Lawrence Gene David is an American comedian, actor and television producer. He and Jerry Seinfeld created the television series Seinfeld, of which David was the head writer and executive producer for the first seven seasons. David gained further recognition for the HBO series Curb Your Enthusiasm, which he created, in which he stars as a semi-fictionalized version of himself. David wrote or co-wrote every episode of the series since its pilot episode in 1999. David's work on Seinfeld won him two Primetime Emmy Awards in 1993, for Outstanding Comedy Series and Outstanding Individual Achievement in Writing in a Comedy Series. A stand-up comedian, David went into television comedy and starring in ABC's Fridays, as well as writing for Saturday Night Live. David has received a total of 27 Primetime Emmy Award nominations, as well as three Golden Globe Award nominations, he was voted by fellow comedians and comedy insiders as the 23rd greatest comedy star in a 2004 British poll to select "The Comedian's Comedian" and was awarded the Laurel Award for TV Writing Achievement by the Writers Guild of America in 2010.
Since 2015, David has made multiple guest appearances playing the 2016 and 2020 United States Presidential election candidate Bernie Sanders on Saturday Night Live. David was born in Brooklyn, New York, his parents are Rose and Mortimer Julius "Morty" David, a men's clothing manufacturer, he has an older brother named Ken. David's family is Jewish, his father's side moved from Germany to the U. S. during the 19th century, while David's mother was born into a Polish-Jewish family in Tarnopol, now in Ukraine. David graduated from Sheepshead Bay High School, from the University of Maryland, College Park, where he was a brother in Tau Epsilon Phi in the 1960s, with a bachelor's degree in history, it was while at college that David started developing his take on things and discovered that he could make people laugh by being himself. After college, David enlisted in the United States Army Reserve. While a stand-up comedian, Larry David worked as a store clerk, limousine driver, historian, he lived in Manhattan Plaza, a federally subsidized housing complex in the Hell's Kitchen neighborhood of Manhattan, across the hall from Kenny Kramer, the inspiration for the Cosmo Kramer character in Seinfeld.
David became a writer for and cast member of ABC's Fridays from 1980 to 1982, a writer for NBC's Saturday Night Live from 1984 to 1985. During his time at SNL, he was able to get only one sketch on the show, which aired at 12:50 AM, the last time slot on the show. David quit his writing job at SNL in the first season, only to show up to work two days acting as though nothing had happened; that event inspired a second-season episode of Seinfeld entitled "The Revenge". David met his future Seinfeld stars during that early stage of his career: he worked with Michael Richards on Fridays and with Julia Louis-Dreyfus on SNL, he can be heard heckling Michael McKean when McKean hosted SNL in 1984, he can be seen in the sketch "The Run and Catch Like a Girl Olympics" when Howard Cosell hosted the season finale in 1985. In 1989 David teamed up with comedian Jerry Seinfeld to create a pilot for NBC called The Seinfeld Chronicles, which became the basis for Seinfeld, one of the most successful shows in history, reaching the top of TV Guide's list of the 50 greatest TV shows of all time.
Entertainment Weekly ranked it the third-best TV show of all time. David made occasional uncredited appearances on the show, playing such roles as Frank Costanza's cape-wearing lawyer and the voice of George Steinbrenner, he was the primary inspiration for the show's character George Costanza. David left Seinfeld on friendly terms after the seventh season but returned to write the series finale in 1998, two years later, he continued to provide the voice for the Steinbrenner character. David wrote 62 of the episodes of Seinfeld, including 1992's "The Contest", for which he won a Primetime Emmy Award and which TV Guide ranked as episode No. 1 on its list of "TV's Top 100 Episodes of All Time". Syndication of Seinfeld earned David an estimated $250 million in 1998 alone; this amount has been decreasing each year, but payments will continue until the full $1.7 billion from the original syndication deal has been paid. In 2008, David made $55 million from Seinfeld syndication, DVD sales, Curb Your Enthusiasm.
He was nominated for an Emmy award 19 times for Seinfeld, winning twice – once for best comedy and once for writing. The HBO cable television channel aired David's one-hour special, Larry David: Curb Your Enthusiasm, on October 17, 1999; this was followed by Curb Your Enthusiasm, a television series on HBO that aired its first episode on October 15, 2000. The show revisits many of the themes of Seinfeld, is improvised from a story outline only several pages long that David writes; the actors improvise their dialogue based on the story outline and their own creativity. David has said that his character in the show, a fictionalized version of himself, is what he would be like in real life if he lacked social awareness and sensitivity; the character's numerous and frequent social faux pas, misunderstandings, ironic coincidences are the basis of much of the show's comedy and have led to the entry into the American pop culture lexicon of the expression "Larry David moment", meaning an inadvertently created awkward situation.
The basis of the show is the events in David's life following the fortune he earned from the Seinfeld series. Alongside David is his wife Cheryl (playe
David Andrew Ipp AO QC is a former Commissioner of the NSW Independent Commission Against Corruption. Ipp was a judge of the Court of Appeal of the Supreme Court of New South Wales, the highest court in the State of New South Wales, which forms part of the Australian court hierarchy. Ipp was born in Johannesburg, he subsequently graduated with a Bachelor of Commerce and Bachelor of Laws from the University of Stellenbosch. In 1964, Ipp became a partner at Hayman Sanderson Attorneys in Johannesburg, he was admitted to the South African bar in 1973. Ipp was admitted as a barrister in Western Australia, he was appointed Queen's Counsel in 1985. Ipp served as Treasurer of the Law Society of Western Australia in 1988, he was a Fellow at the University of Western Australia in 1999-2000, was awarded an Inns of Court Fellowship at the University of London's Institute of Advanced Legal Studies in 1996-97. In 1994, Ipp was a Fulbright Senior Scholar, he was scholar in residence at the University of Virginia School of Law.
From 1989-2002, Ipp served as a judge of the Supreme Court of Western Australia. From 1993 to 2001, Ipp was the Judge in Charge of the Civil List. From 2001-2002 he was Acting Judge of Appeal of the NSW Court of Appeal before being appointed a Judge of Appeal in 2002. In 2008, Ipp was a Visiting Fellow at the Wolfson Cambridge. Ipp served as a judge on the Supreme Court of Fiji. Ipp is a member of the Court of Arbitration for Sport and has been since 2000. Ipp has been the author of many publications of academic and professional journals and has contributed to various books. Ipp was the Chairman of the Panel of Eminent Persons, which former Australian Prime Minister John Howard established in 2002 to reform tort laws; the Panel produced its final report known as the Ipp Report on 30 September 2002. Many of the recommendations in the report were taken up by state Parliaments in enacting new personal injury legislation. In 2007, Ipp criticised the reforms which were introduced as a result of his recommendations, suggesting many of the reforms had gone too far.
In November 2009, Ipp was appointed as the Commissioner of the NSW Independent Commission Against Corruption, replacing Jerrold Cripps QC whose fixed term had expired. Ipp's fixed term as Commissioner was due to expire in November 2014. Ipp has since been involved in a number of significant ICAC investigations including the investigation of corruption allegations against several members of parliament and former cabinet ministers
João Belchior Marques Goulart was a Brazilian politician who served as the 24th President of Brazil until a military coup d'état deposed him on 1 April 1964. He is considered the last left-wing President of Brazil until Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva took office in 2003. João Goulart was nicknamed "Jango"; the Jânio Quadros–João Goulart presidential bid was thus called "Jan–Jan". His childhood nickname was "Janguinho", after an uncle named Jango. Years when he entered politics, he was supported and advised by Getúlio Vargas, his friends and colleagues started to call him Jango, his grandfather, Belchior Rodrigues Goulart, descended from Portuguese immigrants from the Azores who arrived in Rio Grande do Sul in the second half of the 18th century. There were at least three immigrants with the surname Govaert of Flemish-Azorean origins in the group of first Azoreans established in the state. Goulart was born at Yguariaçá Farm, in Itacurubi, São Borja, Rio Grande do Sul, on 1 March 1918, his parents were Vicentina Marques Goulart and Vicente Rodrigues Goulart, estancieiro and a colonel of the National Guard during the 1923 Revolution who fought on the side of Governor Borges de Medeiros.
Most sources indicate that João was born in 1918, but his birth year is 1919. Yguariaçá Farm was an isolated and his mother had no medical care at his birth, only her mother, Maria Thomaz Vasquez Marques. According to João's sister Yolanda, "my grandmother was the one able to revive little João who, at birth looked like dying". Like most Azorean descendants, Maria Thomaz was a devout Catholic. While trying to revive her grandson, warming him, she prayed to John the Baptist, promising that if the newborn survived, he would be his namesake and would not cut his hair until the age of 3, when he would march in the procession of 24 June dressed as the saint. João grew up as a skinny boy in Yguariaçá, alongside his five sisters: Eufrides, Yolanda and Neuza. Both his younger brothers died prematurely. Rivadávia died six months after birth, Ivan, to whom he was attached, died of leukemia at 33. João left for the nearby town of Itaqui to study, the decision of his father Vicente to form a partnership with Protásio Vargas, brother of Getúlio, after both leased a small refrigerator house in that town from an English businessman.
While Vicente ran the business for the following couple of years, João attended the School of the Teresian Sisters of Mary, along with his sisters. Although it was a mixed-sex school during the day, he could not stay the night at the boarding school with his sisters but had to sleep at the house of a friend of his father, it was in Itaqui that João developed a taste for both swimming. Upon his return to São Borja, ending his experience as a partner in the refrigerator house, Vicente decided to send João to attend the Ginásio Santana, run by the Marist Brothers in Uruguaiana. João attended first to the fourth grade in the Santana boarding school, but failed to be approved for the fifth grade in 1931. Angry with his son's poor achievements at school, Vicente decided to send him to attend the Colégio Anchieta in Porto Alegre. In the state capital, João lived at a pension with friends Almir Palmeiro and Abadé dos Santos Ayub, the latter attached to him. Aware of João's skills in soccer at school, where he played in the right back position and Abadé convinced him to take a test for Sport Club Internacional.
João was selected for the club's juvenile team. In 1932, he became a juvenile state champion; that same year he finished the third grade of the ginásio at Colégio Anchieta, with an irregular academic achievement, which would be repeated when he attended the Law School at Rio Grande do Sul Federal University. João graduated from high school at Ginásio Santana after being sent back to Uruguaiana. Sent back to Porto Alegre after graduating from high school, Jango attended law school to satisfy his father, who desired to see him earn a degree. While there Jango restored contact with his youth friends Abadé Ayub and Salvador Arísio, made new friends and explored the state capital's nightlife, it was during that time of a bohemian lifestyle that Jango acquired a venereal disease, which paralyzed his left knee entirely. His family paid for expensive medical treatment, including a trip to São Paulo, but he expected that he would never walk again; because of the paralysis of his knee, Jango graduated separately from the rest of his class in 1939.
He would never practice law. After graduating, Jango returned to São Borja, his depression because of the leg problem was visible. He isolated himself at Yguariaçá Farm. According to his sister Yolanda, his depression did not last long. In the early 1940s he decided to make fun of his own walking disability in the Carnival, participating in the parade of the block Comigo Ninguém Pode, his father died in 1943, leaving the rural properties to Jango, who became one of the most influential estancieiros of the region. Upon the resignation of President Getúlio Vargas and his return to São Borja in October 1945, Jango was a wealthy man, he did not need to enter politics to rise but the frequent meetings with Vargas, a close friend of his father, were decisive in Jango's pursuit of a