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Laurence Olivier Award for Best Actress in a Musical

The Laurence Olivier Award for Best Actress in a Musical is an annual award presented by The Society of London Theatre in recognition of achievements in commercial British theatre. The awards were established as the Society of West End Theatre Awards in 1976, renamed in 1984 in honour of English actor Lord Olivier; the Olivier Awards are the most prestigious theatrical awards in the United Kingdom and are the UK equivalent of the Tony Awards. In both 1977 and 1978, the Oliviers presented an award for Best Performance in a Musical, this was won by a female performer on both occasions; the 1977 winner was Anna Sharkey for Maggie. The following year, they created the category for Best Actress in a Musical. Three awardsImelda StauntonTwo awardsBarbara Dickson Maria Friedman Julia McKenzie Joanna Riding Samantha Spiro Seven nominationsImelda StauntonSix nominationsMaria FriedmanFive nominationsRuthie Henshall Julia McKenzie Joanna RidingFour nominationsElaine PaigeThree nominationsElena Roger Jenna Russell Sheridan Smith Hannah WaddinghamTwo nominationsRosalie Craig Janie Dee Barbara Dickson Haydn Gwynne Patricia Hodge Nicola Hughes Judy Kuhn Maureen Lipman Patti LuPone Siân Phillips Samantha Spiro Summer Strallen Sophie Thompson Charlotte Wakefield Josie Walker Emma Williams 2 awardsEliza Doolittle from My Fair Lady Miss Adelaide from Guys and Dolls Mrs. Lovett from Sweeney Todd The Baker's Wife from Into the Woods 5 nominationsMiss Adelaide from Guys and Dolls Norma Desmond from Sunset Boulevard3 nominationsEliza Doolittle from My Fair Lady Lilli Vanessi / Katharine from Kiss Me, Kate Mrs. Johnstone from Blood Brothers Mrs. Lovett from Sweeney Todd2 nominationsAudrey from Little Shop of Horrors Caroline Thibodeaux from Caroline, or Change Desirée Armfeldt from A Little Night Music Dolly Levi from Hello, Dolly!

Dot / Marie from Sunday in the Park with George Édith Piaf from Piaf Eva Perón from Evita Fosca from Passion Maria von Trapp from The Sound of Music Mary Flynn from Merrily We Roll Along Mary Poppins from Mary Poppins Roxie Hart from Chicago Sally Durant Plummer from Follies Sarah Brown from Guys and Dolls The Baker's Wife from Into the Woods Velma Kelly from Chicago Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Actress in a Musical Tony Award for Best Actress in a Musical London Theatre Guide. "The Laurence Olivier Awards: Full List of Winners, 1976-2008". 1976-2008. The Society of London Theatre: 20. Retrieved 2008-08-30. Laurence Olivier Awards official website


Montalchez is a former municipality in the district of Boudry in the canton of Neuchâtel in Switzerland. On 1 January 2018 the former municipalities of Bevaix, Saint-Aubin-Sauges, Vaumarcus and Fresens merged into the new municipality of La Grande-Béroche. Montalchez is first mentioned in 1340 as villa de Montallichie. Montalchez has an area, as of 2009, of 6.4 square kilometers. Of this area, 3.72 km2 or 57.9% is used for agricultural purposes, while 2.41 km2 or 37.5% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.27 km2 or 4.2% is settled and 0.01 km2 or 0.2% is unproductive land. Of the built up area and buildings made up 2.3% and transportation infrastructure made up 1.6%. Out of the forested land, 33.8% of the total land area is forested and 3.7% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land, 17.9% is used for growing crops and 22.1% is pastures, while 1.2% is used for orchards or vine crops and 16.7% is used for alpine pastures. The municipality is located in the Boudry district.

It consists of the hamlet of Erperens. The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Per fess Argent and Gules, a Rose counterchanged. Montalchez has a population of 240; as of 2008, 4.4% of the population are resident foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has changed at a rate of 37.6%. It has changed at a rate of 10 % due to births and deaths. Most of the population speaks French as their first language, German is the second most common and English is the third; as of 2008, the population was 47.5 % female. The population was made up of 2 non-Swiss men. There were 7 non-Swiss women. Of the population in the municipality, 75 or about 40.8% were born in Montalchez and lived there in 2000. There were 43 or 23.4% who were born in the same canton, while 43 or 23.4% were born somewhere else in Switzerland, 15 or 8.2% were born outside of Switzerland. As of 2000, children and teenagers make up 21.2% of the population, while adults make up 60.3% and seniors make up 18.5%. As of 2000, there were 78 people who never married in the municipality.

There were 8 individuals who are divorced. As of 2000, there were 72 private households in the municipality, an average of 2.5 persons per household. There were 17 households that consist of 5 households with five or more people. In 2000, a total of 70 apartments were permanently occupied, while 28 apartments were seasonally occupied and 13 apartments were empty; as of 2009, the construction rate of new housing units was 21.4 new units per 1000 residents. The historical population is given in the following chart: In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 29.15% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the LPS Party, the SP and the FDP. In the federal election, a total of 91 votes were cast, the voter turnout was 54.5%. As of 2010, Montalchez had an unemployment rate of 2%; as of 2008, there were 34 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 11 businesses involved in this sector. No one was employed in the secondary sector. 10 people were employed with 6 businesses in this sector.

There were 104 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 39.4% of the workforce. In 2008 the total number of full-time equivalent jobs was 35; the number of jobs in the primary sector was 26. There were no jobs in the secondary sector; the number of jobs in the tertiary sector was 9, of which 6 were in wholesale or retail sales or the repair of motor vehicles, 2 were in a hotel or restaurant and 1 was in the information industry. In 2000, there were 71 workers. Of the working population, 5.8% used public transportation to get to work, 67.3% used a private car. From the 2000 census, 18 or 9.8% were Roman Catholic, while 128 or 69.6% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there were 24 individuals. 20 belonged to no church, are agnostic or atheist, 6 individuals did not answer the question. In Montalchez about 69 or of the population have completed non-mandatory upper secondary education, 14 or have completed additional higher education.

Of the 14 who completed tertiary schooling, 57.1% were Swiss men, 14.3% were Swiss women. In the canton of Neuchâtel most municipalities provide two years of non-mandatory kindergarten, followed by five years of mandatory primary education; the next four years of mandatory secondary education is provided at thirteen larger secondary schools, which many students travel out of their home municipality to attend. Both the kindergarten and the primary school are combined with Fresens. During the 2010-11 school year, there was one kindergarten class with a total of 23 students between the municipalities. In the same year, there was one primary class with a total of 16 students; as of 2000, there were 20 students from Montalchez who attended schools outside the municipality

Mafolie Great House

The Mafolie Great House, in Mafolie in the Northside subdistrict north of Charlotte Amalie in St. Thomas, U. S. Virgin Islands, was built in 1795; the estate was part of Estate Catherineberg, but was sold to Captain Sonderburg in 1962. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1978; the listing included a contributing structure. The name means "My folly" in French; the larger house is unusual in being composed of two parallel one-story structures joined by a roof. The house was headquarters of a Brazilian astronomical expedition in 1882 which studied a transit of Venus; the area has been said to have "an excellent panoramic view"

Edmund Pendleton

Edmund Pendleton was a Virginia planter, politician and judge. He served in the Virginia legislature before and during the American Revolutionary War, rising to the position of Speaker. Pendleton attended the First Continental Congress as one of Virginia's delegates alongside George Washington and Patrick Henry, led the conventions both wherein Virginia declared independence and adopted the U. S. Constitution. Unlike his sometime political rival Henry, Pendleton was a moderate who hoped for reconciliation, rather than revolt. With Thomas Jefferson and George Wythe, Pendleton revised Virginia's legal code after the break with Britain. To contemporaries, Pendleton may have distinguished himself most as a judge in the appellate roles in which he spent his final 25 years, including leadership of what is now known as the Supreme Court of Virginia. On hearing of his death, Congress agreed to wear badges of mourning for 30 days and expressed "their regret that another star is fallen from the splendid constellation of virtue and talents which guided the people of the United States, in their struggle for independence".

Pendleton was born in Caroline County to Mary Bishop Taylor, whose young husband, Henry Pendleton, had died four months earlier. Pendleton's maternal grandfather, James Taylor, was a large landowner in nearby Rappahannock County, may have helped raise the children until the widow remarried Edward Watkins two years later; when Edmund was 14 years old, he became apprenticed to Benjamin Robinson, clerk of the Caroline County Court, where he learned about political issues and soon began reading law books and learning legal procedures. In 1737, Pendleton was made clerk of the vestry of St. Mary’s Parish in Caroline, which not only secured him a steady income, but began his involvement with practical church-related matters which would continue throughout his life. Edmund Pendleton received a license to practice law in April 1741, his success before nearby county courts, including as the prosecuting attorney for Essex County allowed Pendleton to become a member of the General Court bar in October 1745.

When attorneys were forbidden to practice before both courts, Pendleton chose the General Court, wrapped up his lower court practice—which allowed him to accept appointment as a justice of the peace for Caroline County in 1751. Pendleton trained many young lawyers, including his nephews John Penn and John Taylor of Caroline. From 1752–1776 Pendleton represented Caroline County in the House of Burgesses. In May 1766, his mentor, the powerful speaker John Robinson died, Pendleton was appointed one of the executors, thus becoming involved in the John Robinson Estate Scandal throughout the rest of his legal career. Pendleton was on the Virginia Committee of Correspondence in 1773 and was a delegate to Continental Congress from Virginia in 1774. A moderate among the revolutionaries, in a resolution at the Second Congress he said: "The ground and foundation of the present unhappy dispute between the British Ministry and Parliament and America, is a Right claimed by the former to tax the Subjects of the latter without their consent, not an inclination on our part to set up for independency, which we utterly disavow and wish to restore to a Constitutional Connection upon the most solid and reasonable basis."Pendleton served as President of the Virginia Committee of Safety from August 16, 1775 to July 5, 1776, as President of the Virginia Convention which authorized Virginia's delegates to propose a resolution to move for the break from Britain and create a Declaration of Independence.

The Convention debated the Virginia Declaration of Rights, drafted by George Mason, which served as a model for the Declaration of Independence. Pendleton proposed the modification in the statement of universal rights in Virginia's declaration to exclude slaves, thus winning support of slave owners. Fellow delegates elected Pendleton the first Speaker of Virginia's new House of Delegates, although he dislocated his hip in a fall from a horse in March 1777 which caused him to miss the first session, he used. Pendleton, along with George Wythe, revised Virginia's law code, he became Judge of the High Court of Chancery in 1777. When Virginia created a Supreme Court of Appeals in 1778, Pendleton was appointed its first president, served until his death. In 1788 delegates unanimously selected Pendleton president of the Virginia Ratifying Convention; when George Wythe took the chair, Pendleton addressing colleagues thus: "...the people by us are peaceably assembled, to contemplate in the calm lights of mild philosophy, what Government is best calculated to promote their happiness, secure their liberty.

This I am sure we shall effect, if we do not lose sight of them by too much attachment to pictures of beauty, or horror, in our researches into antiquity, our travels for examples into remote regions". Edmund Pendleton married twice, he married Betty Roy on January 21, 1741, but she died in childbirth on November 16, 1742 and their infant son died shortly thereafter. On January 20, 1745, Pendleton married Sarah Pollard, daughter of Joseph Pollard and Prisilla Hoomes. Edmund and Sarah had no children, but in his extensive correspondence with contemporaries he referred to their marriage as happy. Since Pendleton had no direct descendant, his niece, nephews grandniece and grandnephew became his heir. Pendleton did not grant freedom to any slaves in his will, unlike George Washington who died without direct descendants, George Wythe who

Blood donation in England

In England and other tissues are collected by NHS Blood and Transplant, which processes and supplies blood products to hospitals in the country through the Bio Products Laboratory. NHSBT Blood Donation was known as the National Blood Service until it merged with UK Transplant in 2005 to form a NHS special health authority. Other official blood services in the United Kingdom include the Northern Ireland Blood Transfusion Service, the Scottish National Blood Transfusion Service and the Welsh Blood Service; the service depends on voluntary donations from the public. Blood was collected from various donor clinics located over the country. In 1994, the first mobile session was held in Elstree, hosted by the Joely Bear Appeal. Blood donation sessions are set up throughout the country and take place in many diverse venues. From village halls, to mobile collection units, sessions set up companies and organisations so people can donate at work. New donors are required to be fit and healthy, weigh between 50 kg and 160 kg and be aged between 17 and 66.

However, regular donors are permitted to donate past the age of 70 as long. Female donors may give blood up to three times a year and male donors may give blood four times a year. Prior to each donation, the donor's iron level is checked to make sure; the donor will be required to fill in a questionnaire to provide consent and declare that the donation will be safe, it is safe to give the donor's blood to someone else. WeightTo give. For donors who are female, aged under 20 years old, weigh under 60 kg and are under 168 cm height, the blood service will need to confirm their estimated blood volume is over 3500 ml. HIVEvery single blood donation is tested for HIV and Hepatitis B and C. Infected blood is not used in transfusions but tests may not always detect the early stages of viral infection. Pregnancy/TravelWomen should not give blood if they are pregnant or have had a baby in the last six months. People should wait six months after returning from a malarial area before giving blood, should inform the National Blood Service if they have visited Central or South America at any time.

People who cannot give bloodPeople should not give blood if they have donated with less than 12 weeks' interval between donations, or 16 weeks if they are female. If they have a chesty cough, sore throat or active cold sore, are taking antibiotics or you have just finished a course within the last seven days or have had any infection in that last two weeks. If they have had hepatitis or jaundice in the last 12 months, or had a tattoo, semi-permanent make up or any cosmetic treatments that involves skin piercing in the last 4 months. If they have had acupuncture in the last 4 months, unless this was done within the NHS or by a qualified healthcare professional registered with a statutory body. If a member of their family has suffered with CJD or if they have received human pituitary extract. If they have received blood or think they may have received blood during the course of any medical treatment or procedure anywhere in the world on or after the 1st January 1980. People who may not be able to give blood People who have had a serious illness or major surgery in the past or are on medication, or if they have had complicated dental work.

People who have had simple fillings are ok to give blood after 24 hours, as are simple extractions after 7 days. People who have been in contact with an infectious disease or have been given certain immunisations in the last four weeks, as well as people presently on a hospital waiting list or undergoing medical tests. People who can never give bloodPeople who have had syphilis, HTLV, HIV or Hepatitis C, worked as a prostitute, or have injected themselves with drugs. People should not give blood for 3 months after sex with A man. Men who have had anal or oral sex with another man are deferred from blood donation for 3 months. A man who has had sex with another man. A prostitute. Anyone who has injected themselves with drugs. Anyone with haemophilia or a related blood clotting disorder who has received clotting factor concentrates. Anyone of any race, sexually active in parts of the world where AIDS/HIV is common. Note: This 3 month deferral period only applies to England and Scotland - not Northern Ireland.

Northern Ireland still has a 12 month ban in place for these groups. Once the preliminary checks are complete, the donor lies on a bed and a sterile hypodermic needle connected to a bag is inserted into a vein in their inner elbow; the donation lasts between five and 10 minutes, during which 470 millilitres of whole blood is given. Following the donation, donors are invited to refreshments; this period serves two vital purposes: to replace certain lost fluids, to allow staff to monitor the donor's wellbeing. Donations can be taken by machines called cell separators in larger blood donation centres located in city centres; these machines use a process called apheresis to collect either blood plasma only, or plasma and platelets, the other blood cells being returned to the patient. Platelets are the tiny fragments of cells in the blood which help it to

Time and Again (short story)

"Time and Again" is a short story by American writer Breece D'J Pancake, first published in 1977. This American Gothic tale tells the story of an aging murderer, a farmer who feeds the bodies of his victims to his hogs; the short story appears in The Stories of Breece D' J Pancake. It can be found in the anthology American Gothic Tales, edited by Joyce Carol Oates; the story opens with a nameless narrator. The narrator lets the reader know that he was once again called out to work, by Mr. Weeks, but when he leaves the old house he left the kitchen light burning just in case his boy returns; as the man walks out of the house towards his snowplow, the hogs that he owns start to squeal because they believe it is feeding time. He brushes the snow off of his plow and begins describing the inside to the reader. Once he has the plow warmed up and ready to go he heads to the mountain road to start plowing and salting the icy roads; the narrator talks of how he was getting too old to do it. He wants to stop work to die.

Next, the narrator goes on to talk about how Mr. Weeks brags of what a good job he does plowing the roads. While the narrator plows one side of the road, Mr. Weeks plows the other so they will honk to each other as they pass on another; the two are not good friends. On this night, as he is plowing down the road, he spots a hitchhiker; the man stops to let him in and they begin to talk. As the hitchhiker continues in conversation the man thinks to himself that he talks a lot like his boy used to; the man sees the lights of Mr. Weeks' snowplow and tells the boy to hide because he could get in trouble for picking up hitchhikers. After that, the two converse about how a lot of hitchhikers get killed up by the mountain road; the boy tells him. A soldier and a retarded man are among those killed; the boy thinks it is "creepy." Now the man has reached the spot where he has to turn around, the boy has to get out. Before he gets out the man asks the boy to look under his seat for a flashlight; as the boy is looking the narrator says to himself that he is too tired and he does not want to clean the seat.

The reason for this would be because he was going to kill him while he was looking away, but the boy is lucky on this night. The narrator is the one who has killed all of the hitchhikers in the past; the question is why didn't he kill this one? The answer could be that this boy was his son and he did not know it. Lloyd-Smith, Alan. American Gothic Fiction. New York: Continuum. Oates, Joyce Carol. American Gothic Tales. New York: Plume