Charles-Édouard Jeanneret, known as Le Corbusier, was a Swiss-French architect, painter, urban planner and one of the pioneers of what is now called modern architecture. He was born in Switzerland and became a French citizen in 1930, his career spanned five decades, he designed buildings in Europe, Japan and North and South America. Dedicated to providing better living conditions for the residents of crowded cities, Le Corbusier was influential in urban planning, was a founding member of the Congrès International d'Architecture Moderne. Le Corbusier prepared the master plan for the city of Chandigarh in India, contributed specific designs for several buildings there, specially the government buildings. On 17 July 2016, seventeen projects by Le Corbusier in seven countries were inscribed in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites as The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement. Charles-Édouard Jeanneret was born on 6 October 1887 in La Chaux-de-Fonds, a small city in the French-speaking Neuchâtel canton in north-western Switzerland, in the Jura mountains, 5 kilometres across the border from France.
It was an industrial town, devoted to manufacturing watches. His father was an artisan who enameled boxes and watches, his mother taught piano, his elder brother Albert was an amateur violinist. He attended a kindergarten. Like his contemporaries Frank Lloyd Wright and Mies van der Rohe, Le Corbusier lacked formal training as an architect, he was attracted to the visual arts. Three years he attended the higher course of decoration, founded by the painter Charles L'Eplattenier, who had studied in Budapest and Paris. Le Corbusier wrote that L'Eplattenier had made him "a man of the woods" and taught him painting from nature, his father took him into the mountains around the town. He wrote "we were on mountaintops, his architecture teacher in the Art School was architect René Chapallaz, who had a large influence on Le Corbusier's earliest house designs. He reported that it was the art teacher L'Eplattenier who made him choose architecture. "I had a horror of architecture and architects," he wrote. "...
I was sixteen, I accepted the verdict and I obeyed. I moved into architecture." Le Corbusier began teaching himself by going to the library to read about architecture and philosophy, by visiting museums, by sketching buildings, by constructing them. In 1905, he and two other students, under the supervision of their teacher, René Chapallaz and built his first house, the Villa Fallet, for the engraver Louis Fallet, a friend of his teacher Charles L'Eplattenier. Located on the forested hillside near Chaux-de-fonds, it was a large chalet with a steep roof in the local alpine style and crafted colored geometric patterns on the façade; the success of this house led to his construction of two similar houses, the Villas Jacquemet and Stotzer, in the same area. In September 1907, he made his first trip outside of Switzerland. In Florence, he visited the Florence Charterhouse in Galluzzo, which made a lifelong impression on him. "I would have liked to live in one of what they called their cells," he wrote later.
"It was the solution for a unique kind of worker's housing, or rather for a terrestrial paradise." He traveled to Paris, during fourteen months between 1908 until 1910 he worked as a draftsman in the office of the architect Auguste Perret, the pioneer of the use of reinforced concrete in residential construction and the architect of the Art Deco landmark Théâtre des Champs-Élysées. Two years between October 1910 and March 1911, he traveled to Germany and worked four months in the office Peter Behrens, where Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and Walter Gropius were working and learning. In 1911, he traveled again with his friend August Klipstein for five months, he spoke of what he saw during this trip in many of his books, it was the subject of his last book, Le Voyage d'Orient. In 1912, he began his most ambitious project. Located on the forested hillside near La-Chaux-de-Fonds; the Jeanneret-Perret house was larger than the others, in a more innovative style. The interior spaces were organized around the four pillars of the salon in the center, foretelling the open interiors he would create in his buildings.
The project was more expensive to build. However, it led to a commission to build an more imposing villa in the nearby village of Le Locle for a wealthy watch manufacturer, Georges Favre-Jacot. Le Corbusier designed the new house in less than a month; the building was designed to fit its hillside site, interior plan was spac
Money in the Bank was a professional wrestling pay-per-view event produced by World Wrestling Entertainment. It took place on July 2010, at the Sprint Center in Kansas City, Missouri; the first annual Money in the Bank show, it included two Money in the Bank ladder matches, with a match for both each of WWE's two brands. Eight matches were contested at the event, including two Money in the Bank ladder matches; the Miz won the match for wrestlers to earn a WWE Championship match at a time of his choosing within the next year, while Kane won the match for wrestlers for the same opportunity for the World Heavyweight Championship. In the main event, Sheamus retained the WWE Championship against John Cena in a Steel Cage match, following an interference from The Nexus; the undercard featured The Hart Dynasty retaining the Unified Tag Team Champion from The Usos and Layla retaining the Women's Championship against Kelly Kelly. On the card, Rey Mysterio defeated Jack Swagger to retain the World Heavyweight Championship, only to lose it minutes to Kane, who cashed in the Money in the Bank contract he won earlier in the event to defeat Mysterio for the title.
The event received 169,000 pay-per-view buys. Money in the Bank comprised professional wrestling matches involving professional wrestlers performing as characters in scripted events pre-determined by the hosting promotion, World Wrestling Entertainment. Storylines between the characters were produced on WWE's weekly television shows Raw and SmackDown with the Raw and SmackDown brands—storyline divisions in which WWE assigned its employees to different programs. At Fatal 4-Way, the Money in the Bank ladder match was scheduled for a namesake pay-per-view. On the June 25 episode of SmackDown, it was revealed that two Money in the Bank ladder matches would be held at the event for the Raw and SmackDown brands with the winners of the matches given a title match for the WWE Championship and World Heavyweight Championship at a time of their choosing within the next 12 months. Three days Raw guest host Rob Zombie named his brand's eight competitors: Randy Orton, The Miz, R-Truth, Chris Jericho, Evan Bourne, Ted DiBiase, John Morrison, Edge.
On the July 5 episode of Raw, The Miz injured R-Truth. On June 30, six of the competitors for the SmackDown brand's match were named: Matt Hardy, Cody Rhodes, Kofi Kingston, Big Show. On the July 9 episode of SmackDown, Dolph Ziggler defeated Montel Vontavious Porter and Chavo Guerrero in a triple threat match to qualify for SmackDown's ladder match. On the same night, Drew McIntyre earned the final spot by pinning Kofi Kingston; the main rivalry from the SmackDown brand heading into the Money in the Bank event was between Rey Mysterio and Jack Swagger over the World Heavyweight Championship. Mysterio replaced The Undertaker, found in a vegetative state by his brother Kane, in a fatal four-way match, which involved defending Champion Swagger, CM Punk and Big Show, to become a two-time World Heavyweight Champion. On the June 25 episode of SmackDown, a rematch between Swagger and Mysterio was scheduled for Money in the Bank; the main rivalry from the Raw brand heading into Money in the Bank was between WWE Champion Sheamus and John Cena.
Sheamus won the title at the Fatal 4-Way event after interference from seven of the contestants from the first season of NXT, collectively known as "The Nexus". The next night on Raw, John Cena invoked his rematch clause; the following week on Raw, Raw's anonymous general manager scheduled a steel cage match between Sheamus and Cena to ensure no outside interference from The Nexus. The actual pay-per-view opened with the Money in the Bank ladder match for a World Heavyweight Championship match contract, which involved Big Show, Matt Hardy, Kane, Kofi Kingston, Cody Rhodes, Drew McIntyre and Dolph Ziggler. Midway through the match, Kingston performed a Boom Drop off a ladder on McIntyre through a broadcast table. Big Show climbed a super-sized ladder he had set up, but Kane pushed the ladder over and Christian and Rhodes buried Big Show under multiple ladders. In the end, McIntyre attempted to retrieve the briefcase, but Kane performed a chokeslam off the ladder on McIntyre and retrieved the briefcase to win the match.
Next, Alicia Fox defended the WWE Divas Championship against Eve Torres. In the end, Fox performed. After that, The Hart Dynasty defended the Unified WWE Tag Team Championship against The Usos. Smith forced Jimmy to submit to the sharpshooter to retain the title. In the fourth match, Rey Mysterio faced Jack Swagger for the World Heavyweight Championship. In the end, Swagger applied an ankle lock on Mysterio, but Mysterio removed his boot, performed a hurricanrana on Swagger and pinned Swagger with a rana to retain the title. After the match, Swagger attacked Mysterio. After that, Kane returned to the ring with referee Charles Robinson and his briefcase, electing to cash in his contract, marking the first time a wrestler cashed in their briefcase on the same night they won it. Kane chokeslammed an injured Mysterio before executing a Tombstone Piledriver to win the World Heavyweight title in 54 seconds. Next, Layla defended the WWE Women's Championship against Kelly Kelly. In the end, Kelly attempted a sunset flip on Layla, who countered into a roll-up to retain the title.
After, the Money in the Bank ladder match for a WWE Championship match contract involving Randy Orton, Chris Jericho, Evan Bourne, John Morrison, The Miz, Mark Henry and Ted DiBiase. During the match, Orton performed an ele
Cayetano Descalzi was an Italian painter and engraver who came to the Río de la Plata, now Argentina, in the 1820s. In 1830, Descalzi married Juliana Miró, the widowed mother of Carlos Morel, to become a celebrated artist, they separated eight years later. Descalzi is recognized for his oil lithograph of Governor Juan Manuel de Rosas, made in 1841, entitled "Rosas, el Grande", printed the following year by Lemercier of París, he made the portrait of the magistrate Don Tomas Giráldez in Quilmes. One of his pupils was Cándido López. Citations Sources