click links in text for more info


Laugharne is a town located on the south coast of Carmarthenshire, lying on the estuary of the River Tâf. Laugharne is within the electoral ward and community of Laugharne Township The population at the 2011 census was 1,222; the ward includes the village of Pendine and Pendine Sands. It was the civil parish corresponding to the marcher borough of Laugharne. A predominantly English-speaking area, just south of the Landsker Line, it is bordered by the communities of Llanddowror, St Clears and Llansteffan. Laugharne was the home of Dylan Thomas from 1949 until his death in 1953, is thought to have been the inspiration for the fictional town of Llareggub in Under Milk Wood, though topographically it is more similar to New Quay where Thomas lived whilst he wrote the story. Laugharne was part of Dyfed, which subsequently became part of Deheubarth. In 1093, Deheubarth was seized by the Normans following Rhys ap Tewdwrs death. In the early 12th century, grants of lands were made to Flemings by King Henry I when their country was flooded.

In 1116, when Gruffydd ap Rhys returned from self-imposed exile, the king arranged for the land to be fortified against him. Courtemain may be the Robertus cum tortis manibus mentioned in the Book of Llandaff, as one of a number of name Norman Magnates within the vicinity of the Llandaff diocese, who received a letter from Pope Callixtus II complaining about deprivations they had inflicted on diocesan church property; the Brut states. The castle was known as the Castle of Abercorran; when Henry I died, Anarchy occurred, Gruffydd, his sons, Lord Rhys in particular reconquered large parts of the former Deheubarth. In 1154, the Anarchy was resolved. Henry II de-mobilised Flemish soldiers who had aided him during the Anarchy, settling them with the other Flemings. From time to time, King Henry had occasion to go to Ireland, or Normandy, which Lord Rhys took as an opportunity to try and expand his own holdings. Returning from Ireland after one such occasion, in 1172, King Henry made peace with Lord Rhys, making him the justiciar of South Wales.

By 1247, Laugharne was held by Guy de Bryan. Guy de Bryan's descendants continued to hold the castle; the latter's daughter Elizabeth inherited the castle and married an Owen of St Bride's who subsequently took his name – Owen Laugharne – from the castle despite Gerald of Wales calling the castle Talachar, other variations on Laugharne/Talacharn appearing in ancient charters. Possession subsequently defaulted to the Crown, in 1575, Queen Elizabeth gave it to Sir John Perrot returning to the crown after his death. In 1644 the castle was garrisoned for the king and taken for Parliament by Major-General Rowland Laugharne, who subsequently reverted to the king's side; this led leaving it in ruins. The parish church of St Martin dates from the 14th century when it was built by the Lord of the Manor of Laugharne Sir Guido de Brian, who built the Church of St Margaret Marloes, Eglwyscummin some 5 miles to the west; the church is situated within a rectilinear churchyard, bounded by former strip fields, extending some 200 metres to the south and 400 metres to the east.

It is thought that the church's original dedication was to St Michael, as it was referred to by this name in 1494 and 1849. Cist burials have been identified in the churchyard. A small, ornamented wheel-topped stone was excavated during grave-digging. At the time of the foundation borough of Laugharne, by a charter of 1278, the church belonging to the Rural Deanery of St Clears and a prebend of Winchester Cathedral. Before 1777 the churches of St Lawrence's Church, Marros and St Cyffic's Church, Cyffic were dependencies, but these both became parish churches in their own right. In 1927 a medieval tile and what is thought to have been part of a canopied tomb, were found in the churchyard; the churchyard's eighteenth and nineteenth century monuments in the churchyard are Grade II listed for their group value. Inside the church is a shaped cross-slab dating from the Dark Ages the 9th-10th century, built into the east wall of the south transept and has an unusual Celtic design carved onto it; some historians claim.

There is thick ropework, in the form of looped interlacing, running up from the bottom to the cross-head. Close to the edges there is thinner knotwork; the large round-shaped cross-head has a Latin-style cross in the centre with a small boss in the middle of that and oval looped links between the arms. The church is t

Sounds Good ~Himekuri Shashin~

Sounds Good ~Himekuri Shashin~ is the fourth studio album by Japanese pop band The Tambourines. It was released on November 2, 2005 two years after the release of Home Again through Giza Studio; the album consists of two previous released singles, such as "Never ~Aki ha Chotto Samishiku~" and "Don't stop the music". "Never ever" received special mix under title album version. The composer of Don't stop the music, Aika Ohno self-cover this single in her cover album Silent Passage. Nine songs out of eleven were composed by band themselves; this albums consist of total 11 tracks. This is their last studio album. Till the hiatus they continue release only mini albums; the album charted at #270 on the Oricon charts in its first week. It charted for one week. All the tracks are arranged by Hiroshi Asai. Never ~Aki ha Chotto Samishiku~: ending theme for Nihon TV program Coming Doubt Don't stop music: ending theme for TBS Television program Azaassu

Haage Summane

Haage Summane is a 2008 Kannada film directed by Preetham Gubbi. Kiran Srinivas and Suhasi played the lead roles. Music was composed by Mano Murthy; the film released nationwide on 26 December 2008. Kiran Srinivas as Preetham Suhasi Dhami as Khushi Pooja Gandhi Chandrashekar Sharath Babu Director - Preetham Gubbi Producer - Murali Mohan, Santosh Banner - Zee motion pictures & Dharma Pictures Distributor - Jayanna Films Cinematography - S Krishna Lyrics - Jayant Kaikini Music - Mano Murthy Screenplay - Preetham Gubbi Story – Preetham Gubbi Dialogues – Ashok Art - Mohan Editor – Deepu S Kumar Choreography - Harsha A The film has six songs composed by Mano Murthy with the lyrics penned by Jayant Kaikini; the audio of the film released worldwide on 11 October 2008, at Bangalore. FilmFare Award for Best Cinematographer S Krishna. Official website listen songs online

Shane Howard

Shane Michael Howard is an Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist, he was the mainstay of folk rock group Goanna which had hit singles with "Solid Rock" and "Let the Franklin Flow" on the Kent Music Report and their album, Spirit of Place. After their disbandment he pursued a solo career. Howard was born on 26 January 1955 and raised in the Victorian coastal town of Dennington 5 kilometres north-west of Warrnambool, he is the middle child of seven children of an Irish Catholic family living in a cramped factory cottage. His father, was a worker at the local Nestlés powdered milk factory, for 48 years. Howard loved music, led by his mother, who played the piano and sang. I don't know a world without music. I don't know what life's like without music, it just was always there. I was a middle child, so there were older brothers and sisters and you just slotted into that. I guess, you know, singing at mass and singing at church were the first sorts of contact with that, Mum would play the organ.

According to Howard's younger sister, Marcia Howard, they were colloquially called, "The Von Trapp Family of the Western District", because they played and sang at local celebrations. Howard attended Warrnambool. "Elder brothers and sisters brought The Beatles and Van Morrison and countless other influences into my crowded imagination." His eldest brother, brought a guitar into the house and homework suffered thereafter. After secondary education Howard moved to Melbourne, where he studied at Monash University for a year, before hitch hiking around Australia and playing at folk clubs. During this time he worked in various jobs: picking grapes, picking ginger, screen printing, the railways, washing dishes and teaching, he studied Education at Deakin University, Geelong where he became their first Student Council president. By 1976 Howard had enrolled at Geelong Teachers College, was recruiting people for a new folk-rock band. Known as the Ectoplasmic Manifestation. In late 1977 the group changed their name to the Goanna Band.

Their set list included Bob Little Feat cover versions. They performed in Victoria, their line-up was fluid, with Howard as the sole mainstay. They were worlds away from. Just doing their own thing. There was never a permanent line-up. Just Shane and his friends, picking up a following by playing to surfies and'heads' along Victoria's coastal regions." Rose Bygrave joined on keyboards and vocals in 1979. In May 1981, on a doctor's advice, Howard took a month's hiatus from performing and travelled to Uluru: I had come from this beautiful inspiring aboriginal tradition, the contrast between that and this harsh reality of conflict with western world 300 kilometres away, it marked me for all time. I saw an incredible injustice, and I realised that this country that I grew up in, that I thought was my country, it wasn't. I had to reassess my whole relationship with the land and the landscape, understand that we had come from somewhere else, we had disempowered a whole race of people when we arrived. While travelling back to Melbourne, Howard began working on a song, "Stand Y'r Ground".

Its lyrics didn't match their folk-rock music style. He put it aside, developed a different, rougher melody with new lyrics; when he arrived in Melbourne, he had a new song for the group to record, based upon his experiences at Uluru, "Solid Rock". Goanna were the opening act on James Taylor's 1981 Australian tour, which led to a record deal with WEA in February 1982. At that time, his sister, Marcia joined the group on backing vocals. In September 1982 "Solid Rock", from Goanna's debut album, Spirit of Place, was released as a single. Australian musicologist, Ian McFarlane, described it as "a damning indictment of the European invasion of Australia. WEA was reluctant to issue it as the first single, indeed the band felt it had little commercial appeal." Both the single and its associated album peaked at No. 2 on the respective Kent Music Report charts. By February 1983 the line-up was the Howards and Bygrave with Peter Coughlan on bass guitar, Graham Davidge on guitar, Warrick Harwood on guitar and backing vocals, Mick O'Connor on organ and Robbie Ross on drums.

Lisa Perry of The Canberra Times caught their local performance. The throaty vocals of keyboards whiz rang clear through some slick guitar work from leader Shane Howard and guitarists and."In May 1983 Goanna used the pseudonym, Gordon Franklin and the Wilderness Ensemble, to release "Let the Franklin Flow" as a single, "in support of the Tasmanian Wilderness Society's campaign against the proposed damming of Tasmania's Franklin River.". At a live performance, Stop the Drop, at the Sidney Myer Music Bowl on 13 February that year, an ad hoc ensemble had Goanna joined by members of fellow Australian groups and Midnight Oil, which recorded a live version of the track. Howard, the song's writer, was credited as F. River; the single reached No. 12 nationally. The concert was simulcast on national TV and radio and it was released as a video recording, Stop the Drop: a Concert for Nuclear Disarmament in 1983; the group's second studio albu

Esholt Junction rail crash

The Esholt Junction rail crash occurred on Thursday 9 June 1892, at the point at which the Otley and Ilkley Joint Railway from Ilkley divides, one branch in the direction of Leeds and the other Bradford, a short distance after Guiseley railway station. Two trains collided at around three thirty in the afternoon, resulting in the deaths of five passengers, injuries to twenty-six more; the driver and guard of one of the trains were injured, as was a guard on the other train. Although vegetation obscuring a signal was accepted as the primary cause of the crash, a recommendation was made to alter certain signalling procedures at the junction to prevent a recurrence; the crash arose as three trains neared the junction at much the same time — a common enough occurrence. From the direction of Bradford, a Bradford-Harrogate train was following a route taking it in the direction of Guiseley. Signalman Harry I'Anson, in the Esholt signal box, gave the Bradford-Harrogate train permission to pass the junction.

At the junction, the Leeds-Ilkley driver, Archibald McLay, despite acknowledging that he had been given a clause 16 permission, in spite of his four and a half year's service on the line, mistook the proceed signal given to the Bradford-Harrogate train as relating to his line. In fact, his signal obscured by vegetation at the time he looked at it. By the time his train arrived at the junction, it was being crossed by the Ilkley-Bradford train; the Ilkley-bound train ploughed through the last six carriages of the Bradford bound train, overturning the last of these. Five passengers, all on the Ilkley-Bradford train died, one one en route to and three in hospital. Twenty-six passengers were injured and McLay and his fireman, Walter Bolton, received serious injuries, as did the guard on his train and one of the guards on the Bradford-bound train. An investigation by Major General C. S. Hutchinson concluded that whereas the immediate cause was the obscured signal, signalling practice at Esholt Junction — clause 16, which allowed trains to approach the junction — should be abolished and considered to be a breach of the Regulation of Railways Act 1889.

The Bradford junction signal was repositioned so that it could not be seen from the Leeds line

Mecca crane collapse

On 11 September 2015, a crawler crane toppled over onto the Masjid al-Haram, the Grand Mosque in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, killing 111 people and injuring 394. The city was preparing for the Hajj pilgrimage; the victims were of twelve different nationalities, with the greatest contingents of fatalities being 25 Bangladeshis and 23 Egyptians. Of the injured, the most represented nationalities were 42 Indonesians; the accident has been cited as the deadliest crane collapse in modern history, with the previous most deadly incident being the collapse of a construction crane in New York City in 2008, killing seven people. The Masjid al-Haram is the largest mosque in the world and surrounds Islam's holiest place, the Kaaba, in the city of Mecca. Muslims face in the direction of the Kaaba while performing prayers. One of the Five Pillars of Islam requires every Muslim to perform the Hajj pilgrimage at least once in his or her lifetime if able to do so, including circumambulation of the Kaaba. There have been many major incidents during the Hajj over the years, causing the loss of thousands of lives.

To prevent crushes and accommodate more pilgrims each year during the Hajj season, Saudi authorities undertook a major construction project to expand the mosque compound in recent years. At the time of the incident the Saudi authorities were preparing for the hundreds of thousands of people expected to arrive in the city for the Hajj due to begin on 22 September 2015. A Saudi official stated; the Saudi Civil Defence authority confirmed that a crane collapsed through the ceiling of the mosque during strong winds created by a powerful storm. The collapse killed at least 111 people, injured 394, trapped many pilgrims under the debris; the incident occurred shortly before 5:20 p.m. on Friday, one of the busiest times of the week. The crane fell with its boom crashing through the roof. One witness reported that the crane fell on the third floor above Al-Safa and Al-Marwah at 5:45 p.m. local time. There were strong sand storms in the region over the preceding week; the authority said an hour before the disaster.

There were reports of winds of more than 40 kilometres per hour. However, the exact cause of the crane collapse was not confirmed. Following the accident the governor of Mecca, Prince Khaled Al Faisal, ordered an investigation into the incident. Search and rescue teams and medical workers from the Saudi Red Crescent were sent to the site. After visiting the site on 13 September 2015, King Salman Bin Abdulaziz Al Saud vowed that the accident will be investigated and the results will be made public. Pictures and video circulating on social media showed many dead and wounded amidst severe damage to the building. After receiving the report on the investigation into the incident, King Salman ordered on 15 September, only four days after the incident, that top officials of the Saudi Binladin Group be banned from traveling outside the kingdom and that the group be suspended from taking new projects; the report pinned the blame for the accident on the construction company. A royal court announcement carried by the Saudi Press Agency said the king was reviewing the report of the Accident Investigation Committee, which suggested negligence on the part of the Saudi Binladin Group, but concluded that it found an "absence of criminal suspicion".

The report said "the main reason for the accident is the strong winds while the crane was in a wrong position". Bandar Al Hajjar, Saudi Hajj minister at the time, stated that the Hajj that year would be the last to be affected by reductions in pilgrim quotas due to construction work, saying "Starting from next Hajj season, the number of pilgrims will increase to 5 million and to 30 million in the coming five years"; the German-made Liebherr Group crawler crane LR 11350 involved in the incident is operated by the Saudi Binladin Group, who are heading the expansion of the Grand Mosque and responsible for a large amount of major building contracts in Saudi Arabia. An engineer for the group said that the crane was erected in "an professional way", the accident was an "act of God"; the Liebherr Group responded to the accident by sending local engineers and engineers from their crane manufacturing plant in Ehingen, Germany to help in the investigation of the accident and to assist on site. Liebherr Group experts who participated in the investigation of the collapse found no structural flaws in the crane.

Their report stated that the crane's 190 meter long boom was not sufficiently secured by its operators so as to withstand the high winds present on the day of the collapse, that use of that crane in those 80–105 kilometres per hour winds was well outside the manufacturer's recommended operating parameters. The Saudi Gazette reported that Khaled Al-Faisal, the Emir of Mecca, had ordered the Binladin Group to relocate the crane from pedestrian areas and to deploy safeguards to prevent pilgrims entering the construction zone, eleven days before the accident. A source within the Mosque's engineering department stated that the crane was removed from the mosque and will not be reconstructed; the source said that, in coordination with the Civil Defense, all of the 100 cranes still present near the Haram were inspected and found to be safe. Irfan al-Alawi, co-founder of the Islamic Heritage Research Foundation, criticised the Saudi authorities, believing that their redevelopment of holy sites was not only damaging history, but putting many pilgrims' lives at risk.

Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak called for immediate aid for Malaysian pilgrims who were injured in the incident. Iranian President Hassan Rouhani offered medical staff to ass