click links in text for more info

Morris H. DeGroot

Morris Herman DeGroot was an American statistician. Born in Scranton, Pennsylvania, DeGroot graduated from Roosevelt University and earned master's and doctor's degrees from the University of Chicago. DeGroot joined Carnegie Mellon in 1957 and became a University Professor, the school's highest faculty position, he was the founding editor of the review journal Statistical Science. He edited four volumes and authored over one hundred papers. Most of his research was on the theory of rational decision-making under uncertainty, his Optimal Statistical Decisions, published in 1970, is still recognized as one of the great books in the field. His courses on statistical decision theory taught at Carnegie-Mellon influenced Edward C. Prescott and Robert Lucas, Jr. influential figures in the development of new classical macroeconomics and real business-cycle theory. DeGroot's undergraduate text and Statistics, published in 1975, is recognized as a classic textbook. DeGroot, M. H. & M. J. Schervish and Statistics, 4th Ed, Pearson, ISBN 978-0-3215-0046-5 DeGroot, M.

H. & M. J. Schervish, Student Solutions Manual for Probability and Statistics, Pearson, ISBN 978-0-3217-1598-2 DeGroot, M. H. and M. J. Schervish. Probability and Statistics. Addison-Wesley. ISBN 978-0-201-52488-8. DeGroot, M. H. Probability and Statistics, 2nd Ed, Addison-Wesley, ISBN 978-0-2011-1366-2 DeGroot, Morris H. Optimal Statistical Decisions. Wiley Classics Library. 2004. ISBN 0-471-68029-X. DeGroot, M. H. S. E. Fienberg & J. B. Kadane and the Law, Wiley, ISBN 978-0-4710-5538-9 DeGroot, M. H. and R. M. Cyert. Bayesian Analysis and Uncertainty in Economic Theory. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 978-0-8476-7471-8. DeGroot was elected fellow of the American Statistical Association, the Institute of Mathematical Statistics, the International Statistical Institute, the Econometric Society and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. ISBA's DeGroot Prize is named for him. Becker–DeGroot–Marschak method "Biography of Morris H. DeGroot", Statistical Science, Vol. 6, No. 1. Pp. 3–14. "Morris DeGroot, 58, A Statistics Professor", The New York Times, November 3, 1989.

Morris H. DeGroot at the Mathematics Genealogy Project

Anglo-Ottoman Convention of 1913

The Anglo-Ottoman Convention of 1913 was an agreement between the Sublime Porte of the Ottoman Empire and the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland which defined the limits of Ottoman jurisdiction in the area of the Persian Gulf with respect to Kuwait, Qatar and the Shatt al-‘Arab. Signed, but never ratified, the long-lasting impact of the agreement was that of the status of Kuwait. Informal negotiations began on 29 July 1911 in a British memorandum sent to the Ottoman Government. By this time, it seemed that the terminus for the German funded and engineered Baghdad Railway would be situated in Kuwait. Kuwait had been under Ottoman administration since 1871 and in 1875 was included in the Basra Vilayet, yet Ottoman rule was nominal. Although the sheikhdom now fell under the Empire’s jurisdiction, no Ottoman official was stationed in Kuwait. Influence over Kuwait was crucial to British foreign policy in the Persian Gulf with regard to commerce and strategic interests concerning India.

To the British, further extension of the railway line meant further expansion of Ottoman influence, the current administration—already emboldened by the “Young Turk” regime—desired to reestablish effective control over its empire south of Kuwait. Worse was the possible encroachment of other European powers. In the proposed memorandum, the British therefore sought to regularize the 1901 Status Quo agreement, with the added refinement of a clear definition of Kuwait’s boundaries to Britain’s advantage. Although at times deadlocked, negotiations communicated via memorandums continued on a quid pro quo basis in which the British had the advantage; the waning influence of Istanbul in the Gulf forced it to make concessions without much to gain in return. The Ottoman Empire had faced a number of setbacks in the last few decades—a few of its provinces achieved independence, some were annexed by other countries, or many lost in conflict—and for internal political reasons it may have seemed important to maintain Kuwait as part of the empire if only symbolically.

The Ottomans felt that making this agreement would ensure British support on other more pressing issues, such as dealing with invasion by other European powers and conflicts in other parts of the Ottoman Empire. Furthermore, British pressures led the Ottomans to abandon the proposed extension of the railway line to Kuwait and instead opt for a Basra terminus. Plans for a Basra terminus created a new series of demands on behalf of the British, including the Ottoman renunciation of Qatar, delineating its role in the wider Persian Gulf waters. Britain had wanted to conclude agreements with Sheikh of Qatar Jasim al-Thani about illicit arms traffic and maritime peace, sought to formally establish its dominance in the Gulf. By 6 May 1913 Britain and the Ottoman Empire initialed the compromise and the Anglo-Ottoman Convention was signed on 29 July 1913 two years after the first memorandum; the Anglo-Ottoman Convention was only part of a wider bargaining process and the complexities of the competing European commercial interests in the region prevented its ratification.

Russia and Germany had been pressing the Ottoman government for railway concessions. Ratification was further complicated by the fact that most of the Powers themselves were engaged in bilateral negotiations with the Ottoman Empire, just as the British had done with this Convention. Attempts to obtain oil concessions from the Ottoman government added to the complexity of commercial arrangements; the Ottomans and British emerged as enemies within months of the Anglo-Ottoman Convention of 1913, as the outbreak of World War I diminished any hope left for ratification. Section I of the convention comprised ten articles concerning the status of Kuwait, its territorial boundaries, it included contradictory provisions in that the British acknowledged Kuwait as an autonomous provincial sub-district of the Ottoman Empire within the drawn green-zone and pledged to not establish a protectorate, while the Ottoman Empire recognized the validity of agreements that had made Kuwait a British protectorate except by name and recognized Kuwait as an independent entity within the drawn red-zone.

According to the agreement, Kuwait constituted “an autonomous kaza of the Ottoman Empire,” thereby recognizing Sheikh Mubarak al-Sabah as ruler of Kuwait as well as kaymakam. Kuwait was listed as such because the Ottomans and British interpretations of “sovereignty” and “suzerainty” differed in their counter-drafts and so both terms were omitted in the final draft; as it was an “autonomous” kaza, the Ottoman government agreed to refrain from interfering in the affairs of Kuwait, “including the question of succession, from any administrative as well as any occupation or military act.” It allowed for the use of the Ottoman flag with the option to inscribe the word “Kuwait” on it. The agreement identified the territories of Kuwait as two different regions, demarcated in red and green on a map annexed to the convention; the red line, as it is referred to, demarcated the region in which the sheikh was to have “complete administrative autonomy.” This region was formed by “a semicircle with the town of Kuwayt in the center, the Khawr al-Zubayr at the northern extremity and al-Qurrayin at the southern extremity”.

This included the surrounding islands of Warba an

Empowerment Plan

The Empowerment Plan is an American humanitarian organization, located in Milwaukee Junction, Michigan. The organization works to address homelessness by providing jobs to homeless women, by manufacturing a coat, given to homeless individuals in need; the Empowerment Plan was established as a 5013 nonprofit corporation in 2011, by Veronika Scott, a student at the College for Creative Studies in Detroit. Beginning as a school project, Scott designed the sleeping bag coat, called "Element S" from the Tyvek home insulation and wool army blankets to help the homeless population of Detroit in two ways: By providing making warm, durable coats suitable for the below freezing temperatures throughout the winter months and by helping to train and employ them; as of December 2015, the organization had trained and employed 30 homeless women and made and distributed over 10,000 coats for homeless people. Production per coat costs $100. Where else in the world, but Detroit? It's the Wild West of Creativity.

If our job that we want isn't here, isn't being offered, we make it here for ourselves. We can drastically change our environment and the community around us, here in Detroit, we're doing that all the time. Veronika Scott, via TEDx Detroit To get to the production phase, the Empowerment Plan relied on the apparel company Carhartt; the Empowerment Plan receives support from numerous Detroit-based companies, including The Women's Foundation, ACME Mills, along with insulation materials donated by GM. The production studio was first located in Detroit. One of many organizations at the non-profit Ponyride, a non-profit where space is rented to makers and entrepreneurs with a social mission for about 20% of comparable market value, it has since graduated from Ponyride and moved to a larger space in the Detroit neighborhood Milwaukee Junction in order to expand operations. According to Scott, during the creation of the project, she was told over and over that her idea would never succeed - not because the person running it had no business experience, but because the homeless women she hired would not be "capable."

Says Scott, "Everyday I enjoy proving that the homeless women I hire are powerful and driven. I am so privileged to be a part of their lives." In 2015, Empowerment Plan worked with Chicago-based musician and activist Chancelor Bennett, or Chance the Rapper, on an initiative to raise money to bring the Empowerment Plan's coats to Chicago's homeless. In 2010, Veronika Scott was invited to the UN to speak as a young woman change-maker, in 2011 by the Clinton Global Initiative, part of the Clinton Foundation, to speak on her drive to create The Empowerment Plan. In 2012, Veronika Scott was awarded the JFK New Frontiers Award from the John F. Kennedy Library Foundation, she is the youngest person to have received the honor. In 2012, Scott spoke via the Tedx Traverse City forum as well as Tedx Detroit. Official website


Ugramm is a 2014 Indian Kannada-language action thriller film directed by Prashanth Neel and produced under the banner Inkfinite Pictures with his brother Pradeep Neel as the executive producer. It stars Srimurali and Haripriya as the lead pair, supported by Thilak Shekar, Atul Kulkarni, Jai Jagadish and others. Bhuvan Gowda was the Cinematographer while Ravi Varman was a guest cinematographer, who worked for the first time in a Kannada film, it completed a run of 150 days. Following good response from critics, the film was considered one of the best in Kannada in 2014. A sequel to the film titled Ugramm Veeram to be made in 2015, was announced by Srimurali in July 2014, it was remade in 2016 in Odia as Agastya starring Anubhav Mohanty. Prabhakara and Shivarudralingaiah family has a Clash from long time. Prabhakara's daughter Nithya returning from Australia to India for her mother's grave but attacked by goons. Meanwhile, Agastya saves her from goons. Agastya Born and raised in Mughor alongwith his friend Baala.

Mughor is ruled by bloodridden underworld. Agastya and Baala steps into underworld to control Mughor, their difference paths creates clash between them. At the end, Agastya leaves mughor and lives peacefully with his mother, and film ends Srimurali as Agasthya Haripriya as Nitya Tilak Shekar as Baala Atul Kulkarni as Dheeraj Avinash as Shivarudralingaiah Jai Jagadish as Prabhakara Padmaja Rao as Agasthya's Mother Mithra as Malla Ugramm was the first film to be shot outside the Bharat Gold Mines Limited cyanide dumps at Kolar Gold Fields. The other locations where the film was shot at include Chintamani, Mysore, Gargeshwari and Bangalore. Eight different cameras were used to suit different locations; the music for the film and soundtracks were composed by Ravi Basrur with lyrics written by Ram Narayan, S. Sarvesh and Basrur; the soundtrack has six songs. Reviewing the soundtrack album, Kavya Christopher of The Times of India wrote, "Apart from the title track – Ugramm Veeram – which rightfully captures the essence of the title, translating to aggression, the rest of the numbers take you into a romantic journey of dream sequences that many stories try to rely on to bring in some breathing space in an otherwise adrenaline-packed plot."

The trailer of the film was released on YouTube on 25 November 2013 and received positive responses from filmgoers and impressed a section of the Kannada film fraternity. Srimurali promoted the film in various shopping malls and places such as Tumkur, Gulbarga and other towns, he uploaded pictures with his fans on a regular basis on social networking sites. The film made its theatrical release on 21 February 2014 in 142 theaters across Karnataka. Two shows of the film have been organised in Australia on 18 May, his dear friend Darshan helped Sri Murali during release as director Prashant Neel met with a major accident while traveling from Chennai Upon its theatrical release, Ugramm received positive reviews from critics who praised the performances, the screenplay, the cinematography and the direction. B. S. Srivani of Deccan Herald wrote of the film, "The screenplay is a beauty.. and dialogues.. Do their job well." And concluded writing, "An overdose of violence to simple-minded families, however, is a treat for those looking for instant kicks."

A. Sharadhaa of The New Indian Express wrote, "This is a landmark gangster film that balances commercial elements with a stirring screenplay." and concluded writing, " A well-made film, Ugramm is full of action and fleshed out characters." Shyam Prasad S. of Bangalore Mirror gave the film a rating out 3/5 and wrote, "The film is technically brilliant, but what it lacks is a style to the excessive energy, drummed up." Ugramm opened at the box-office and collected 30 crore in Karnataka after its first week of release. It completed a 150-day run in theatres in Karnataka. Ugramm on IMDb Ugramm on FilmySphere

As the crow flies

As the crow flies, similar to in a beeline, is an idiom for the most direct path between two points. This meaning is attested from the early 19th century, appeared in Charles Dickens's novel Oliver Twist: We cut over the fields at the back with him between us – straight as the crow flies – through hedge and ditch. According to BBC Focus, "'As the crow flies' is a pretty common saying but it isn't accurate". Crows do not swoop in the air like swallows or starlings, but they circle above their nests. Crows do conspicuously fly alone across open country, but neither crows nor bees fly in straight lines. Before modern navigational methods were introduced, crows were kept upon ships and released when land was sought. Crows instinctively fly towards land. Geodesic Great-circle distance Vogelfluglinie Dundes, Alan. "As the Crow Flies: A Straightforward Study of Lineal Worldview in American Folk Speech". In Lau, Kimberley J.. What Goes Around Comes Around: The Circulation of Proverbs in Contemporary Life.

Utah State University Press. Pp. 171–187. ISBN 978-0-87421-592-2. Winfield, Charles H.. Adjudged Words and Phrases: Being a Collection of Adjudicated Definitions of Terms Used in the Law, with References to Authorities. Jersey City, NJ: J. J. Griffiths. P. 45. OCLC 3364516. as the crow flies. "As the crow flies" The Phrase Finder. "As the crow flies" World Wide Words