Rockin' Tug is a flat tugboat ride manufactured by Zamperla. The ride is manufactured in both park versions, it is the first of a line of new "halfpiperides". Zamperla's Disk'O is another popular ride from that "family"; the difference is. The idea itself is not new. Schwarzkopf made. Twenty four riders are loaded in six rows of four; the rows face into the center of the ride. The ride is driven forth along a track shaped in a concave arc, rocking back and forth. While this is happening, the entire tugboat rotates around its center; the traveling version of the ride racks onto a single 28 foot trailer. Several theme variations exist; the most common one is a tug boat, but other versions include a longboat, a pirate ship, a skateboard. Australia - Two, a travelling model owned by Better Amusement Hire and Big Red Boat Ride at Dreamworld Austria - At least two travelling models Belgium - At least one travelling model Canada - One: Canada's Wonderland where it is known as "Lucy's Tugboat". Germany - At least five: one travelling model, at least four permanent versions in Germany Ireland - in 2016 a Rockin' Tug was added to Tayto Park Japan - At least one permanent version at Toshimaen Amusement Park, Tokyo.
Acquired in 2005. The Netherlands - At least six: Rolling Stones at Drouwenerzand, Dolle Dobber at DippieDoe, Swampies Swing at Toverland, Moby Dick at Deltapark Neeltje Jans and Koning Juliana Toren, Frogg's Trouble at Attractiepark Slagharen. New Zealand - One, a traveling model owned by Mahons Amusements Sweden - At least one: Lilla Lots at Liseberg. Switzerland - At least one travelling model United Kingdom - At least five: Rocking Boat at Butlins, Skegness Rocking Tug at Flamingo Land Resort. Rocking Bulstrode at Drayton Manor's Thomas Land, Heave Ho at Alton Towers, Longboat Invader at Legoland Windsor and Rockin' Tug at The Flambards Experience, Griffin's Galleon at Chessington World of Adventures, Rockin' Tug at Woodlands Family Theme Park Devon, "Kontiki" at Paultons Park. United States of America - Thirteen: traveling models owned by Murphy Brothers Exposition, Shamrock Shows, American Traveling Shows, by D & K Amusements. Zamperla page on Rockin' Tug Schwarzkopf. Coaster.net
Tornado (Wisdom ride)
The Tornado is an amusement ride manufactured by Wisdom Industries Ltd. Most tornados travel with a traveling midway company to many fairs with many other rides; the center base spins at 14 RPM. The ride tilts at a 24 degree angle, While spinning. On March 29, 2003, a Tornado ride collapsed, injuring 4 children, at the Lehigh Spring Festival in Lehigh Acres, Florida. Witnesses say that one of the gondolas clipped the ground, causing the central column to break off its axis; the ride was the second in a chain of accidents on the Midwest Midways traveling carnival. On August 13, 2006, two children each suffered a broken arm and were taken by ambulance to a local hospital, where they were treated and released; the accident happened. Their hands somehow wrapped around the pole above the wheel; the ride was operated by Butler Amusements
World War II
World War II known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries; the major participants threw their entire economic and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China, it included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, the only use of nuclear weapons in war. Japan, which aimed to dominate Asia and the Pacific, was at war with China by 1937, though neither side had declared war on the other. World War II is said to have begun on 1 September 1939, with the invasion of Poland by Germany and subsequent declarations of war on Germany by France and the United Kingdom.
From late 1939 to early 1941, in a series of campaigns and treaties, Germany conquered or controlled much of continental Europe, formed the Axis alliance with Italy and Japan. Under the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact of August 1939, Germany and the Soviet Union partitioned and annexed territories of their European neighbours, Finland and the Baltic states. Following the onset of campaigns in North Africa and East Africa, the fall of France in mid 1940, the war continued between the European Axis powers and the British Empire. War in the Balkans, the aerial Battle of Britain, the Blitz, the long Battle of the Atlantic followed. On 22 June 1941, the European Axis powers launched an invasion of the Soviet Union, opening the largest land theatre of war in history; this Eastern Front trapped most crucially the German Wehrmacht, into a war of attrition. In December 1941, Japan launched a surprise attack on the United States as well as European colonies in the Pacific. Following an immediate U. S. declaration of war against Japan, supported by one from Great Britain, the European Axis powers declared war on the U.
S. in solidarity with their Japanese ally. Rapid Japanese conquests over much of the Western Pacific ensued, perceived by many in Asia as liberation from Western dominance and resulting in the support of several armies from defeated territories; the Axis advance in the Pacific halted in 1942. Key setbacks in 1943, which included a series of German defeats on the Eastern Front, the Allied invasions of Sicily and Italy, Allied victories in the Pacific, cost the Axis its initiative and forced it into strategic retreat on all fronts. In 1944, the Western Allies invaded German-occupied France, while the Soviet Union regained its territorial losses and turned toward Germany and its allies. During 1944 and 1945 the Japanese suffered major reverses in mainland Asia in Central China, South China and Burma, while the Allies crippled the Japanese Navy and captured key Western Pacific islands; the war in Europe concluded with an invasion of Germany by the Western Allies and the Soviet Union, culminating in the capture of Berlin by Soviet troops, the suicide of Adolf Hitler and the German unconditional surrender on 8 May 1945.
Following the Potsdam Declaration by the Allies on 26 July 1945 and the refusal of Japan to surrender under its terms, the United States dropped atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on 6 and 9 August respectively. With an invasion of the Japanese archipelago imminent, the possibility of additional atomic bombings, the Soviet entry into the war against Japan and its invasion of Manchuria, Japan announced its intention to surrender on 15 August 1945, cementing total victory in Asia for the Allies. Tribunals were set up by fiat by the Allies and war crimes trials were conducted in the wake of the war both against the Germans and the Japanese. World War II changed the political social structure of the globe; the United Nations was established to foster international co-operation and prevent future conflicts. The Soviet Union and United States emerged as rival superpowers, setting the stage for the nearly half-century long Cold War. In the wake of European devastation, the influence of its great powers waned, triggering the decolonisation of Africa and Asia.
Most countries whose industries had been damaged moved towards economic expansion. Political integration in Europe, emerged as an effort to end pre-war enmities and create a common identity; the start of the war in Europe is held to be 1 September 1939, beginning with the German invasion of Poland. The dates for the beginning of war in the Pacific include the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War on 7 July 1937, or the Japanese invasion of Manchuria on 19 September 1931. Others follow the British historian A. J. P. Taylor, who held that the Sino-Japanese War and war in Europe and its colonies occurred and the two wars merged in 1941; this article uses the conventional dating. Other starting dates sometimes used for World War II include the Italian invasion of Abyssinia on 3 October 1935; the British historian Antony Beevor views the beginning of World War II as the Battles of Khalkhin Gol fought between Japan and the fo
C. P. Huntington
C. P. Huntington is a 4-2-4T steam locomotive on static display at the California State Railroad Museum in Sacramento, California, USA, it is the first locomotive purchased by the Southern Pacific Railroad, carrying that railroad's number 1. The locomotive is named in honor of Collis P. Huntington, the third president of the Southern Pacific Company. C. P. Huntington was purchased by Central Pacific Railroad in 1863 as that railroad's number 3, along with its sister engine T. D. Judah, it was CP's third locomotive after Gov. Pacific. CP used the locomotive beginning on April 15, 1864, during construction of the western portion of the First Transcontinental Railroad in North America. Southern Pacific purchased C. P. Huntington from CP on February 5, 1871, gave it their number 1, used it in light service in northern California, it was rebuilt twice, first in 1873 with new valves and again in 1888 with a new boiler built by CP's Sacramento shops. In 1888 the locomotive was put on public display for the first time in Sacramento.
In SP's 1891 renumbering plan, C. P. Huntington was assigned road number 1001; the locomotive was placed in storage for some time until it was rebuilt for use as a lineside weed burner in 1901. Its use as a weed burner proved unsatisfactory and the locomotive was again removed from active service. In 1910, C. P. Huntington was again rebuilt and it was kept at SP's machine shops where it remained for a few years; the locomotive was nearly scrapped in 1914. On May 3, 1939, C. P. Huntington participated in the grand opening ceremonies for the Los Angeles Union Station. Operating under her own steam, the Huntington was paraded past large, cheering crowds to the newly completed passenger terminal, along with several other engines, including the famous 4-4-0, Virginia & Truckee 22, the Inyo, Southern Pacific 4120, a massive AC-5 class 4-8-8-2 cab forward; the moment was captured on film by Disney animator and lifelong train enthusiast, Ward Kimball, may be some of the only known footage of the engine under steam.
C. P. Huntington is on static display at the California State Railroad Museum. Chance Rides began to fabricate their 2 ft narrow gauge C. P. Huntington locomotive in 1960; these locomotives are powered by a gasoline, propane or electric engine. The engine is powered to an automatic transmission, which controls a 90* drop down gearbox that powers drive shafts to the front and rear power trucks, its drive wheels are not powered, but roll on the rails while fake side rods reciprocate in and out of fake cylinders. The false drive wheels have been removed by some owners for ease of maintenance; this has been the most popular park train since The Allan Herschell Company merged into Chance Industries and production of the S-24 Iron Horse train ceased. Many amusement parks are replacing their steam locomotives with these locomotives since they are easier to maintain and operate; the first C. P. Huntington locomotive was delivered to the now-defunct Joyland Amusement Park in Wichita, Kansas; this replaced the original miniature train that has operated since 1933.
As the first locomotive, it carries the serial number 1 from the factory. The Lincoln Children's Zoo in Lincoln, operates a 2 ft narrow gauge C. P. Huntington locomotive on its ZO&O Railroad train ride around the park. Established in 1963 as the Iron Horse Railroad, the first C. P. Huntington locomotive was delivered to the Lincoln Children's Zoo founder, Arnot R. Folsom, by Richard H. Chance, President of Chance Rides in Wichita, Kansas; the first engineer hired by Folsom in 1963 was a local high school student, J. D. Ayres, who worked as a seasonal employee building the railroad track prior to the Zoo's opening. In October 1963, the city of Lincoln staged a Golden Spike Ceremony attended by the Mayor, City Council, other local dignitaries; the ceremonial Golden Spike was an actual track spike of a type used extensively in building the railroad, but, gold plated for the event. The Iron Horse Railroad operated as the primary revenue generator for the Lincoln Children's Zoo prior to the grand opening in 1965.
There are three C. P. Huntington replicas operating the perimeter track at the Santa Barbara Zoo. Story Land in Glen, NH operates four C. P. Huntington locomotives; the Baton Rouge Zoo runs a C. P. Huntington locomotive around the perimeter of its zoo, it was donated by the local Coca-Cola plant. Landa Park in New Braunfels, TX operates a gas powered version through the park surrounding the springs and headwaters of the Comal River; the Downtown Aquarium in Houston became the first operator of an electric version of the locomotive. As of 2018, Chance Rides has built over 400 different C. P. Huntington locomotives and coaches for customers around the world - such as "Window on China" in Taiwan that run 2 of these locomotives. Prices for locomotives run just under $200,000 and coaches run about $60,000 each. Locomotives and coaches can be customized in a variety of ways; the unique design of the C. P. Huntington inspired the appearance of The Little Engine That Could in most storybook renderings. C. P. Huntington Information Page
New Jersey is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States. It is located on a peninsula, bordered on the north and east by the state of New York along the extent of the length of New York City on its western edge. New Jersey is the fourth-smallest state by area but the 11th-most populous, with 9 million residents as of 2017, the most densely populated of the 50 U. S. states. New Jersey lies within the combined statistical areas of New York City and Philadelphia. New Jersey was the second-wealthiest U. S. state by median household income as of 2017. New Jersey was inhabited by Native Americans for more than 2,800 years, with historical tribes such as the Lenape along the coast. In the early 17th century, the Dutch and the Swedes founded the first European settlements in the state; the English seized control of the region, naming it the Province of New Jersey after the largest of the Channel Islands and granting it as a colony to Sir George Carteret and John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton.
New Jersey was the site of several decisive battles during the American Revolutionary War in the 18th century. In the 19th century, factories in cities, Paterson, Trenton, Jersey City, Elizabeth helped to drive the Industrial Revolution. New Jersey's geographic location at the center of the Northeast megalopolis, between Boston and New York City to the northeast, Philadelphia and Washington, D. C. to the southwest, fueled its rapid growth through the process of suburbanization in the second half of the 20th century. In the first decades of the 21st century, this suburbanization began reverting with the consolidation of New Jersey's culturally diverse populace toward more urban settings within the state, with towns home to commuter rail stations outpacing the population growth of more automobile-oriented suburbs since 2008. Around 180 million years ago, during the Jurassic Period, New Jersey bordered North Africa; the pressure of the collision between North America and Africa gave rise to the Appalachian Mountains.
Around 18,000 years ago, the Ice Age resulted in glaciers. As the glaciers retreated, they left behind Lake Passaic, as well as many rivers and gorges. New Jersey was settled by Native Americans, with the Lenni-Lenape being dominant at the time of contact. Scheyichbi is the Lenape name for the land, now New Jersey; the Lenape were several autonomous groups that practiced maize agriculture in order to supplement their hunting and gathering in the region surrounding the Delaware River, the lower Hudson River, western Long Island Sound. The Lenape society was divided into matrilinear clans; these clans were organized into three distinct phratries identified by their animal sign: Turtle and Wolf. They first encountered the Dutch in the early 17th century, their primary relationship with the Europeans was through fur trade; the Dutch became the first Europeans to lay claim to lands in New Jersey. The Dutch colony of New Netherland consisted of parts of modern Middle Atlantic states. Although the European principle of land ownership was not recognized by the Lenape, Dutch West India Company policy required its colonists to purchase the land that they settled.
The first to do so was Michiel Pauw who established a patronship called Pavonia in 1630 along the North River which became the Bergen. Peter Minuit's purchase of lands along the Delaware River established the colony of New Sweden; the entire region became a territory of England on June 24, 1664, after an English fleet under the command of Colonel Richard Nicolls sailed into what is now New York Harbor and took control of Fort Amsterdam, annexing the entire province. During the English Civil War, the Channel Island of Jersey remained loyal to the British Crown and gave sanctuary to the King, it was from the Royal Square in Saint Helier that Charles II of England was proclaimed King in 1649, following the execution of his father, Charles I. The North American lands were divided by Charles II, who gave his brother, the Duke of York, the region between New England and Maryland as a proprietary colony. James granted the land between the Hudson River and the Delaware River to two friends who had remained loyal through the English Civil War: Sir George Carteret and Lord Berkeley of Stratton.
The area was named the Province of New Jersey. Since the state's inception, New Jersey has been characterized by religious diversity. New England Congregationalists settled alongside Scots Presbyterians and Dutch Reformed migrants. While the majority of residents lived in towns with individual landholdings of 100 acres, a few rich proprietors owned vast estates. English Quakers and Anglicans owned large landholdings. Unlike Plymouth Colony and other colonies, New Jersey was populated by a secondary wave of immigrants who came from other colonies instead of those who migrated directly from Europe. New Jersey remained agrarian and rural throughout the colonial era, commercial farming developed sporadically; some townships, such as Burlington on the Delaware River and Perth Amboy, emerged as important ports for shipping to New York City and Philadelphia. The colony's fertile lands and tolerant religious policy drew more settlers, New Jersey's population had increased to 120,000 by 1775. Settlement for the first 10 years of English rule took place along Hackensack River and Arthur Kill –
Hope Township, New Jersey
Hope Township is a township in Warren County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 1,952, reflecting an increase of 61 from the 1,891 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 172 from the 1,719 counted in the 1990 Census; the 2010 Census population marked the first decennial census in which the township's population exceeded the 1,903 recorded in the 1840 Census, the first recorded population after the township was formed. Hope Township was incorporated as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 8, 1839, from portions of Knowlton Township and Oxford Township, based on the results of a referendum held that day. Liberty Township was created on March 1926, from portions of the township. Hope Township is one of the earliest planned communities in the United States, having been established by German Moravians in 1769, they knew what they wanted to achieve, shown on several early planning maps, which detail streets, wells, farms, a school and church.
Prior to the arrival of the Moravians, there was no distinct town, but several families farmed on Jenny Jump Mountain, to the south of Hope, in surrounding area and on John Samuel Green Jr.'s farm in the center of what is now the Village. Throughout the 1760s, Moravians from Bethlehem, Pennsylvania traveled through this area on their way to New England to establish new communities, they lodged overnight with the Green Family who were impressed with their way of life. The Moravians were a religious group whose formal name was the "Unitas Fratrum" or Unity of the Brethren, they were followers of Jan Hus, the reformer from Prague who protested against the Roman Catholic Church in 1415 and was burned at the stake for his rebellion. These followers continued to practice his views in Moravia and Bohemia in what is now the Czech Republic, hence the common name "The Moravians". In the late 17th century this group sought shelter away from Bohemia. Count Nicolas Ludwig von Zinzendorf offered them refuge on his lands east of Dresden and provided a base for them to regroup and pursue their religion.
That settlement which remains as the center of the worldwide Moravian religion is called Herrnhut or "The Lord's Watch" inhabitants were not only "under the Lord's watchful care" but were to be "on watch for the Lord". With the support of Count von Zinzendorf, the Church established over 200 missionary settlements. After a formal survey of the Village completed on November 26, 1774, the community was accepted by The Moravian Church and the name was changed by drawing lots on February 8, 1775, from Greenland to Hope; the name derives from the "hope of immortality" of the early Moravian settlers. After 40 years of the Moravian "experiment" in Hope, the community was sold and all of the Moravians returned to Bethlehem or Nazareth, Pennsylvania; the basic reason for closing the community was that it was never self-supporting and had declined from its height of population of 147 to under 100 people by the early 19th century. The Church in Germany could no longer subsidize such a small village. Moravians worldwide were selling possessions and some other entire communities to pay off debts incurred years earlier by Count von Zinzendorf, who mortgaged his lands to give them opportunity back in Germany.
Disease and a competitive gristmill contributed to Moravian Hope's decline. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 18.837 square miles, including 18.621 square miles of land and 0.216 square miles of water. The township is located in the Kittatinny Valley, a section of the Great Appalachian Valley that stretches 700 miles from Canada to Alabama. Hope CDP, Mount Hermon and Silver Lake are unincorporated communities and census-designated places located within the township. Other unincorporated communities and place names located or within the township include: Feebletown Locust Lake Mount Herman Swayzes Mill The Township's economic data is calculated by the US Census Bureau as part of the Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ Metropolitan Statistical Area; as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 1,952 people, 741 households, 557.973 families residing in the township. The population density was 104.8 per square mile. There were 809 housing units at an average density of 43.4 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the township was 96.21% White, 1.18% Black or African American, 0.00% Native American, 1.59% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 0.41% from other races, 0.61% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.10% of the population. There were 741 households out of which 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.2% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.7% were non-families. 19.6% of all households were made up of individuals, 7.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.03. In the township, the population was spread out with 22.6% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 20.1% from 25 to 44, 35.7% from 45 to 64, 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45.2 years. For every 100 females there were 97.2 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 97.8 males. The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that median household income was $75,107 (with a margin of er
A petting zoo features a combination of domesticated animals and some wild species that are docile enough to touch and feed. In addition to independent petting zoos called children's farms or petting farms, many general zoos contain a petting zoo. Most petting zoos are designed to provide only placid, herbivorous domesticated animals, such as sheep, rabbits, or ponies, to feed and interact physically with safely; this is in contrast to the usual zoo experience, where wild animals are viewed from behind safe enclosures where no contact is possible. A few provide wild species to interact with, but these are rare and found outside Western nations. In 1938, the London Zoo included the first children's zoo in Europe and the Philadelphia Zoo was the first in North America to open a special zoo just for children. During the 1990s, Dutch cities began building petting zoos in many neighborhoods, so that urban children could interact with animals. Petting zoos feature a variety of domestic animals. Common animals include sheep, guinea pigs, rabbits, alpacas, llamas and miniature donkeys, a few exotic animals such as kangaroos.
Petting zoos are popular with small children, who will feed the animals. In order to ensure the animals' health, the food is supplied by the zoo, either from vending machines or a kiosk. Food fed to animals includes grass and crackers, in selected feeding areas hay is a common food; such feeding is an exception to the usual rule about not feeding animals. Some petting zoos are mobile and will travel to a home for a children's party or event. Many areas have a qualified mobile petting zoo. One of the first mobile petting zoos in Australia, was Kindifarm; as a result of its popularity, many Australians use. In Australia, mobile petting zoos are allowed in schools, child care centres and shopping centres. For many children, a mobile petting zoo is their first opportunity to touch an animal. Touching animals can result in the transmission of diseases between animals and humans so it is recommended that people should wash their hands before and after touching the animals. There have been several outbreaks of E. coli etc.
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