The League of Nations, abbreviated as LN or LoN, was the first worldwide intergovernmental organisation whose principal mission was to maintain world peace. It was founded on 10 January 1920 following the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War; the organisation's primary goals, as stated in its Covenant, included preventing wars through collective security and disarmament and settling international disputes through negotiation and arbitration. Other issues in this and related treaties included labour conditions, just treatment of native inhabitants and drug trafficking, the arms trade, global health, prisoners of war, protection of minorities in Europe; the Covenant of the League of Nations was signed on 28 June 1919 as Part I of the Treaty of Versailles, it became effective together with the rest of the Treaty on 10 January 1920. The first meeting of the Council of the League took place on 16 January 1920, the first meeting of Assembly of the League took place on 15 November 1920.
The diplomatic philosophy behind the League represented a fundamental shift from the preceding hundred years. The League lacked its own armed force and depended on the victorious First World War Allies to enforce its resolutions, keep to its economic sanctions, or provide an army when needed; the Great Powers were reluctant to do so. Sanctions could hurt League members, so they were reluctant to comply with them. During the Second Italo-Abyssinian War, when the League accused Italian soldiers of targeting Red Cross medical tents, Benito Mussolini responded that "the League is well when sparrows shout, but no good at all when eagles fall out."At its greatest extent from 28 September 1934 to 23 February 1935, it had 58 members. After some notable successes and some early failures in the 1920s, the League proved incapable of preventing aggression by the Axis powers in the 1930s; the credibility of the organization was weakened by the fact that the United States never joined the League and the Soviet Union joined late and was soon expelled after invading Finland.
Germany withdrew from the League, as did Japan, Italy and others. The onset of the Second World War showed that the League had failed its primary purpose, to prevent any future world war; the League lasted for 26 years. The concept of a peaceful community of nations had been proposed as far back as 1795, when Immanuel Kant's Perpetual Peace: A Philosophical Sketch outlined the idea of a league of nations to control conflict and promote peace between states. Kant argued for the establishment of a peaceful world community, not in a sense of a global government, but in the hope that each state would declare itself a free state that respects its citizens and welcomes foreign visitors as fellow rational beings, thus promoting peaceful society worldwide. International co-operation to promote collective security originated in the Concert of Europe that developed after the Napoleonic Wars in the 19th century in an attempt to maintain the status quo between European states and so avoid war; this period saw the development of international law, with the first Geneva Conventions establishing laws dealing with humanitarian relief during wartime, the international Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907 governing rules of war and the peaceful settlement of international disputes.
As historians William H. Harbaugh and Ronald E. Powaski point out, Theodore Roosevelt was the first American President to call for an international league. At the acceptance for his Nobel Prize, Roosevelt said: "it would be a masterstroke if those great powers bent on peace would form a League of Peace."The forerunner of the League of Nations, the Inter-Parliamentary Union, was formed by the peace activists William Randal Cremer and Frédéric Passy in 1889 The IPU was founded with an international scope, with a third of the members of parliaments serving as members of the IPU by 1914. Its foundational aims were to encourage governments to solve international disputes by peaceful means. Annual conferences were established to help governments refine the process of international arbitration, its structure was designed as a council headed by a president, which would be reflected in the structure of the League. At the start of the First World War, the first schemes for an international organisation to prevent future wars began to gain considerable public support in Great Britain and the United States.
Goldsworthy Lowes Dickinson, a British political scientist, coined the term "League of Nations" in 1914 and drafted a scheme for its organisation. Together with Lord Bryce, he played a leading role in the founding of the group of internationalist pacifists known as the Bryce Group the League of Nations Union; the group became more influential among the public and as a pressure group within the governing Liberal Party. In Dickinson's 1915 pamphlet After the War he wrote of his "League of Peace" as being an organisation for arbitration and conciliation, he felt that the secret diplomacy of the early twentieth century had brought about war and thus could write that, "the impossibility of war, I believe, would be increased in
Karamchedu is a village in Prakasam district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the headquarters of Karamchedu mandal in Ongole revenue division. Karamchedu is a prosperous model village located 8.5 km from the busy commercial town of Chirala in Prakasam district in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. The village has been significant from the time of British Raj because of its zamindars, land lords, business men and famous residents; some of the notable residents and famous personalities of Karamchedu down the ages include: POLITICS: * Vajjiya Preggada, Minister in the court of King Vimaladitya of the Eastern Chalukyas Dynasty * Yarlagadda Ranganayakulu Nayudu, Member of States Council * Daggubati Raghavaiah Chowdary, Member of Zilla Board, Associate of Prof. NG Ranga and Krishikar Lok Party * Daggubati Chowdary, Ex. MLA * Daggubati Venkateswara Rao, Ex-Minister, Ex-Member of Cabinet and Current Member of Assembly * Daggubati Purandheswari, Ex Minister of State for Human Resource Development, W / o Dr. Daggubati Venkateswara Rao and Daughter of NT Rama Rao) * Jagarlamudi Kuppuswami Chowdary, Zilla Board President, MLA * Jagarlamudi Chandramouli, Ex-Member of Parliament * Jagarlamudi Lakshminarayana, Ex-Member of Assembly * Jagarlamudi Lakshmi Padmavati, Ex-Minister * Late Potini Venkata Subbaiah Chowdary, was the first President of the Karamchedu Gram Panchayat.
FILM INDUSTRY: * Yarlagadda Venkanna Chowdary, Film Producer, Ex-President of Andhra Chamber of Commerce * Y. Sambhuprasad, Film Producer, Ex-President of Andhra Chamber of Commerce * D. Rama Naidu, Film Producer, listed in Guinness World Records * D. Suresh, Film Producer * D. Venkatesh, Film Actor * Daggubati Raja, Film Actor * Yarlagadda Sumanth, Film Actor * Boina Subbarao, Film Director ACADEMICS: * Karamcheti Kumara Swamy Pantulu, renowned scholar and teacher * Y. Ranganayakulu Chowdary, Scholar, Translated Gitanjali into Telugu * Yarlagadda Ranganayakulu BE, Founder of Hyderabad Study Circle DOCTORS: * Dr. Yarlagadda Purna Chandrasekhar Rao, FRCS, Srirang Hospital, first medical graduate from Karamchedu and renowned surgeon * Yarlagadda Nayudamma, Famous Pediatric Surgeon. Listed in the Limca Book of Records OTHERS: * Yarlagadda Durga vara Prasad Durgaiah garu, follower of Vinobha Bhave, works for the welfare of the village. * Daggubati Venkateswarlu, an honest and popular senior police officer.
He is the first police officer and the first gazetted officer from Karamchedu. He is a student of Pedda Pantulu garu. Karamchedu Mandal: Karamchedu is a Mandal Head-Quarters. There are seven villages under Karamchedu
Cody Pfister is an American mixed martial artist who competes in the Lightweight division. A professional competitor since 2009, he has competed for the UFC, Shark Fights, King of the Cage, the Resurrection Fighting Alliance. After an unsuccessful bid to get on The Ultimate Fighter: Live and an 11–3–1 run on the regional circuit, Pfister signed with the UFC in 2015. Pfister faced James Moontasri at UFC Fight Night: Henderson vs. Thatch on February 14, 2015, replacing Jake Lindsey. Pfister lost the fight by submission in the second round. Pfister faced Yosdenis Cedeno at UFC 189 on July 11, 2015, he won the fight by unanimous decision. Pfister faced Sage Northcutt on December 10, 2015 at UFC Fight Night 80. Despite winning the first round, Pfister lost by submission via guillotine choke in the second. Pfister next faced Scott Holtzman on July 13, 2016 at UFC Fight Night 91, he was subsequently released from the promotion. Pfister made his promotional debut for Bellator against Jonathan Gary at Bellator 174 on March 3, 2017.
He won the fight via submission in the first round, in his post-fight interview, announced his retirement from MMA. However he has promised to return in Fist Fight Night. List of current UFC fighters List of male mixed martial artists Professional MMA record for Cody Pfister from Sherdog Cody Pfister at UFC