Naguabo, Puerto Rico
Naguabo is a municipality in Puerto Rico located in the east coast of the island, north of Humacao. Naguabo is spread over Naguabo Pueblo, it is part of the San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo Metropolitan Statistical Area. Naguabo is said to be the birthplace of the pastelillo de chapín, a popular food in Puerto Rico, it is trunkfish wrapped inside a flour dough, deep fried. Pastelillo de chapín can be found in any seaside establishment on the island. Naguabo is located in the southeast region of Puerto Rico; the northern part is within the Luquillo Mountain Range, which contain the Picos of the Este and the Oeste, at 3,448 and 3,346 feet of altitude above sea level, respectively. Like all municipalities of Puerto Rico, Naguabo is subdivided into barrios. Algodones Key El Yunque National Forest Naguabo Beach Punta Lima Beach Ramón Rivero "Diplo" Monument Tropical Beach Yudelmi Center Pedro Flores Monument Hucares Waterfront City Square Maratón Cervecero En Naguabo -January http://www.miagendapr.com/event/maraton-cervecero-en-naguabo-2018/ Chapín Festival - February Pedro Flores Week - March Diplo Festival - June Virgen del Carmen Fiesta - July 16 Patron Saint Festival - October 7 There is public transportation in Naguabo.
It operates from 6:00 a.m. using the "Pisicorre" bus. There are 52 bridges in Naguabo. Historia de Naguabo by Carmelo Rosario Natal List of Puerto Ricans History of Puerto Rico Did you know-Puerto Rico? Puerto Rico Government Directory - Naguabo
Orders of magnitude (area)
This page is a progressive and labelled list of the SI area orders of magnitude, with certain examples appended to some list objects. Orders of magnitude
Barrios of Puerto Rico
The barrios of Puerto Rico are the primary legal divisions of the seventy-eight municipalities of Puerto Rico. Each of Puerto Rico's 78 municipios is divided into geographical sections called barrios; the history of the creation of the barrios of Puerto Rico can be traced to the 19th century when historical documents start mentioning them. Historians have speculated their creation may have been related to the Puerto Rican representation at the Cádiz Cortes; the names of barrios in Puerto Rico come from various sources from Spanish or Indian origin. One barrio in each municipality is identified as the barrio-pueblo, the area that represented the seat of the municipal government at the time Puerto Rico formalized the municipio and barrio boundaries in the late 1940s. From time to time barrios are broken up, or merged; the United States Census Bureau recognizes 901 barrios in Puerto Rico. As components of each municipality, each municipality has one or more barrios; every municipality has at least one barrio called barrio Pueblo, home to the largest urban area of the municipality, the political seat of the municipality.
Most municipalities have a single barrio named barrio Pueblo while others, most prominently the larger municipalities like the municipality of Ponce, may have a barrio Pueblo, made of several barrios. Florida is the municipality with the least number of barrios, while Ponce, at 31, has the largest number; the US Census Bureau further breaks down some barrios in Puerto Rico into subbarrios. An example is barrio Segundo in Ponce which consists of subbarrios "Clausells" and "Baldorioty de Castro". With over 24 square miles, barrio Lapa in the northeast area of the municipality of Salinas, has the largest territorial area of any barrio in Puerto Rico, it is so large, it is larger than 10 of Puerto Rico's municipalities. While in the past barrios in Puerto Rico did have political authority, each with their own elected mayor and barrio "councils" barrios in Puerto Rico are no longer vested with any political authority, their purpose was for the collection of taxes, but during the 1800s any political authority barrios had was centralized in the municipal governments.
In 1880 Spain's Nomenclature of its Territories publication it is stated that the municipalities were subdivided, as needed, to facilitate voting and to ease the administration of each municipality. An analysis of the 1899 Puerto Rican and Cuban census, published by the War Department and Inspector General of the United States in 1900 listed the census population numbers by barrios of Puerto Rico. Barrio names continue to be an essential point of reference for purposes of municipal and state government property management, including land surveying and property sale and ownership. Land and property deeds and surveys are all performed with barrio names as a mandatory reference. For example, official legal matters dealing with land and property issues are heard on the basis of municipal locations relative to the recognized barrios and barrio boundaries; the 901 barrios of Puerto Rico represent established primary legal divisions of the seventy-eight municipalities that contain unique and permanent geographical land boundaries.
Puerto Rico Act 68 of 7 May 1945, ordered the commonwealth's Planning Board to prepare a map of each of the municipalities and each of the barrios within said municipalities and the corresponding barrio names. Said map and list of barrio names constitute the established primary legal barrio divisions; however the word "barrio" is used in Puerto Rico in an unofficial manner to represent a populated sector within a barrio, in this latter case the name of the sector can be—and most is—different from the official barrio where it is located. An example of this non-official usage is the reference to Puerto Rican nationalist Don Pedro Albizu Campos as having been born in barrio Tenerias in Ponce yet, there has never been a barrio Tenerias in Ponce; the problem is that populated places have been adopting names for themselves that do not appear in the official government maps, because such maps have not been updated, there is no system in place for such updates. Puerto Rico barrio boundaries were established using landmarks such as "the top of a mountain", "the lot owned by Franscico Mattei", "the peak of a mountain ridge", "an almond tree", "to origin of Río Loco river".
As these descriptors may lend themselves to ambiguity and other problems, there is now an initiative to describe boundaries using GPS technology. List of communities in Puerto Rico List of Barrios of Ponce Pueblo
San Juan, Puerto Rico
San Juan is the capital and most populous municipality in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, an unincorporated territory of the United States. As of the 2010 census, it is the 46th-largest city under the jurisdiction of the United States, with a population of 395,326. San Juan was founded by Spanish colonists in 1521. Puerto Rico's capital is the third oldest European-established capital city in the Americas, after Santo Domingo, in the Dominican Republic, founded in 1496 and Panama City, in Panama, founded in 1519. Several historical buildings are located in San Juan. Today, San Juan is Puerto Rico's most important seaport and is the island's manufacturing, financial and tourism center; the population of the Metropolitan Statistical Area, including San Juan and the municipalities of Bayamón, Cataño, Canóvanas, Toa Alta, Toa Baja and Trujillo Alto, is about 2.6 million inhabitants. San Juan is a principal city of the San Juan-Caguas-Fajardo Combined Statistical Area; the city has been the host of events within the sports community, including the 1979 Pan American Games.
In 1508, Juan Ponce de León founded the original settlement. It was named after the Province of Cáceres in Spain, the birthplace of Nicolás de Ovando the Governor of Spain's Caribbean territories, Today it is part of the Pueblo Viejo sector of Guaynabo, just to the west of the present San Juan metropolitan area. A year the settlement was moved to a site called Puerto Rico, Spanish for "rich port" or "good port", after its similar geographical features to the town of Puerto Rico of Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands. In 1521, the newer settlement was given its formal name: Puerto Rico de San Juan Bautista; the ambiguous use of San Juan Bautista and Puerto Rico for both the city and the island in time led to a reversal in practical use by most inhabitants: by 1746 the name for the city had become that of the entire island, leading to the city being identified as Puerto Rico de Puerto Rico on maps of the era. San Juan, as a settlement of the Spanish Empire, was used by merchant and military ships traveling from Spain as the first stopover in the Americas.
Because of its prominence in the Caribbean, a network of fortifications was built to protect the transports of gold and silver from the New World to Europe. Because of the rich cargoes, San Juan became a target of the foreign powers of the time; the city was witness to attacks from the English led by Sir Francis Drake in 1595 and by George Clifford, Earl of Cumberland, in 1598. Artillery from San Juan's fort, El Morro, repelled Drake. After a few months of English occupation, Clifford was forced to abandon the siege when his troops began to suffer from exhaustion and sickness. In 1625 the city was sacked by Dutch forces led by Captain Balduino Enrico, but El Morro withstood the assault and was not taken; the Dutch were counterattacked by Captain Juan de Amézqueta and 50 members of the civilian militia on land and by the cannons of the Spanish troops in El Morro Castle. The land battle left 60 Dutch soldiers dead and Enrico with a sword wound to his neck which he received from the hands of Amézqueta.
The Dutch ships at sea were boarded by Puerto Ricans. After a long battle, the Spanish soldiers and volunteers of the city's militia were able to defend the city from the attack and save the island from an invasion. On October 21, Enrico set the city ablaze. Captains Amézqueta and Andrés Botello decided to put a stop to the destruction and led 200 men in an attack against the enemy's front and rear guard, they drove Enrico and his men from their trenches and into the ocean in their haste to reach their ships. The British attack in 1797, during the French Revolutionary Wars, led by Sir Ralph Abercromby, his army laid siege to the city but was forced to withdraw in defeat as the Puerto Rican defenses proved more resilient than those of Trinidad. Various events and circumstances, including liberalized commerce with Spain, the opening of the island to immigrants as a direct result of the Royal Decree of Graces of 1815, the colonial revolutions, led to an expansion of San Juan and other Puerto Rican settlements in the late 18th and early 19th century.
On May 8, 1898, United States Navy ships, among them the USS Detroit, USS Indiana, USS New York, USS Amphitrite, USS Terror and USS Montgomery, commanded by Rear Admiral William T. Sampson arrived at San Juan Bay; the USS Yale captured a Spanish freighter, the Rita in San Juan Bay, thus being the first hostile encounter between the warring sides in Puerto Rico. On May 9, Yale fought a brief battle with an auxiliary cruiser of Spain, name unknown, resulting in a Spanish victory. Around this time, Captain Ángel Rivero Méndez was assigned the command of the Spanish forces in the fortress of San Cristóbal in San Juan. On May 10, the Yale returned to San Juan Bay, Rivero-Méndez ordered his men to open fire upon the USS Yale using an Ordoñez 15 centimeter cannon, thus becoming the first attack against the Americans in Puerto Rico during the Spanis
Puerto Rico the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico and called Porto Rico, is an unincorporated territory of the United States located in the northeast Caribbean Sea 1,000 miles southeast of Miami, Florida. An archipelago among the Greater Antilles, Puerto Rico includes the eponymous main island and several smaller islands, such as Mona and Vieques; the capital and most populous city is San Juan. The territory's total population is 3.4 million. Spanish and English are the official languages. Populated by the indigenous Taíno people, Puerto Rico was colonized by Spain following the arrival of Christopher Columbus in 1493, it was contested by French and British, but remained a Spanish possession for the next four centuries. The island's cultural and demographic landscapes were shaped by the displacement and assimilation of the native population, the forced migration of African slaves, settlement from the Canary Islands and Andalusia. In the Spanish Empire, Puerto Rico played a secondary but strategic role compared to wealthier colonies like Peru and New Spain.
Spain's distant administrative control continued up to the end of the 19th century, producing a distinctive creole Hispanic culture and language that combined indigenous and European elements. In 1898, following the Spanish–American War, the United States acquired Puerto Rico under the terms of the Treaty of Paris. Puerto Ricans have been citizens of the United States since 1917, enjoy freedom of movement between the island and the mainland; as it is not a state, Puerto Rico does not have a vote in the United States Congress, which governs the territory with full jurisdiction under the Puerto Rico Federal Relations Act of 1950. However, Puerto Rico does have one non-voting member of the House called a Resident Commissioner; as residents of a U. S. territory, American citizens in Puerto Rico are disenfranchised at the national level and do not vote for president and vice president of the United States, nor pay federal income tax on Puerto Rican income. Like other territories and the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico does not have U.
S. senators. Congress approved a local constitution in 1952, allowing U. S. citizens on the territory to elect a governor. Puerto Rico's future political status has been a matter of significant debate. In early 2017, the Puerto Rican government-debt crisis posed serious problems for the government; the outstanding bond debt had climbed to $70 billion at a time with 12.4% unemployment. The debt had been increasing during a decade long recession; this was the second major financial crisis to affect the island after the Great Depression when the U. S. government, in 1935, provided relief efforts through the Puerto Rico Reconstruction Administration. On May 3, 2017, Puerto Rico's financial oversight board in the U. S. District Court for Puerto Rico filed the debt restructuring petition, made under Title III of PROMESA. By early August 2017, the debt was $72 billion with a 45% poverty rate. In late September 2017, Hurricane Maria made landfall in Puerto Rico; the island's electrical grid was destroyed, with repairs expected to take months to complete, provoking the largest power outage in American history.
Recovery efforts were somewhat slow in the first few months, over 200,000 residents had moved to the mainland State of Florida alone by late November 2017. Puerto Rico is Spanish for "rich port". Puerto Ricans call the island Borinquén – a derivation of Borikén, its indigenous Taíno name, which means "Land of the Valiant Lord"; the terms boricua and borincano derive from Borikén and Borinquen and are used to identify someone of Puerto Rican heritage. The island is popularly known in Spanish as la isla del encanto, meaning "the island of enchantment". Columbus named the island San Juan Bautista, in honor of Saint John the Baptist, while the capital city was named Ciudad de Puerto Rico. Traders and other maritime visitors came to refer to the entire island as Puerto Rico, while San Juan became the name used for the main trading/shipping port and the capital city; the island's name was changed to "Porto Rico" by the United States after the Treaty of Paris of 1898. The anglicized name was used by the U.
S. government and private enterprises. The name was changed back to Puerto Rico by a joint resolution in Congress introduced by Félix Córdova Dávila in 1931; the official name of the entity in Spanish is Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico, while its official English name is Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. The ancient history of the archipelago, now Puerto Rico is not well known. Unlike other indigenous cultures in the New World which left behind abundant archeological and physical evidence of their societies, scant artifacts and evidence remain of the Puerto Rico's indigenous population. Scarce archaeological findings and early Spanish accounts from the colonial era constitute all, known about them; the first comprehensive book on the history of Puerto Rico was written by Fray Íñigo Abbad y Lasierra in 1786, nearly three centuries after the first Spaniards landed on the island. The first known settlers were the Ortoiroid people, an Archaic Period culture of Amerindian hunters and fishermen who migrated from the South American mainland.
Some scholars suggest their settlement dates back about 4,000 years. An archeological dig in 1990 on the island of Vieques found the remains of a man, designated as the "Puerto Ferro Man", dated to around 2000 BC; the Ortoiroid were displaced
Humacao, Puerto Rico
Humacao is a municipality in Puerto Rico located in the eastern coast of the island, north of Yabucoa. Humacao is spread over Humacao Pueblo, it is part of the San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo Metropolitan Statistical Area. The region of what is now Humacao belonged to the Taíno region of Jumaca, which covered a portion of the southeast coast of Puerto Rico; the region was led by cacique Jumacao. The Taíno settlement was located on the shores of, it is believed that the Taíno chief Jumacao was the first "cacique" to learn to read and write in Spanish, since he wrote a letter to the King of Spain Charles I complaining about how the Governor of the island wasn't complying with their peace agreement. In the letter, Jumacao argued that their people were prisoners of Spain, it is said that King Charles was so moved by the letter that he ordered the Governor to obey the terms of the treaty. During the early 16th Century, the region was populated by cattle ranchers. However, since most of them resided in San Juan, a settlement was never organized.
At the beginning of the 18th Century around 1721–1722, the first official settlement was constituted in the area. Most of the residents at the time were immigrants from the Canary Islands, but due to attacks from Caribs and other settlers, some of them moved farther into the island in what is now Las Piedras. Still, some settlers remained and by 1776, historian Fray Íñigo Abbad y Lasierra visited the area and wrote about the population there. By 1793, the church was recognized as parish and the settlement was recognized as town. By 1894, Humacao was recognized as a city. Due to its thriving population and structures like a hospital, a theater, a prison were built in the city. In 1899, after the United States invasion of the island as a result of the Spanish–American War, the town of Las Piedras was annexed to Humacao; this lasted until 1914, when the Legislative Assembly of Puerto Rico voted on splitting both towns again. Humacao has been led by mayor Marcelo Trujillo Panisse for over a decade.
A basketball star in his early years, Trujillo has pushed for the development of infrastructure facilities for sports and the fine arts in the city. On March, 2008, a new Roman Catholic diocese was established as the Fajardo-Humacao diocese, its first bishop is Monsignor Eusebio'Chebito' Ramos Morales, a maunabeño, rector of the Humacao's main parish in the 1990s. Humacao is located in the southeast coast of Puerto Rico, it is bordered by the municipalities of Naguabo to the north, Yabucoa to the south, Las Piedras to the west. The Atlantic Ocean borders the city in the east. Humacao is located in the region of the Eastern Coastal Plains, with most of its territory being flat. There are minor elevations to the southwest, like Candelero Hill, northwest, like Mabú. Humacao's territory covers 45 square miles. Two islands belong to Humacao: Cayo Batata. Humacao's hydrographic system consists of many rivers and creeks like Humacao, Antón Ruíz, Candelero; some of its creeks are Frontera and Del Obispo, among many others.
Like all municipalities of Puerto Rico, Humacao is subdivided into barrios. Due to its location on the coast and relative short distance from the capital, Humacao is a frequent stop for tourists. One of the most notable tourist mainstays is the Palmas del Mar resort, the island's largest resort; this megaresort is composed of over 3,000 acres of land and occupies the entire south eastern portion of the municipal territory. The resort contains over 20 tennis courts, two world-class golf courses, several restaurants and a riding center. Aside of the beaches in Palmas del Mar resort, Humacao has several other beaches. Among the most popular ones are Punta Santiago, Buena Vista, Punta Candelero, El Morrillo. Other landmarks from Humacao are the Astronomical Observatory in the University of Puerto Rico at Humacao, Casa Roig, the Guzmán Ermit, the Wildlife Refuge, the Church Dulce Nombre de Jesús. Burilngton store in Humacao employs under 100 people and reopened its doors in March 2019; the store had been shuttered since Hurricane Maria destroyed it on September 19, 2017.
The Fiesta patronal dedicated to the Immaculate Conception is held at the beginning of December. It has lost most of its religious content to become a festival of live music, food and verbenas; the Breadfruit Festival is celebrated during the first weekend of September. It is organized by the Mariana's Recreational and Cultural Association, a community organization of the Barrio Mariana, its main theme is about the preparation of dishes. Typical Puerto Rican music and foods as well as other cultural and sports activities can be enjoyed. Most years it has been held at one of the highest places of the sector with views to Humacao, Las Piedras, Naguabo and Yabucoa; the Grises basketball team, founded in 2005, belongs to Puerto Rico's National Superior Basketball league. In 2010, they changed their name to the Caciques de Humacao, they play on the new Humacao Coliseum. The Grises is a Double A class amateur baseball team that has won one championship and four time runners-up in. Like all municipalities in Puerto Rico, Humacao is administered by a mayor.
The current mayor is Marcelo Trujillo, from the Popular Democratic Party. Trujillo was elected at the 2000 general election; the city belongs to the Puerto Rico Senatorial
Yabucoa, Puerto Rico
Yabucoa is a municipality in Puerto Rico, located in the eastern region, north of Maunabo. Yabucoa is spread over Yabucoa Pueblo, it is part of the San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo Metropolitan Statistical Area. The region of what is now Yabucoa belonged to the Taíno region of Guayaney, which covered a portion of the southeast region of Puerto Rico; the region was led by cacique Güaraca. After the Spanish colonization, the region of Yabucoa belonged to Humacao, its territory was used for cattle and farming. Yabucoa, as a town, was founded in October 3, 1793 when Don Manuel Colón de Bonilla and his wife, Catalina Morales Pacheco, donated the lands to the people. Hurricane Maria struck the island of Puerto Rico on September 20, 2017 as a category 5 hurricane, knocking out power to the entire island; the hurricane triggered numerous landslides in Yabucoa with the significant amount of rain that fell. Many older residents of Yabucoa died as a result of Hurricane Maria. Residents on oxygen machines died with the lack of electrical power.
In June, 2018 the administrators of the municipality stated that they noticed an uptick in mortality rates and were relaying the information since February, of 2018 but the government of Puerto Rico was not interested in hearing about it. Many more deaths were occurring. An entire new section to the cemetery was built following the hurricane and the deaths that followed; as of June 12, 2018 more than 30% of Yabucoa residents were without electrical power, stated the mayor of Yabucoa, Rafael Surillo. He stated there were 4,000 residences with between 12,000 and 15,000 residents without electrical power, of 36,000 residents. Large swaths of Yabucoa municipality barrios Guayabota, Juan Martín, Calabazas and Aguacate, 100% of barrio Jácanas were without electrical power for nine months, some since Hurricane Irma had hit a week prior to Hurricane Maria; the Municipality of Yabucoa is located in the south-eastern coast of Puerto Rico. The valley of Yabucoa is surrounded by the hills of the San Lorenzo Batholith on three sides and by the Caribbean Sea on the fourth.
The hills surrounding the Yabucoa valley as well as the bedrock underlying the alluvium in the valley are composed of the San Lorenzo Batholith, a large, igneous intrusive body emplaced during the Late Cretaceous. The San Lorenzo Batholith is a composite body, composed of gabbro, tonalite and quartz monzonite; the Cuchillas de Panduras, a fork of the Cordillera Central runs through its south. Santa Elena is one of its most prominent peaks with an altitude of 1,870 feet. Santa Elena is located in Juan Martin ward. Pandura peak rises 1,693 feet above sea level. Pandura is located in the Calabazas ward; the altitude of the hills surrounding the valley of Yabucoa reaches a maximum of about 2,130 feet at the head of the Río Guayanes basin. The land surface in the Yabucoa valley slopes from an altitude of about 98 feet above mean sea level, at the western edge of the valley, to sea level where the valley meets the Caribbean Sea. Like all municipalities of Puerto Rico, Yabucoa is subdivided into barrios.
Yabucoa is known for its agricultural prowess because of the surrounding fertile valley that produces most of the island's plantain and bananas. Yabucoeños are known as the "sugar people" because most of the valley was used for sugar cane growth and because one of the most visible landmarks, seen when entering the municipality, is the old Hacienda Roig sugar mill, one of the last mills that produced sugar in Puerto Rico (for recent photos. Like all municipalities in Puerto Rico, Yabucoa is administered by a mayor; the current mayor is Rafael Surillo Ruiz, from the Popular Democratic Party. Surillo was elected at the 2012 general election; the city belongs to the Puerto Rico Senatorial district VII, represented by two Senators. In 2012, Jorge Suárez and José Luis Dalmau were elected as District Senators. A native of Yabucoa Ramón Luis Cruz-Burgos was elected to represent the city in those elections; the design of the flag of Yabucoa is abstract, inspired by the colors of the municipal shield. In the shield appear two angels the Santos Angeles Custodios, patron saints of Yabucoa.
The color purple field of the shield represents the highest dignity of the angels. The walking sticks are attributes of the traveller, refer to the holy office of the Angels as guides and companions in man's journey in his earthly life; the canes are adorned with guajana flowers. The green land where the angels stand symbolizes the fertile valley. One of the main roads to Yabucoa is the PR-3. Distance from the capital is 1 hour. In 2008, a tunnel connecting the town of Yabucoa with the town of Maunabo was completed, it is the longest on the island. There are 41 bridges in Yabucoa. Nydia Velasquez - United States congresswoman Christian Pagán - Winner of Idol Puerto Rico Santiago Vidarte - Poet Antonio Ayuso Valdivieso - Politician, educator Jose Facundo Cintrón - Advocated in 1872 and 1873 for the end of slavery. List of Puerto Ricans History of Puerto Rico Did you know-Puerto Rico? Yabucoa and its barrios, United States Census Bureau Yabucoa Municipality on Facebook Puerto Rico Government Directory - Yabucoa