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Lavaca County, Texas

Lavaca County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 19,263, its county seat is Hallettsville. The county was created in 1846, it is named for the Lavaca River which curves its way South East through Moulton and Hallettsville before reaching the coast at Matagorda Bay. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 970 square miles, of which 970 square miles is land and 0.7 square miles is water. U. S. Highway 77 U. S. Highway 77 Alternate U. S. Highway 90 Alternate State Highway 95 State Highway 111 Fayette County Colorado County Jackson County Victoria County DeWitt County Gonzales County As of the census of 2000, there were 19,210 people, 7,669 households, 5,391 families residing in the county; the population density was 20 people per square mile. There were 9,657 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 86.86% White, 6.79% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 4.84% from other races, 1.14% from two or more races.

11.36 % of the population were Latino of any race. 27.0% were of Czech, 24.1% German, 9.1% American and 5.1% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 86.3 % spoke 7.7 % Spanish, 4.6 % Czech and 1.2 % German as their first language. In terms of ancestry in 2016, 32.8% were of German, 30.7% were of Czech, 10.8% were of Irish, 5.4% were of English, 3.4% were of American, 2.2% were of French. There were 7,669 households out of which 30.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.70% were married couples living together, 9.30% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.70% were non-families. 27.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.60% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.98. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.20% under the age of 18, 6.90% from 18 to 24, 23.50% from 25 to 44, 23.60% from 45 to 64, 21.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years.

For every 100 females there were 93.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.50 males. The median income for a household in the county was $29,132, the median income for a family was $36,760. Males had a median income of $26,988 versus $17,537 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,398. About 10.20% of families and 13.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.20% of those under age 18 and 18.40% of those age 65 or over. The following school public school districts are located in Lavaca County. Hallettsville Independent School District Moulton Independent School District Shiner Independent School District Sweet Home Independent School District Vysehrad Independent School District Yoakum Independent School District Ezzell Independent School District Hallettsville Shiner Yoakum Moulton Breslau Sweet Home Speaks Sublime Lavaca County Texas is a conservative County and has been getting more conservative since 1992; the last Democrat to win the county was Jimmy Carter in 1976.

List of museums in South Texas National Register of Historic Places listings in Lavaca County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Lavaca County Lavaca County website Lavaca County from the Handbook of Texas Online


Saint Typasius is venerated as a military saint by the Catholic Church. His feast day is 11 January; the Passio Typasii records that Typasius was a veteran of Tigava, in the Roman province of Mauretania Caesariensis. Called to service by Maximian against the native Quinquegentiani, who were revolting against Roman rule, who had become a Christian, refused to participate in this campaign, he had retired from military life. This brought him in direct confrontation with the authorities; as his legend records: He was forced into active service again by his praepositus, along with other vexillarii went to battle. But the day before the battle the emperor Maximianus had wished to make a donative to the soldiers; that night the angel Gabriel visited most blessed Typasius and advised him one after the other of all the things that were going to happen. Morning came, when Maximianus Augustus was making the role-call on the parade-ground and the name of the most blessed Typasius was read out loud, he declined to accept the gold from the hand of Maximianus and declared that he was a soldier of Christ.

When Maximianus became annoyed at him, holy Typasius responded, "Do not be agitated, honoured emperor. If you release me to serve Christ, you will both overcome those barbarians without a struggle, within forty days victory will be reported not only from the East and Gaul, but from Britain and Egypt. Maximian Augustus said, "You can have what you want, if you fulfil your promise." He ordered him to be placed under guard, so that he might pay the penalty if what he had predicted should not prove true. The praepositus of the cuneus cast him in irons, it came to pass that Maximian was able to thus fulfill Typasius' prophecy. Typasius received an honorable discharge with the whole army as witness. Typasius returned home and put away his weapons and military belt and built a monastery for himself on his land, where he remained for a long time. However, after some years he was brought again to the authorities to enlist for active service and asked to sacrifice to the Roman gods. Typasius refused to do either.

His belt and spears were forcefully attached and handed to him. Typasius was taken into custody and soon cured the comes who had interrogated him, from a seizure; when Typasius was ordered to offer sacrifice once again to the gods, Claudius was unable to save him and reluctantly read the sentence. Typasius was beheaded; the men who had instigated his death burned with fever and pain and lost control of their limbs and bowels. Their eyes fell out, they died; the Passion of St. Typasius Tipasio Anastasia Moraitis. "Typasius, Heiliger". In Bautz, Traugott. Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon. 23. Nordhausen: Bautz. Cols. 1519–1524. ISBN 3-88309-155-3


Intellark is an Arabic keyboard layout for intuitive typing in Arabic. It was patented by the Canadian company Intellaren, it is designed for keyboard typists who type using QWERTY-based keyboard layouts. Unlike linear one-to-one keyboard layouts that map a single character to each key, Intellark is a one-to-many keyboard layout that maps one or more characters to each key on a typical keyboard, where the second and beyond-second characters are produced as a function of key pressed and key timing. If the time difference between presses of the key is within tolerance, the current character is replaced by another one, of lesser frequency but is logically and intuitively related to the main key character. To type ت, press t. To type ة as in ذرة or جنة, type t twice rapidly. To type ث, you may either press t three times, or press T. Therefore, holding down the Shift key while pressing a certain key continuously accesses the adjacency list associated with that key in reverse order. For Key t's adjacency list, ت is placed before ة because of its higher frequency, in turn placed before ث for the same reason.

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Isaac A. Van Amburgh

Isaac A. Van Amburgh was an American animal trainer who developed the first trained wild animal act in modern times. By introducing jungle acts into the circus, Van Amburgh paved the way for combining menageries with circuses. After that, menageries began using clown performances in circus rings; the distinction between circus and menagerie faded. From the humble beginning of cage-cleaner in the Zoological Institute of New York, Van Amburgh gained notoriety for his acts of daring, for example placing his bare arm and head inside the jaws of a wild cat. Known for his domineering attitude toward his animals, he earned the title “The Lion King.”Despite the disapproval of some for his brutal treatment of animals, Van Amburgh remained popular and successful, beginning his own menagerie which he took to Europe. He died a wealthy man, his name continued to be used in the circus world for more than a century after. Isaac A. Van Amburgh was born on May 1808 in Fishkill, New York. Van Amburgh's early life, though atypical, proved to be of great training for his adventures as “the Lion King.”

Van Amburgh's father died when he was still an infant, leaving him and his mother with little. The night before Amburgh was born, his mom had a strange dream. According to Richard Horne in The Life of Van Amburgh, the Brute-Tamer: With Anecdotes of His Extraordinary Pupils, she dreamt that she walked into an old barn with rows of cooking kettles lined up; as she opened the kettles one by one, she found different parts of a lion's body cooking in the kettle. She proceeded to devour the lion part by part and put the lion's whole head in her mouth, she woke up disturbed, having no idea what this dream meant for her son's future. Horne goes on to describe how Isaac's mom was worried about him while he was growing up. Legend dictates that while reading the Bible, young Isaac came upon the tale of Daniel in the lion's den, from on, was determined to be a lion tamer. Van Amburgh never showed the same interests in material objects or games as the other children. Rather, he spent his time surrounded by roaches and rats, feeding them pieces of his dinner to attract and train them.

He soon became a sort of animal authority to call when the local wildlife disrupted neighborhood homes and farms. Van Amburgh would investigate reports of destroyed or stolen crops and livestock and seek out the animal responsible. Upon finding the offender, he would beat the creature into submission preventing it from causing additional problems, he found his start in the Zoological Institute of New York. At nineteen, Isaac left his home in Peekskill, New York to look for a job in neighboring North Salem. There he found a job as a cage cleaner in the Zoological Institute of New York. Despite its lofty-sounding name, the Zoological Institute was not a zoo at all, but rather a tiny traveling menagerie. In a period of time when amusement was regarded with suspicion, it was from its name that this show got its value. Although he started out as a "cage boy," Isaac showed an aptitude for training the wild animals whose cages he cleaned. One of the owners of the Zoological Institute, was a dealer in wild animals.

So he appreciated the novelty of trained wild animals, recognizing that "novelty plus publicity meant money."June and Angevine distributed posters by the thousands. They put Isaac in costume – a Roman toga, in reference to the gladiators of ancient Rome's Circus Maximus. In the winter, Van Amburgh trained his wild animals in the barns of New York's upper Westchester and the lower Putnam counties; the next year, 1821, the Van Amburgh Menagerie hit New York City. In 1833, at age twenty-two, Isaac A. Van Amburgh entered a cage of wild cats at the Zoological Institute. In the cage were a lion, a lioness, leopardess, black-maned Cape lion, a panther. From the Richmond Hill Theatre, New York, Van Amburgh astonished the country. In the words of his biographer, "The effect of his power was instantaneous; the Lion stood transfixed. The Tiger crouched; the Panther with a suppressed growl of rage sprang back, while the Leopard receded from its master. The spectators were overwhelmed with wonder.... Came the most effective tableaux of all.

Van Amburgh with his strong will bade them come to him while he reclined in the back of the cage – the proud King of animal creation."Van Amburgh did more than just enter the cage. Nathaniel Hawthorne described a menagerie he saw on September 4, 1828, near North Adams, Massachusetts: “A man put his arm and head into the lion’s mouth, – all the spectators looking on so attentively that a breath could not be heard; that was impressive, – its effect on a thousand persons, – more than the thing itself.” As Van Amburgh was one of the few performers of the time to perform this way, Hawthorne saw Van Amburgh. In fact, Van Amburgh is credited with being the first man to put his head into the mouth of a lion. In July 7, 1838, the New York Mirror described how Van Amburgh’s “fearless acts of placing his bare arm moist with blood, in the lion’s mouth and thrusting his head into the distended jaws of the tiger” were watched with keen interest. Van Amburgh, made an instant hero, discovered. By entering lions’ dens in and out of the country, he began earning real money.

Featured in the “Flatfoot shows,” he was able to earn up to four hundred dollars per week. By age twenty-three, he had his own travelling menagerie, by the mid-1840s his was the largest traveling show in England. In 1861, it was one of America’s eleven big traveling shows. Van Amburgh had a structure to his show

2014 Australian Carrera Cup Championship

The 2014 Australian Carrera Cup Championship was a CAMS sanctioned Australian motor racing title open to Porsche 911 GT3 Cup cars. Porsche Cars Australia Pty Ltd was appointed as the Category Manager for the championship, the tenth Australian Carrera Cup Championship; the championship was won by Steven Richards. The following teams and drivers contested the 2014 Australian Carrera Cup Championship. Note: All teams competed with the Porsche 911 GT3 Cup Type 991, the only model eligible for the championship; the championship was contested over an eight round series. Championship points were awarded to the first 25 finishers in each race as per the following table. In addition to contesting the outright championship, each driver was classified as either Professional or Elite and competed for the relevant class title. Points were awarded for class places in each race on the same basis as for the outright championship; the results for each round were determined by the number of championship points scored by each driver at that round.

The driver gaining the highest points total over all rounds was declared the winner of the championship. Race 2 at the Sandown round was abandoned following a multi-car accident and no championship points were awarded. Media related to 2014 Australian Carrera Cup Championship at Wikimedia Commons Official website

A Faithful Christmas

A Faithful Christmas is a Christmas album and the fifth studio album by American recording artist Faith Evans, released on October 25, 2005, by Capitol Records. Work on the album began in mid-2005 after the release of her fourth studio album The First Lady. A collection of holiday songs, it contains standards such as "White Christmas" and "Santa Baby" alongside two new compositions, "Happy Holiday" and "Christmas Wish", both of which were written by Evans and her daughter Chyna Griffin; the album received mixed reviews from critics. In his review for Allmusic, Andy Kellman from wrote that the album sounded "very uneven and hastily thrown together." He criticized A Faithful Christmas for switching between "thoroughly modern" and classic Christmas songs, calling Evans's original material on the album "spirited but bland." He however praised her "straightforward version" of "The Day That Love Began." Chris Willman from Entertainment Weekly found that "some of her beat-heavy originals are Faith-based fun misses include an old James Brown Xmas tune with way more'Good Gods!' than any non-Godfather should attempt."

People magazine writer Chuck Arnold felt that "the girliness of "Santa Baby" and playfulness of "Mistletoe and Holly" don't suit. More fittingly, the CD closes with "O Come All Ye Faithful." Sample credits"Christmas Wish" samples from "Merry Christmas Baby" by American singer James Brown. Faith Evans at MySpace Faith Evans - AllMusic