South Dakota is a U. S. state in the Midwestern region of the United States. It is named after the Lakota and Dakota Sioux Native American tribes, who compose a large portion of the population and dominated the territory. South Dakota is the seventeenth largest by area, but the fifth smallest by population and the 5th least densely populated of the 50 United States; as the southern part of the former Dakota Territory, South Dakota became a state on November 2, 1889 with North Dakota. Pierre is the state capital and Sioux Falls, with a population of about 187,200, is South Dakota's largest city. South Dakota is bordered by the states of North Dakota, Iowa, Nebraska and Montana; the state is bisected by the Missouri River, dividing South Dakota into two geographically and distinct halves, known to residents as "East River" and "West River". Eastern South Dakota is home to most of the state's population, the area's fertile soil is used to grow a variety of crops. West of the Missouri, ranching is the predominant agricultural activity, the economy is more dependent on tourism and defense spending.
Most of the Native American reservations are in West River. The Black Hills, a group of low pine-covered mountains sacred to the Sioux, are in the southwest part of the state. Mount Rushmore, a major tourist destination, is there. South Dakota has a temperate continental climate, with four distinct seasons and precipitation ranging from moderate in the east to semi-arid in the west; the state's ecology features species typical of a North American grassland biome. Humans have inhabited the area for several millennia, with the Sioux becoming dominant by the early 19th century. In the late 19th century, European-American settlement intensified after a gold rush in the Black Hills and the construction of railroads from the east. Encroaching miners and settlers triggered a number of Indian wars, ending with the Wounded Knee Massacre in 1890. Key events in the 20th century included the Dust Bowl and Great Depression, increased federal spending during the 1940s and 1950s for agriculture and defense, an industrialization of agriculture that has reduced family farming.
While several Democratic senators have represented South Dakota for multiple terms at the federal level, the state government is controlled by the Republican Party, whose nominees have carried South Dakota in each of the last 13 presidential elections. Dominated by an agricultural economy and a rural lifestyle, South Dakota has sought to diversify its economy in areas to attract and retain residents. South Dakota's history and rural character still influence the state's culture. South Dakota is in the north-central United States, is considered a part of the Midwest by the U. S. Census Bureau; the culture and geography of western South Dakota have more in common with the West than the Midwest. South Dakota has a total area of 77,116 square miles, making the state the 17th largest in the Union. Black Elk Peak named Harney Peak, with an elevation of 7,242 ft, is the state's highest point, while the shoreline of Big Stone Lake is the lowest, with an elevation of 966 ft. South Dakota is bordered to the north by North Dakota.
The geographical center of the U. S. is 17 miles west of Castle Rock in Butte County. The North American continental pole of inaccessibility is between Allen and Kyle, 1,024 mi from the nearest coastline; the Missouri River is the longest river in the state. Other major South Dakota rivers include the Cheyenne, Big Sioux, White Rivers. Eastern South Dakota has many natural lakes created by periods of glaciation. Additionally, dams on the Missouri River create four large reservoirs: Lake Oahe, Lake Sharpe, Lake Francis Case, Lewis and Clark Lake. South Dakota can be divided into three regions: eastern South Dakota, western South Dakota, the Black Hills; the Missouri River serves as a boundary in terms of geographic and political differences between eastern and western South Dakota. The geography of the Black Hills, long considered sacred by Native Americans, differs from its surroundings to such an extent it can be considered separate from the rest of western South Dakota. At times the Black Hills are combined with the rest of western South Dakota, people refer to the resulting two regions divided by the Missouri River as West River and East River.
Eastern South Dakota features higher precipitation and lower topography than the western part of the state. Smaller geographic regions of this area include the Coteau des Prairies, the Dissected Till Plains, the James River Valley; the Coteau des Prairies is a plateau bordered on the east by the Minnesota River Valley and on the west by the James River Basin. Further west, the James River Basin is low, flat eroded land, following the flow of the James River through South Dakota from north to south; the Dissected Till Plains, an area of rolling hills and fertile soil that covers much of Iowa and Nebraska, extends into the southeastern corner of South Dakota. Layers deposited during the Pleistocene epoch, starting around two million years ago, cover most of eastern South Dakota; these are the youngest rock and sediment layers in the state, the product of several successive periods of glaciation which deposited a large amount of rocks and soil, known as till, over the area. The Great Plains cover most of the western two-thirds of South Dakota.
West of the Missouri Rive
Meade County, South Dakota
Meade County is a county in the U. S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 25,434, its county seat is Sturgis. The county was created in 1889 and was named for Fort Meade, garrisoned as a United States military post in the area in 1878 and was named for General George Meade. Meade County is part of SD Metropolitan Statistical Area; the upper part of Meade County is drained by Cherry Creek. The Cheyenne River flows northeastward along the southeast boundary of the county; the county terrain has mountain ridges in the west and southwest areas, with the remainder consisting of semi-arid rolling hills dedicated to agriculture. The county terrain slopes to the northeast; the county has a total area of 3,483 square miles, of which 3,471 square miles is land and 12 square miles is water. It is the largest county by area in South Dakota. Bear Butte Lake Belle Fourche Reservoir As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 24,253 people, 8,805 households, 6,700 families in the county.
The population density was 7 people per square mile. There were 10,149 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 92.65% White, 1.48% Black or African American, 2.04% Native American, 0.63% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.61% from other races, 2.52% from two or more races. 2.10% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 8,805 households out of which 39.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.40% were married couples living together, 8.30% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.90% were non-families. 19.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.05. The county population contained 28.40% under the age of 18, 10.60% from 18 to 24, 29.60% from 25 to 44, 21.00% from 45 to 64, 10.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.20 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.60 males. The median income for a household in the county was $36,992, the median income for a family was $40,537. Males had a median income of $26,572 versus $20,517 for females; the per capita income for the county was $17,680. About 7.90% of families and 9.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.80% of those under age 18 and 6.10% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 25,434 people, 9,903 households, 7,067 families in the county; the population density was 7.3 inhabitants per square mile. There were 11,000 housing units at an average density of 3.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 92.0% white, 2.3% American Indian, 1.3% black or African American, 0.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 0.8% from other races, 2.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.0% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 40.5% were German, 15.3% were Irish, 13.2% were Norwegian, 11.3% were English, 6.9% were American.
Of the 9,903 households, 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.2% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.6% were non-families, 23.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.93. The median age was 35.9 years. The median income for a household in the county was $46,180 and the median income for a family was $54,200. Males had a median income of $34,113 versus $27,548 for females; the per capita income for the county was $22,045. About 6.6% of families and 10.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.1% of those under age 18 and 10.1% of those age 65 or over. Blackhawk Blucksberg Mountain Ellsworth AFB Belle Fourche-Cheyenne Valleys North Meade Southwest Meade Meade County voters are reliably Republican. In no national election since 1964 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate. National Register of Historic Places listings in Meade County, South Dakota Meade County government website Meade County Times-Tribune - local newspaper
U.S. Route 14
U. S. Route 14, an east–west route, is one of the original United States highways of 1926, it has a length of 1,398 miles, but it had a peak length of 1,429 miles. For much of its length, it runs parallel to Interstate 90; as of 2004, the highway's eastern terminus is in Chicago, Illinois. Its western terminus is the east entrance of Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming, with the western terminus of U. S. Route 16 and the western terminus of the eastern segment of U. S. Route 20. U. S. 14 begins at the east entrance to Yellowstone National Park, along with U. S. 16 and the eastern segment of U. S. 20. It travels through the Shoshone National Forest to Cody, where U. S. 14A splits off to the north. Both routes traverse the dry Bighorn Basin, followed by a steep ascent up the Big Horn Mountains and through the Bighorn National Forest, where they rejoin at Burgess Junction; the highway descends the eastern slope of the Bighorns between Burgess Junction and Dayton. U. S. 14 follows I-90 south from Ranchester to Sheridan.
The highway turns east and south to again join I-90 near Gillette. It splits off for a short time to Carlile rejoins I-90 which it follows to the state line; the South Dakota section of U. S. 14, other than a concurrency with Interstate 90, is defined in the South Dakota Codified Laws. The Laura Ingalls Wilder Historic Highway incorporates U. S. 14 from South Dakota in the west to Rochester, Minnesota, in the east, where the historic roadway continues on U. S. 63. The author moved to De Smet, SD from Walnut Grove, MN via the Chicago and Northwestern, which parallels the highway from the Black Hills to La Crosse, WI. In South Dakota and Minnesota, the road parallels the Rapid City and Eastern Railroad the Dakota and Eastern Railroad. US 14 and US 83 are the only national routes serving Pierre, South Dakota, one of only four state capitals not on the Interstate Highway System. U. S. 14 enters the state from South Dakota west of Lake Benton. It goes east through several small towns such as Balaton, Revere, Lamberton and Sleepy Eye, on a two-lane road until New Ulm, where it is a divided highway.
From New Ulm to Mankato, the highway lies north of the Minnesota River. Shortly before coming to the Mankato/North Mankato area, U. S. 14 becomes a freeway bypass, which becomes an expressway east of Mankato. This section is part of the Laura Ingalls Wilder Historic Highway as it passes through Walnut Grove, it continues east south of Waseca and at Owatonna, it crosses Interstate 35. It heads east towards Rochester, with an expressway segment beginning at Minnesota State Highway 56 and continuing east into Rochester. Once it enters Rochester, it has a concurrency with U. S. Route 52. After the concurrency, it continues through Rochester as a divided highway. After Rochester, the highway parallels Interstate 90 until Winona, where U. S. 14 gets picked up by U. S. Route 61; the two highways run concurrently the rest of the way in Minnesota, cross the Mississippi River at La Crescent over the La Crosse West Channel Bridge. U. S. 14 was extended to a full, limited-access freeway from three miles west of Janesville to Interstate 35 at Owatonna.
Most of the new route is located south of the existing alignment so as to avoid overlapping Interstate 35. The expansion was opened to traffic on August 31, 2012, creating a continuous 4-lane route from North Mankato to Owatonna; the section from Waseca to Janesville has yet to be upgraded to freeway standards. The Minnesota section of U. S. 14 is defined as part of Constitutional Route 7 and Trunk Highways 121 and 122 in the Minnesota Statutes. U. S. 14 enters the state of Wisconsin along with U. S. Route 61 across the Mississippi River into La Crosse. Running through rural southern Wisconsin, the route passes through Madison and the village square of Walworth. U. S. 14 exits into Illinois at Big Foot Prairie. In the state of Illinois, U. S. 14 runs southeast from north of Harvard to Chicago via Woodstock and the northwest suburbs. Southeast of Route 47, U. S. 14 has four lanes. Continuing southeastward from just after the overpass above Route 31, U. S. 14 passes beneath and closely parallels the tracks of the Union Pacific Railroad's Harvard Subdivision.
Through the northwest suburbs of Chicago, this route is referred to as "Northwest Highway" and is a busy thoroughfare. East of Des Plaines, U. S. 14 becomes Dempster Street until its intersection with Waukegan Road. From here, U. S. 14 follows Waukegan Road, Caldwell Avenue, Peterson Avenue, Ridge Avenue to its eastern end, at the corner of Broadway and U. S. 41. At an earlier point, U. S. 14 extended south on Lake Shore Drive onto Michigan Avenue. U. S. 14 was the "Black and Yellow Trail", so named as it connected Minnesota with the Black Hills and Yellowstone National Park. In Chicago's Northwest Suburbs, it is known as Northwest Highway due to its direction as well as it paralleling the old Chicago and North Western railroad It was called the Northwest Highway from Chicago to New Ulm and some street signs in New Ulm and towns in between still show the old designation. From Ucross west to Sheridan, Wyoming, US 14 was designated U. S. Route 116 in 1926. US 116 was extended west to Cody in 1933, absorbing the Deaver-Cody US 420.
The next year, US 116 became an extension of US 14. Part of this extension, including all of US 420, is now US 14A. Wyoming US 16 / US 20 at the East Entrance to Yellowstone National Park, southeast of Pahaska Tepee; the highways travel concurrently to Greybull. US 310 west-northwest of Greybull I‑90 / US 87 northe
U.S. Route 385
U. S. Route 385 is a spur of U. S. Route 85 that runs for 1,206 miles from Deadwood, South Dakota to Big Bend National Park in Texas. US 385 is designated as a part of the La Entrada al Pacifico trade corridor from Interstate 10 in Fort Stockton to Interstate 20 in Odessa; the section from Fort Stockton to McCamey is concurrent to US 67. From McCamey, the route proceeds to Crane in Crane County. From Crane to Odessa, US 385 meets up with U. S. Highway 62 in Seminole and continues northward to Brownfield, where US 385 continues northward towards Levelland and crosses by Texas State Highway 86 in Dimmitt, Texas & U. S. Highway 84 in Texas. From Littlefield, US 385 continues northward until it crosses Interstate 40 and goes in a half circle to Hartley, Texas where US 385 joins U. S. Highway 87. US 385 and US 87 follow a northwest track until the two meet U. S. Highway 54 and split, with US 385 continuing northward until it exits Texas at the Oklahoma border. On rural US 385, Speed limit is 75 mph in all counties going south of Gaines County starting between Seminole and Andrews down to US 90 in Marathon.
In Oklahoma, US-385 runs through Cimarron County at the end of the Oklahoma panhandle. Fourteen miles north of the border, it joins with US-56, US-64, US-412; the three highways run northeast into Boise City. In the middle of town, the highways come to a traffic circle surrounding the Cimarron County Courthouse; the traffic circle serves seven highways: U. S. Routes 56, 64, 287, 385 and 412, State Highways 3 and 325; every numbered highway in the county except one meets at this traffic circle. After leaving the circle, US-385 heads northward, overlapping US-287 and SH-3, the state's longest state highway. SH-3 ends at the state line; the section of US-385 that overlaps SH-3 is signed as Governor George Nigh's Northwest Passage, after the governor of Oklahoma responsible for improvements to the corridor. U. S. 385 passes north–south through the easternmost counties of Colorado. It enters Colorado south of Campo on an overlap with U. S. Route 287; the overlap continues north until Lamar. At Lamar, the route turns east on an overlap with U.
S. Route 50 and this overlap ends in Granada; the highway turns north at Granada and meets Interstate 70 at Burlington and Interstate 76 at Julesburg. The highway leaves Colorado northwest of Julesburg. U. S. 385 passes north–south through the Nebraska Panhandle. It enters Nebraska south of Chappell and overlaps U. S. Route 30 between Chappell and Sidney. At Sidney, it turns north, meeting U. S. Route 26 at Bridgeport, it goes through Alliance before intersecting U. S. Route 20 at Chadron, it exits the state northwest of Chadron. Throughout its entire length in Nebraska, US 385 is known as the Gold Rush Byway, one of nine scenic byways in the state. U. S. 385 enters South Dakota south of Oelrichs. It is overlapped with U. S. Route 18 between Oelrichs and Hot Springs, it enters Wind Cave National Park before turning west to go through Pringle. At Custer, it begins an overlap with U. S. Route 16, it turns northwesterly and ends at an intersection with U. S. Route 85 at Deadwood; the South Dakota section of U.
S. 385, with the exception of concurrencies with U. S. 18 and U. S. 16 and a gap at Wind Cave National Park, is defined at South Dakota Codified Laws § 31-4-235. Today's US 385 is the second route to bear the number; the original route became part of US 87. This US 385 designation was decommissioned around 1935; the current US 385 first appeared in 1959. The route continued along US 287 north of Lamar, splitting in Kit Carson to follow US 40 east to meet up with the present-day alignment in Cheyenne Wells. In South Dakota, in 2009, the South Dakota Department of Transportation designated US 16/US 385 between Custer and Hill City, which passes by the Crazy Horse Memorial, now being carved in the Black Hills; this segment of US 385 is a part of the George Hearst Memorial Highway. Texas The north entrance to Big Bend National Park south-southeast of Marathon US 90 in Marathon; the highways travel concurrently to east of Marathon. US 285 in Fort Stockton; the highways travel concurrently through Fort Stockton.
I‑10 / US 67 in Fort Stockton. I-10/US 385 travels concurrently to east-southeast of Fort Stockton. US 67/US 385 travels concurrently to McCamey. I‑20 in Odessa US 62 / US 180 in Seminole. US 62/US 385 travels concurrently to Brownfield. US 82 / US 380 in Brownfield; the highways travel concurrently through Brownfield. US 84 in Littlefield US 70 in Springlake US 60 in Hereford I‑40 in Vega US 87 in Hartley; the highways travel concurrently to Dalhart. US 54 in Dalhart Oklahoma US 56 / US 64 / US 412 southwest of Boise City; the highways travel concurrently to Boise City. US 287 north of Boise City; the highways travel concurrently to Colorado. Colorado US 160 south of Springfield US 50 / US 287 in Lamar. US 50/US 385 travels concurrently to Granada. US 50 / US 400 in Granada US 40 in Cheyenne Wells; the highways travel concurrently to east of Cheyenne Wells. I‑70 in Burlington US 24 in Burlington; the highways travel concurrently through Burlington. US 36 east of Idalia; the highways travel concurrently to northeast of Idalia.
US 34 in Wray US 6 in Holyoke I‑76 in Julesburg US 138 in Julesburg. The highways travel concurrently to west-southwest of Julesburg. Nebraska US 30 in Chappell; the highways travel concurrently to Sidney. US 26 in Bridgeport; the highways travel concurrently to Northport. US 20 in Chadron; the highways travel concurrently to west of Chadron. South Dakota US 18 in Oelrichs; the highways travel c
Crook County, Wyoming
Crook County is a county in the northeastern section of the U. S. state of Wyoming. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 7,083, making it the third-least populous county in Wyoming, its county seat is Sundance. Crook County was created by the legislature of the Wyoming Territory on December 8, 1875, from portions of Albany and Laramie Counties, it was organized in 1888. Crook County was named for an army commander during the Indian Wars. In 1890, Crook County lost territory. Campbell County was formed with land ceded by Crook County in 1911. According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,865 square miles, of which 2,854 square miles is land and 11 square miles is water; the lowest point in the state of Wyoming is located on the Belle Fourche River in Crook County, where it flows out of Wyoming and into South Dakota. Devils Tower National Monument is located in the Bear Lodge Mountains in Crook County; the Missouri Buttes, at the northwestern end of the Black Hills, are located in the county, 3.5 miles northwest of Devils Tower.
Black Hills National Forest Devils Tower National Monument Thunder Basin National Grassland As of the 2000 United States Census, of 2000, there were 5,887 people, 2,308 households, 1,645 families in the county. The population density was 2 people per square mile. There were 2,935 housing units at an average density of 1.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 97.86% White, 0.05% Black or African American, 1.02% Native American, 0.07% Asian, 0.25% from other races, 0.75% from two or more races. 0.92% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 34.1% were of German, 14.6% English, 7.8% Irish and 6.8% American ancestry. There were 2,308 households out of which 32.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.30% were married couples living together, 5.40% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.70% were non-families. 24.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.01.
The county population contained 26.90% under the age of 18, 6.60% from 18 to 24, 24.60% from 25 to 44, 27.20% from 45 to 64, 14.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 102.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.80 males. The median income for a household in the county was $35,601, the median income for a family was $43,105. Males had a median income of $34,483 versus $18,967 for females, indicating a high level of income inequality based on gender; the per capita income for the county was $17,379. About 7.8% of families and 9.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.90% of those under age 18 and 11.80% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 7,083 people, 2,921 households, 2,016 families in the county; the population density was 2.5 inhabitants per square mile. There were 3,595 housing units at an average density of 1.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 97.2% white, 0.7% American Indian, 0.2% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.6% from other races, 1.2% from two or more races.
Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.0% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 38.8% were German, 16.5% were English, 14.5% were Irish, 9.5% were Swedish, 3.8% were American. Of the 2,921 households, 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.2% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.0% were non-families, 25.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.90. The median age was 43.6 years. The median income for a household in the county was $49,890 and the median income for a family was $55,765. Males had a median income of $47,821 versus $32,217 for females; the per capita income for the county was $24,520. About 6.5% of families and 7.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.8% of those under age 18 and 8.0% of those age 65 or over. Crook County is one of the most overwhelmingly Republican counties in the nation, both in state and federal elections.
The last Democratic candidate to carry the county was Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1932, indeed Roosevelt in the following election – when he lost to Alf Landon by five percentage points – constitutes the last Democrat to pass forty percent. In the last ten Presidential elections the Democratic candidate has received less than 23.5% of the county's vote. In the 2016 Presidential election, Crook County was the most Republican county in the most Republican state. In the Wyoming Senate the county is represented by Republican Ogden Driskill since 2011. In the Wyoming House of Representatives it has been represented by Republican Tyler Lindholm since 2015. Beulah National Register of Historic Places listings in Crook County, Wyoming Media related to Crook County, Wyoming at Wikimedia Commons
1930 United States Census
The Fifteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau one month from April 1, 1930, determined the resident population of the United States to be 122,775,046, an increase of 13.7 percent over the 106,021,537 persons enumerated during the 1920 Census. The 1930 Census collected the following information: address name relationship to head of family home owned or rented if owned, value of home if rented, monthly rent whether owned a radio set whether on a farm sex race age marital status and, if married, age at first marriage school attendance literacy birthplace of person, their parents if foreign born: language spoken at home before coming to the U. S. year of immigration whether naturalized ability to speak English occupation and class of worker whether at work previous day veteran status if Indian: whether of full or mixed blood tribal affiliationFull documentation for the 1930 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.
The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in 1949. The microfilmed census is located on 2,667 rolls of microfilm, available from the National Archives and Records Administration. Several organizations host images of the microfilmed census online, digital indices. Microdata from the 1930 census are available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. 1930 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com 1931 U. S Census Report Contains 1930 Census results Historic US Census data 1930Census.com: 1930 United States Census for Genealogy & Family History Research 1930 Interactive US Census Find stories and more attached to names on the 1930 US census
South Dakota's at-large congressional district
South Dakota's At-Large Congressional District is the sole congressional district for the state of South Dakota. Based on area, it is the fourth largest congressional district in the nation; the district is represented by Dusty Johnson. The district was created when South Dakota achieved statehood on November 2, 1889, electing two members At-Large. Following the 1910 Census a third seat was gained, with the legislature drawing three separate districts; the third district was eliminated after the 1930 Census. Following the 1980 Census the second seat was eliminated. Since 1983, South Dakota has retained a single congressional district. Hillary Clinton of New York won the June 3, 2008 South Dakota Democratic Primary with 55.35% of the statewide/at-large congressional district vote while Barack Obama of Illinois received 44.65%. The state/at-large congressional district gave Clinton her final win during the course of the historic and drawn-out 2008 Democratic Presidential Primary season. U. S. Representative Stephanie Herseth Sandlin, who had endorsed John Edwards, decided to support Obama before her state/congressional district voted in the primary for Clinton.
John McCain of Arizona won the June 3, 2008 South Dakota GOP Primary with 70.19% of the statewide/at-large congressional district vote while libertarian-leaning Ron Paul of Texas finished in second place in the state/congressional district with 16.52%. Incumbent U. S. Representative Bill Janklow resigned the seat January 20, 2004, after he was convicted of second-degree manslaughter, triggering a special election. Democrat Stephanie Herseth was selected as the Democratic nominee for this special election and she defeated Republican Larry Diedrich with 51 percent of the vote in a close-fought election on June 1, 2004. Herseth's victory gave the state its first all-Democratic congressional delegation since 1937. In the November general election, Herseth was elected to a full term with 53.4 percent of the vote, an increase of a few percentage points compared with the closer June special elections. Herseth's vote margin in June was about 3,000 votes, but by November it had grown to over 29,000. Herseth thereby became the first woman in state history to win a full term in the U.
S. Congress. Both elections were hard-fought and close compared to many House races in the rest of the United States, the special election was watched by a national audience; the general election was viewed as one of the most competitive in the country, but was overshadowed in the state by the competitive U. S. Senate race between Democrat Tom Daschle and Republican John Thune, which Thune narrowly won. Two seats were created in 1889, they were changed into three districts in 1913. One at-large seat remained after 1983. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present 2004 campaign finance data