In sports broadcasting, a sports commentator gives a running commentary of a game or event in real time, usually during a live broadcast, traditionally delivered in the historical present tense. The comments are normally a voiceover, with the sounds of the action, in the case of television commentary, the commentators are on screen rarely if at all during the event. The main commentator, called the play-by-play announcer or commentator in North America and they are valued for their articulateness and for their ability to describe each play or event of an often fast-moving sporting event. Other main commentators may, only one sport. The analyst or color commentator provides expert analysis and background information, such as statistics, strategy on the teams and athletes and they are usually former athletes or coaches in their respective sports, although there are some exceptions. The term color refers to levity and insight provided by analyst, the most common format for a sports broadcast is to have an analyst/color commentator work alongside the main/play-by-play announcer.
Vin Scully, longtime announcer for the Brooklyn/Los Angeles Dodgers baseball team, is one of few examples of this practice still existing today, a sideline reporter assists a sports broadcasting crew with sideline coverage of the playing field or court. Sideline reporters are often granted inside information about an important update, such as injury, in cases of big events, teams consisting of many sideline reporters are placed strategically so that the main commentator has many sources to turn to. In British sports broadcasting, the presenter of a sports broadcast is usually distinct from the commentator, in North America, the on-air personality based in the studio is called the studio host. During their shows, the presenter/studio host may be joined by analysts or pundits. In North American English, sportscaster is a term for any type of commentator in a sports broadcast. It may refer to a talk show host or a newscaster covering sports news. In 1975, the National Hockey League made headlines when two coaches from the N. H.
L, all-Star Game in Montreal allowed Robin Herman and Marcel St. Cyr. access into the mens locker room. Both were believed to have been the first women allowed to enter a professional mens locker room to conduct a post-game interview. Sport organizations began to follow in the N. H. L. s footsteps, Baseball commissioner Bowie Kuhn and other officials chose to discriminate her based on her sex. Knowing that this would put Sports Illustrated in a disadvantage from other publishers, Time Inc. and Ludtke filed a lawsuit against Kuhn. The lawsuit was taken to the U. S. District Court in 1978 where Judge Constance Baker Motley ruled the act as violating the 14th amendment of the U. S. Constitution. The court ruled that the Yankees organization devise a plan to protect the players of their privacy while female sportswriters conducted interviews, society viewed the issue as women sportswriters only wanting access to the mens locker room to see players naked
The Internet Archive launched the Wayback Machine in October 2001. It was set up by Brewster Kahle and Bruce Gilliat, and is maintained with content from Alexa Internet, the service enables users to see archived versions of web pages across time, which the archive calls a three dimensional index. Since 1996, the Wayback Machine has been archiving cached pages of websites onto its large cluster of Linux nodes and it revisits sites every few weeks or months and archives a new version. Sites can be captured on the fly by visitors who enter the sites URL into a search box, the intent is to capture and archive content that otherwise would be lost whenever a site is changed or closed down. The overall vision of the machines creators is to archive the entire Internet, the name Wayback Machine was chosen as a reference to the WABAC machine, a time-traveling device used by the characters Mr. Peabody and Sherman in The Rocky and Bullwinkle Show, an animated cartoon. These crawlers respect the robots exclusion standard for websites whose owners opt for them not to appear in search results or be cached, to overcome inconsistencies in partially cached websites, Archive-It.
Information had been kept on digital tape for five years, with Kahle occasionally allowing researchers, when the archive reached its fifth anniversary, it was unveiled and opened to the public in a ceremony at the University of California, Berkeley. Snapshots usually become more than six months after they are archived or, in some cases, even later. The frequency of snapshots is variable, so not all tracked website updates are recorded, Sometimes there are intervals of several weeks or years between snapshots. After August 2008 sites had to be listed on the Open Directory in order to be included. As of 2009, the Wayback Machine contained approximately three petabytes of data and was growing at a rate of 100 terabytes each month, the growth rate reported in 2003 was 12 terabytes/month, the data is stored on PetaBox rack systems manufactured by Capricorn Technologies. In 2009, the Internet Archive migrated its customized storage architecture to Sun Open Storage, in 2011 a new, improved version of the Wayback Machine, with an updated interface and fresher index of archived content, was made available for public testing.
The index driving the classic Wayback Machine only has a bit of material past 2008. In January 2013, the company announced a ground-breaking milestone of 240 billion URLs, in October 2013, the company announced the Save a Page feature which allows any Internet user to archive the contents of a URL. This became a threat of abuse by the service for hosting malicious binaries, as of December 2014, the Wayback Machine contained almost nine petabytes of data and was growing at a rate of about 20 terabytes each week. Between October 2013 and March 2015 the websites global Alexa rank changed from 162 to 208, in a 2009 case, Netbula, LLC v. Chordiant Software Inc. defendant Chordiant filed a motion to compel Netbula to disable the robots. Netbula objected to the motion on the ground that defendants were asking to alter Netbulas website, in an October 2004 case, Telewizja Polska USA, Inc. v. Echostar Satellite, No.02 C3293,65 Fed. 673, a litigant attempted to use the Wayback Machine archives as a source of admissible evidence, Telewizja Polska is the provider of TVP Polonia and EchoStar operates the Dish Network
Eric Wendell Reveno is an American assistant college basketball coach at Georgia Tech and the former head mens basketball coach at the University of Portland. He was named the West Coast Conference coach of the year for the 2008–09 season after a finish in conference. Prior to Portland, Reveno was an assistant coach at Stanford University, after graduating, Reveno played professionally in Japan from 1989 to 1993. Reveno was fired as Portlands head coach on March 15,2016 after ten years, in May, after his firing from Portland, Reveno was hired as an assistant at Georgia Tech to be part of new head coach Josh Pastners coaching staff. At Georgia Tech he has credited with developing Ben Lammers into an All-ACC player
Adolph Frederick Rupp was one of the most successful coaches in the history of American college basketball. Rupp is ranked fifth in total victories by a mens NCAA Division I college coach, Rupp is second among all mens college coaches in all-time winning percentage, trailing only Clair Bee. Rupp was enshrined in the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame on April 13,1969, Rupp was born September 2,1901 in Halstead, Kansas to Heinrich Rupp, a German immigrant, and Anna Lichi, an Austrian immigrant. The fourth of six children, Rupp grew up on a 163-acre farm that his parents had homesteaded and he began playing basketball as a young child, with the help of his mother who made a ball for him by stuffing rags into a gunnysack. Mother sewed it up and somehow made it round, he recalled in 1977, Rupp was a star for the Halstead High School basketball team, one of the first in the area to play with a real basketball. He averaged 19 points a game, former teammates described Rupp as the teams unofficial coach.
After high school, Rupp attended the University of Kansas from 1919 to 1923 and he worked part-time at the student Jayhawk Cafe to help pay his college expenses. He was a reserve on the team under legendary coach Forrest Phog Allen from 1919 to 1923. Assisting Allen during that time was his coach and inventor of the game of basketball, James Naismith. In Rupps junior and senior seasons, Kansas had outstanding basketball squads. Later, both of these standout Kansas teams would be awarded the Helms National Championship, recognizing the Jayhawks as the top team in the nation during those seasons and he received a MA from Teachers College, Columbia University. Rupp began his career in coaching by accepting a job at Burr Oak High School. After a one-year stay, Rupp moved on to Marshalltown, where he coached wrestling and he did lead the Marshalltown team to a state wrestling title in 1926. In 1926–30, Rupp accepted the head coaching position at Freeport High School. During his four years at Freeport, Rupp compiled a record of 66-21, while at Freeport High School Rupp started William Mose Mosely, the first African-American to play basketball at Freeport and the second to graduate from the school.
University of Illinois head basketball coach Craig Ruby was invited to speak at the banquet following the 1929–30 season. Ruby informed Rupp of the Kentucky head coaching job and followed up by recommending him for the job, during his time in Freeport, Rupp met his future wife, Esther Schmidt. Rupp coached the University of Kentucky mens basketball team from 1930 to 1972, there, he gained the nicknames, Baron of the Bluegrass, and The Man in the Brown Suit
Kentucky Wildcats men's basketball
The Kentucky Wildcats mens basketball team is an American college basketball team that represents the University of Kentucky. Kentucky is the most successful NCAA Division I basketball program in history in terms of both wins and all-time winning percentage. The Wildcats are currently coached by John Calipari, Kentucky has played in 17 NCAA Final Fours,12 NCAA Championship games, and has won 8 NCAA championships. In addition to these titles, Kentucky won the National Invitation Tournament in both 1946 and 1976, making it the school to win multiple NCAA and NIT championships. Kentucky leads all schools with 61 20-win seasons,15 30-win seasons, throughout its history, the Kentucky basketball program has featured many notable and successful players, both on the collegiate level and the professional level. Kentucky holds the record for the most NBA Draft selections as well as the most #1 NBA Draft picks, the Wildcats have been led by many successful head coaches, including Adolph Rupp, Joe B. Hall, Eddie Sutton, Rick Pitino, Tubby Smith, Kentucky is the only program with 5 different NCAA Championship coaches.
The first recorded intercollegiate game at the college was a 15–6 defeat to nearby Georgetown College, the team went 1–2 for their first season, losing to Kentucky University but defeating the Lexington YMCA. Through 1908, the team did not manage a winning season, in the fall of that year a full-time head coach was hired. This made him the first paid coach in Kentuckys basketball history and that year, the team went 5–4, and only three years later, boasted their first undefeated season with nine victories and no losses. During this early era Kentucky was unstable in that the school went through multiple coaches, in 1919, George Buchheit became the new head coach of the Wildcats. An alumnus of the University of Illinois, he brought him a new system of basketball. The Buchheit system or Illinois system, focused on defense and featured one player standing under each basket, buckheit varied the system he learned in Illinois in one important way. While the Illinois system employed a zone defense, Buchheits system used an aggressive man-to-man scheme, on offense, he used a complicated system of passing called the zig-zag or figure eight offense.
Both of these teams were composed entirely of native Kentuckians, anchored by All-American Basil Hayden, the tournament victory was considered Kentuckys first major success, and the 1921 team became known as the Wonder Team. In 1922, the team was unable to build on the success of the Wonder Team, although every player was eligible in 1922, two key players and Sam Ridgeway, were injured before the start of the season. Hayden returned from his injury during the season, but was never able to play at the level he had the previous year. Ridgeway fought a battle with diphtheria, and although he recovered
Robert L. Mathews
Robert Lee Matty Mathews was an American football player and coach. During his senior season in 1910, future coaching legend Knute Rockne was a freshman end, in Mathews four seasons at Idaho, the Vandals first years in the Pacific Coast Conference, they won three consecutive rivalry games over Palouse neighbor Washington State. Idaho lost the other, Mathews first in 1922, by a single point, the Vandals made significant use of the forward pass under Mathews, who was the athletic director at Idaho. He left Moscow and the Northwest after 1925 for St. Louis for two seasons but did not coach during the 1928 season, and worked in business in Akron, Ohio. After less than a year in Spokane as athletic director and head coach in football and basketball, Mathews was the head coach of the West Seattle Athletic Club in 1931 and 1932 and of the American Football Leagues Portland Rockets in 1944. In the 1930s, he supervised athletics for the Civilian Conservation Corps camps in the state of Washington and he returned to college football in Oregon at the University of Portland in 1937, where he was athletic director.
During World War II, the school dropped football prior to the 1943 season, entering his third season at Lewis & Clark in 1947, Mathews died on September 1 at the age of 60 of a heart attack at his home in Portland. Robert L. Mathews at the College Football Data Warehouse
History of the Portland Trail Blazers
The following is a detailed history of the Portland Trail Blazers, a professional basketball team which joined the Western Conference of the National Basketball Association in 1970. They play at the Moda Center in the Lloyd District of Portland and they are owned by Microsoft co-founder and Vulcan Inc. chairman Paul Allen, who purchased the team in 1988. The team is referred to as Rip City, which was coined by play-by-play announcer Bill Schonely during their inaugural season. The Trail Blazers have retired several players jerseys, including Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame members Clyde Drexler, Jack Ramsay, who was the Trail Blazers head coach from 1976 to 1986, had the number 77 retired in honor of Portlands only NBA Finals victory in 1977. Portland has had four NBA Rookies of the Year, Geoff Petrie, Sidney Wicks, Brandon Roy, the only NBA Most Valuable Player that earned the award as a member of the Trail Blazers was Bill Walton in 1978. Harry Glickman got interested in creating a NBA team in his hometown of Portland, the league commissioner at the time, Maurice Podoloff, refused on the grounds that Oregon was too far.
The Blazers started play in the 1970–71 NBA season, along with the Buffalo Braves and the Cleveland Cavaliers. In their first season, the Blazers finished with a 29–53 record, the next season, the Blazers won only 18 games, but rookie Sidney Wicks was named Rookie of the Year after averaging 24.5 points per game and 11.5 rebounds per game. The following year, the team used the first pick in the NBA Draft on LaRue Martin, the Blazers did not beat their first seasons record until they drafted Bill Walton from UCLA in 1974. In the first two years, under coach Lenny Wilkens, the Blazers improved, but still did not post a winning record, in the 1976 off-season, Wilkens was fired and replaced with Jack Ramsay. In the 1976–77 campaign, the Blazers posted their first winning record, Bill Walton led the NBA in both rebounding and blocked shots, and was named to the All-Defensive first team. The team—Walton at center and Lloyd Neal at forward, the Blazers won the NBA championship in their first time in the playoffs.
After defeating the Chicago Bulls and the Denver Nuggets in the early rounds and they went on to defeat the Philadelphia 76ers 4–2 for the championship. Following his dominating performance, Walton was named MVP of the NBA finals, the team started the 1977–78 season with a 50–10 mark, and many predicted a dynasty in Portland. Walton was named the regular season MVP and both he and Maurice Lucas were named to the NBA All-Defensive first team. A rash of injuries set in, most notably an injury to Bill Waltons foot that ended his season, the team struggled to an 8–14 finish, and lost to the Seattle SuperSonics in the 1978 conference semifinals. That summer, Walton demanded to be traded to a team of his choice because he was unhappy with his treatment in Portland. Walton was never traded, and he held out the entire 1978–79 season, Maurice Lucas left the team in 1980, and the Blazers dynasty was finished
Basketball is a non-contact team sport played on a rectangular court by two teams of five players each. The objective is to shoot a ball through a hoop 18 inches in diameter and 10 feet high that is mounted to a backboard at each end of the court. The game was invented in 1891 by Dr. James Naismith, a team can score a field goal by shooting the ball through the basket being defended by the opposition team during regular play. A field goal scores three points for the team if the player shoots from behind the three-point line. A team can score via free throws, which are worth one point, the team with the most points at the end of the game wins, but additional time is mandated when the score is tied at the end of regulation. The ball can be advanced on the court by passing it to a teammate and it is a violation to lift, or drag, ones pivot foot without dribbling the ball, to carry it, or to hold the ball with both hands resume dribbling. The game has many techniques for displaying skill—ball-handling, passing, dunking, shot-blocking.
The point guard directs the on court action of the team, implementing the coachs game plan, Basketball is one of the worlds most popular and widely viewed sports. Outside North America, the top clubs from national leagues qualify to continental championships such as the Euroleague, the FIBA Basketball World Cup attracts the top national teams from around the world. Each continent hosts regional competitions for teams, like EuroBasket. The FIBA Womens Basketball World Cup features the top womens basketball teams from continental championships. The main North American league is the WNBA, whereas the EuroLeague Women has been dominated by teams from the Russian Womens Basketball Premier League, in early December 1891, Canadian Dr. He sought a vigorous indoor game to keep his students occupied, after rejecting other ideas as either too rough or poorly suited to walled-in gymnasiums, he wrote the basic rules and nailed a peach basket onto a 10-foot elevated track. Basketball was originally played with a soccer ball and these laces could cause bounce passes and dribbling to be unpredictable.
Eventually a lace-free ball construction method was invented, and this change to the game was endorsed by Naismith, dribbling was not part of the original game except for the bounce pass to teammates. Passing the ball was the means of ball movement. Dribbling was eventually introduced but limited by the shape of early balls. Dribbling only became a part of the game around the 1950s
Portland Trail Blazers
The Portland Trail Blazers, commonly known as the Blazers, are an American professional basketball team based in Portland, Oregon. The Trail Blazers compete in the National Basketball Association as a club of the leagues Western Conference Northwest Division. The team played its games in the Memorial Coliseum before moving to Moda Center in 1995. The team has advanced to the NBA Finals three times, winning the NBA championship once in 1977 and their other NBA Finals appearances were in 1990 and 1992. The team has qualified for the playoffs in 31 seasons of their 45-season existence, including a streak of 21 straight appearances from 1983 through 2003, the second longest streak in NBA history. The Trail Blazers 31 playoff appearances rank third in the NBA only behind the Los Angeles Lakers, six Hall of Fame players have played for the Trail Blazers. Bill Walton is the franchises most decorated player, he was the NBA Finals Most Valuable Player in 1977, four Blazer rookies have won the NBA Rookie of the Year award.
Sports promoter Harry Glickman sought a National Basketball Association franchise for Portland as far back as 1955 when he proposed two new teams, the other to be located in Los Angeles. To raise the money for the $3.7 million admission tax, Glickman associated himself to real estate magnates Robert Schmertz of New Jersey, Larry Weinberg of Los Angeles and Herman Sarkowsky of Seattle. Two weeks later, on February 24, team management held a contest to select the teams name, the most popular choice was Pioneers, but that name was excluded from consideration as it was already used by sports teams at Portlands Lewis & Clark College. The name Trail Blazers received 172 entries, and was selected by the judging panel. Despite initial mixed response, the Trail Blazers name, often shortened to just Blazers, along with the Cleveland Cavaliers and Buffalo Braves, the Trail Blazers entered the NBA in 1970 as an expansion team, under coach Rolland Todd. Geoff Petrie and Sidney Wicks led the team in its years.
During that span, the team had three coaches, team executive Stu Inman served as coach. The team won the first pick in the NBA draft twice during that span, in 1972, the team drafted LaRue Martin with the number one pick, and in 1974 the team selected Bill Walton from UCLA. In 1976, the ABA–NBA merger saw those two rival leagues join forces, four ABA teams joined the NBA, the remaining teams were dissolved and their players distributed among the remaining NBA squads in a dispersal draft. The Trail Blazers selected Maurice Lucas in the dispersal draft and that summer, they hired Jack Ramsay as head coach. The two moves, coupled with the stellar play, led Portland to several firsts, winning record, playoff appearance
The five basketball positions normally employed by organized basketball teams are the point guard, the shooting guard, the small forward, the power forward, and the center. While these position names are used, most modern teams use a point guard. The rules of basketball do not mandate them, and they are not used. Typically, the point guard is the leader of the team when on the court and this position requires substantial ball handling skills and the ability to facilitate the team during a play. The shooting guard, as the name implies, is often the best shooter and they are probably capable of shooting accurately from longer distances. Generally, they have good ball-handling skills, the small forward often has an aggressive approach to the basket when handling the ball. The center is typically the larger of the two, during the 1980s, as team strategy evolved, more specialized roles developed, resulting in the five position designations utilized today. Team strategy and available personnel, still dictates the positions used by a particular team, for example, the Dribble drive motion offense and the Princeton offense utilize four interchangeable guards and one center.
The point guard, known as the one, is typically the teams best ball handler and passer, they often lead their team in assists and steals. They are often quick and are able to hit shots either outside the three-point line or in the paint, point guards are looked upon as the floor general or the coach on the floor. They should study the game and game film to be able to recognize the weaknesses of the defense, good point guards increase team efficiency and generally have a high number of assists. They are often referred to as dribblers or play-makers, in the NBA, point guards are usually the shortest players on the team and are mostly 6 feet 5 inches or shorter. The shooting guard is known as the two or the off guard. Along with the forward, a shooting guard is often referred to as a wing because of its use in common positioning tactics. As the name suggests, most shooting guards are good shooters from three-point range, besides being able to shoot the ball, shooting guards tend to have good ball handling skills and the ability to drive the ball to the basket, often creating their own shots off the dribble. A versatile shooting guard will have good passing skills, allowing them to point guard responsibilities known as combo guards.
In the NBA, shooting guards usually range from 6 feet 4 inches to 6 feet 7 inches, the small forward is considered to be perhaps the most versatile of the main five basketball positions. Versatility is key for small forwards because of the nature of their role and this is why the small forward and shooting guard positions are often interchangeable and referred to as wings
Portland Pilots men's basketball
The Portland Pilots mens basketball team represents the University of Portland, located in Portland, United States, in NCAA Division I basketball competition. They have played their games at the Chiles Center since 1984. On March 15,2016, the university fired head coach Eric Reveno after 10 seasons, the Pilots have appeared in two NCAA Tournaments. The Pilots have appeared in the NAIA Tournament eight times, the Pilots have appeared in four CollegeInsider. com Tournaments