Lausanne-Flon station

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Lausanne-Flon
Metro and commuter rail station
Flon-p1030662.jpg
M1 terminal platforms
Coordinates 46°31′14″N 6°37′48″E / 46.520440°N 6.63000°E / 46.520440; 6.63000
Owned by TSOL (M1), LEB, City of Lausanne (M2)
Line(s) LEB, Métro M1 & M2
Platforms M1: Spanish solution, M2: side platforms, LEB: island platform
Tracks 6
Construction
Structure type underground
Platform levels 2
Disabled access Yes
Other information
Fare zone 11[1] (Central Lausanne)
History
Opened 1877 funicular, 1991 (M1)
Rebuilt 1956-58 (conversion to rack railway), 2000 (LEB), 2008 (M2)
Electrified 1958

Lausanne-Flon is a railway and metro station in the Flon district of central Lausanne, Vaud, Switzerland and is the hub of the Lausanne Metro system.[2] The station's initial building was also the first in the city to use electricity.[3] A station rebuilding project was the subject of a design competition held in 1988.[4]

History[edit]

Before the métro[edit]

A railway station in this area dates back to the 1870s. Plans were made for the building of an atmospheric railway between Flon, the main Lausanne railway station and Ouchy as early as 1871. Work started on the station site, associated goods facilities and the tunnel under Montbénon, in 1874.[3] The station opened in 1877, and trains were initially powered by a steam-pumped hydraulic system, the engines using water brought 15 km (15,000 m) along purpose-built aqueducts from Bret Lake, north of Puidoux. This source of power was a precursor to the provision of electricity, and in 1882 the original Flon station became the first building in the city to have an electrical supply.[3] Meanwhile, the Lausanne-Ouchy company used spoil extracted from the tunnelling of the line to cover the River Flon and create a new ground level. This was attractive to new businesses and warehouses were quickly built on the newly created land, owned by the Lausanne-Ouchy railway company.[5]

Rack train of the Ouchy line (2004)

Between 1877 and 1950, the only change at Flon station itself was the switch from atmospheric operation to funicular. Goods services at Flon were withdrawn in 1953, as Swiss Federal Railways opened a new goods depot closer to their own station.[6] Otherwise, there was no significant change to the station until services changed from cable haulage to electric rack railway operation. Ready for the upgraded service, the station was substantially rebuilt between 1956 and 1958, with lifts provided to reach the streets above.[6] However, the design retained many features from its past as a funicular terminus, meaning rolling stock required doors on only one side.[citation needed]

1980s-2010: rebuilds and additional routes[edit]

The first phase of the modern Flon station was constructed for the opening of Line M1 on 24 May 1991. The line's terminal platforms opened in what had by then become a run-down part of the city, to allow interchange with the Métro Lausanne–Ouchy. The Ouchy line closed in January 2006 for conversion to rubber-tyred metro.[7] By this time, major redevelopment of the area was planned to make it more attractive to both business and leisure.[8]

The Lausanne-Échallens-Bercher railway run commuter trains to the north of Lausanne. The LEB company, whose line historically only reached as far as Lausanne-Chauderon, had long aspired to a station actually within the city centre, and on 28 May[citation needed] 2000 its new underground platforms opened. These new parts of the station had been the subject of a design competition in 1988, which was won by Bernard Tschumi Architects.[4]

On 27 October 2008, Lausanne's M2 line opened,[9] with a new entrance building. This green-roofed structure, which also contains one of TL's two main ticket offices,[10] was constructed slightly to the north of the 1950s building of the Lausanne-Ouchy station.[11] As with the previous rebuild, design work was completed by Bernard Tschumi Architects, who were tasked with incorporating not only the platforms and escalators, but also a ticket office and offices for TL.[12] The construction enables cross-platform interchange from southbound M2 to the LEB.[citation needed]

Future[edit]

Flon station is expected to reach 8 platforms by 2018, as work begins to build a third line in the city's Metro system. Once complete, trains on the M3 route will parallel the LEB line as far as Chauderon station en route to Blecherette, and parallel or share the M2 route all the way to Ouchy.[13] Flon has also been identified as the eastern terminus of the planned T1 tram line, expected to operate to Renens from 2018.[14]

Major upgrade work is also planned on the LEB route by 2022, allowing the urban section as far as Cheseaux-sur-Lausanne to operate at a frequency comparable to the métro lines.[15]

Preceding station   Lausanne Métro   Following station
toward Renens CFF
M1Terminus
toward Ouchy
M2

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Plan de zones tarifaire" (PDF). mobilis. Retrieved 2010-01-24. [permanent dead link]
  2. ^ "e-advertising - Metro station Flon, Lausanne". Retrieved 2010-01-24. [dead link]
  3. ^ a b c "Lausanne-Ouchy: premiers pas (1873-1900) - Site officiel de la Ville de Lausanne" [Lausanne-Ouchy: First steps (1873-1900) - Official site of the City of Lausanne] (in French). City of Lausanne. Retrieved 2014-08-19. 
  4. ^ a b "Bernard Tschumi Architects - Interface Flon Railway and Metro Station". Bernard Tschumi Architects. Retrieved 2014-08-19. 
  5. ^ "Flon - Until the PPA (1999)". Flon District Development Plan. Retrieved 2014-08-20. 
  6. ^ a b "Lausanne-Ouchy de 1945 à 1985 - Site officiel de la Ville de Lausanne". City of Lausanne. Retrieved 2014-08-18. 
  7. ^ "Chronologie - Site officiel de la Ville de Lausanne" [Timeline - Official site of the City of Lausanne] (in French). City of Lausanne. Retrieved 2014-08-18. 
  8. ^ "Flon - PPA and Flon-Vision". Flon District Development Plan. Archived from the original on 2014-08-21. Retrieved 2014-08-20. 
  9. ^ "Métro m2 - Site officiel de la Ville de Lausanne" [M2 Metro - Official site of the City of Lausanne] (in French). City of Lausanne. Retrieved 2014-08-15. 
  10. ^ "Points de vente tl - www.t-l.ch" [TL Ticket Sales offices - www.t-l.ch] (in French). "TL". Retrieved 2014-08-19. 
  11. ^ "Lausanne Metro m2, Switzerland". Railway Technology. Retrieved 2014-08-19. 
  12. ^ "Bernard Tschumi Architects - M2 Metro Station". Bernard Tschumi Architects. Retrieved 2014-08-19. 
  13. ^ "Métro m3 - Site officiel de la Ville de Lausanne" [M3 Metro - Official site of the City of Lausanne] (in French). City of Lausanne. Retrieved 2014-08-15. 
  14. ^ "Tram t1 - Site officiel de la Ville de Lausanne" [T1 tram - Official site of the City of Lausanne] (in French). City of Lausanne. Retrieved 2014-08-20. 
  15. ^ "le LEB - Site officiel de la Ville de Lausanne" [The LEB - Official site of the City of Lausanne] (in French). City of Lausanne. Retrieved 2014-08-13. 

External links[edit]