Lancaster Gate is a London Underground station located on the Central line near Lancaster Gate on Bayswater Road in Paddington, to the north of Kensington Gardens. It is between Queensway and Marble Arch on the Central line and is in Travelcard Zone 1. Lancaster Gate station was opened on 30 July 1900 by the Central London Railway; the original station building was typical of the work of the line's original architect Harry Bell Measures. It was demolished and a new surface building constructed as part of the development above in 1968; the development was designed by T P Bennett & Son as an office block but converted soon after into a hotel. In 2004–05 the lower floors of the hotel were re-clad in white stone to a design by Eric Parry Architects; the hotel received planning permission for the re-cladding to include the station façade. Lancaster Gate was closed from July to November 2006 so that the lifts and other parts of the station could be refurbished; the station's chronic lift failures were considered by Transport for London to be a safety hazard and an inconvenience to passengers.
Patronage has increased over the years and as a result the station's small ticket hall area is congested at weekends. Lancaster Gate station was closed from January to June 2017 for complete replacement of the lifts. Due to the small size of the station, it was not feasible to do one lift at a time, so it was deemed necessary to close the entire station. Despite its name, the station is close to the Marlborough Gate entrance to Hyde Park/Kensington Gardens, about 300m to the east of the Lancaster Gate entrance; the station is within walking distance of Paddington station, providing a convenient interchange between the Central line and the main line station, although this is not highlighted on the Underground map. Transport for London's September 2011 report "Central London Rail Termini: Analysing passengers' onward travel patterns" did not include using Lancaster Gate as a means of getting from Paddington to the Central line. London Buses routes 46, 94, 148, 274 and night route N207 serve the station Lancaster Gate station images in the collection of London Transport Museum: Station building, 1924 with Park Gate Hotel above Booking hall, 1955
The Battle of Sultan Yacoub was a battle between Syria and Israel during the 1982 Lebanon War, which occurred near the village of Sultan Yacoub in the Lebanese Bekaa, close to the borders with Syria. At the beginning of the invasion Israeli Brig. Gen. Giora Lev’s 90th Division passed through Marjayoun and took up positions around Kaukaba and Hasbaiya. From there it began to push the Syrian 76th and 91st Armored Brigade, of the 10th Division, north up the Bekaa Valley towards Joub Jannine; the Syrians made skillful use of their Gazelle helicopters to support the delaying action, firing HOT missiles into the long columns of Israeli vehicles stretched out along the roads. Israel countered with its own Cobra helicopters, used against the Gazelles. On June 10 the Israeli 90th Division was rushed forward in order to gain as much ground as possible before the cease-fire came into effect. Late that night most of its 362nd Battalion as well as Pluga Kaph from the 363rd Battalion fought its way through Syrian infantry in the village of Sultan Yacoub only to become cut off and surrounded.
At dawn, the Israelis broke out and escaped to the south with the support of 11 battalions of artillery firing both at the Syrians and in a box barrage around their own troops. In the six-hours ordeal the Israeli Army lost about 30 killed; the Israelis failed to destroy the disabled M48A3 Magach-3 tanks they left behind and they were recovered the next day by the Syrians. Thirty IDF soldiers died in the battle, viewed as an Israeli intelligence failure. Five IDF soldiers were missing in action: Zachary Baumel, Yehuda Katz, Zvi Feldman, Ariel Lieberman, Hezi Shai; the first three soldiers were paraded through Damascus atop their captured tank. Baumel's body was recovered in a secret military operation in 2019. Lieberman was returned to Israel in a prisoner exchange in June 1984. Feldman and Katz remain missing in action. Tank commander Hezi Shai was presumed dead by the Israeli defense establishment. Two and a half years his whereabouts were discovered in Damascus, where he was being held by the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine – General Command, a pro-Syria Palestinian militant organization led by Ahmed Jibril.
Shai's repatriation was negotiated together with that of two other captured Israeli soldiers, Yosef Grof and Nissim Salem, through mediator and Austrian diplomat Dr. Herbert Amry, in return for 1,150 Palestinian and Lebanese prisoners being held by Israel. Shai was returned to Israel in May 1985; the battle is still commemorated and remembered in Syria. A large painting depicting the battle is displayed in the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Damascus, among other paintings depicting other significant battles in Arab and Syrian history, one of the Israeli M48 Patton tanks captured during the battle is now on display at the October War Panorama in Damascus, with another on display in the Kubinka Tank Museum in Russia, most donated by Syria due to their extremely-close bilateral ties
The Nikkey Shimbun or the Jornal do Nikkey is a Japanese language newspaper published in Liberdade, São Paulo, Brazil. It is one of two Japanese newspapers published in that city, with the other being the São Paulo Shimbun; as of 2014 the head of the company is Raul Takaki. As of 2013 the chief editor is Masayuki Fukuzawa; the newspaper distributes the Prêmio Paulista de Esporte along with the Jornal Nikkei. It was founded in 1998 as a merger between the Jornal Paulista; the former, headed by Toshihiko "Kan-chan" Nakabayashi, was founded in 1949 and the latter was founded in 1947. The Nikkey Shimbun stated in 2013. Due to the aging of the immigrant Japanese community, the newspaper launched a weekly Portuguese edition, the Jornal Nippak to reach children of Japanese immigrants; as of 2013 the chief editor is Aldo Shiguti. By the time the Jornal Nippak had been launched, there was a Portuguese website. Raul Takaki stated that though the Portuguese website existed, that the other Japanese newspaper in the city had one, the Nikkey Shimbun felt a need to make a Nissei-oriented daughter publication.
Shiguti stated that Brazilians interested in Japanese culture have bought copies of the Portuguese edition. Japanese Brazilian Japanese community of São Paulo Official website Jornal Nippak Nikkey Shimbun on Facebook