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Lands of the Hungarian Crown

The "Lands of the Hungarian Crown" were the territories that the King of Hungary ruled nominally or absolutely. They are distinct from the Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen, which denominates the Lands of the Hungarian Crown as a constituent part of the territory of Austria-Hungary during the totality of the subordination of Hungary to Austria-Hungary, from 30 March 1867 – 16 November 1918; therefore the Lands of the Hungarian Crown constituted part of the Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen. St. King Ladislaus I used the title of "King of Slavonia" in 1091. In 1102, during the reign of King Coloman of Hungary, the Kingdom of Croatia entered a dynastic union with the Kingdom of Hungary, thereby Croatia became an autonomous kingdom within Hungary and subject to the Hungarian Crown; therefore successive Hungarian kings bore the additional title of "King of Croatia and Dalmatia". In 1136, King Béla II invaded the Bosnia for the first time and initiated the long enduring subjection of Bosnia to the Hungarian Crown.

Although it was a part of the Hungarian Crown Lands, the Banate of Bosnia was a de facto independent state for much of its history. In 1137, King Béla II assumed the title of "King of Rama" to signify his rule of Bosnia, "Rama" being the name of a river in Bosnia, his successors were so styled. King Béla II instituted the inferior title of "Duke of Bosnia" as an honorary title for his adult son King Ladislaus II. After Stefan Nemanja and his son Vukan Nemanjić swore fealty to King Emeric, he assumed the title of King of Serbia in 1202; the Principality of Halych was annexed to the Lands of the Hungarian Crown during the reign of King Andrew II, who adopted the title of "King of Galicia". Successive kings bore the alternative title of "King of Lodomeria and Galicia", "Lodomeria" denominating the city of Volodymyr-Volynskyi. Béla IV of Hungary began expansionist politics towards Cumania, he promoted Christian missions among the pagan Cumans who dwelled in the plains south of the Carpathians. In 1228, he established the Diocese of Cumania, under the jurisdiction of the Archbishopric of Esztergom.

Local chieftains acknowledged his suzerainty and he adopted the title of King of Cumania in 1233. King Stephen V conquered territory in Bulgaria, received its local nobles as his vassals, thereafter bore the title of "King of Bulgaria". Between 1526 and 1541 Hungary disintegrated into three parts. From the 16th century, Hungary proper and Transylvania were the three regna of the Crown; these lands became more and more autonomous during the centuries. In the 18th century, the Lands of the Hungarian Crown consisted of the Kingdom of Hungary, the Kingdom of Croatia and the Kingdom of Slavonia with the city of Fiume, the Grand Principality of Transylvania, the Croatian Military Frontier, the Slavonian Military Frontier, the Serbian-Hungarian military frontiers. Galicia was acquired by the Habsburgs in the name of the Hungarian Crown, however it was not attached to Hungary. During the Hungarian Revolution of 1848 the Hungarian government proclaimed in the April Laws of 1848 that Transylvania became integrated into Hungary, after the fall of the revolution, the March Constitution of Austria defined that the Principality of Transylvania as being a separate crown land, independent of Hungary.

In 1867, the Crown's two regna Transylvania and Hungary were reunited in the process of the creation of Austria-Hungary, however Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia kept and improved its position as an autonomous realm within the Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen. In 1881 Croatian and Slavonian military frontiers were united with Croatia-Slavonia. After World War One, Transylvania was ceded to Romania and Croatia formed the State of Slovenes and Serbs; the city of Fiume became. Territories of south-Hungarian counties in Banat, Bácska and Baranya as a Province of Banat, Bačka and Baranja became part of the Kingdom of Serbs and Slovenes. Fine, John Van Antwerp Jr.. The Early Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Sixth to the Late Twelfth Century. Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Press. Fine, John Van Antwerp Jr.. The Late Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Late Twelfth Century to the Ottoman Conquest. Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Press. Klaić, Nada. Srednjovjekovna Bosna.

Zagreb: Eminex. ISBN 953-6112-05-1

Thomas R. Cundari

Thomas R. Cundari is regents professor of chemistry at the University of North Texas and co-director of the Center for Advanced Scientific Computing and Modeling. Dr. Cundari received his B. S. in 1986 from Pace University in New York City and his Ph. D. in 1990 from the University of Florida. From 1990–1991 he was a postdoctoral fellow at North Dakota State University. After serving 11 years on the faculty at the University of Memphis, Dr. Cundari joined the UNT faculty in Fall, 2002. Dr. Cundari is one of two co-editors of Reviews in Computational Chemistry, the foremost monograph series in the field, he is on the editorial board of Journal of Molecular Structure: THEOCHEM. Tom Cundari was chosen to participate in one of the 46 funded Energy Frontier Research Centers; the project is led by Prof. T. Brent Gunnoe; the UNT team will work with leading researchers from the University of Virginia, Yale University, Princeton University, the California Institute of Technology, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, the Scripps Research Institute, Brigham Young University, Colorado School of Mines, the University of Maryland to identify novel catalysts for meeting the U.

S.'s energy needs. The UNT team along with groups at BYU and Caltech will provide the lead in modeling and simulation research within this EFRC, entitled "Center for Catalytic Hydrocarbon Functionalization"

Overtone flute

An overtone flute is a type of a flute, designed to play in the upper harmonics well above the two or three harmonics that are the practical limit for most woodwind instruments. An overtone flute has either no tone holes, or few tone holes for a woodwind instrument. To make melodies, one plays it high into the overtone series. One series of harmonics is achieved by overblowing with the end of the tube open and another is achieved with the end closed; this means. Overtone flute tubes have a long resonating chamber compared to their inner diameter or cross sectional area, which encourages the instrument to resonate in the higher harmonics. An overtone flute in the key of G, with an inner diameter of 1", will require more effort to play higher harmonics than an overtone flute in the same key, with an inner diameter of 1/2". For example, a ratio of 1: 30 - Inner Diameter: Length allows for high harmonics to be played with little effort. Kalyuka - Russian and Ukrainian overtone flute. Traditionally, the Kalyuka was constructed from the Borshevik branch.

Because of the fragile nature of the branch, the instrument was played seasonally. Tylynka/ Tilinkó /Tilinca - Ukrainian/Hutsul and Romanian overtone flute. Willow flute - Scandinavian flute Fujara - a Slovak flute. Known as the "Shepherd's Flute", the Fujara was developed over many years by shepherds in Slovakia and Poland; the Fujara incorporates. There are three playing holes, the full scale is played by overblowing from the 4th of the scale, to the 5th. Koncovka - Slovak Overtone flute with a fipple; the Koncovka is similar to the Kalyuka. The Koncovka is constructed with a fipple. Choctaw overtone flute Natural trumpet, brass overtone instrument

Ruth and Latrobe Carroll

Ruth Crombie Robinson Carroll and "Archer" Latrobe Carroll were an American married couple that created children's books illustrated by Ruth. They received the Juvenile Award of the American Association of University Women, North Carolina chapter, in 1953 for Peanut and in 1955 for Digby the Only Dog, they lived in North Carolina. In the U. S. Library of Congress Catalog, the five earliest records of works by Ruth Carroll are for solo picture books published from 1932 to 1937; the earliest is, a story without words. The earliest joint work in the catalog is Flight of the Silver Bird, 94 pp. LCCN 39-29403. About 20 of their books were covered by Kirkus Reviews beginning with Scuffles, the subject of a starred blurb in 1943; the Tatum series features a boy, Beanie Tatum, pet dog Tough Enough, their family, who live in the Smoky Mountains. The last four of six Tatum books were starred in Kirkus Reviews. Beanie Tough Enough Tough Enough's Trip Tough Enough's Pony Tough Enough and Sassy Tough Enough's Indians Ruth's latest work in LC Catalog is a picture book written with Latrobe, the elephant dog, 48 pp. LCCN 75-6017, featuring a dog employed by a one-ring circus.

Ruth and Latrobe Carroll Papers, 1952–1960 at The University of North Carolina at Greensboro Search:'ruth latrobe carroll' at Kirkus Reviews Latrobe Carroll at Library of Congress Authorities, with 30 catalog records Ruth Carroll at LC Authorities, with 50 records 1932–1975 Latrobe and Ruth Carroll at WorldCat

Louis T. Moore

Louis Toomer Moore, was a prominent preservationist, historian and civic promoter in coastal North Carolina. Born in Wilmington, NC, on May 17, 1885, Moore was a son of Roger Moore, an officer in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. Louis T. Moore was educated in the Wilmington public schools and at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. While at UNC, Moore served as a corresponding journalist for the Raleigh Evening News, wrote articles for the Daily Tar Heel student paper, served as Chief Cheerer for UNC athletic events. After finishing college in 1906, Moore returned to Wilmington and became City Editor of the Wilmington Dispatch. During World War I, a paralyzed foot from a polio inflection disqualified Moore from service in the armed forces. On July 1, 1921, Moore was appointed executive secretary of the Wilmington Chamber of Commerce, a position he held until 1941. In 1929 and 1930, Moore secured weekly broadcasts over KDKA radio in Pittsburgh to promote Wilmington and the North Carolina highway system.

He published articles about Wilmington in magazines such as Popular Mechanics, Better Homes and Gardens and Literary Digest. Moore took over 1,000 panoramic pictures during the 1930s. Moore lobbied for a modern ferry system for the coastal areas, a deeper port for Wilmington, a protected inland passage on the US East Coast for shipping. Moore was a champion of the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad headquartered in Wilmington. Moore was a strong conservationist who pushed efforts to preserve the environment of Southeastern North Carolina. Moore worked to stop the cutting of Wilmington's live oaks by developers and city officials, taking his fight to the North Carolina State Legislature in Raleigh, North Carolina. From 1941 until his death in 1961, Moore continued to research and protect the historical integrity and natural beauty of his hometown. Moore published many historical essays and articles, which were quoted and reprinted without him receiving a byline or any other credit, his photos were printed in newspapers and postcards across the country.

Moore published a book entitled Stories Old and New of the Cape Fear Region, in 1956, authored several brochures during his retirement. For his last 14 years, Moore headed the Wilmington Historical Commission. In 1960, he received the Charles A. Cannon Cup award from the North Carolina Society for the Preservation of Antiquities. Louis T. Moore died on November 30, 1961. In 2001, the book Wilmington Through the Lens of Louis T. Moore was published. Susan Taylor Block, Wilmington Through the Lens of Louis T. Moore. Lower Cape Fear Historical Society and New Hanover County Public Library, 2001. Susan Taylor Block, "Out on a Limb." Wrightsville Beach Magazine, March 2009

Westcott House (Springfield, Ohio)

The Westcott House is a Frank Lloyd Wright-designed Prairie Style house in Springfield, Ohio. The house was built in 1908 for Mr. Burton J. Westcott, his wife Orpha, their family; the Westcott property is the only Prairie style house designed by Wright in the state of Ohio. The grounds include a garage with stables connected by an extensive pergola. In 1903, as part of a merger, Burton J. Westcott came to Springfield, Ohio as Treasurer of The American Seeding Machine Company, he would hold the position for 21 years. In 1916, Burton brought the Westcott Motor Car Company to Springfield, from Richmond, Indiana, he was president of the company until 1925. Wright designed a detached garage which included a design for a large turntable, similar to at a railroad yard; the garage included two pony stables and was connected to the main house by a pergola. Burton's wife, was from Hamilton, Ohio; the Westcotts had two children: Jeanne born in Richmond, Indiana, in 1895, John born in Springfield, Ohio, in 1903.

Orpha L. Westcott was considered one of Springfield, Ohio's most prominent and progressive women, is credited with suggesting the selection of Frank Lloyd Wright as the architect for their new home. In 1918, the Westcotts built the only addition to their home, a summer porch on the second floor and a room below in keeping with the original design of the Prairie style architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright. By 1920, Jennie was no longer living in the Westcott House, their wedding was held at the house. The only other residents of the house were a cook named Nora and a housemaid named Margaret, both middle-aged and from Ireland; the 1920s proved to be unhappy years for the Westcott family. Orpha died in April 1923 following a minor surgical procedure in Philadelphia. At the same time Burton's company was failing, he resigned as treasurer of the American Seeding Machine Company in order to invest more time for the failing Westcott Motor Car Company. Attempts to save the ailing car company had exhausted his finances.

With no other option Burton sold out. The severe stress in his life took its toll on his health. In 1926 at 57 years of age, he died in his home on East High Street while under the care of his sister from Richmond, Indiana. Funeral services were held at the Westcott residence. Burton J. Westcott was a true leader, Renaissance man, a manufacturing pioneer of the 20th century. Following the death of Burton in 1926, the Westcott House was sold to Roscoe Pierce, he lived in the house until his death in 1941. Eva Linton bought the house in 1944, she subsequently sub-divided the main house into five apartments. Linton had the stables remodeled, adding a kitchen and bathroom, converted the garage into her place of residence. Over the next 37 years the house fell into a state of decline. Eva Linton died in 1980, her estate was passed to her niece Dorothy Jane Snyder. Dorothy inherited the property in 1981 and maintained it until 1988 when she sold it to her son Ken Snyder and his wife Sherri. In 1991, Ken died unexpectedly in a car accident.

Sherri struggled to manage and maintain the house until she sold the house in 2000. The Frank Lloyd Wright Building Conservancy acquired the decaying Westcott House from Mrs. Snyder for $300,000 through the use of their Lewis-Haines revolving loan program, as part of the predefined purchase arrangement the house was subsequently sold on May 11, 2001, to the newly formed non-profit The Westcott House Foundation; the Westcott House Foundation was organized by devoted group of Springfield preservationists and benefactors, bolstered with a multi-year $3.5 million grant from the local Turner Foundation, they bought the house from the Conservancy and committed to restore the all-but-lost historic residence. Chambers and Burge of Akron and Schooley Caldwell Associates of Columbus, were secured to be the lead architectural firms for the project; the nearly 5-year, $5.8 million, restoration of the Westcott House was completed in 2005, was governed by goals and objectives set forth by the Westcott House Foundation and the Frank Lloyd Wright Building Conservancy.

More than four hundred architects, engineers and volunteers contributed to the effort. The Westcott House opened to the public on October 15, 2005; as of 2019, the Westcott House Foundation sponsors a lecture series, an array of educational programs for student and educators, design exhibits, immersive art/multi-media events, design workshops, social activities. The foundation strives to promote a greater understanding of Frank Lloyd Wright architecture about Wright's concept of organic architecture, design process thinking, design education. Guided tours are offered Wednesdays through Sundays. Westcott House Foundation Various Photos Of The Westcott House In Springfield, Ohio