SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Landline

A landline telephone is a phone that uses a metal wire or optical fiber telephone line for transmission as distinguished from a mobile cellular line, which uses radio waves for transmission. In 2003, the CIA World Factbook reported 1.263 billion main telephone lines worldwide. China had more than any other country at 350 million and the United States was second with 268 million; the United Kingdom had 23.7 million residential fixed home phones. The 2013 statistics show that the total number of fixed-telephone subscribers in the world was about 1.26 billion. The number of landline subscribers continuously decreases due to upgrades in digital technology and the conveniences that come with switching to wireless or Internet-based alternatives. A fixed phone line can be hard-wired or cordless and refers to the operation of wireless devices or systems in fixed locations such as homes. Fixed wireless devices derive their electrical power from the utility mains electricity, unlike mobile wireless or portable wireless, which tend to be battery-powered.

Although mobile and portable systems can be used in fixed locations and bandwidth are compromised compared with fixed systems. Mobile or portable, battery-powered wireless systems can be used as emergency backups for fixed systems in case of a power blackout or natural disaster; the term landline is used to describe a connection between two or more points that consists of a dedicated physical cable, as opposed to an always-available private link, implemented as a circuit in a wired switched system. So-called leased lines are invariably of the latter type. For example, a military headquarters might be linked to front-line units "by landline" to ensure that communication remains possible if the conventional telephone network is damaged or destroyed. Another example of this is in airports. All air traffic control towers have dedicated lines connected to the police, fire department, army, etc. Deployed as a precaution in case of emergency, these can be used at any time. In many countries the landline has not been available to most people.

In some countries in Africa, the rise in cell phones has outpaced any rise in landline telephones. Between 1998 and 2008, Africa added only 2.4 million landlines. During this same time the number of mobile phone lines that have been subscribed to has skyrocketed. Between 2000 and 2008, cell phone use has risen from fewer than 2 in 100 people to 33 out of 100, it is more difficult to install landline copper wires to every user, than it is to install mobile wireless towers that people can connect to from anywhere. There has been substantial decline of landline phones in Indian subcontinent, in urban and more in rural areas. In the early 21st century, the landline telephone has declined due to the advancement of mobile network technology and the obsolescence of the old copper wire networking; these metallic networks will be deemed out of date and replaced by more efficient broadband and fiber optic landline connections extending to rural areas and places where telecommunication was much more sparse.

Some see this happening as soon as the year 2025. In 2004, only about 45% of people in the United States between the ages of 12 and 17 owned cell phones. At that time, they had to rely on landline telephones. In just 4 years' time, that percentage climbed to about 71%; that same year, about 77 % of adults owned a mobile phone. In the year 2013, 91% of adults in the United States owned a mobile phone. 60% of those with a mobile had a smartphone. A National Health Interview Survey of 19,956 households by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released May 4, 2017 showed only 45.9 percent of U. S. households still had landlines. Over 39 percent had both. In Canada, more than one in five of households use cell phones as their only source for telephone service. In 2013, statistics showed. Households that are owned by members under the age of 35 have a higher percentage of exclusive cell phone use. In 2013, 60% of young household owners claimed to only use cell phones. Many of the consumer protections which regulators apply to incumbent landline providers, such as restrictions against cutting off subscribers without notice, do not apply to competing communication services such as cable modems and voice over IP.

Plain old telephone service Local loop Last mile Telephone Field telephone

Veterans Awards

The Veterans Awards known as the Vettys, is an annual award ceremony presented by the Academy of United States Veterans. The awards honor members of the veteran community in the United States in various categories, such as leadership and education; the Vettys was founded and established by a combat veterans of the United States Army, Assal Ravandi in 2015. The 2018 awards were hosted by Jake Tapper. Celebrities such as Shohreh Aghdashloo, Montel Williams, Anne Heche, Mike Vogel and Sophia Pernas attended; the event was attended by White House Chief of Staff John Kelly and Senator Dan Sullivan. In 2019 Jake Tapper returned to host the 4th Vettys at the historic Watergate Hotel. Celebrity presenters included Academy Awards winning actor, Casey Affleck, Emmy winning actress, Shohreh Aghdashloo and Ian Bohen. Nate Boyer hosted the nominees reception the night before the ceremony; the Fourth Annual Veterans Awards was held on January 20, 2019, feature awards in the categories of Lifetime Achievement, Veterans Choice, Mental Health, the Lt. Michael P. Murphy Award, Leadership, LGTBQ, Veteran Homelessness, Women Veterans, Art of Impact.

The ceremony will be held at the Watergate Hotel. The 3rd Annual Vettys was covered by both local and national media

Newark Charter School

Newark Charter School is a public charter school located in Newark, Delaware that serves children from kindergarten to twelfth grade. 2,330 students were enrolled in the school for the 2016-17 school year. The school uses the Core Knowledge curriculum. Newark Charter School's charter was approved by the Delaware State Board of Education in April 2000, the middle school opened in September 2001. Shortly after the school opened, their students voted "the Patriot" as their mascot after the September 11 attacks; the charter was renewed in June 2004. An elementary school was opened in August 2007, the charter was once again renewed in January 2010. In April 2012, the Delaware state board of education voted unanimously to allow the addition of a high school, which made Newark Charter the state's first K-12 charter school. Newark Charter High School is located in the former Lear Corporation factory, which made car seats for the now closed Chrysler Newark Assembly plant. There were openings for 162 ninth graders in fall 2013, with another grade added each year.

The school joined the Diamond State Athletic Conference in the 2015-2016 school year. The school was named a National Blue Ribbon School by the United States Department of Education in 2010, in 2016 in the "Exemplary High Performing Schools" performance category; the school was named a Top Workplace in Delaware by The News Journal in 2011, 2012, 2014, 2015, 2016. The school was selected by the College Board in 2015 to implement their AP Capstone Program; the Newark Charter Unified Flag Football team won back to back state championships in 2016 and 2017. The Newark Charter Girls Swim Team has won the DIAA Division II championship for the past two seasons. Official website School Profile, Delaware Department of Education