League of Communists of Yugoslavia

The League of Communists of Yugoslavia, known until 1952 as the Communist Party of Yugoslavia, was the founding and ruling party of SFR Yugoslavia. It was formed in 1919 as the main communist opposition party in the Kingdom of Serbs and Slovenes and after its initial successes in the elections, it was proscribed by the royal government and was at times harshly and violently suppressed, it remained an illegal underground group until World War II when, after the Invasion of Yugoslavia in 1941, the military arm of the party, the Yugoslav Partisans, became embroiled in a bloody civil war and defeated the Axis powers and their local auxiliaries. After the liberation from foreign occupation in 1945, the party consolidated its power and established a single-party state, which existed until the 1990 breakup of Yugoslavia; the party, led by Josip Broz Tito from 1937 to 1980, was the first communist party in power in the history of the Eastern Bloc that opposed the Soviet Union and thus was expelled from the Cominform in 1948 in what is known as the Tito–Stalin Split.

After internal purges of pro-Soviet members, the party renamed itself the League of Communists and adopted the politics of workers' self-management and independent communism, known as Titoism. When the Kingdom of Serbs and Slovenes was created after World War I, the different social democratic parties that had existed in Austria-Hungary and Montenegro called for a unification of their parties; the idea was accepted by parties and organizations from all over the country and in April 1919 a Congress of Unification was held in Belgrade, attended by 432 delegates representing 130,000 organized supporters of the workers’ class movement from all parts of the Kingdom except Slovenia. The ministerial branch of the Social democrat party of Slovenia was minorized in April 1920, when the Slovenes joined ranks with other social-democrats turned Marxist–Leninist revolutionaries. Slovenes joined at the Second Congress, held in Vukovar in late April 1920; the congress was marked by opposing positions towards the concepts of the revolutionary and reformist currents.

Bolshevik influence was introduced by soldiers who during the war had been captured by Russian forces and had experienced the October Revolution. The Congress decided to form a single political party named Socialist Labor Party of Yugoslavia which would be a member of Comintern, its highest organs, to which all other organs were subordinate, were the Congress and the Central Committee, headed by Filip Filipović and Živko Topalović as political secretaries and Vladimir Ćopić as organizational secretary. The party program, the Basis of Unification, was a "synthesis of the Social Democratic ideological heritage with the experiences of the October Revolution", spoke in terms of an imminent revolution, while the Practical Program of Action was oriented to a long-term political struggle within the capitalist system; the party considered the national question to be solved by the events of 1918, supported a unitarian state merging the different "tribes" into one "nation" as the best basis of class struggle, opposed ″federalism".

In the wake of the Congress, the United Socialist Woman Movement, the Central Workers’ Trade-Union Council were founded, while the Young Communist League of Yugoslavia was formed that year. The newly formed party organized several protests against political situations in the country and rallies of support for Soviet Russia and the Hungarian Soviet Republic, while the Central Workers’ Trade-Union Council organized many strikes and demonstrations against employers and state authority; the party achieved gains in many towns and villages during the local elections of March 1920 in Croatia and Montenegro, where Communists won majority in several cities resulted in the anxious government using pressure against the party: it refused to confirm Communist administrations of these districts and imprisoned the party leadership, which however was subsequently released after a hunger strike. These early successes convinced other groups, including Social Democrats in Slovenia, to join the party. Success continued in local elections in Serbia in the summer of 1920, in which the Communists won majorities in many districts.

Again, Communist administrations were suspended by the government. In elections to the Constitutional Assembly, held on November 28, 1920, the Communist Party received 198,736 votes and 58 of 419 seats in the assembly, but the growth of the party incited arguments about party's agenda and resulted in a split between two currents: The reformist Centrists, stressing that the Kingdoms was an industrially underdeveloped state and not ripe for revolution, opposed an emphasis on class struggle and a close connection between the party and the trade-unions and favored participating in the political life by legal means and working towards social reforms. The decidedly Communist Revolutionaries, arguing that the prerequisites for a revolution existed, favored a centralized party, a close alliance with the unions and the seizing of power by force, including terrorist tactics; the 2nd party congress, held in June 1920 in Vukovar, saw the revolutionaries led by Filipović prevail. The party changed its name to Communist Party of Yugoslavia and elected Filipović and Sima Marković as politic


Songir is the largest town in Dhule Taluka, situated on the intersection of National Highway 3 and state highway 17. The Songir fort atop the village is in the form of narrow strip 30m wide. An easy climb of 20 mins takes to the top of the fort. Songir is has 3 to 4 small adjacent forts. There is a deep water well on the fort. Only the door frame of the entrance of the fort is remaining rest all structures are in ruined state. Since 1370 this fort was in control of Farooqi Sultans, it passed into the hands of Mughals, Marathas and in 1818 the British took control of the fort. The fort played a significant role in guarding the trade route from Burhanpur to Surat. Temples in Songir include Someshwar, Gurugovind Maharaj, Jain Mandir and Balaji Rath. Balaji Rath is in a "Rath Galli " the Rath galli is main galli of Songir. A couple of the notable temples are Samadhi of Guru Govind Maharaj; the village is famous for making of copper utensils

Shawntinice Polk

Shawntinice Polk was an American women's basketball player who played at the University of Arizona. Despite playing only three seasons, she ranks fourth on the school's all time chart for points scored with 1,467 points, she has compiled 914 rebounds, 222 blocks, 220 assists, 145 assists, a 57.5 field goal percentage. Shawntinice Polk died on the morning of September 26, 2005 when a pulmonary blood clot lodged in one of her lungs, it was a rare fatal occurrence for a healthy woman of her age. Polk is survived by Johnny Little, four older brothers and two older sisters, she was only 22 years old. Attended Hanford High School in Hanford, where she was a four-year letterwinner in both basketball and volleyball. Named a 2001 All-America first team by WBCA, Parade Magazine and USA Today. Participated in the 2001 WBCA High School All-America Game where she scored eight points. Recorded 2,163 points, 1,326 rebounds and 384 blocks, while leading Hanford to a 119-13 overall record during her high school career.

A three-time CIF All-Central Section honoree. A four-time all-conference, all-city and all-county selection. Averaged 16.1 ppg. 13.1 rpg. and 4.1 bpg. as a senior, while leading Hanford to a 31-2 record and the CIF Division II state championship. Earned all-league honors in volleyball. Named WBCA All-America honorable mention in 2003, 2004 and 2005. Three-time All-Pacific-10 Conference first team in 2003, 2004 and 2005. Named to the 2005 Kodak All-Region 8 team Two-time Associated Press All-America honorable mention in 2003 and 2004. Named WBCA Player of the Month for Feb. 2004. Three-time Pac-10 Player of the Week in 2004 and four-time Pac-10 Player of the Week in 2003. Named the 2003 Pac-10 Freshman of the Year. Selected 2003 All-Pac-10 and to the 2003 Pac-10 All-Freshmen Team. Selected to the Freshmen All-America first team by Full Court Press and in 2003. Named the MVP at the 2002 Fiesta Bowl Classic, averaged 20.5 ppg. and 13.5 rpg. Named by Sports Illustrated as one of five collegiate women who are "Elevating the Game".

Holds Career School Records for Blocked Shots, Double Doubles, Rebounding Average. Arizona Wildcats bio Player profile Star Arizona Basketball Player Dies In Tucson