Slab. In addition to these, an altarstone to Silvanus and the Sky dedicated by a centurion named Verecundus and his wife has been found. Cumbernauld has the only Roman altar still in the open air in Scotland: the Carrick Stone; the stone has been linked with Robert Bruce, being the place where he set up his standard on his way to Bannockburn. There is a some evidence that coffins were laid on top of the stone on their way to the cemetery in Kirkintilloch and that the stone has been somewhat worn away. Cumbernauld's name comes from the Gaelic comar nan allt, meaning "meeting of the waters". There are differing views as to the etymology of this. One theory is that from its high point in the Central Belt, its streams flow both west to the River Clyde and east to the Firth of Forth so Cumbernauld's name is about it being on a watershed.
Another theory ascribes the name to the meeting point of the Red Burn and Bog Stank streams within Cumbernauld Glen.'Cumbernauld' is considered to be a Gaelic name. However, early forms containing Cumyr- hint at a Cumbric predecessor derived from *cömber,'confluence', synonymous with Aber; this seems to be suffixed with Cumbric *-ïn-alt, a topographical suffix referring to a hill or slope. There is a record of the charter of the lands of Lenzie and Cumbernauld, granted to William Comyn by Alexander II in 1216. Cumbernauld Castle was first built as a Norman-style bailey castle. Owned by the Comyns, it was situated at the east end of the park; the Flemings took possession of Cumbernauld Castle and its estate after Robert the Bruce murdered the Red Comyn. Robert Fleming was a staunch supporter of Bruce, one of his companions that day. To provide proof that Comyn was dead, Fleming cut off his head in order to "let the deed shaw", a Fleming family motto since. On the 1 October 1310 Robert the Bruce wrote to Edward II of England from Kildrum trying, unsuccessfully, to establish peace between Scotland and England.
Abercromby describes Malcolm Fleming as returning home to Inverbervie with the exiled 21-year-old King David II. Around 1371, the family built a second castle. One castle wall exists but most of the stonework was recycled for the House or other buildings. King Robert III knighted Malcolm and granted Sir Malcolm Fleming and his heirs the charter to Cumbernauld Castle on 2 April 1406, just two days before the king's death. Malcolm were used as hostages to ransom James I back from the English, he seems to have been arrested by James and imprisoned in Dalkeith Castle. In 1440, this Malcolm Fleming attended the Black Dinner along with his 16-year-old friend Earl William Douglas and his 11-year-old brother David Douglas at Edinburgh Castle. After the dinner, at which a black bull's head was served, there was a trial on trumped-up charges and the brothers were
Lanark is a small town in the central belt of Scotland. The name is believed to come from the Cumbric Lanerc meaning "clear space, glade". Lanark is traditionally the county town of Lanarkshire, though there are several larger towns in the county. Lanark railway station and coach station have frequent services to Glasgow. There is little industry in some residents commute to work in Glasgow and Edinburgh, its shops serve surrounding villages. There is a large modern livestock auction market on the outskirts of the town. Lanark has served as an important market town since medieval times, King David I made it a Royal Burgh in 1140, giving it certain mercantile privileges relating to government and taxation. King David I realised, he decided to create a chain of new towns across Scotland. These would be centres of Norman civilisation in a Celtic country, would be established in such a way as to encourage the development of trade within their area; these new towns were to be known as Burghs. Bastides were established in France for much the same reason.
When a site had been selected for a new town the King’s surveyors would lay out an area for the town’s market. Each merchant who came to the town was granted a plot of land bordering on the marketplace; these plots were known as rigs. Each feu in a burgh was the same size. In Forres in the north of Scotland each feu was 24 feet 429 feet deep; the layout of the feus in Lanark can still be seen between the north side of Lanark High Street and North Vennel, a lane which runs behind the feus. A motte and bailey castle was constructed at the bottom of Castlegate. Lanark had four town gates, West Port, East port and Castlegate. West Port gate was demolished in the 1770s; the first aviation meeting to be held in Scotland was held at Lanark Racecourse between 6 and 13 August 1910. This location was chosen because the land was flat, the racecourse had facilities for a paying public, there were stables to act as hangars for the aeroplanes and the racecourse was accessible by both road and by rail as The Caledonian Railway Company were prepared to construct a new station near the main entrance.
The aeroplanes were transported to the meeting by rail, as aviation technology at the time was not advanced enough to safely fly there. The Lanark meeting took place shortly after a similar event in Bournemouth at which Charles Rolls lost his life. Influenced by this, it was decided that no aircraft would fly closer than 300 yards away from the spectators. For the first time, aeroplanes were timed over a straight measured distance, allowing the first world records to be set, covering flights over 1 mile; the meeting was described by The Aero magazine as'the most successful yet held in Britain'. A permanent military presence was established in the town with the completion of Winston Barracks in the 1930s; the electorate in Lanark form part of various different constituencies. In local elections, they are part of the Clydesdale North constituency and elect representatives to South Lanarkshire Council; the most recent elections, held in 2012, saw Ed Archer, Catherine McClymont and Vivienne Shaw elected to represent the constituency.
In elections to the Scottish Parliament, Lanark elects its representatives as part of the Clydesdale constituency, elects seven additional list members of parliament as part of the South of Scotland region. The current Clydesdale MSP is Aileen Campbell, SNP, who defeated the Labour incumbent, Karen Gillon, in the 2011 election after Gillon had held the seat since 1999. In Westminster elections, Lanark is part of the Hamilton East constituency. Labour MP Jimmy Hood represented the area in Parliament from 1987 till 2015. In elections to the European Parliament, Lanark is part of the Scotland constituency which elects six MEPs. Visitors to the town can visit the nearby World Heritage Site of New Lanark, close to the Falls of Clyde, the Corehouse estate and the Scottish Wildlife Trust's Corehouse Nature Reserve; the Lanark Museum is located inside the YMCA building. A large boating lake, Lanark Loch, adjoins Lanark Golf Club which has a lovely and historic 18 hole course for more experienced golf players and a 9-hole golf course.
The former racecourse now offers pony-trekking activities. The town's Castlebank Park lies near the former site of Lanark Castle, allows access to the River Clyde and the Clyde Walkway. An ornate gas lamp, known as the'Provost's Lamp' stands at the bottom of the high street; the lamp used to be placed outside the home of. One of the churches in the town bears the name of The Old Church of St Kentigern, who set up many medieval churches in the Scottish Lowlands, including Glasgow, died c.612 AD. The town's cemetery stands on the site of The Old Church of St Kentigern, includes many Covenanter graves. St. Nicolas' Parish Church stands at the bottom of the high street; the church bell is believed to date from 1110, may be one of the oldest church bells in the world. It was moved from The Old Church of St Kentigern when St. Nicolas's Church was built in 1774, it has been recast four times, including 1659 and 1983. There is an 8-foot statue of William Wallace in the steeple; this was sculpted by Robert Forrest, from an ancient drawing in the possession of the Society of Antiquaries.
This historic background forms the basis for the Lanark Lanimer celebrations, which t
Ayrshire is a historic county and registration county in south-west Scotland, located on the shores of the Firth of Clyde. Its principal towns include Ayr and Irvine. Like many other counties of Scotland, it has no administrative function, instead being sub-divided into the council areas of North Ayrshire, South Ayrshire and East Ayrshire, it has a population of 366,800. The electoral and valuation area named Ayrshire covers the three council areas of South Ayrshire, East Ayrshire and North Ayrshire, therefore including the Isle of Arran, Great Cumbrae and Little Cumbrae; these three islands are part of the County of Bute and are sometimes included when the term Ayrshire is applied to the region. The same area is known as Arran in other contexts. Ayrshire is one of the most agriculturally fertile regions of Scotland. Potatoes are grown in fields near the coast, using seaweed-based fertiliser, in addition the region produces pork products, other root vegetables, cattle. Ayrshire shares with Dumfries and Galloway some rugged hill country known as the Galloway Hills.
These hills lie to the west of the A713 and they run south from the Loch Doon area to the Solway Firth. To the east of this route through the hills lie the Carsphairn and Scaur Hills which lie to the south east of Dalmellington and south of New Cumnock. Glen Afton runs deep into these hills. Glasgow Prestwick International Airport, serving Glasgow and the West of Scotland more is located 32 miles away from Glasgow in Ayrshire; the name Glasgow was added in front of Prestwick as per American military airport naming conventions, as the airport was in the past oft-used as a stopover by US military personnel on their way to and from military bases in Germany. Moreover, it is known in rock history as the only place in Britain visited by Elvis Presley, on his way home from army service in Germany in 1960; the area that today forms Ayrshire was part of the area south of the Antonine Wall, occupied by the Romans during the reign of Emperor Antoninus Pius. It was inhabited by the Damnonii, it formed part of the British Kingdom of Strathclyde, incorporated into the Kingdom of Scotland during the 11th century.
In 1263, the Scots drove off the Norwegian leidang-army in a skirmish known as the Battle of Largs. A notable historic building in Ayrshire is Turnberry Castle, which dates from the 13th century or earlier, which may have been the birthplace of Robert the Bruce; the historic shire or sheriffdom of Ayr was divided into three districts or bailieries which made up the county of Ayrshire. The three districts were: Carrick in the south, it was situated between the Doon and the wild district of Galloway in the adjoining Stewartries, an area, little else than a vast tract of hills and mosses. Kyle in the centre, which included the royal burgh of Ayr, occupied the central district between the River Irvine in the north, the River Doon in the south and south-west, an area, quite hilly inland, it was subdivided into "Kyle Stewart", "King's Kyle," the former embracing the country between the Irvine and the River Ayr. Cunninghame in the north which included the royal burgh of Irvine was that part of the county which lay north of the Irvine water, was in an area, level and fertile.
The area used to be industrialised, with steel making, coal mining and in Kilmarnock numerous examples of production-line manufacturing, most famously Johnnie Walker whisky. In more recent history, Digital Equipment had a large manufacturing plant near Ayr from about 1976 until the company was taken over by Compaq in 1998; some supplier companies grew up to service this site and the more distant IBM plant at Greenock in Renfrewshire. Scotland's aviation industry has long been based in and around Prestwick and its international airport, although aircraft manufacture ceased at the former British Aerospace plant in 1998, a significant number of aviation companies are still based on the Prestwick site. However, unemployment in the region is above the national average. Throughout the 17th century, huge numbers of people from Ayrshire moved to Ulster, the northern province in Ireland, as part of the Plantation of Ulster, many of them with surnames such as Burns, Morrow, Flanagan and Cunningham. Today, the Ulster Scots dialect is an offshoot of the version of Lowland Scots spoken in Ayrshire.
The Ulster Scots dialect is still spoken throughout County Antrim and in parts of County Down and County Londonderry, as well as still being spoken in West Tyrone and parts of County Donegal. The Local Government Act 1889 established a uniform system of county councils in Scotland and realigned the boundaries of many of Scotland's counties. Subsequently, Ayr county council was created in 1890. In 1930 the Local Government Act 1929 was implemented; this re-designated the Burghs into small burghs. This new categorisation influenced the level of autonomy that the Burghs enjoyed from the county council; the act abolished the parish as a unit of local government in Scotland. In Ayrshire in excess of 30 parishes were consolidated into ten district councils; the Di
The town of Carluke lies in the heart of the Lanarkshire countryside in South Lanarkshire, Scotland, 4.7 miles northwest of Lanark and 4.2 mi southeast of Wishaw. Carluke is a commuting town, with a variety of small stores and supermarkets available at its centre; the surrounding villages of Braidwood, Forth and Law are supported by the various shops and services available in Carluke. Carluke is Clydesdale's largest town with a population of 13,300, it sits on a high plateau overlooking the River Clyde, right in the heart of Lanarkshire's fruit growing area. It has a locally important shopping centre and it has seen a recent boom in house building thanks to its direct train link with Glasgow; the town centre was redesigned to create an attractive shopping environment and work finished in 2006. Thanks to its proximity to the Clydesdale's major fruit growers, one of Carluke's biggest employers is the jam company Renshaw Scott who added a chocolate refinery to their plant. Memorials to two of Carluke's most famous sons were completed in 2006 as part of the town's Streetscape Project, regenerating the centre of the town.
On the paving at the bottom of the High Street, a design of a compass etched with arrows pointing to places relevant to Carluke such as Tinto Hill and Carluke, New Zealand, has been created in honour of the noted surveyor and cartographer Major General William Roy. Doctor Daniel Reid Rankin is remembered by a plaque in Rankin Square with etchings of fossils carved into the granite. In a charter by Robert I, dated 1315, Carluke is written "Carneluk". Car or Caer tells us that it is a height or strong position and Luke suggests that it may be dedicated to the saint of that name, or the early Christian saint Moluag, however there is evidence that the earliest church was dedicated to St. Andrew, and'Luke' is more to derive from the revered pre-Christian deity Lugus; some sources such as James Johnston Brown cite the -luke part as folk etymology. The town was chartered as a Royal Burgh in 1662. Carluke expanded during through the industrial age, with work involving corn milling, cotton weaving, coal mining and the manufacture of bricks, glass and jam.
Carluke is the home of R&W Scott, who have been handmaking preserves from locally-grown Clyde Valley fruit since the 1880s. Owned by Real Good Food Plc since September 2004, Scott's Carluke site was expanded in 2007 with the construction of a new foodhall for the manufacture of baking chocolate; the multi-award winning bacon curers Ramsay of Carluke have been based in the town since 1857. Family-owned for five generations, the company is one of Rick Stein's'Food Heroes'; the town has the distinction of being home to three gallant recipients of the Victoria Cross: William Angus Thomas Caldwell Donald CameronIt is the birthplace of: Major Thomas Weir, covenanting soldier and alleged warlock Major General William Roy regarded as the founding father of the Ordnance Survey Dr Daniel Rankin, a noted 19th-century geologist and paleontologist. Joe Dodds, a left-sided defender who played for Celtic, Queen of the South and the Scotland national team Dougie Arnott, the former Motherwell striker resides in the town.
Tom Steele. Today Carluke's population has 6 primary schools. Carluke Streetscape, a £2.35M town-centre redevelopment project funded by South Lanarkshire Council, was completed in April 2006. As a result, after many years of pedestrianisation, unidirectional vehicular traffic is now permitted along the town's High Street and Hamilton Street outwith business hours. Carluke high School was redeveloped to make it bigger and more up to date in 2008. In 2010 a £1.1M indoor soft play and cafe "The Bubbles Factory" was built and opened in Hamilton Street, where the "old smiddy" was sited. In 2011, a new Tesco store between Lanark Road and Shieldhill Road was opened; the town has five primary schools: Carluke Primary, High Mill Primary, Kirkton Primary, Crawforddyke Primary, St Athanasius Primary. Secondary education is provided by Carluke High School, which serves Law village and Forth. Carluke High School has been rebuilt on its current site and Kirkton Primary, the last of the schools to be rebuilt, was completed in 2014.
Braidwood Primary is a school near Carluke In addition Carluke is home to a state funded Special School, Victoria Park. The school serves the whole of South Lanarkshire Council and provides education for primary and secondary pupils aged 3 to 18 with special educational needs. Carluke is home to Central District Junior side Carluke Rovers F. C. who play at the John Cumming Stadium, the field hockey club Clydeside and the Carluke Cobras, one of the top three flag football teams in the UK. There are several mens amateur football sides in the town Carluke FC, Carluke FC 35's, Carluke Hearts, Carluke Victoria and Carluke Thistle. At youth level there is Milton Rovers and Carluke United, it was the home of one of the most successful Scottish American football teams The Clydesdale Colts. The Colts were formed by Harvey Gordon, their home games were played at Loch Park Stadium. Carluke's Rugby league team is Carluke Tigers. John Cumming Stadium facilities includes a 400-metre all-weather athletics track and an 11-a-side 3G synthetic football pitch.
Situated on the same site, Carluke Leisure Centre facilities include a gym, swimming pool, health suite and coffee shop. Carluke has
Hamilton, South Lanarkshire
Hamilton is a town in South Lanarkshire, in the central Lowlands of Scotland. It serves as the main administrative centre of the South Lanarkshire council area, it sits 12 miles south-east of Glasgow, 35 miles south-west of Edinburgh and 74 miles north of Carlisle. It is situated on the south bank of the River Clyde at its confluence with the Avon Water. Hamilton is the county town of the historic county of Lanarkshire; the town of Hamilton was known as Cadzow or Cadyou, the "ȝ" being the letter yogh), pronounced /kadyu/. During the Wars of Scottish Independence the Hamilton family supported the English and Walter fitz Gilbert was governor of Bothwell Castle on behalf of the English. However, he changed loyalty to Robert the Bruce, following the Battle of Bannockburn, ceded Bothwell to him. For this act, he was rewarded with a portion of land, forfeited by the Comyns at Dalserf and the Barony and lands of Cadzow, which in time would become the town of Hamilton. Cadzow was renamed Hamilton in the time of James, Lord Hamilton, married to Princess Mary, the daughter of King James II.
The Hamilton family themselves most took their name from the lands of Humbleton or Homildon in Northumberland, or from a place near Leicester. The Hamiltons constructed many landmark buildings in the area including the Hamilton Mausoleum in Strathclyde Park, which has the longest echo of any building in the world; the Hamilton family are major land-owners in the area to this day. Hamilton Palace was the seat of the Dukes of Hamilton until the early-twentieth century. Other historic buildings in the area include Hamilton Old Parish Church, a Georgian era building completed in 1734 and the only church to have been built by William Adam; the graveyard of the old parish church contains. The former Edwardian Town Hall now houses the concert hall; the Townhouse complex underwent a sympathetic modernization in 2002 and opened to the public in summer 2004. The ruins of Cadzow Castle lie in Chatelherault Country Park, 2 miles from the town centre. Hamilton Palace was the largest non-royal residence in the Western world, located in the north-east of the town.
A former seat of the Dukes of Hamilton, it was built in 1695, subsequently much enlarged, demolished in 1921 due to ground subsidence. It is acknowledged as having been one of the grandest houses in Scotland, was visited and admired by Queen Victoria, was written about by Daniel Defoe. Hamilton Barracks was the Depot of the Cameronians and the home of the 1st Battalion of the Regiment; the Regimental Museum is part of the Low Parks Museum. The Low Parks Museum is housed in what was a 16th-century inn and a staging post for journeys between Glasgow and Edinburgh. Refurbished, it is the oldest building in Hamilton and is to the north of the Palace Grounds. Renowned explorer and missionary Dr. David Livingstone's house still stands at 17 Burnbank Road and has a plaque about him. By road the town is to the west of the M74 motorway, the main southerly link to England, which joins the M6 just north of Carlisle; the main route from Edinburgh is the M8, leaving at junctions 6 or 7. Areas of Hamilton: Service industries and local government are major employers in Hamilton, as are Philips, the Dutch electronics conglomerate.
The town centre has been regenerated with new indoor shopping centres Hamilton Retail Park and the Palace Grounds Retail Park. Restaurants and national retail outlets are situated in a redeveloped part of the Palace Grounds that are visible upon entering the town from the M74 motorway; the creation of a circular Town Square has resulted in Hamilton receiving numerous town planning awards during the past decade. This development transformed the Hamilton side of Strathclyde Park, the original site of the Duke's palace. Hamilton has been a Fairtrade Town since 2005. Hamilton has three railway stations, Hamilton Central, Hamilton West and Chatelherault on the Argyle Line's Hamilton Circle. Hamilton Central is 22 minutes from Glasgow on the limited stop Larkhall-Dalmuir service, it was once served by the North British Railway. Hamilton, Peacock Cross railway station and Burnbank Beside Hamilton Central lies Hamilton bus station, providing links to surrounding towns and cities offering an express bus to Glasgow and some parts of England.
Cycling paths run from Strathclyde Park to Chatelherault Country Park following the banks of the Clyde and Avon. These are being expanded at part of the Sustrans Connect2 project and will make up part of the National Cycle Route 74 which will run from Uddingston to Carlisle, Cumbria There are three comprehensive high schools in the town – Hamilton Grammar, Holy Cross and John Ogilvie; the former Earnock High School merged with Blantyre High School as the new Calderside Academy. There are several primary schools in Hamilton, including, St Cuthbert's, Our Lady and St Anne's, St Elizabeth's St Peter's, St Paul's, St Mark's, St Ninian's, St Mary's, Townhill, Woodhead, Beckford, St John's, Woodside and Chatelherault Primary Schools. Hamilton has one private school, Hamilton College, next to the Hamilton Park Racecourse. Hamilton is a university town with The University of the West of Scotland campus sited on Almada Street, but now relocated to Hamilton International Technology Park in High Blantyre.
Hamilton Academical Football Club is one of Scotland's oldest senior clubs. It takes its name from Hamilton Academy, now called Hamilton Grammar School, the oldest school in the town (