Lars Christensen

Lars Christensen was a Norwegian shipowner and whaling magnate. He was a philanthropist with a keen interest in the exploration of Antarctica. Lars Christensen was born at Sandar in Norway. Born into a wealthy family, Christensen inherited his whaling fleet from his father, Christen Christensen. After completing middle school in 1899, he received training in Germany and at Newcastle followed by trade college in Kristiania, he started his career as a ship owner in 1906. He ventured into the whaling industry in 1909, directed several companies, including Framnæs Mekaniske Værksted, AS Thor Dahl, AS Odd, AS Ørnen, AS Thorsholm and Bryde og Dahls Hvalfangstselskap. Christensen was Danish consul in Sandefjord from 1909. In 1910 Lars Christensen had married Ingrid Dahl, daughter of wholesale merchant and ship owner Thor Dahl, he would assume control of large part of his father's and his father-in-law's extensive businesses following their deaths during the 1920s. Endurance, the ship that became famous after Sir Ernest Shackleton's failed Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition of 1914, was built for Christensen, who intended to use her for Arctic cruises for tourists to hunt polar bears.

When this did not happen, Christensen sold the ship to Shackleton. Christensen had a deep interest in its animal life, he was interested in making geographical discoveries, gave his captains wide latitude to do so. He financed several expeditions devoted to the exploration of the Antarctic continent and its waters, participated in some of these himself bringing his wife Ingrid with him in the 1936–1937 expedition, he was among the first to use aerial surveying with seaplanes to map the coast of East Antarctica, which he completed from the Weddell Sea to the Shackleton Ice Shelf, concentrating on Bouvetøya and the region from Enderby Land to Coats Land. From the seaplane brought on the 1936–1937 expedition, members took 2,200 oblique aerial photographs, covering 6,250 square miles. Mrs Christensen became the first woman to fly over the continent. On 1 December 1927, as the leader of one of his financed expeditions, Christensen landed on and claimed the Bouvet Island for Norway. On the expeditions he financed between 1927 and 1937, Christensen's men discovered and surveyed substantial new land on the Dronning Maud Land and MacRobertson Land coasts.

Places in Antarctica named after Christensen include the Lars Christensen Peak, the Lars Christensen Coast as well as Lars Christensen Land known as MacRobertson Land, where the Russian Soyuz station operated. In addition, Ingrid Christensen Coast was named after Christensen's wife, one of the first women to visit Antarctica. During World War II, Christensen was Counsellor of Finance at The Royal Norwegian Embassy in Washington, DC and a member of the Nortraship Council. After the War, the Thor Dahl Group, under the leadership of Christensen, regained its position as one of the leaders in the industry; the business gained an increasing number of other shipping companies, both tankers and liner shipping. Together with Otto Sverdrup and Oscar Wisting, Christensen initiated an expedition to recover another famous ship, the Fram. In 1935 the Fram was installed in the museum. Sandefjord Whaling Museum ) was donated to Sandefjord in 1917; this was one of the first dedicated museum buildings in Norway.

In his travels, Christensen collected a considerable volume of literature, including much on the subject of whaling. This material was donated to the library of Sandefjord Museum in the 1930s. Christensen provided funds for the further expansion of the Whaling Museum's library, overseen by shipping broker and consultant Bjarne Aagaard, whose extensive book collection formed a major addition to the library. Whaling Monument was first unveiled in 1960; the rotating bronze memorial statue is situated by the harbor at the end of Jernbanealleen in Sandefjord. The monument was created by Norwegian sculptor Knut Steen; the costs associated with the design and construction of the sculpture were donated to the city by Lars Christensen. In 1962, Christensen funded the cost of the construction of Olav Chapel in Sandefjord. Outside the building is a relief of Saint Olav by sculptor Ragnhild Butenschøn; the frame around the front door shows Bible motifs designed by Finn Henrik Bodvin. The altar image was painted by Hugo Lous Mohr.

He was decorated as a commander of the Order of Vasa. In 1917 he was appointed Commander of the Order of Dannebrog, he was appointed to knight of the Order of St. Olav in 1931 and in 1944 he received the Commander's Cross with the Star of Order of St. Olav. Christensen was awarded an honorary doctorate at St. Olaf College. Christensen was a fellow of the Royal Norwegian Society of Sciences and Letters and received its Gunnerus Medal, an honorary fellow of the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, he was an honorary member of the Norwegian Geographic Society and in the Royal Norwegian Science Society in Trondheim and was awarded of the American Geographical Society David Livingstone Centenary Medal in 1935. Lars Christensen My Last Expedition to the Antarctic 1936-1937 Hans S I Bogen 70 år. Lars Christensen og hans samtid

Doctor (novel series)

The Doctor novels are a series of 18 comic novels by British physician Richard Gordon, covering the antics of a group of young doctors. They were published between 1952 and 1986. Doctor in the House. London: Michael Joseph. 1952. Doctor at Sea. London: Michael Joseph. 1953. Doctor at Large. London: Michael Joseph. 1955. Doctor in Love. London: Michael Joseph. 1957. Doctor and Son. London: Michael Joseph. 1959. Doctor in Clover. London: Michael Joseph. 1960. Doctor on Toast. London: Michael Joseph. 1961. Doctor in the Swim. London: Michael Joseph. 1962. Love and Sir Lancelot. Heinemann. 1965. Doctor on the Boil. Heinemann. 1970. Doctor on the Brain. Heinemann. 1972. Doctor in the Nude. Heinemann. 1973. The Sleep of Life. Heinemann. 1975. Doctor on the Job. Heinemann. 1976. Doctor in the Nest. Heinemann. 1979. Doctor's Daughters. Heinemann. 1981. Doctor on the Ball. 1985. Doctor in the Soup. 1986. The seven Doctor films were developed from the books, directed by Ralph Thomas and produced by Betty Box; the early films featured Dirk Bogarde in the lead as Donald Sinden as Benskin.

Films starred Leslie Phillips. The first film came in 1954 and the last in 1970; the films inspired in turn to seven different Doctor television series between 1969 and 1991, totalling 157 thirty-minute episodes: Doctor in the House, which first ran on ITV from July 1969 to July 1970, with a total of 26 thirty-minute episodes. Doctor at Large, which first ran on ITV from February to September 1971, with a total of 29 thirty-minute episodes. Doctor in Charge, which first ran on ITV from April 1972 to December 1973, with a total of 43 thirty-minute episodes. Doctor at Sea, which first ran on ITV from April to July 1974, with a total of 13 thirty-minute episodes. Doctor on the Go, which first ran on ITV from April 1975 to April 1977, with a total of 26 thirty-minute episodes. Doctor Down Under, which first ran on Australian Channel Seven from February to May 1979, with a total of 13 thirty-minute episodes. Doctor at the Top, which first ran on BBC 1 from February to April 1991, with a total of 7 thirty-minute episodes.

Dr. Kildare, An American dramatic comedy series of novels and serialized radio and television programs. List of fictional doctors

Sidney D. Jackman

Sidney Drake Jackman was an American farmer and soldier. He served as an officer in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War, most noted for his performance in the early part of the Battle of Westport in 1864. After the war, Jackman fled to Mexico returned to the United States, he again took up farming, served as a state legislator, entered law enforcement. Jackman was born in Jessamine County, Kentucky, in the spring of either 1826 or 1828, the son of Thomas Jackman and his wife Mary Drake. Sometime in 1830, the family moved to Howard County, where Sidney Jackman was taught some basic schooling. By late in the 1840s he was living in Boone County, where he look up work as a schoolteacher as well as farming. On February 18, 1849, Jackman married his first wife, Martha Rachael Slavin, in Boone County, they would have two daughters and four sons together. Soon after getting married Jackman moved his family to Howard County, in 1855 they settled in Papinville, located in Bates County. In both locales Jackman again was teaching.

Jackman organized local militias while in Papinville to deal with "Jayhawker" and other raids from nearby Kansas, in 1860 he relocated his family further into Missouri's interior to try to avoid these troubles. By the time of the American Civil War, Jackman was a captain in the Missouri State Militia. Jackman entered the Missouri State Guard. In May 1862 he led cavalry troops in the raid of Missouri. In the summer of 1862 was authorized to raise a cavalry regiment of Missourians in Arkansas. Finding this slow going, he obtained permission to recruit in Missouri. On August 16 Jackman fought at the Battle of Lone Jack, where he led troops that helped defeat the Union forces occupying Lone Jack, Missouri. While this unit was mounted, upon its return to Arkansas it was dismounted by Maj. Gen. Thomas C. Hindman, it was mustered into Confederate service on August 31 in Arkansas under Col. Jackman, it was designated the 7th the 16th Missouri Infantry. On October 25, 1862, Jackman resigned to resume recruiting in Missouri.

Jackman would serve in the Trans-Mississippi Theater of the American Civil War participating in irregular guerilla style tactics against Union targets. By the fall and winter of 1862 Jackman had recruited enough troops to aid the regular Confederate Army raids into Missouri. On January 11, 1863, his men entered Union-held Columbia, hoping to free Confederates in the city's jail, but the attempt failed. On April 23 Jackman and his troopers kidnapped Missouri Militia Brig. Gen. Thomas J. Bartholow and set up camp at Glasgow. On June 1 Jackman's small command encountered and defeated a group of Federal cavalry, where he shot the leader of the Union horsemen. In May 1864 Jackman and his men entered Arkansas and were based near the Boston Mountains in the northwest part of the state. By June he had recruited a cavalry regiment, to be called "Jackman's Missouri Cavalry", added to Brig. Gen. Joseph Shelby's cavalry division of Maj. Gen. Sterling Price's Army of Missouri in the Trans-Mississippi Department.

That fall. During the first stages of the raid Jackman led the capture of Union-held Glasgow. Jackman fought in the Union victory at the Battle of Westport near modern-day Kansas City, Missouri, on October 22 – 23, 1864, one of the war's largest clash of mounted troops. During the first day of the battle, he led the attack that routing the Federals from their initial position, early on second day his brigade launched a successful attack directly on Westport; when the Confederate rear collapsed during his attack he was ordered to halt and act as rear guard to fend off the Union pursuit. Two days in Kansas at the Battle of Mine Creek, Jackman's cavalry was ordered to guard Price's supply trains and thus missed the Confederate defeat and resulting rout, though his brigade succeeded in slowing the Federal pursuit. During his raids and skirmishes Union soldiers had taken his family into custody in 1865, as "retribution for his guerilla activities." At first, they were held in St. Louis, Missouri moved to Natchez and held at Alexandria, until the end of the war.

On May 10, 1865, Jackman was promoted to the rank of brigadier general by the commander of the Trans-Mississippi Department, Gen. Edmund Kirby Smith. With the collapse of the Confederate States in 1865, Jackman and some of his men decided not to surrender and headed for Mexico. Along the way, Jackman reunited with his now-released family in Shreveport and proceeded with them toward Texas and the border. Near the end of 1865 they arrived in the city of San Marcos, located in Texas. Jackman entered northern Mexico, leaving his family in Texas while he ascertained whether to relocate there. Deciding against it, he crossed back into the United States and surrendered to Federal authorities in San Antonio. Taken to New Orleans, took the loyalty oath to the U. S. Government, was subsequently paroled. During 1867 Jackman bought a ranch near Kyle and settled his family there and raising cattle, he and his wife helped found the First Christian Church, Disciples of Christ, he was a Blanco Chapel Free School trustee.

His wife of 21 years, died in 1870. In 1873 Jackman won election as representative to the Fourteenth Texas Legislature. Jackman remarried in 1875 to Cass Gains, a widow, they would have two sons