click links in text for more info

Landing at Anzac Cove

The landing at Anzac Cove on Sunday, 25 April 1915 known as the landing at Gaba Tepe, to the Turks as the Arıburnu Battle, was part of the amphibious invasion of the Gallipoli Peninsula by the forces of the British Empire, which began the land phase of the Gallipoli Campaign of the First World War. The assault troops from the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps, landed at night on the western side of the peninsula, they were put ashore one mile north of their intended landing beach. In the darkness, the assault formations became mixed up, but the troops made their way inland, under increasing opposition from the Ottoman Turkish defenders. Not long after coming ashore the ANZAC plans were discarded, the companies and battalions were thrown into battle piece-meal, received mixed orders; some advanced to their designated objectives while others were diverted to other areas ordered to dig in along defensive ridge lines. Although they failed to achieve their objectives, by nightfall the ANZACs had formed a beachhead, albeit much smaller than intended.

In places they were clinging onto cliff faces with no organised defence system. Their precarious position convinced both divisional commanders to ask for an evacuation, but after taking advice from the Royal Navy about how practicable that would be, the army commander decided they would stay; the exact number of the day's casualties is not known. The ANZACs had landed two divisions but over two thousand of their men had been killed or wounded, together with at least a similar number of Turkish casualties. Since 1916 the anniversary of the landings on 25 April has been commemorated as Anzac Day, becoming one of the most important national celebrations in Australia and New Zealand; the anniversary is commemorated in Turkey and the United Kingdom. The Ottoman Turkish Empire entered the First World War on the side of the Central Powers on 31 October 1914; the stalemate of trench warfare on the Western Front convinced the British Imperial War Cabinet that an attack on the Central Powers elsewhere Turkey, could be the best way of winning the war.

From February 1915 this took the form of naval operations aimed at forcing a passage through the Dardanelles, but after several setbacks it was decided that a land campaign was necessary. To that end, the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force was formed under the command of General Ian Hamilton. Three amphibious landings were planned to secure the Gallipoli Peninsula, which would allow the navy to attack the Turkish capital Constantinople, in the hope that would convince the Turks to ask for an armistice. Lieutenant-General William Birdwood, commanding the inexperienced Australian and New Zealand Army Corps, comprising the Australian Division and two brigades of the New Zealand and Australian Division, was ordered to conduct an amphibious assault on the western side of the Gallipoli Peninsula; the New Zealand and Australian Division also had two mounted brigades assigned to it, but these had been left in Egypt, as it was believed there would be no requirement or opportunities to use mounted troops on the peninsula.

To bring the division up to strength, Hamilton had tried unsuccessfully to get a brigade of Gurkhas attached to them. In total ANZAC strength was 30,638 men; the location chosen for the operation was between the headland of Gaba Tepe and the Fisherman's Hut, three miles to the north. Landing at dawn after a naval gunfire bombardment, the first troops were to seize the lower crests and southern spurs of Hill 971; the second wave would pass them to capture the spur of Hill 971 Mal Tepe. There they would be positioned to cut the enemy's lines of communications to the Kilid Bahr Plateau, thus preventing the Turks from bringing reinforcements from the north to the Kilid Bahr Plateau during the attack by the British 29th Division which would advance from a separate beachhead further south-west; the capture of Mal Tepe was "more vital and valuable than the capture of the Kilid Bahr Plateau itself." Birdwood planned to arrive off the peninsula after the moon had set, with the first troops landing at 03:30, an hour before dawn.

He declined the offer of an old merchant ship, loaded with troops, being deliberately grounded at Gaba Tepe. Instead, the troops were to travel in naval and merchant ships, transferring to rowing boats towed by small steamboats to make the assault. First ashore would be the Australian Division, commanded by Major-General William Bridges; the 3rd Australian Brigade, known as the covering force, were to capture the third ridge from Battleship Hill south along the Sari Bair mountain range to Gaba Tepe. The 2nd Australian Brigade, landing next, were to capture all the Sari Bar range up to Hill 971 on the left; the 26th Jacob's Mountain Battery from the British Indian Army would land next and the 1st Australian Brigade, the division's reserve. The New Zealand and Australian Division, commanded by Major-General Alexander Godley, followed them. Only after the second division had landed would the advance to Mal Tepe begin; the planners had come to the conclusion that the area was sparsely, if at all and that they should be able to achieve their objectives with no problems.

The First World War Ottoman Turkish Army was modelled after the German Imperial Army, with most of its members being conscripted for two years or three years. The pre-war army had 208,000 men in thirty-six divisions, formed into army field armies. On mobilisation each division had three infantry and one artillery regiment for a total of around ten

Lurma Rackley

Lurma M. Rackley is an American author and publicist; the daughter of a civil rights activist, she participated in civil rights demonstrations and was arrested 16 times before she was 13 years old. After college, she became a journalist and a publicist with the Washington, D. C. city government. In 1981, Petey Greene asked her to collaborate with him on his autobiography, recording audiotaped interviews with her shortly before his death. Rackley published her book about Greene in 2004. Rackley is the daughter of civil rights activist Gloria Blackwell, her mother and father got divorced when she and her sister were young and were adopted by her mother's second husband, Larney G. Rackley, a professor at South Carolina State University. Active with her mother in Orangeburg, South Carolina during the Civil Rights Movement, Rackley was arrested sixteen times by the age of 13. Once and her mother missed a court appearance when they used the "whites only" restroom in the courthouse and were arrested. Although an honors student, at the age of 14, she was sentenced to seven years in reform school because of her many arrests as part of the Orangeburg Freedom Movement.

Then-attorney Matthew J. Perry obtained her release; when threatened with reform school, Rackley's mother wanted her to stop protesting, but Rackley refused. She told her mother she couldn't stop when others were putting themselves on the line, so they reached a compromise that neither would picket if the other were in jail. Rackley received a Bachelor of Arts degree from Clark College, now Clark Atlanta University in 1970 and a special Masters degree from the Columbia University School of Journalism that same year, she got her first job after college in late 1970 at The Evening Star, which became The Washington Star. In 1979, she left to work for the city government in Washington, D. C. becoming the press secretary for Washington, D. C. mayor Marion Barry during some of Barry's public struggles. In 1981, Rackley was asked to write an article about Greene for the Washington North Star. After the interview, Greene spoke to her about collaborating with him to write his autobiography. Over the course of a year, they recorded audiotaped interviews.

After Greene's death, interest in publishing the book weakened. Rackley published it herself in 2004. After eleven years of working for the city, Rackley left to work for Hill and Knowlton, a public relations firm, where she was vice president in charge of media relations. After two years, she left to head up the communications department of Amnesty International USA, she worked at Eddie Bauer, where she set up their corporate social responsibility unit. She joined CARE, where she was head of media relations, she now works as a freelance writer. She lives in Atlanta. In late 2011, heirs who were challenging Rumal Rackley as an heir accused him of not being Gil Scott-Heron's son when they said that he had failed a DNA test taken with a relative; the Surrogate Court of New York ruled in December 2018 that the purported test did not count as proof and had no standing. A Surrogate Court Judge ruled that Rumal Rackley is a rightful heir, Gil Scott-Heron's son, named him permanent administrator of Gil Scott-Heron's estate.

</ref> Kenneth Walker, Earl Caldwell, Lurma Rackley, Black American Witness: Reports from the Front. Lion House Publishing. ISBN 1-886446-10-5 Lurma Rackley, Laugh If You Like, Ain't a Damn Thing Funny: The Life Story of Ralph "Petey" Greene as Told to Lurma Rackley, Xlibris ISBN 1-4134-3288-3 Photo by Cecil Williams, Lurma Rackley with her mother, Gloria Blackwell, in 1963, Road Trip! Orangeburg civil rights photos. Retrieved June 6, 2011

Andala Ramudu (2006 film)

Andala Ramudu is a Telugu film released on 11 August 2006 starring Sunil and Aarthi Aggarwal. This film was produced by NV Prasad and Paras Jain; this movie is the remake of Tamil film Sundara Purushan starring Rambha. Ramudu has tremendous love for his cousin Radha right from his childhood. Things go wrong for him, he returns home after twelve years only after his father's death. He accepts his brother born to his step mom. Ramudu's love for Radha remains unchanged. In fact, he returns home after so long time only to marry her. On the contrary, Radha loves another person, Raghu, an orphan and jobless. Radha's father dislikes this. Ignorant of the fact, but with good intention, Ramudu offers a job to Raghu, he learns about the fact and gets despaired. In such a circumstance, Ramudu's brother resolves to unite his brother with Radha and eliminate Ramudu's misery. Ramudu's brother sends him to prison, thus he plays a spoil game in averting marriage between Raghu. In such a distressed condition, Radha's father with no other option remaining pleads with Ramudu to marry Radha.

Ramudu agrees and marries Radha. What happens when Radha learns about the fact later? Will she continue her married life with Ramudu or will she go to Raghu or anything strange happens... The remaining part of the movie is based on these circumstances. Director: P Lakshmi Narayana Screenplay: P Lakshmi Narayana Story: Livingston Dialogues: Ramesh — Gopi Music: SA Raj Kumar Lyrics: Bhuvana Chandra, ES Murthy & Acharya Executive producer: Vakada Appa Rao Producers: NV Prasad & Paras Jain Cinematographer: Sameer Reddy Editing: Nandamuri Hari Art: Kumar Presented by: RB Chowdary Andala Ramudu, an earlier period Telugu film directed by Bapu. Andala Ramudu on IMDb


Crella is a genus of marine demosponges in the family Crellidae. Crella Gray, 1867 Crella Carter, 1869 Crella Topsent, 1890 Crella Topsent, 1890 Crella acanthosclera Crella aceratospiculum Crella affinis Crella akraleitae Crella alba Crella albula Crella atra Crella aurantiaca Bertolino, Calcinai & Pansini, 2009 Crella basispinosa Burton, 1931 Crella beglingerae van Soest, 2009 Crella brasiliensis Moraes, 2011 Crella brunnea Crella caespes Crella carnosa Crella chelifera van Soest, 1984 Crella commensalis Whitelegge, 1906 Crella compressa Crella crassa Crella cyathophora Carter, 1869 Crella digitifera Crella dispar Crella donsi Burton, 1931 Crella elegans Crella erecta Crella fallax Crella fristedti Crella fusifera Sarà, 1969 Crella gelida Crella gerzensteini Crella gracilis Crella guernei Crella hanseni Crella incrustans Crella jaegerskioeldi Alander, 1937 Crella linguifera Crella mammillata Crella mollior Topsent, 1925 Crella nodulosa Sarà, 1959 Crella novaezealandiae Crella papillata Crella papillosa Crella pertusa Crella plana Picton & Goodwin, 2007 Crella polymastia Crella pulvinar Crella pyrula Crella richardi Crella ridleyi Crella rosea Crella rubiginosa Crella schottlaenderi Crella shimonii Pulitzer-Finali, 1993 Crella sigmata Topsent, 1925 Crella spinulata Crella stylifera Hentschel, 1914 Crella topsenti Crella triplex Crella tubifex Crella ula Data related to Crella at Wikispecies Media related to Crella at Wikimedia Commons

Avon Congregational Church

The Avon Congregational Church is a Congregational Church building at 6 West Main Street in Avon, Connecticut. Built in 1819 for a congregation founded in 1754, it is a high-quality example of Federal period architecture, one of the finest works of architect David Hoadley; the building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1972. The congregation is affiliated with the United Church of Christ; the Avon Congregational Church is prominently located in Avon's town center, at the northwest corner of Route 44 and 202. It is a two-story rectangular wood-frame structure, with a projecting entry section and a multistage tower with steeple; the projecting section consists of three bays, separated by two-story Doric pilasters, with an entry and window above in each bay. It is topped by a pedimented modillioned gable; the tower begins with a plain square clapboarded stage, which has a circular panel with a globe motif, is topped by a low balustrade with urned posts. The next stage is an octagonal belfry with louvered round-arch openings separated by pilasters.

The third stage is octagonal but smaller in footprint, is capped by a short spire and weathervane. Each of these stages is surrounded by a low spindled balustrade; the church congregation was organized in 1754. Its first church building, located on the east bank of the Farmington River, was destroyed by fire in 1817; that congregation divided, the present church was completed in 1819 for the western half. The building has been judged one of the finest works of David Hoadley, showing evidence of influence on him by the works of Charles Bulfinch; the church was damaged by fire in 1876, lost part of its steeple in the 1938 New England hurricane. National Register of Historic Places listings in Hartford County, Connecticut Avon Church web site

Medal "For the Liberation of Belgrade"

The Medal "For the Liberation of Belgrade" was a World War II campaign medal of the Soviet Union. It was established on June 9, 1945 by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR to satisfy the petition of the People's Commissariat for Defence of the Soviet Union; the Medal "For the Liberation of Belgrade" was awarded to soldiers of the Red Army and troops of the NKVD, direct participants of the heroic assault and liberation of the city of Belgrade as well as to the organizers and leaders of combat operations in the capture of this city. Award of the medal was made on behalf of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on the basis of documents attesting to actual participation in the liberation of Belgrade. Serving military personnel received the medal from their unit commander, retirees from military service received the medal from a regional, municipal or district military commissioner in the recipient's community; the Medal "For the Liberation of Belgrade" was worn on the left side of the chest and in the presence of other awards of the USSR, was located after the Medal "For the Capture of Berlin".

If worn in the presence of Orders or medals of the Russian Federation, the latter have precedence. The Medal "For the Liberation of Belgrade" was a 32mm in diameter circular brass medal with a raised rim on the obverse. On its obverse along the entire medal circumference, a laurel wreath split only at the top by a small five pointed star, within the wreath, along its upper inner circumference, the relief inscription "FOR THE LIBERATION", at lower center just above the wreath, the horizontal relief inscription " OF BELGRADE". On the reverse at the top, a relief plain five pointed star over the relief date in three rows "20 OCTOBER 1944"; the Medal "For the Liberation of Belgrade" was secured by a ring through the medal suspension loop to a standard Soviet pentagonal mount covered by a 24mm wide green silk moiré ribbon with 8mm wide black central stripe. The individuals below were all recipients of the Medal "For the Liberation of Belgrade". Marshal of the Soviet Union Fyodor Ivanovich Tolbukhin Marshal of the Soviet Union Sergey Semyonovich Biryuzov Sapper Vladimir Fedorovich Chekalov Army General Semion Pavlovich Ivanov Awards and decorations of the Soviet Union Belgrade Offensive Belgrade Legal Library of the USSR