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Laurens County, Georgia

Laurens County is a county located in the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 48,434; the county seat is Dublin. The county was founded on December 10, 1807, named after Lieutenant Colonel John Laurens, an American soldier and statesman from South Carolina during the American Revolutionary War. Laurens County is part of Georgia Micropolitan Statistical Area. Laurens County was formed on December 1807, from portions of Wilkinson and Washington counties. During the Red Summer of 1919 there was increased racial tension in the area and in August there was the Laurens County, Georgia race riot of 1919. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 818 square miles, of which 807 square miles is land and 11 square miles is water, it is the third-largest county in fourth-largest by total area. The majority of Laurens County is located in the Lower Oconee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin; the southwestern corner of the county, defined by a line that runs west from Chester through Rentz to U.

S. Route 441, southeast toward Glenwood, is located in the Little Ocmulgee River sub-basin of the same Altamaha River basin. A small and narrow sliver of the eastern edge of the county, from east of Lovett to northeast of Rockledge, is located in the Ohoopee River sub-basin of the larger Altamaha River basin; as of the census of 2000, there were 44,874 people, 17,083 households, 12,180 families living in the county. The population density was 55 people per square mile. There were 19,687 housing units at an average density of 24 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 63.44% White, 34.53% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.80% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.40% from other races, 0.60% from two or more races. 1.18% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 17,083 households out of which 33.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.30% were married couples living together, 17.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.70% were non-families.

25.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.06. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.80% under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 28.00% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, 13.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.40 males. The median income for a household in the county was $32,010, the median income for a family was $38,586. Males had a median income of $29,412 versus $21,711 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,763. About 14.70% of families and 18.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.30% of those under age 18 and 18.90% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 48,434 people, 18,641 households, 13,060 families living in the county.

The population density was 60.0 inhabitants per square mile. There were 21,368 housing units at an average density of 26.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 60.6% white, 35.8% black or African American, 1.0% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 1.2% from other races, 1.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.4% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 14.9% were American, 7.0% were English, 6.0% were Irish. Of the 18,641 households, 35.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.8% were married couples living together, 18.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.9% were non-families, 26.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.05. The median age was 38.0 years. The median income for a household in the county was $38,280 and the median income for a family was $46,466. Males had a median income of $37,236 versus $27,406 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,387.

About 16.8% of families and 21.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.7% of those under age 18 and 19.9% of those age 65 or over. Eugenia Tucker Fitzgerald, founder of the first woman's secret society established at a girls' college was born here. Karl Slover, one of the oldest living Munchkins from Wizard of Oz. Demaryius Thomas, wide receiver for the Denver Broncos Dublin Dudley East Dublin Allentown Cadwell Dexter Montrose Rentz Brewton Cedar Grove Lovett Nameless National Register of Historic Places listings in Laurens County, Georgia

Javan rhinoceros

The Javan rhinoceros known as the Sunda rhinoceros or lesser one-horned rhinoceros, is a rare member of the family Rhinocerotidae and one of five extant rhinoceroses. It belongs to the same genus as the Indian rhinoceros, has similar mosaic, armour-like skin, but at 3.1–3.2 m in length and 1.4–1.7 m in height, it is smaller. Its horn is shorter than 25 cm, is smaller than those of the other rhino species. Only adult males have horns. Once the most widespread of Asian rhinoceroses, the Javan rhinoceros ranged from the islands of Java and Sumatra, throughout Southeast Asia, into India and China; the species is critically endangered, with only one known population in the wild, no individuals in captivity. It is the rarest large mammal on Earth, with a population of as few as 58 to 61 in Ujung Kulon National Park at the western tip of Java in Indonesia; the Javan rhinoceros population in Vietnam's Cat Tien National Park was declared to be extinct in 2011. The decline of the Javan rhinoceros is attributed to poaching for their horns, which are valued in traditional Chinese medicine, fetching as much as US$30,000 per kg on the black market.

As European presence in their range increased, trophy hunting became a serious threat. Loss of habitat as the result of wars, such as the Vietnam War, in Southeast Asia, has contributed to the species' decline and hindered recovery; the remaining range is within one nationally protected area, but the rhinos are still at risk from poachers and loss of genetic diversity leading to inbreeding depression. The Javan rhino can live around 30–45 years in the wild, it inhabited lowland rain forest, wet grasslands, large floodplains. It is solitary, except for courtship and offspring-rearing, though groups may congregate near wallows and salt licks. Aside from humans, adults have no predators in their range; the Javan rhino avoids humans. Scientists and conservationists study the animals directly due to their extreme rarity and the danger of interfering with such an endangered species. Researchers rely on fecal samples to gauge health and behavior; the Javan rhino is the least studied of all rhino species.

Two adult rhinos with their calves were filmed in a motion-triggered video released on 28 February 2011 by WWF and Indonesia's National Park Authority, which proved it is still breeding in the wild. In April 2012, the National Parks Authority released video showing 35 individual Javan rhinos, including mother/offspring pairs and courting adults. There are only 58 to 68 individuals left in the wild, none in captivity, after the death of a male rhinoceros named Samson. Samson died in April 2018 at 30 years of age, far younger than the species' usual lifespan of 50 to 60 years, so DNA testing is being conducted to explore the cause of death, including the possibility of inbreeding degeneration; the genus name Rhinoceros is a combination of the ancient Greek words ῥίς meaning'nose' and κέρας meaning'horn of an animal'. Sondaicus is derived from sunda, the biogeographical region that comprises the islands of Sumatra, Java and surrounding smaller islands; the Javan rhino is known as the lesser one-horned rhinoceros.

Rhinoceros sondaicus was the scientific name used by Anselme Gaëtan Desmarest in 1822 for a rhinoceros from Java sent by Pierre-Médard Diard and Alfred Duvaucel to the National Museum of Natural History, France. In the 19th century, several zoological specimens of hornless rhinoceros were described: Rhinoceros inermis proposed by René Lesson in 1838 was a female rhinoceros without horns shot in the Sundarbans. Rhinoceros nasalis and Rhinoceros floweri proposed by John Edward Gray in 1867 were two rhinoceros skulls from Borneo and one from Sumatra, respectively. Rhinoceros annamiticus proposed by Pierre Marie Heude in 1892 was a specimen from Vietnam; as of 2005, three Javan rhinoceros subspecies are considered valid taxa: R. s. sondaicus, the nominate subspecies, known as the Indonesian Javan rhinoceros R. s. inermis, known as the Indian Javan rhinoceros or lesser Indian rhinoceros R. s. annamiticus, known as the Vietnamese Javan rhinoceros or Vietnamese rhinoceros Ancestral rhinoceroses are held to have first diverged from other perissodactyls in the Early Eocene.

Mitochondrial DNA comparison suggests the ancestors of modern rhinos split from the ancestors of Equidae around 50 million years ago. The extant family, the Rhinocerotidae, first appeared in the Late Eocene in Eurasia, the ancestors of the extant rhino species dispersed from Asia beginning in the Miocene; the Indian and Javan rhinoceros, the only members of the genus Rhinoceros, first appear in the fossil record in Asia around 1.6 million–3.3 million years ago. Molecular estimates, suggest the two species diverged from each other much earlier, around 11.7 million years ago. Although belonging to the type genus, the Indian and Javan rhinoceroses are not believed to be related to other rhino species. Different studies have hypothesized that they may be related to the extinct Gaindatherium or Punjabitherium. A detailed cladistic analysis of the Rhinocerotidae placed Rhinoceros and the extinct Punjabitherium in a clade with Dicerorhinus, the Sumatran rhino. Other studies have suggested the Sumatran rhinoceros is more related to the two African species.

The Sumatran rhino may have diverged from the other Asian rhinos 15 million years ago, or as far back as 25.9 million years ago. The Javan rh

Damon Hall

Damon Hall known as Hartland Town Hall, is located at the junction of United States Route 5, Quechee Road, Vermont Route 12 in the village center of Hartland, Vermont. Built in 1914-15 as a memorial to the locally prominent businessman William E. Damon, it is a fine local example of Colonial Revival architecture, has served the town in many capacities since its construction, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1988. Damon Hall stands facing east toward the principal intersection of Hartland village, it is fronted to the east by Durphy Road, which forms the west side of small triangular green with Quechee Road and Skunk Hollow Road, with US 5 running east and south from the green's southeast corner. The hall is a 1-1/2 story masonry structure, built out of brick with concrete trim, set on a concrete foundation, it is covered by a dormered hip roof with a modillioned cornice. The main entrance is set in the east-facing short side, frame by pilasters and Tuscan columns which support an entablature and modillioned gable.

On either side are two sash windows, which have shared concrete lintels and sills. The building corners are articulated by brick piers, which rise to a band of corbelling and a stringcourse of projecting brick; the building interior is dominated by a central auditorium, with stage at the far end and balcony at the near end. Town offices are housed in corner rooms on the second floor, with additional rooms behind the stage on both floors; the hall was built in 1914-15 to a design by H. F. Beckwith of New Hampshire, it was a gift to the town by the heirs of William E. Damon, a prominent local businessman who died in 1911, it was built on a site, occupied by a hotel. One of the front rooms house the town library, the hall has been used for town meetings as well as theatrical productions and other performance events; the building is an unusually sophisticated example of Colonial Revival architecture for what was, at the time of its construction, a small community of limited means. National Register of Historic Places listings in Windsor County, Vermont

Ad Wolgast

Adolphus Wolgast, nicknamed Michigan Wildcat, was a World Lightweight champion. He was born on 8 February 1888, his siblings were fellow boxers Johnny Al Wolgast, he turned professional in 1906, on 22 February 1910 he won the World Lightweight Title with a technical knockout during the 40-round Battling Nelson. After the California bout, both fighters were arrested and charged with violating the anti-prizefighting law. Wolgast would defend the title against Mexican Joe Rivers in 1912, a bout that caused controversy. Delivering simultaneous blows, they knocked each other out. Referee Jack Welch counted to ten and the bout was over. However, he awarded the win to Wolgast. Rivers' fans let out a roar. To add to the confusion, the timekeeper insisted the round had ended when Welch reached the count of four, but Welch's ruling became the official verdict. Wolgast defended the belt five times before losing it to Willie Ritchie in 1912. Wolgast was declared incompetent in 1917 and a guardianship was established for him.

He was placed in a sanitarium. He escaped and was found living in the "North Woods" of California as a "mountain man." In December 1918 a Los Angeles court found him competent to handle his own affairs, terminated the guardianship. In the early 1920s, Jack Doyle, owner of a Vernon, California boxing venue, took Wolgast "under his wing," and allowed him to train at his boxing gym, although Wolgast was not to fight again. In 1927 he was committed to Stockton State Hospital, he was injured by guards trying to restrain him and he had ribs broken. He died 14 April 1955 in California of heart complications. Lineal championship Professional boxing record for Ad Wolgast from BoxRec Adolph Wolgast at Flickr CBZ page Ad Wolgast at Find a Grave

Tuomas Vohlonen

Tuomas "Tommo" Vohlonen was a Finnish inventor. A surveyor by trade, his patents cover a wide area of devices and activities including compasses, surveying and farming, he founded the company Suunto Oy, still active producing compasses according to his patented method as well as dive computers, sport watches and heart-rate monitors. In April 1933, after experimentation with various designs, Vohlonen applied for a patent from the Finnish Patent and Registration Office for a compact liquid-filled field compass, in which the magnetic needle and damping fluid were sealed into a unitary fused celluloid capsule. Vohlonen was granted a patent on January 25, 1935. Together with his wife Elli and nephew Kauko he founded Suunto Oy in 1936. Vohlonen incorporated his new liquid-filled capsule into a lightweight wrist-mounted design, the Suunto M-311, suitable for use by soldiers, surveyors and others navigating while afoot. In September 1877 Juho and Helena Vohlonen had a son in Vohloja ranch, Orimattila.

They had four more children, sons Kelpo Hyvä and Oiva Lahja and daughters Sievä Maria a.k.a. Maija and Oma Eeva. Parents called him Tommo, that nomination was used through his life. Only a few years before his death Tuomas could be seen in official patent papers. During the siblings’ childhood the family moved to Lappeenranta for a short while to Kekäleenmäki, Ruokolahti. There Juho Vohlonen worked as smith and did some farming. Helena and Juho Vohlonen weren’t educated, but they had decided their children will get the highest education possible. Including daughters, which wasn’t typical of that time. Earlier stages of school were done in Ruokolahti stages in Lappeenranta. Tuomas went to college in Vyborg. After that Tuomas studied in Finnish polytechnic to become a surveyor. Vohlonen siblings were all interested in outdoor living, sports and fishing. Tuomas’ brother Kelpo Vohlonen was a competition-level wrestler trained by an olympic winner Verner Weckman, but it's told Tuomas still defeated him in wrestling.

Tuomas was attracted by distant districts, snow fields and open waters. When he had settled in Helsinki, he travelled to Saimaa as as possible. There he had a small boat with outboard motor and a sauna on a beach he had bought. Orienteering was one of Tuomas' favorites, it became the work of his life. Oldest of Vohlonen’s innovations was to turn the compass needle into vertical position. Through this, the needle stabilized more quickly. After many decades Vohlonen returned developing the compass and invented a method of fabricating the needle chamber. With this method the needle chamber could be sealed hermetically and the chamber had a waved bottom plate to stabilize the pressure, he improved many nautical and airplane compasses. During the same time, he developed a device for example of trees, he developed a holder for compass. It was named an abbreviation of names Pihkala and Vohlonen, his ski bindings has been playing a role in development of Finnish skiing. In the 1930s, living in Helsinki, he started developing the bindings.

Because of new version of binding the ski boots had to be redeveloped. Spark devices of combustion engines were of his interest in the 1920s, he built them in Pori. He had a small factory for them, he went on with them in Helsinki, having them produced under brand Mars; because of his innovation, the frame of magneto could be manufactured from a single piece. He invented a starting assistant for magneto, which gave out a full spark with slow revolutions. In farming he developed a classifier for grain, for forestry he developed a plow, both fabricated by Rosenlew. In surveying, in addition to the tree height measuring device, he developed a device for angular measuring and other assistive gear, he developed a method for fast learning. Engineer Tuomas Vohlonen died on March 27, 1939, at age of 61, he is buried in Finland. On April 10, 1933 Tuomas Vohlonen applied for a patent for a liquid compass, with the description "liquid compass with compass needle and liquid sealed in a container made of celluloid".

On September 3, 1934 Vohlonen supplemented the application with edited patent demands: 1: Method of manufacturing a liquid compass, in which the liquid chamber is manufactured of two or more pieces and jointed by gluing or soldering, to form a sealed chamber, 2: Liquid is pressed into chamber through a small hole, sealed with glue or soldering and 3: Liquid compass built under conditions 1 and 2, 4: the needle chamber is made of celluloid or other substance like it. Now the application included the fabrication method. On September 11, 1934 Vohlonen made another supplement, which included the same as the previous, only rephrased. On January 25, 1935 Vohlonen was granted a patent number 16285 for a method of manufacturing a liquid compass and a liquid compass manufactured accordingly; the patent was effective from the date of first application, April 10, 1933. In November 1932 a Swedish company Nya Instrumentfabriks Aktiebolaget Lyth had applied for a patent in Finland for "vätskekompass", a liquid filled compass.

In the application the needle chamber was described as being built of two different materials, of which only the upper part was made of flexible material. Nothing was mentioned about method of fabrication; this caused a delay for accepting Vohlonen's patent. However, these applications were not considered to be about the same kind of product, so both Vohlonen and Lyth were granted a p

William Henry Howe

William Henry Howe was an American painter active in Bronxville. Howe was a student of Vuillefroy, he first worked in Paris. Howe received many awards, notably a third-class medal at the Paris Salon of 1888, he was elected a member of the National Academy in 1897 and made a Chevalier of the Legion of Honor in 1899. According to Howe's Biographer, “His paintings were honest transcripts from nature, faithfully cooked up from many studies and sketches from objective observations, however he knew his cattle so well that France decorated him with the Legion of Honor.”Howe was part of the Old Lyme Art Colony centered at Florence Griswold's boardinghouse in Old Lyme, Connecticut. Howe there played the role of the benign "Uncle,". List of American painters exhibited at the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition Benezit Dictionary of Artists, Gründ, 2006, vol. 7 "William Henry Howe: A Chief of Cattle-Painters," The Art World, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 4–6