Latrun is located at a strategic hilltop in the Latrun salient in the Ayalon Valley. It overlooks the road between Tel Aviv and Jerusalem, 25 kilometers west of Jerusalem and 14 kilometers southeast of Ramla, it was the site of fierce fighting during the 1948 war. During the 1948–1967 period, it was occupied by Jordan at the edge of a no man's land between the armistice lines known as the Latrun salient. In the 1967 war, it was captured by Israel along with the whole salient and the West Bank, remains a part of Israel to this day; the hilltop includes the Trappist Latrun Abbey, Mini Israel, a park with scale models of historic buildings around Israel, The International Center for the Study of Bird Migration, adjacent to Yad La-Shiryon Memorial and Museum. Neve Shalom is a joint Jewish-Arab community on a hilltop south of Latrun. Canada Park is nearby to the east; the name Latrun is derived from the ruins of a medieval castle. There are two theories regarding the origin of the name. One is; the other is that it is from the Latin, Domus boni Latronis, a name given by 14th century Christian pilgrims after the penitent thief, crucified by the Romans alongside Jesus.
In the Hebrew Bible, the Ayalon Valley was the site of a battle in which the Israelites, led by Joshua, defeated the Amorites. Judah Maccabee established his camp here in preparation for battle with the Seleucid Greeks, who had invaded Israel/Judea and were camped at Emmaus. According to the Book of Maccabees, Judah Maccabee learned that the Greeks were planning to march on his position, ambushed the invaders; the Jewish victory in what was called the Battle of Emmaus led to greater Jewish autonomy under Hasmonean rule over the next century. Little remains of the castle, reputedly built in 1130s by a Castilian nobleman Rodrigo González de Lara who gave it to the Templars; the main tower was surrounded with a rectangular enclosure with vaulted chambers. This in turn was enclosed by an outer court. In 1883, the PEF's Survey of Western Palestine described Latrun as a few adobe huts among the ruins of a medieval fortress. In December 1890, a monastery was established at Latrun by French and Flemish monks of the Trappists, from Sept-Fons Abbey in France, at the request of Monseigneur Poyet of the Latin Patriarchate of Jerusalem.
The monastery is dedicated to Our Lady of the Seven Sorrows. The liturgy is in French; the monks bought the'Maccabee Hotel' called'The Howard' from the Batato brothers together with two-hundred hectares of land and started the community in a building which still stands in the monastic domain. In 1909 it was given the status of a Priory and that of an Abbey in 1937; the monks established a vineyard using knowledge gained in France and advice from an expert in the employ of Baron Edmond James de Rothschild from the Carmel-Mizrahi Winery. Today they produce a wide variety of wines that are sold in elsewhere; the community was expelled by the Ottoman Turks between 1914–1918 and the buildings pillaged. Walid Khalidi in his book All That Remains describes al-Latrun as a small village established in the late 19th century by villagers from nearby Emmaus. In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Latrun had a population of 59, all Muslims. In addition, Dair Latrun had a population of 37 Christian males.
In the 1931 census they were counted together, Latrun had a population 120. The Latrun monastery was rebuilt in 1926; the crypt was completed in 1933 and the church in 1954. The monastery was designed by the community's first abbot, Dom Paul Couvreur, is an example of Cistercian architecture. Much of the stained-glass windows were produced by a monk of the community. A Juniorate, a school for young boys, ran from 1931 until 1963 and provided many vocations for the community of Lebanese monks. Following the 1936–39 Arab revolt, the British authorities built a number of police forts at various locations. Many members of the Yishuv who had resisted the British administration were imprisoned in a detention camp at Latrun. Moshe Sharett Israel's second Prime Minister, several other members of the Jewish Agency's Executive Committee, were held at Latrun for several months in 1946; as of the 1945 statistics, the population of the Latrun village had grown to 190 Christians, with a total of 8,376 dunams of land.
Of this, a total of 6,705 dunams were used for cereals, 439 dunams were irrigated or used for orchards, 7 for citrus and bananas, while 4 dunams were classified as built-up public areas. The road from the coastal plain to Jerusalem was blocked after the British withdrew and handed the fort of Latrun over to Jordan's Arab Legion; the Arab Legionnaires used the fort to shell Israeli vehicles traveling on the road below imposing a military siege on Jerusalem and the Jewish residents there, despite that the United Nations plan was to keep Jerusalem as an international zone with neither Jordan, nor the Palestinian Arab Higher Committee having sovereignty over it. On 24 May 1948, ten days after the Israeli Declaration of Independence per the United Nations General Assembly's Resolution 181 and the Arab assaults against Israel whi
The Final Combat is a 1989 Hong Kong TVB wuxia comedy drama series starring Stephen Chow, Richard Ng, Francis Ng, Jacqueline Law and Yammie Nam as the main cast. It aired on April 1989 to May 12, 1989 with 30 episodes total. Chow introduced his famous catch phrase "Sit down, drink a cup of tea, eat a bun, talk slowly"「坐低飲啖茶，食個包」in this drama. Ku Fung and Duen Hoi, both are apprentices under the Celestine Sect, must fight off their former sect brother Ku Yim Yeung, Ku Fung's twin brother, who has turned evil and women like due to learning the Maiden scripture and formed his own Maiden Force cult. In order to stop his former disciple Yim Yeung and Hoi's Si Fu took it upon himself to learn the Blissful scripture, but because this skill requires so much strength and power from the person using it they will die after only using the fighting move once. Not wanting his Si Fu to sacrifice his life because of his twin brother Fung plots with his sect brother Hoi to steal the Blissful scripture and learn the fighting skill himself so that he can fight his own twin brother and sacrifice himself.
Fung and Hoi failed to get the scripture and Hoi accidentally kills one of their own sect brothers in the process of trying to steal it from their Si Fu. Fung is framed for the death of the sect brother Hoi accidentally killed, while trying to escape his sect brothers who are after him now for a murder they think he committed Fung falls down a cliff and is presumed dead. Hoi feeling guilty for what has happened raises Fung's son Yuk Lau as his own, but in the process neglects the upbringing of his own son Duen Fei. Yuk Lau grows up to be a filial son and good at martial arts where as Duen Fei grows up to be mischievous and hates martial arts. Yuk Lau meets Suet An, a disciple of Ku Yim Yeung and falls in love with her but because he is more power hungry he uses her to try to get the Maiden scripture, he gets his hands on the Maiden scripture through a sorceress who had stolen the Maiden scripture from Ku Yim Yeung. Yuk Lau becomes like Ku Yim Yeung, he takes over the Maiden Force cult from Ku Yim Yeung, in order to stop his adopted brother Duen Fei must learn the Blissful scripture.
Stephen Chow 周星馳 as Duen Fei 段飛The main protagonist of the story. Duen Hoi's son and Yuk Lau's adopted younger brother, his mother died. Due to his father's guilt of the death of his sect brother he was neglected while growing up, he loves mischief. He meets Ku Fung. Has a crush on Suet An but learns to love and marries Lee Ju on. Richard Ng 吳孟達 as Ku Yim Yeung 古艷陽 & Ku Fung 古峰Ku Yim Yeung - Former disciple of the Celestine Sect. Ku Fung's older twin brother. Due to being power hungry he becomes lady like and evil. Forms his own cult. Lee Ju's biological father. Lee Gil's former husband. Ku Fung - Celestine Sect disciple.. Yuk Lau biological father, he feels guilty and his sect brothers don't trust him because his twin Ku Yim Yeung, part of the Celestine Sect had turned evil after learning the Maiden scripture. He gets framed for the death of a sect brother Hoi accidentally killed. Francis Ng 吳鎮宇 as Duen Yuk Lau 段玉樓Duen Fei's adopted older brother. Ku Fung's biological son. Due to Duen Hoi's guilt on causing the assumed death of Ku Fung he adopts Yuk Lau and raises him as his own.
He is a filial son and good at martial arts but due to being power hungry he is willing to turn against anyone. He loves Suet An but due to his hunger for power he uses her to try to get the Maiden scripture. Jacqueline Law 羅慧娟 as Lee Gil's daughter, she manages a wine shop with her mother. She doesn't know that Ku Yim Yeung is her biological father because her mother had left her father and took her with her when he was learning the Maiden scripture. At first she hated Duen Fei because of his prank on her it caused someone else be cancelled her earlier arranged marriage, she falls in love with Duen Fei and marries him. Yammie Nam 藍潔瑛 as Suet An 雪雁She's an orphan that Ku Yim Yeung raised as a disciple, she was a filial disciple until she fell in love with Duen Yuk Lau. Ku Yim Yeung knowing of her relationship with Yuk Lau banishes her from the Maiden Force cult. Cutie Mui as Ah Lan Lau Kong as Duen Hoi Lily Li as Lee Gil Lee Hin Ming as Ah Wah Derek Kok as Ah Bil Kwan Hoi San as Tung Oh Tin Ko Miu Si as Ku Fung's wife Chan Ga Yin as Ah Yin Chan Dik Hak as Yeung Sum Lee Yiu Ging as Ah Fai Raymond Tsang as Ah Bun Eddie Ko as Ai Ding Shan Brian Wong as Ai Lap Bong Benz Hui as Chin Man Lee Wong Wai Tak Lau Man Chun Cheng Ka Sang as Ju Sing Cheung Wilson Tsui as Han Mo Ki Yip Bik Won as Hau Yi Jatfei Wong as Tin Pang Wong Sing Seung Chan Ga Bik Lam Ga Lai Lee Gui Ying Wong Fung King Lam Yin Ming Evergreen Mak Bobby Tsang Han Jun Chu Kong Stella Wong as Chiu Hung Teresa Carpio Chan Wai Yu Ng Bok Kwan Cho Chai Mak Chi Won as Won Chung Long Yu Tin Wai Chan Min Leung Kwong Ming Fai Gordon Lam as the prince's guard Bak Man Bil Yu Ming Ma Hing Sung as General Wu Chan On Ying as Ah Fan 阿芬 Ling Lai Man Bau Fong as Happy Elder The Final Combat on IMDb
Renato Luna Cayetano, popularly known as Compañero, was a Filipino lawyer, television presenter, journalist and former senator. He was the father of Senator Pia Cayetano, House Speaker Alan Peter Cayetano, Taguig Mayor Lino Cayetano. Cayetano was born Renato Luna Cayetano on December 12, 1934 in San Carlos City, Philippines, he was the eldest son of mechanic Pedro Santiago Cayetano of Marilao and public school teacher Julianna Cabrera of Pateros. He graduated from Rizal High School, he earned his bachelor's degree at the University of the Philippines and three graduate degrees - Master of Public Administration, Master of Laws, Doctor of Laws at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, Mich. Rene Cayetano was a founding partner of the Cayetano, Sebastian and Cruz Law Office, chairman of the House of Delegates and governor of the Integrated Bar of the Philippines, with Juan Ponce Enrile, co-founder of the Pecabar Law Offices. Cayetano was active in private law practice, handling many sensational cases pro bono.
He acted as private prosecutor in the Pepsi Paloma rape case, Manila Filmfest Scandal on behalf of Mayor Alfredo Lim, co-defense counsel for Luis Beltran in the libel case filed against him by former President Corazon Aquino. Most famous of these cases was the Vizconde case where all the accused were found guilty and sentenced to life imprisonment. To reach a wider audience, he hosted "Compañero y Compañera", a popular public service program that offers free legal advice to television viewers and radio listeners. In 1998, former President Fidel V. Ramos conferred on Cayetano the Legion of Honor. Earlier, the Order of the Purple Feather of the UP College of Law adopted him as member and the Philippine Jaycees named him as outstanding Jaycees president; the University of Michigan and Princeton University in United States gave him various grants. He received a doctorate in humanities, honoris causa, by Misamis University in 1997. After his 1984 election as an assemblyman to the Batasan Pambansa, he was appointed Deputy Minister for Trade and Industry Administrator of the Export Processing Zone Authority.
In 1995, he was appointed chief presidential counsel by Former President Ramos. In recognition of his efforts in crime prevention and improvement of the criminal justice system, he was named Vice Chairman of the Presidential Anti-Crime Commission. In May 1998, Cayetano was elected senator; the freshman senator became the Chairman of the Committee on Justice and Human Rights and Vice-Chairman of the Committee on Public Order and Illegal Drugs. He is the Minority Leader of the Commission on Appointments and was a member of the Judicial Bar Council and BIR Oversight Committee. Before the 11th Congress adjourned February 9, he became the Senate Minority Leader Floor Leader, making him an ex-officio member of all Senate committees. In his first term as a lawmaker, Senator Cayetano has filed a number of Senate bills and resolutions aimed at speeding up the dispensation of justice for criminal cases and in curbing graft and corruption. Through his efforts, the Supreme Court issued Administrative Order 51-96 designating special criminal courts in Metro Manila and other cities to hear cases involving heinous crimes and finish the trial within 60 days.
A strong exponent of the rights of the consuming public, he filed Resolution No. 579 and fought for the ban on collection of parking fees by shopping malls. The Senate Committee on Commerce and Industry jointly with the Justice and Human Rights Committee found the collection of parking fees, the provisions of the waiver of liability, stated in parking tickets are illegal, he authored and co-authored landmark pieces of legislation during the 11th Congress which includes RA 8972 –"An Act to Facilitate the Acquisition of Right-of-Way, Site or Location for National Government Infrastructure Projects and for Other Purposes". He was responsible for Republic Act 9048 aimed at correcting clerical and typographical errors in an entry in personal legal documents as the city or municipality civil register level. During the impeachment trial of former President Estrada, he was one of the ten Senator-Judges who voted for the opening of the second envelope, an event that triggered People Power II, which led to the ousting of the former president.
He is the Chair of the Senate Committee on Education and Culture, the Senate Committee on Energy for the 12th Congress. Cayetano peacefully died from the complications of abdominal cancer on June 25, 2003, at his home in Ayala Alabang, Muntinlupa City, he is buried in his hometown of Pateros. On 2005, the school "Senator Renato "Companero" Cayetano Memorial Science and Technology High School" was built in memory of him. Rene Cayetano Elementary School - Patay Rd, Caloocan City Rene Cayetano Elementary School - Phase 8-B, Pkg. 5, Caloocan City Compañero Rene Cayetano F