Later Yan

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Later Yan (後燕)
384–409
Later Yan in 391 AD
Later Yan in 391 AD
Later Yan in 398 AD
Later Yan in 398 AD
Capital Zhongshan (386-397)
Longcheng (397-409)
Government Monarchy
Emperor  
• 384-396
Murong Chui
• 396-398
Murong Bao
• 398
Lan Han
• 398-401
Murong Sheng
• 401-407
Murong Xi
• 407-409
Murong Yun
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Former Qin
Northern Wei
Southern Yan
Northern Yan

The Later Yan (simplified Chinese: 后燕; traditional Chinese: 後燕; pinyin: Hòuyàn; 384-407 or 409) was a MurongXianbei state, located in modern-day northeast China, during the era of Sixteen Kingdoms in China.[10]

All rulers of the Later Yan declared themselves "emperors".

Rulers of the Later Yan[edit]

Temple names Posthumous names Family names and given name Durations of reigns Era names and their according durations
Chinese convention: use family name and given name
Shizu (世祖 Shìzǔ) Wucheng (武成 Wǔchéng) 慕容垂 Mùróng Chuí 384-396 Yanwang (燕王 Yànwáng) 384-386
Jianxing (建興 Jiànxīng) 386-396
Liezong (烈宗 Lièzōng) Huimin (惠愍 Huìmǐn) 慕容寶 Mùróng Bǎo 396-398 Yongkang (永康 Yǒngkāng) 396-398
Unknown Unknown 蘭汗/兰汗 Lán Hàn 398 Qinglong (青龍/青龙 Qīnglóng) 398
Zhongzong (中宗 Zhōngzōng) Zhaowu (昭武 Zhāowǔ) 慕容盛 Mùróng Shèng 398-401 Jianping (建平 Jiànpíng) 398
Changle (長樂 Chánglè) 399-401
Unknown Zhaowen (昭文 Zhaowén) 慕容熙 Mùróng Xī 401-407 Guangshi (光始 Guāngshǐ) 401-406
Jianshi (建始 Jiànshǐ) 407
Unknown Huiyi (惠懿 Huìyì) 慕容雲/慕容云 Mùróng Yún1
or 高雲/高云 Gāo Yún1
407-409 Zhengshi (正始 Zhèngshǐ) 407-409
1 The family name of Gao Yun was changed to Murong when he was adopted by the royal family. If Gao Yun was counted as a ruler of the Later Yan, the state would end in 409. It ended in 407 otherwise.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "中央研究院網站". www.sinica.edu.tw. 
  2. ^ Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 115.
  3. ^ "中央研究院網站". www.sinica.edu.tw. 
  4. ^ a b Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 106.
  5. ^ "中央研究院網站". www.sinica.edu.tw. 
  6. ^ "中央研究院網站". www.sinica.edu.tw. 
  7. ^ Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 109.
  8. ^ "中央研究院網站". www.sinica.edu.tw. 
  9. ^ Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 114.
  10. ^ Grousset, Rene (1970). The Empire of the Steppes. Rutgers University Press. p. 59. ISBN 0-8135-1304-9.