Joseph Campau

Joseph Campau was among Detroit, Michigan's leading citizens and wealthiest landowners at the beginning of the 19th century. Campau had a store in Detroit until the early 1800s, he embarked on a real estate career that made him wealthy. Campau was a newspaper man, establishing a newspaper with his nephew, John R. Williams, he held several city public offices for the city. Campau was an officer in the Michigan Territory Militia and during the War of 1812. Campau was a Roman Catholic until he was excommunicated for selling whiskey to Native Americans and having joined the Masons. Joseph Campau was born on February 1769 in Detroit, his parents were Catherine Ménard. Campau's grandfather, Jacques Campau, left Montreal and settled at Fort Pontchartrain du Détroit in 1708, one year after his brother Michel. Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac founded Fort Pontchartrain du Détroit in 1701 and sold 68 land grants between 1707 and 1710, two of which were sold to the Campau brothers. Jacques had served as a secretary and an officer to Cadillac.

Jacques sold furs and bread at "one of the finest merchant stores" in Detroit by the 1740s, according to Clarence M. Burton. In his youth, Joseph Campau traded with the Native Americans, his younger brother, Barnabé aka Barnabas, was a wealthy businessman. He was a fur trader and landowner. One of his properties was Belle Isle. Campau began his business career as a merchant, he purchased goods from Boston, the first person to do so in Detroit, sold them at his store on Atwater. Campau spoke the dialects of several Native American tribes and English to his customers at his three trading posts at Saginaw, on Lake St. Clair, on Lake Erie, he was called Chemokamun by Chief Maccounse of Lake St. Clair. Campau was the first in the city's real estate industry to sell and lease houses, built on vacant lots, he was sometimes considered a "slum lord", to charge late fees with high interest rates to delinquent tenants. However, an obituary stated of Campau, "o the honest and industrious, he was always lenient."C.

M. Burton asserts, he had become the state's largest landowner. Campau held a large percentage of the stock in Michigan Central Bank of Michigan. Campau held multiple public office positions, he was City Trustee in 1802, City Treasurer, City Inspector of water barrels and City Assessor and over-seer of the poor. In 1802, he was an original trustee of its incorporation, he served in the Michigan Territory Militia as captain in 1806. During the War of 1812, he was a major in the U. S. Army. With his nephew, John R. Williams, Campau operated the Democratic Free Press and Michigan Intelligencer, which evolved into the Detroit Free Press. Campau was married to Adelaide Dequindre on May 18, 1808, their children, born through 1829, were Joseph, Dennis, Jacques Joseph, Theodore Joseph and Alexander Timothy. His daughter Catherine married Francis Palms, the largest landowner in Michigan during the mid-1850s. Campau bought a nine-year-old African boy in Montreal as a slave, to be freed at 21 years of age. Campau and Father Gabriel Richard, the priest of St. Anne's Church, engaged in "heated disagreements" about Campau having sold whiskey to Native Americans and joining the Masons.

As a result, he was excommunicated from the Catholic Church in 1817. Campou was buried at Elmwood Cemetery in Detroit; the Masons held the largest funeral in the city's history until that time for Campau. His wife was buried at Catholic Mount Elliott Cemetery, his estate was worth $3 million. Joseph Campau Street in Hamtramck was named for him, by association, Jos. Campau Historic District. Campau lived in a log house on the south side of Jefferson Avenue, between Shelby and Griswold, built after the fire of 1805. Frederick E. Cohen made a painting in 1853 of Campau house, built in 1815, it was located between Shelby and Griswold on Jefferson Avenue. The Joseph Campau House on 2910 East Jefferson Avenue in Detroit is attributed to Campau, but it is said that he never lived there. One of the oldest residences in Detroit, it was built on land, part of the Joseph Campau farm, it came into the Campau family in 1734 when it was awarded to his grandfather

National Register of Historic Places listings in West Philadelphia

This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in West Philadelphia. This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places in West Philadelphia, United States; the locations of National Register properties and districts for which the latitude and longitude coordinates are included below, may be seen in an online map. There are 579 properties and districts listed on the National Register in Philadelphia, including 67 National Historic Landmarks. West Philadelphia includes 65 of these properties and districts, including 5 National Historic Landmarks. Two sites are split between West Philadelphia and other parts of the city, are thus included on multiple lists. List of National Historic Landmarks in Philadelphia National Register of Historic Places listings in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania