Royal Leamington Spa known as Leamington Spa or Leamington, is a spa town in Warwickshire, England. A small village called Leamington Priors, it grew into a spa town in the 18th century following the popularisation of its water, reputed to have medicinal qualities. In the 19th century, the town experienced one of the most rapid expansions in England, it is named after the River Leam. The town contains fine ensembles of Regency architecture in parts of the Parade, Clarendon Square and Lansdowne Circus. In the 2011 census Leamington had a population of 55,733. Leamington is contiguous with the neighbouring towns of Warwick and Whitnash, which together form a continuous urban area, in 2011 the urban area had a population of 95,172. Known as Leamington Priors, Leamington began to develop as a town at the start of the 19th century, it was first mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Lamintone. For 400 years, the settlement was under the control of Kenilworth Priory, from which the older suffix derived.
Its name came from Anglo-Saxon Leman-tūn or Lemen-tūn = "farm on the River Leam". The spa waters had been known in Roman times, the rediscovery in 1784 by William Abbotts and Benjamin Satchwell led to their commercialisation. Six of the seven wells were drilled for; the old village of Leamington Priors was on the southern bank of the River Leam, early development was based around this. During the 1820s and 1830s, builders began concentrating the town's expansion on the land north of the river, resulting in the Georgian centre of New Town with the Leam flowing between the two. In 1840 the Victoria Bridge was opened, connecting the old and new towns, replacing an old and inconvenient bridge; the growth of Leamington was rapid. With the spread of the town's popularity, the granting of a'Royal' prefix in 1838 by Queen Victoria,'Leamington Priors' was renamed'Royal Leamington Spa'. Queen Victoria had visited the town as a Princess in 1830 and as Queen in 1858. A statue of Queen Victoria was destroyed by a German bomb during the Second World War, was moved one inch on its plinth by the blast.
The statue was not returned to its original position, the incident is recorded on a plaque on its plinth. In 1814, the Royal Pump Rooms and Baths were opened close to the River Leam; this grand structure attracted many visitors, expecting cures by bathing in pools of salty spa water. It included the world's first gravity fed piped hot water system in modern times, designed and installed by the engineer William Murdoch. Leamington became a popular spa resort attracting the wealthy and famous, construction began of numerous Georgian townhouses to accommodate visitors, a town hall was built in 1830. In 1832 the town's main hospital, Warneford Hospital, named after philanthropist Samuel Wilson Warneford. At first a semi-private affair it was taken over by the National Health Service after the Second World War, before succumbing to budget cuts and closing in 1993; the function of the Royal Pump Rooms changed several times over the following years. While retaining its assembly rooms and medical facilities, around 1863 it was extended to include a Turkish bath and swimming pool, in 1875 the Royal Pump Room Gardens were opened to the public, in 1890 a further swimming pool was added.
The economy of Leamington decreased towards the end of the 19th century following the decline in popularity of spa towns, it became a popular place of residence for retired people and for members of the middle class who relocated from Coventry and Birmingham, wealthy residents led to the development of Leamington as a popular place for shopping. In 1997, the owners of the building, the district council, closed the facility for redevelopment, reopening it in 1999 as a culture centre, it now contains Leamington Spa Art Gallery & Museum, a library, a tourist information centre, refurbished assembly rooms and a cafe. Spa water can still be sampled outside the building. Leamington is associated with the founding of lawn tennis; the first tennis club in the world was formed in 1872 by Major Henry Gem and Augurio Pereira who had started playing tennis in the garden of Pereira. It was located just behind the former Manor House Hotel and the modern rules of lawn tennis were drawn up in 1874 in Leamington Tennis Club.
During the Second World War, Leamington was home to the Free Czechoslovak Army. Leamington Spa is a town and civil parish in the Warwick District, an administrative division of the county of Warwickshire. Since 2002 the parish has been represented at the lowest tier of local government by its Town Council. Between 1875 and 1974 Leamington was a municipal borough; as part of the 1974 local government reform it was merged with Warwick and Whitnash, surrounding rural areas into the Warwick District, which has its offices in Leamington. Leamington is part of the parliamentary constituency of Leamington. From the 1997 general election until the 2010 general election the constituency was represented in parliament by James Plaskitt of the Labour Party; the seat became marginal at the 2005 general election, where James Plaskitt won with a majority of just 266 votes. In the 2010 general election the seat r
William "Bill" Loeb III, was publisher of the Manchester Union Leader newspaper in Manchester, New Hampshire, for thirty-five years from 1946 until his death. His unyieldingly conservative political views helped to make The Union Leader one of the best-known small papers in the country; the publication benefited from nationwide attention every four years during the New Hampshire primary. Loeb was born on December 26, 1905 in Washington, D. C. the son of Catharine/Katherine Wilhelmina and William Loeb, Jr.. His parents were both of German descent, his father was executive secretary to Theodore Roosevelt, a nationally known figure in his own day. Loeb's grandfather was I, a German immigrant. Loeb's siblings were Amelia Olive Loeb and Lillian May Loeb. Young Loeb attended The Hotchkiss School and Williams College, soon met and married Elizabeth Nagy, a faculty member at nearby Smith College, they were married on May 29, 1926. Nagy was eight years older than Loeb, his parents objected to the matrimony.
Loeb's father excluded him from his will in light of the marriage. The couple divorced six years on October 11, 1932, Loeb received alimony from Nagy for several years. In his life, Loeb made efforts to hide the marriage, records of the divorce were found missing at the time they were to be archived on microfiche. Loeb partnered with his friend Charlie Weaver to buy the St. Albans Messenger in St. Albans, Vermont, in 1941 to enter the publishing arena. Loeb received cash investments from a woman named Marka Loening, who indulged in an extramarital affair with Loeb while waiting for her divorce from her estranged husband to be finalized. Loeb used funding from Loening to buy the Burlington Daily News in 1942. One of Loeb's first infamous journalistic exploits was the publishing of his own baptismal certificate on the front page of both Vermont papers in an attempt to disprove rumors of his Jewish ancestry. Loeb cited ulcers for his medical exemption from service during World War II drinking large quantities of alcohol before doctor's visits to ensure flare-ups.
In 1946, Loeb secured funding from Ridder Publications to buy the Manchester Union and the Evening Leader from Annie Reid Knox, the widow of former Navy Secretary William Franklin Knox. Mrs. Knox regretted the sale, claiming she had not seen how Loeb handled his Vermont newspapers, claiming that Loeb did not mention the involvement of the Ridder family. Loeb used $250,000 in funding from his mother's accounts to fund the purchase of his share in the papers, in 1948 used an additional $300,000 to buy out other shareholders and gain complete control of the papers, which he merged into the Union Leader. In 1947, Loeb brought in investor Leonard Finder as a business partner in the paper. Marka Loening resentful of the presence of Scripps-Howard heiress Elizabeth "Nackey" Scripps-Gallowhur in the newspaper offices, withdrew her interests in Loeb's papers that same year. Loeb's mother had been under the impression that he and Loening were to be married, but discovered upon Loening's departure that Loeb had been secretly married to Vermont resident Eleanore McAllister since 1942.
Afterwards, Loeb publicly disclosed the marriage in his papers, but claimed it had taken place in 1947 and not 1942. Meanwhile, new competition emerged in Manchester with the return of Bernard J. "B. J." McQuaid, a former Manchester Union reporter under the tenure of Colonel Knox, from military service in Europe. McQuaid founded The New Hampshire Sunday News, with his brother, Elias. Loeb wooed Bernard McQuaid over to the Union Leader, bought the Sunday News outright in 1948. With no other statewide media, Loeb gained a media monopoly in the state for himself, he tried, but failed, to win the license for the only television station licensed in the state, WMUR-TV. Loeb's wife McAllister gave birth to a daughter, Katharine Penelope, on October 29, 1948. In 1949, Loeb used the additional $300,000 from his mother and cash from various state politicians he endorsed to buy out Leonard Finder. In 1949, Loeb founded the Vermont Sunday News a copy of the New Hampshire edition's content. On August 5, 1949, Loeb took Nackey Gallowhur to meet his mother in New York City.
There, George Gallowhur, Nackey's husband, attempted to serve her divorce papers. Loeb refused to permit Gallowhur's agents from serving her, he was jailed for interfering. Gallowhur sued Loeb for alienation of affection in accordance with an old Vermont law. Mrs. Loeb, infuriated at her son's mistreatment of Eleanore, excluded Bill from her will and sued him for the one million dollars in funding he obtained from her to finance his acquisitions of the Union Leader in 1946 and 1949. Loeb continued to see Nackey. In 1949, he fired the print staff at his Vermont newspapers. Nackey was placed in charge of printing, but the couple left the state in 1952 in the wake of his mother's lawsuit, moved to Reno, where Loeb sued for divorce from McAllister and married Nackey Gallowhur; the Vermont papers flailed in the absence of Loeb's attention, suffered from negative reader and advertiser reaction to his opinionated absentee editorials. The Daily News ceased operations in 1959. Loeb did not visit the St. Albans paper offices again until 1973.
In 1950, Loeb repeated this time on the Union Leader front page. He again hoped to dispel gossip about his Jewish heritage, this time in the wake of controversy surrounding his political endorsements. Loeb m
Jeanne Pruett is an American country music singer and Grand Ole Opry star, best known for her 1973 country hit, "Satin Sheets", that spent three weeks at No. 1. "Satin Sheets" is Jeanne Pruett's signature song. The song sounded much more country than the songs; when "Satin Sheets" became a hit in 1973, it was a Top 40 Pop hit. Jeanne Pruett was born Norma Jean Bowman in Pell City, Alabama, in 1937, she was one of ten children, since a young age she listened to the Grand Ole Opry and harmonized with her brothers and sisters. Pruett started singing in high school originally, she married her husband Jack Pruett. In 1956, the couple moved out to Tennessee. Pruett's husband was guitarist and one day became a guitarist for legendary country singer Marty Robbins. While raising her family, Jeanne began to write her own songs and became secretary at Marty Robbins' publishing company. In 1963, she first started recording and in fact recorded a lot of her own songs like "Count Me Out", under her new label RCA records.
On and off throughout the 1960s, Pruett appeared on the Grand Ole Opry. Under RCA, she recorded material that failed to gain success on Country charts, in fact didn't chart the country lists at the time, she took another shot at recording in this time with Decca Records. In 1971, Pruett made her first appearance on the country charts with the single "Hold On to My Unchanging Love", making only to No. 66. The song didn't gain the success Pruett wanted it to, but showed the potential Pruett still had inside of herself to make it big in the business. Soon after in 1972, she made a second appearance on the country charts with the Top 40 single "Love Me"; this song was written by Pruett herself and was a song that Marty Robbins would take into the top 10 in 1973. That same year in May, Jeanne scored her biggest hit with "Satin Sheets", which topped the charts and a top 30 Pop hit, making it to No. 28. The song became Pruett's biggest hit, her album by the same name topped the charts for eight weeks.
The song told the story of how an affluent wife who had all the luxuries in life was not happy because her marriage was based on money and amenities. She instead finds another man "who can give more than he can," meaning some form of romantic or emotional fulfillment; the success of "Satin Sheets" led Jeanne to many nominations from the CMA Awards, including "Female Vocalist Of The Year" and "Single Of The Year", but did not win the awards. Jeanne was made a member of the Grand Ole Opry in 1973, a fulfillment of a lifelong dream. After the success of "Satin Sheets", Jeanne found more success on the country charts, her next single was "I'm Your Woman", which became a top 10 hit in the fall of 1973 and proved that Pruett had a good, solid follow-up single. She continued to record and release albums and singles for the rest of the 1970s, but only one of which made it to the Top 20 on the Country charts, "You Don't Need To Move A Mountain" in 1974. At this point, it seemed that Pruett's chart success was fading away.
This might have been this way because, Pruett was basing her time more on her family than her work, as many female country singers have done in the past. Other country singles following this, like "A Poor Man's Woman" and "Welcome to the Sunshine" kept making the Country Top 30 up until late 1975. However, by 1978 it seemed like Pruett's career would fade from view, her singles failed to hit the Top 40, like 1978's "I'm a Woman", which charted at No. 94. By this time, she had left MCA, stayed under Mercury records for two years. Pruett returned to the charts on the small IBC Records label in 1979 with a quasi-sequel to her biggest hit titled "Please Sing Satin Sheets for Me"; the record was a small success for her but opened the door to a comeback in the country music market with her 1980 Encore album and three top ten singles, the first of, "Back to Back", which peaked at No. 6. One single hit the top of the Country Top 5, titled, "Temporarily Yours", followed by "It's Too Late" mid-year. In the midst of this success, Pruett made a few appearances with Bill Anderson on the ABC-TV soap opera One Life to Live as themselves as part of a country music storyline.
Pruett continued to chart. She united with Marty Robbins for a duet of her 1972 single "Love Me", but the song did not hit the Top 40. An album was being planned for them together. However, Pruett did not give up releasing albums to the public. After her chart success, Jeanne began hosting a cooking show on TNN, she made a series of cookbooks under the title called Feedin' Friends. She won many prizes for gardening skills that were seen in her cookbooks, she owned a restaurant at the now defunct Opryland Theme Park in Nashville called Feedin' Friends. Since its release, "Satin Sheets" has become one of the greatest and most remembered country songs of all time, has been featured on many country music albums, that include other various artists from the 1970s. Jeanne Pruett lives on a farm outside of Nashville, with her husband of many years, Eddy Fulton, she has made a houseboat, named after the nickname given to Pruett on the Opry, titled, "Miss Satin Sheets". Pruett made headlines, at least in the country music press, when she announced she was retiring from the Grand Ole Opry and from performing in 2006, though intending to remain active with behind the scenes work in the music industry such as publishing (she
Wigor Alan do Nascimento known as Wigor, is a Brazilian footballer who plays as a defensive midfielder for Real Ariquemes. Born in Colorado, Paraná, Wigor started his career with Ranchariense, graduated with Capivariano. After making his senior debuts in 2014 in Campeonato Paulista Série A2, he went on a trial at Anderlecht on 20 June of that year, signed a short-term deal shortly after. Assigned the no. 40 shirt, Wigor made no appearances for the side and was released in January 2015. He subsequently returned to Capivariano. On 30 April 2015 Wigor was loaned until the end of the year, he made his debut for the club on 16 May, coming on as a second-half substitute in a 1–0 home win against Paysandu. On 30 January 2017, Wigor joined Israeli Premier League side F. C. Ashdod until the end of the season, he returned after making no league appearances, subsequently joined Santos' B-team. As of 6 August 2017 Bragantino official profile Wigor at Soccerway
Francis Swaine was an English marine painter. He was born in 1725, christened on 7 October of that year at St Dunstan’s, London, his parents were named Ann Joel. In 1735 the elder Francis Swaine, the marine painter’s father, applied in writing to the Commissioners of His Majesty’s Navy for employment as a Navy Messenger, in succession to Mr William Wyatt, he mentions that he had served “upwards of twenty eight years” in the Navy, that his father had died Purser of the Royal Katherine. He mentions that he had carried out “little labours in drawing”, that he at that time had five small children; the first-born of these children was the Francis Swaine. The elder Swaine was duly employed as a Navy Messenger, he served for 20 years and died on October 10, 1755, aged 64. Swaine is said to have been influenced by the style of van de Velde. There is no clear evidence of this alleged influence; the suggestion that Swaine may have been a pupil of Charles Brooking can be dismissed, as the difference in age between the two painters was a mere two years, there is no visual evidence to support any such influence.
On the other hand, Swaine was demonstrably influenced by the style of the painter Peter Monamy, whose pupil he was. In the will of Sir Samuel Young, son of Admiral Sir George Young, Francis Swaine is explicitly referred to as “Old Swaine, pupil of Monami”. In Mark Noble's Biographical History of England, 1806, under the entry for Monamy, it is stated that "Swaine, of Stretton Ground, his disciple, bred under him, was an excellent painter of moon-light pieces." This remark is well confirmed by his "Capture of the Foudroyant", referred to in at least one source as "The Moonlight Battle". The French ship subsequently served in the English Fleet as the Foudroyant. Swaine married Monamy's daughter Mary at Allhallows, London Wall, on 29 June 1749, when he was aged 24, their children were christened Anna Maria Swaine, on 27th Jan 1750/51. Monamy Swaine became a marine painter. Francis Swaine was a popular artist of his time and displayed works at the Society of Artists of Great Britain and the Free Society of Artists.
He died in 1782. Today, several of his works are held in the National Maritime Museum in London. Parish Register Collection of the Latter Day Saints Biography of F. Swaine Swaine "pupil of Monami" source information Analysis of Swain family data Documented details of father's life and occupation as Navy Messenger Navy Board: Bound Out-letters ADM 354/151/167; the National Archives. ADM 106/875/84. PROB 11/824 Noble, Mark. "A Biographical History of England". Young, Sir George. "Young of Formosa". Erskine, David. "Augustus Hervey's Journal". Media related to Francis Swaine at Wikimedia Commons 30 paintings by or after Francis Swaine at the Art UK site
Iris orientalis is a species in the genus Iris, it is in the subgenus of Limniris and in Series Spuriae. It is a rhizomatous perennial plant, from Turkey and Greece, with white flowers with a yellow mark or blotch, it was known as Iris ochroleuca for a long time. It is known as yellow banded iris in the U. S. and Turkish iris in the U. K. but has some other less common names. It is hardy and has been known to naturalize in various countries, it is cultivated as an ornamental plant in temperate regions. It has short, stout, woody rhizomes, they can be up to 1.5 cm in diameter. Underneath, they have fleshy roots. Over a long period, they can form large clumps of plants, it has basal leaves, that are erect, between deep green and dark green and sword-like. They can grow up to 60 -- 1 -- 2 cm wide; the leaves are not as long as the flowering stems. The flower stalk begins to grows in April and reaches maturity in May; the solid flattened stems, about 1-cm wide, can grow up to between 40–90 cm long. Although, larger forms are known to be much bigger, growing up to between 90–170 cm long.
It has 1 or more short branches. The stems have 9 -- 12 cm long; the stems hold 2–5 terminal flowers, which open in succession, blooming in late spring, or summer, between May and July. The large flowers are 8–10 cm in diameter, are white or near-white, it has 2 pairs of petals, 3 large sepals, known as the'falls' and 3 inner, smaller petals (or tepals, known as the'standards'. The falls are arching downwards, with a large egg-yolk yellow central area, they are 8–10 cm long and 3–6 cm wide. The standards are erect, with a yellow centre section surrounded in white, they are 4 -- 8 1-1.5 cm wide. The flowers are pollinated by insects, it has 1–2.5 cm long, funnel-form or cup shaped perianth tube, 4–6 cm long, white style branches, 2 lobed stigmas. After the iris has flowered, it produces an ovoid to oblong-elliptic, triangular in cross section, seed capsule, 4–6 cm long and 2-2.5 cm wide, with a beaked top. The brown seed capsule has 2 ribs. Inside the seed capsule, are 2 rows of papery, white, flattened or wedged-shaped seeds, that are 4-5mm across.
As most irises are diploid, having two sets of chromosomes. This can be used to identify hybrids and classification of groupings, it has been counted several times, 2n=39–40, Simonet in 1932 and 2n-40 by Lenz in 1963. It has been listed as 2n=39, or 2n=40. In 2012, five Iris species were studied, to measure the flavonoids and phenolics content with the rhizomes. Iris pseudacorus had the highest content and Iris crocea had the lowest content. In 2014, eight Irises from the Limniris section were studied to find 12 chemical compounds (flavonoids, quinones, saponins, cardiac glycosides, alkaloids, steroids and proteins. Iris orientalis is pronounced as'EYE-ris or-ee-en-TAY-liss, it has several common names including. It is known as gullbandsiris in Sweden, it was first published and described by Philip Miller in The Gardeners Dictionary, ed.8. No9. on the 16 April 1768. In 1788, Curtis's Botanical Magazine, table 61, described Iris orientalis using the name Iris ochroleuca; this was the start of the confusion between the 2 irises.
Because Iris ochroleuce was published it is deemed unacceptable under the International Rules of Nomenclature. Iris ochroleuca was classified as a synonym of Iris orientalis. An illustration of Iris orientalis was in Botanical Mag.61 in 1793. It has been mistakenly thought to be a Japanese Iris, due to the name'orientalis'; the Latin specific epithet orientalis refers to'eastern' but sometimes is translated as'from the Orient'. It was verified by United States Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service on 4 April 2003. Iris orientalis is an accepted name by the RHS. Iris orientalis is native to Asia Minor, it is found in Turkey, within south-eastern Europe, in Greece, Aegean Islands. It is found within Turkey, east to Kayseri, it was once found by Pierre Edmond Boissier in the marshes in Greece. One reference mentions Syria, it has been naturalized in California, Missouri, along roadsides, in old farms in Southern Italy, in Yugoslavia. It has naturalized in the UK, found on the edges of woodlands and in grasslands of the New Forest and around Abbotsbury in Dorset.
The rivers of the Balkans are known for a diverse range of plants including Iris orientalis in Evros River delta. Iris orientalis grows on saline marshy lands, including damp meadows, ditches, or irrigation channels, it grows at altitudes of between l50-1400 metres above sea level. It is hardy to between USDA Zone 9b. Between, it is hardy to WHZ 4–9, within Europe H2. The leaves survive the winter. Due to this hardiness it is assumed fairly'easy' to grow. Although native to saline soils, it is tolerant of many garden soils, it prefers positions in partial shade. Sometimes slugs can be a pest, can n