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Larceny

Larceny is a crime involving the unlawful taking or theft of the personal property of another person or business. It was an offence under the common law of England and became an offence in jurisdictions which incorporated the common law of England into their own law, where in many cases it remains in force; the crime of larceny has been abolished in England and Wales, Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland due to breaking up the generalised crime of larceny into the specific crimes of burglary, fraud and related crimes. However, larceny remains an offence in parts of the United States, in New South Wales, involving the taking and carrying away of personal property; the word "larceny" is a late Middle English word, from the Anglo-Norman word larcin, "theft". Its probable Latin root is latrocinium, a derivative of latro, "robber". In the state of New South Wales, the common law offence of larceny is punishable with up to 5 years' imprisonment. Whilst section 117 of the New South Wales Crimes Act specifies the punishment for larceny, it is silent on the elements of the offence, leaving them to be articulated by the common law.

The leading authority on larceny in NSW is the High Court of Australia case of Ilich v R. This case stipulates the mens rea and actus reus elements required to be proven by the prosecution for a successful conviction; the common law offence of larceny was abolished on 1 August 2002. However, proceedings for larceny committed before its abolition are not affected by this; the common law offence of larceny was codified by the Larceny Act 1916. It was abolished on 1 January 1969, for all purposes not relating to offences committed before that date, it has been replaced by the broader offence of theft under section 1 of the Theft Act 1968. This offence did incorporate some of the substance of larceny; the common law offence of larceny was abolished on 1 August 1969, for all purposes not relating to offences committed before that date. It has been replaced by the broader offence of theft under section 1 of the Theft Act 1969. Larceny laws in the United States have their roots in common law, pursuant to which larceny involves the trespassory taking and carrying away of the tangible personal property of another with the intent to permanently deprive the owner of its possession.

Larceny is now codified as a statutory crime in all U. S. jurisdictions. Under many states' larceny statutes, including California, larceny can include the taking of "money, labor, or real or personal property." Larceny is a crime against possession. Furthermore, it has two elements which must be met: the actual taking of the property if momentarily, the culpable intent to deprive another of their property. Larceny involves the trespassory taking of property from possession of another, with the intent to permanently deprive the owner of that property. To understand larceny, one must understand the distinction between possession. A person has possession of property when he has actual physical control over the property or he has the right to exercise considerable control over the disposition or use of the property. A person has custody if he has actual physical control of the property, but the person who has constructive possession has restricted the custodian's right to use the property. Examples of custody would be a store customer examining the goods of a merchant, or an employee, given the property of his employer to be used in his employment.

This is to be contrasted to, for example, a person who has obtained actual possession of the property by fraud. Ancient Roman law was more lax about "simple possession"; the taking or caption element requires that the offender take actual physical control of the property, if but for a moment. Under the common law, it was not sufficient if the offender deprived the victim of possession, thus knocking an article from a person's hand was not larceny, as long as the defendant did not thereafter take it. The control must be complete. In a famous case, the defendant removed an overcoat from a department store mannequin and began to walk away with it; the overcoat was secured to the mannequin by a chain, a fact the defendant first discovered when the chain drew taut. These actions were held not to be larceny because the defendant never had complete control over the disposition and use of the coat; the taking may be only momentary. In another famous case, the defendant snatched an earring from the victim which became entangled in the victim's hair.

The court held that the defendant's control over the property, although momentary, was sufficient to constitute a taking. The taking may be either indirect; the equivalent term "deprive" is sometimes used: To "deprive" another of property means to withhold it or cause it to be withheld from him permanently or for so extended a period or under such circumstances that the major portion of its economic value or benefit is lost to him, or to dispose of the property in such manner or under such circumstances as to render it unlikely that an owner will recover such property. Traditionally, a thief must not only gain dominion over the property, but must move it from its original position. T

Crieff and Methven Junction Railway

The Crieff and Methven Junction Railway was a Scottish railway, opened in 1866, connecting Crieff with a branch line that ran from Methven to Perth. As a purely local concern, the line was dependent on local traffic, when that declined in the middle of the twentieth century, the railway became unsustainable, it closed to passengers in 1951 and in 1967. The company received parliamentary authorisation to build the line on 14 July 1864, with the line being completed in 1867. Perth was linked to the growing Scottish railway network when the Scottish Central Railway opened its main line from Castlecary, near Falkirk, in 1848; the Scottish Central was allied with the Caledonian Railway, connecting with Glasgow and Carlisle, the Scottish Midland Junction Railway built northwards from Perth opening in 1848, giving connection to Forfar and over other lines to Aberdeen. Places served by these main lines experienced an economic benefit: the prices of commodities such as lime and coal brought in fell and the cost of delivering their manufactured goods and agricultural products to market reduced.

By contrast, towns not yet connected experienced a worsening in their position, business interests in Methven proposed a railway to their town, the Perth, Almond Valley and Methven Railway opened from a junction north of Perth to Methven on 1 January 1858. The important town of Crieff suffered from the lack of a railway connection, in 1856 the Crieff Junction Railway opened, from a location called Crieff Junction, on the main line between Stirling and Perth: it is now known as Gleneagles station; this more southerly connection was convenient for transits towards Glasgow and Edinburgh, but Perth was a major commercial and agricultural centre at this period, passengers from Crieff to Perth preferred to travel by road coach to Methven, continuing their journey over the Almond Valley line. A railway link was suggested and on 14 July 1864 the Crieff and Methven Junction Railway obtained Parliamentary authorisation; the company's capital was £66,000. The line opened on 21 May 1866, from a junction with the Methven line a mile south of the Methven terminus.

The line ran broadly west, following the Pow Water, entering the eastern margin of Crieff alongside the Crieff Junction line, using that company's station facilities. The Crieff Junction line was absorbed by the Scottish Central Railway in 1865, the Crieff and Methven Junction Railway was worked by the Scottish Central Railway until absorption by the Caledonian Railway in 1868. In the latter half of the century tourism developed and Strathearn became a destination of great importance. Road tours were arranged from Crieff, in 1893 the Crieff and Comrie Railway built westward from Crieff; the Comrie line was extended still further reaching Lochearnhead and Balquhidder on the route of the Callander and Oban Railway. The importance of the town of Methven was reduced in the years of the nineteenth century, the decline continued in the twentieth; the remaining line was continuous from Crieff to Perth and was operated by the Caledonian Railway as a single route. However carryings on the line declined as well, on 1 October 1951 passenger traffic on the line ceased.

Goods traffic continued until that too was discontinued on 11 September 1967. Passenger stations on the line were: Methven Junction. Perth, Almond Valley and Methven Railway at Methven Junction Crieff Junction Railway at Crieff Crieff and Comrie Railway at Crieff Awdry, Christopher. Encyclopaedia of British Railway Companies. Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-8526-0049-7. OCLC 19514063. CN 8983. Jowett, Alan. Jowett's Railway Atlas of Great Britain and Ireland: From Pre-Grouping to the Present Day. Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-086-0. OCLC 22311137. Railscot on Crieff and Methven Junction Railway

K-pop Star 4

The fourth season of the South Korean reality television competition show K-pop Star premiered on SBS on November 23, 2014, airing Sunday evenings at 4:50 pm KST as part of the Good Sunday lineup. Yang Hyun-suk, Park Jin-young, You Hee-yeol returned as judges; the contest began receiving applications in June, with preliminary auditions taking place in Seoul and throughout South Korea, as well as the United States, Australia and Hong Kong until September 2014. The season ended on April 12, 2015, with Katie Kim crowned as winner and choosing to sign with YG Entertainment. A special episode containing behind the scenes footage and interviews aired the following week; the show decided to change its rule and give the two runners-up, Jung Seung-hwan and Lee Jin-ah, the chance to choose the company they want to join as well. Both contestants were accepted. On May 14, Lily M revealed. Audition applications + Preliminary auditions Preliminary auditions were held from around the world in United States, Hong Kong and other countries.

Round 1: Talent Audition Contestants who passed the preliminary auditions appear in front of the three judges for the first time. Contestants can pass with at least two "passes" from the judges, or the judge can offer to use the Wild Card. Round 2: Ranking Audition Contestants who pass the first round are put into groups with others that are most similar to their age or singing style; the whole group can fail, or a selected few can pass. Each contestant gets to have one-on-one training with Park Jin-young, Yang Hyun-suk, or You Hee-yeol. Round 3: Team Mission Contestants form teams to compete head to head; the winning team moves on to the next round. A member of the losing team must be eliminated. Round 4: Casting Audition Contestants perform solo or in teams assigned by the judges; each judge has six casting cards. Each spot can be occupied by a team of contestants. Contestants not selected in the casting round are eliminated. Round 5: Battle Audition Contestants represent the company they were cast to in a 1 to 1 to 1 battle.

First place automatically gets to be in the Top 10. 2nd place takes another round by themselves. Anyone who does not get in the Top 10 teams/contestants is eliminated. Round 6: Stage Audition For the Top 8 Finals, the Top 10 competed in two groups on stage with the results determined by the judges; the top three contestants from each group were chosen to proceed to the next round. The Top 8, who proceeded to the live stage, were determined by the three judges as well as a 100-member Audience Judging Panel; the last two contestants from each group became Elimination Candidates, with the Audience Judging Panel voting for their preferred act. The two acts with the most votes from the four Elimination Candidates proceeded to the Top 8, with the other two contestants eliminated. For the Top 6, Top 4, Top 3 Finals and Finals, the judges and viewers' scores were weighted 60:40, were combined to eliminate the contestant with the lowest score. Yang Hyun-suk: YG Entertainment CEO, singer Park Jin-young: JYP Entertainment Executive producer, singer, songwriter You Hee-yeol: Antenna Music CEO, singer, composer, pianist Katie Kim: Born 1993, from New Jersey, United States, Winner and left YG Entertainment, under company AXIS Jung Seung-hwan: Born 1996, from Incheon, Runner-up, debuted under Antenna Music Lee Jin-ah: Born 1991, from Seoul, eliminated on April 5, 2015, debuted under Antenna Music Lily M.: Born 2002, from Australia, eliminated on March 29, 2015, signed under JYP Entertainment Park Yoon-ha: Born 1999, eliminated on March 22, 2015, signed under Jellyfish Entertainment Esther Kim: Born 1999, from Los Angeles, United States, eliminated on March 22, 2015 Grace Shin: Born 1988, from New York, United States, eliminated on March 15, 2015 Sparkling Girls, eliminated on March 15, 2015 Erin Miranda: Born 1999, from Australia Hwang Yoon-joo: Born 1995, from Incheon Choi Jin-sil: Born 1994, from Busan Choi Joo-won: Born 1998, from Seoul Ji John, eliminated on March 8, 2015 Jang Mi-ji: Born 1995, from Seoul John Chu: Born 1995, from Los Angeles, United States Seo Ye-ahn: Born 1997, from Yeongju, eliminated on March 8, 2015, debuted under JTM Entertainment For the Top 8 Finals, the Top 10 competed in two groups on stage with the results determined by the judges.

The top three contestants from each group were chosen to proceed to the next round. The Top 8, who proceeded to the live stage, were determined by the three judges as well as a 100-member Audience Judging Panel; the last two contestants from each group became Elimination Candidates, with the Audience Judging Panel voting for their preferred act. The two acts with the most votes from the four Elimination Candidates proceeded to the Top 8, with the other two contestants eliminated; the Top 8 competes 1:1 on the live stage with the results determined by the judges. One contestant from each group is chosen to proceed to the next round; the contestants not chosen will go through live SMS voting by viewers, where the top contestants will proceed to the next round. Of the remaining contestants, the judges choose one contestant to proceed to the Top 6. For the next three episodes, each week showcased a different company; as this season featured the winner choosing the company they wished to sign with on the final live stage, this

Jim McGovern (golfer)

James David McGovern is an American professional golfer who has played on the PGA Tour and the Nationwide Tour. McGovern was born in New Jersey, he grew up in Oradell, New Jersey in a house adjoining the Hackensack Golf Club. He attended Bergen Catholic High School, was a star football player there, when a coach introduced him to golf during his junior year, he attended the University of Arkansas as a non-scholarship member of its golf team. He transferred after two years to Old Dominion University in Norfolk and was a member of that school's golf team, he turned pro in 1988 and joined the PGA Tour in 1991. McGovern was a member of the PGA Tour from 1991–1998, his career year was 1993 when he won once, had two other top-10 finishes, earned $587,495 and finished 27th on the money list. His best finish in a major was T5 at the 1994 Masters Tournament, he had 14 career top-10 finishes in 386 PGA Tour events. McGovern finished 19th in qualifying school and earned his PGA Tour card for 2008. In 2009, he was back on the Nationwide Tour.

McGovern lives in New Jersey. His brother, played linebacker in the NFL. On January 1, 2011, McGovern became the head golf professional at White Beeches Golf & Country Club in Haworth, New Jersey, 20 miles from midtown Manhattan, he is one of the few PGA Professionals, a PGA Tour winner. On May 17, 2011, McGovern earned medalist honors at the local U. S. Open qualifier, his 4-under 68 at Ballyowen Golf Club gave him medalist honors by two strokes and secured for him one of five spots available for the U. S. Open sectional qualifier at Canoe Brook on June 6. McGovern earned a spot in the 2014 PGA Championship through his finish at the PGA Professional National Championship after having to qualify in a playoff for one of the twenty positions, he continues to compete at senior major events and those sanctioned through the New Jersey section of the PGA of America. 1987 Virginia State Intercollegiate Championship 1988 Metropolitan Amateur PGA Tour playoff record 1990 Ben Hogan Lake City Classic, Ben Hogan New Haven Open, Ben Hogan Texarkana Open 1987 Metropolitan Open 1994 Diners Club Matches 2015 New Jersey Senior Open 2016 New Jersey Senior Open, Metropolitan Senior Open CUT = missed the half-way cut "T" = tied 1990 Ben Hogan Tour graduates 1991 PGA Tour Qualifying School graduates 1996 PGA Tour Qualifying School graduates 1997 PGA Tour Qualifying School graduates 2007 PGA Tour Qualifying School graduates Jim McGovern at the PGA Tour official site Jim McGovern at the Official World Golf Ranking official site

Omicron Draconis

Omicron Draconis is a giant star in the constellation Draco located 322.93 light years from the Earth. It has a radius of 30 solar radii, a luminosity of 269 suns, its path in the night sky is circumpolar above the ecliptic, meaning the star never rises or sets when viewed in the night sky from certain positions in the northern hemisphere. Omicron Draconis can be considered the north pole star of Mercury, as it is the closest star to Mercury's north celestial pole; this is a single-lined spectroscopic binary system, but the secondary has been detected using interferometry. It is a RS Canum Venaticorum variable system with eclipses; the total amplitude of variation is only about a thousandth of a magnitude. The secondary star is similar to the sun a main sequence star, while the primary is a giant star 25 times larger than the sun and two hundred times more luminous. 2004. Starry Night Pro, Version 5.8.4. Imaginova. ISBN 978-0-07-333666-4. Www.starrynight.com

Namiseom

Namiseom or Nami Island is a half-moon shaped island located in Chuncheon, Gangwon Province, South Korea, formed as the land around it was inundated by the rising water of the North Han River as the result of the construction of Cheongpyeong Dam in 1944. Its name originates from General Nami, who died at the age of 28 after being falsely accused of treason during the reign of King Sejo, the seventh king of the Joseon Dynasty of Korea. Although his grave was not discovered, there were a pile of stones where his body was supposed to be buried, it was believed that if someone took one stone from there, it would bring misfortune to their house. A tour company arranged the grave with soil and developed Namiseom into an amusement park. Namiseom belongs to Chuncheon in Gangwon Province, it is 430,000 square meters in area and 4 km in diameter