Land Rover is a British brand of four-wheel drive cars, that offers premium and luxury sport utility vehicles. Owned by multinational car manufacturer Jaguar Land Rover, owned by India's Tata Motors since 2008, JLR build Land Rovers in Brazil, India and the United Kingdom; the Land Rover name was used by the Rover Company for a boxy four-wheel drive, off-road model, launched in 1948—now known as the Land Rover Series, it is today regarded as a British icon. It was granted a Royal Warrant by King George VI in 1951, fifty years in 2001, it received a Queen's Award for Enterprise for outstanding contribution to international trade. Over time, Land Rover grew into its own brand, encompassing a growing range of four-wheel drive, off-road capable models. Starting with the much more upmarket 1970 Range Rover, subsequent introductions of the mid-range Discovery and entry-level Freelander line, as well as the 1990 Land Rover Defender refresh, the marque today includes two models of Discovery, four distinct models of Range Rover, after a three-year hiatus, a second genaration of Defenders have gone into production for the 2020 model year—in short or long wheelbase, as before.
The vehicles was called the Land Rover – an off-road capable car model of the Rover Company. The "Series" indication became a retronym model name, once'Land Rover' had started becoming a brand, with the introduction of the Range Rover in 1970, even a British Leyland subsidiary in 1978. In 1983 and 1984, the long and the short wheelbase Land Rovers were given official names — the One Ten, the Ninety and together they were badged the Defender models in 1990, after the 1989 introduction of the new Discovery model; the design for the original vehicle was started in 1947 by Maurice Wilks. Wilks, chief designer at the Rover Company, on his farm in Newborough, working in conjunction with his brother Spencer, the managing director of Rover; the design may have been influenced by the Jeep and the prototype nicknamed Centre Steer, was built on a Jeep chassis and axles. The early choice of colour was dictated by military surplus supplies of aircraft cockpit paint, so early vehicles only came in various shades of light green.
Early vehicles like the Series I were field-tested at Long Bennington and designed to be field-serviced. After the formation of Land Rover Limited in 1978 the hyphen in Land-Rover —as shown in the logo— began to be dropped. Land Rover as a company has existed since 1978. Prior to this, it was a product line of the Rover Company, subsequently absorbed into the Rover-Triumph division of the British Leyland Motor Corporation following Leyland Motor Corporation’s takeover of Rover in 1967; the ongoing commercial success of the original Land Rover series models, latterly the Range Rover in the 1970s in the midst of BL's well-documented business troubles prompted the establishment of a separate Land Rover company but still under the BL umbrella, remaining part of the subsequent Rover Group in 1988, under the ownership of British Aerospace after the remains of British Leyland were broken up and privatised. In 1994 Rover Group plc, including Land Rover, was acquired by BMW. In 2000, Rover Group was broken up by BMW and Land Rover was sold to Ford Motor Company, becoming part of its Premier Automotive Group.
In 2006 Ford purchased the Rover brand from BMW for around £6 million. BMW had retained ownership of the brand to protect the integrity of the Land Rover brand, with which'Rover' might be confused in the US 4x4 market and allowed it to be used under licence by MG Rover until it collapsed in 2005, at which point it was offered to the Ford Motor Company, who by owned Land Rover. On 11 June 2007, Ford announced. Private equity firms such as Alchemy Partners of the UK, TPG Capital, Ripplewood Holdings, Cerberus Capital Management and One Equity Partners of the US, Tata Motors of India and a consortium comprising Mahindra & Mahindra of India and Apollo Management all expressed interest in purchasing the marques from the Ford Motor Company. On 1 January 2008, Ford formally declared. In 2008, On 26 March 2008, Ford announced that it had agreed to sell its Jaguar and Land Rover operations to Tata Motors, that it expected to complete the sale by the end of the second quarter of 2008. On 18 January 2008, Tata Motors, a part of the Tata Group, established Jaguar Land Rover Limited as a British-registered and wholly owned subsidiary.
The new company was to be used as a holding company for the acquisition of the two businesses from Ford - Jaguar Cars Limited and Land Rover. That acquisition was completed on 2 June 2008 at a cost of £1.7 billion. Included in the deal to buy Land Rover and Jaguar Cars were the rights to three other British brands: the Daimler marque, as well as two dormant brands Lanchester and Rover. On 1 January 2013, the group, operating as two separate companies, although on an integrated basis, underwent a fundamental restructuring; the parent company was renamed to Jaguar Land Rover Automotive PLC, Jaguar Cars Limited was renamed to Jaguar Land Rover Limited and the assets of Land Rover were transferred to it. The consequence was that Jaguar Land Rover Limited became responsible in the UK for the design and marketing of both Jaguar and Land Rover branded products, Land Rover and Jaguar Cars ceased to be separate vehicle producing entities. 1947: Rover's chief
The Fairfax Times is a weekly newspaper published in Reston, Virginia which covers Fairfax County, Virginia. The newspaper's origins can be traced back to the establishment of the Times Community Newspapers by Arthur W. "Nick" Arundel. In 1963, Arundel purchased the 165-year-old Loudoun Times-Mirror, he expanded his newspaper business, purchasing papers in Annandale, Chantilly, Herndon, McLean, Reston and Vienna, Virginia. In 2008, Times Community Newspapers merged its local newspapers in Centreville, Fairfax City, Fairfax Station, Herndon, McLean and Vienna into a single publication covering all of Fairfax County; this new publication was the Fairfax County Times. In 2009, The Washington Post reported that the Loudoun Times-Mirror might merge with the Fairfax County Times; the Times-Mirror furloughed many employees, consolidated most of its newsroom with the Fairfax County Times. But no merger occurred. On May 26, 2009, Times Community Newspapers sold the Fairfax County Times to The Gazette, a newspaper group based in Gaithersburg, Maryland.
The Gazette group is itself owned by Post-Newsweek Media, a subsidiary of The Washington Post Company. As of February 2012, the Fairfax Times was one of three units operating within the Post-Newsweek Media division. In November 2012, local D. C. television station WRC-TV co-located its Northern Virginia bureau in the offices of the Fairfax Times. In August 2013, Amazon.com founder Jeff Bezos purchased the newspaper business of The Washington Post Company for $250 million. The sale included the company's national newspaper, The Washington Post, as well as the Post Express daily free newspaper, El Tiempo Latino, The Gazette weeklies, a printing plant located in Springfield, 23 acres of land in Charles County, Maryland. Nash Holdings LLC, a company owned by Bezos, became the new owner of the Fairfax Times on September 30, 2013, when the sale closed. In June 2015, Nash Holdings sold the Fairfax Times to Whip It Media, a locally owned company founded by Richard Whippen, a former general manager of the newspaper.
In 2012, the Fairfax Times tied for first place for presentation in the Virginia Press Association awards. The newspaper competed in the category of non-dailies with a circulation greater than 10,000; the association gives points to each newspaper in a wide range of categories, including presentation, art/photos, multimedia. The Gainesville Times and Fairfax Times tied for first place in the presentation category; the Loudoun Times-Mirror won the competition for combined categories for the second year in a row. Fairfax Times official website
Canyon Bicycles GmbH is a German manufacturer of racing bikes, mountain bikes and triathlon bikes based in Koblenz, Germany. In 1985 Roman Arnold and his brother Franc Arnold founded'Radsport Arnold' GmbH as a supplier of bike parts for cycling, it wasn't until 1996. Radsport Arnold adopted a direct sales strategy via the Internet. In 2001 the company took the step from being a supplier to becoming a cycle manufacturer and changed its name to Canyon Bicycles GmbH. With Lutz Scheffer Canyon was able to secure the services of a frame designer. In the next few years the firm based in Koblenz, Germany was able to hire Hans Christian Smolik along with other bicycle construction experts. In 2006 Canyon unveiled its new corporate design, which received several awards in 2007. Radsport Arnold was involved in elite sport right from its start. In 1985 the Koblenz-based company had its first successful sportsman under contract in Jürgen Zäck. In the area of road racing the company has been in cooperation with various teams.
In 2007 the company first equipped the team Unibet.com. Katusha and Movistar compete on Canyon racing bikes; the largest prize won on a Canyon bike went to Nairo Quintana, who won the 2014 Giro d'Italia, riding an Ultimate CF SLX frame for the road stages and a Speedmax CF for the time trials. Other achievements on Canyon bikes include Cadel Evans' 2009 World Professional Road Race Championship for the Silence-Lotto team, Alexander Kristoff's two stage wins in the 2014 Tour de France and Jan Frodeno´s wins at the Ironman European Championship 2015 in Frankfurt and at the Ironman World Championship in Hawaii 2015. In August 2015 it was announced that Canyon would sponsor a new top-level women's team from 2016, led by former Velocio–SRAM Pro Cycling directeurs sportifs Ronny Lauke and Beth Duryea. In December 2016 it was announced that they would co-sponsor the British UCI Continental-status Bike Channel–Canyon team, which would make its debut in 2017; the brand not only supports triathletes and racing cyclists, but mountain bikers.
The first top riders contracted to Canyon were Bobby Root and Stefan Herrmann as well as the Fumic brothers in 2006. The company was thus represented by pro riders in all disciplines of mountainbike. There are now other riders in the team such as Robert Jauch, alias Rob-J and Tibor Simai; the greatest win to date on Canyon mountain bikes was the victory of the German Cross Country Championship by Manuel Fumic in 2008. On June second 2019, ecuadorian Richard Carapaz won the Giro d’Italia using a Canyon bike. While running the Giro he was awarded a rose canyon bike, used in one of the stages. Canyon pursues a youth development programme named Canyon Young Heroes. Riders aged between 15 and 16 years old can apply to the Koblenz-based manufacturer to be accepted onto the team and if successful, receive a complete carbon fibre bike and technical support for at least one year; the mentor of the Canyon Young Heroes is the former top sprinter and self-confessed long-term doper Erik Zabel. 2004 Project 3.7: The lightest racing bike at that time with a total weight of 3.7 kg.2006 Project 6.8: A racing bike with disc brakes with a weight of 6.8 kg - the lowest weight allowed by the UCI Pro Tour.
2007 Project 0.05: A triathlon bike that features low levels of wind resistance thanks to solutions such as brakes integrated into the frame and a drink system integrated into the handlebar. 2008 Project 0.01: A racing bike with full suspension, which thanks to the high levels of comfort, relieves the pressure on the rider's muscles during maximum effort.2009 Project S5: The first mountain bike project bike was a freeride bike weighing less than 12 kg. It was intended for rides in the high mountains where there are longer carrying sections and difficult descents. In Switzerland, Canyon bikes are called "Pure Cycling" since the brand name Canyon is protected by another bicycle manufacturer there. After standardizing company-wide IT infrastructure to suit projections that began in November 2015, Canyon expanded production facilities to end the year. During the subsequent transitional phases of improvement, Canyon's reputation suffered by reductions in customer service. Associated obstacles were encountered during internal expansions that were coupled to external supply chain deficiencies, regarding spare parts.
Reported discontent reflected concerns that the company grew more interested in selling their products than providing adequate customer service. To address concerns, Canyon's founder and CEO released a service GAU in February 2016. An official apology was offered within; the disclosure properly informed the public of the contributing circumstances and outlined corrective actions. The firm thanked customers for their loyalty and continued patience. Canyon website