Pennsylvania Route 897
Pennsylvania Route 897 is a 41.7-mile-long north–south route in eastern Pennsylvania, United States. The southern terminus is at an intersection with U. S. Route 30 in Gap; the northern terminus is at US 422 east of Lebanon. The route is a two-lane undivided road its entire length. PA 897 is located in Lebanon Counties; the route heads north from Gap through agricultural areas in the Pennsylvania Dutch Country in Lancaster County, passing through White Horse, Blue Ball, Terre Hill before continuing northwest through the northern portion of the county. PA 897 continues into Lebanon County and heads west to Schaefferstown before turning northwest to Lebanon. PA 897 was first designated in 1928 to the road between Reinholds and Kleinfeltersville while the road between Gap and White Horse was designated as the easternmost portion of PA 340. PA 897 was extended to its current length in the 1930s, replacing the portion of PA 340 between Gap and White Horse, rerouted. PA 897 begins at an intersection with US 30 in the community of Gap in Salisbury Township, Lancaster County, heading north on two-lane undivided White Horse Road.
The route passes through the Pennsylvania Dutch Country of eastern Lancaster County, home to many Amish farms. The road turns to the northeast; the route make a brief turn northwest before continuing northeast. PA 897 makes another turn northwest through more farmland and comes to an intersection with PA 340 in the community of White Horse, where it turns west to form a concurrency with that route along Old Philadelphia Pike; the road passes through farmland with some homes. PA 897 splits from PA 340 by heading north along Springville Road, running through more agricultural areas; the route curves northwest and reaches the community of Springville, where it turns northeast before heading north. The road runs through farmland before it turns east and heads north into forested areas with some homes. PA 897 heads north crosses into East Earl Township; the road passes through residential development in the community of Cedar Lane before it comes to a junction with US 322. At this point, PA 897 turns west to follow US 322 along 28th Division Highway before it splits to the north and resumes along Springville Road.
The route runs past the Shady Maple Smorgasbord and the Shady Maple Farm Market before it reaches an intersection with PA 23 to the east of Blue Ball. PA 897 turns west to form a concurrency with PA 23 on Main Street, running between farmland to the north and development to the south. PA 897 splits from PA 23 by turning northwest onto Weaverland Valley Road, heading through agricultural areas with a few scattered homes; the road crosses the Conestoga River. The route continues through farmland with some residential and commercial development and turns east and north to enter the borough of Terre Hill. Here, PA 897 passes homes, turning west onto East Main Street; the route continues through residential areas of the borough and curves northwest, becoming West Main Street at the Center Avenue intersection. The road passes more homes and a few businesses and turns north onto Broad Street before it leaves Terre Hill for East Earl Township again. PA 897 winds north through farmland with some woods and homes and crosses Muddy Creek into Brecknock Township.
The route becomes Dry Tavern Road and passes through the residential community of Fivepointville before it runs through agricultural areas with some trees and homes. The road heads into wooded areas with some homes and comes to a bridge over the Pennsylvania Turnpike. PA 897 runs northwest through more farms and woods with some development before it turns north and comes to a bridge over the US 222 freeway; the route curves northwest and crosses Little Muddy Creek into East Cocalico Township, where it becomes Swartzville Road and runs through a mix of farmland and residential subdivisions before reaching an intersection with PA 272 in the community of Swartzville. Past this intersection, the road heads north through a mix of farm fields and homes, turning to the northwest. PA 897 crosses into West Cocalico Township; the route passes through the residential community of Reinholds on Main Street, where it crosses an East Penn Railroad line. The road becomes unnamed and winds northwest through a mix of farmland and residential development, heading through the community of Blainsport.
PA 897 continues west through agricultural areas with a few homes, passing through the community of Cocalico before running through the northern corner of Clay Township. PA 897 becomes Heidelberg Avenue, it woodland with some homes. The road curves northwest and reaches the residential community of Kleinfeltersville, where it turns to the west; the route continues through rural areas and reaches the community of Schaefferstown, where it passes homes. PA 897 intersects PA 419; the road heads through residential areas with some businesses and crosses PA 501. At the western edge of Schaefferstown, PA 897 splits from PA 419 by heading northwest along South 5th Avenue, heading through agricultural areas with some homes; the road continues northwest and passes through the community of Flintville, where it enters South Lebanon Township. The route reaches the community of Iona. PA 897 passes more farms; the road passes through a mix of farmland an
Time in the United States
Time in the United States, by law, is divided into nine standard time zones covering the states and its possessions, with most of the United States observing daylight saving time for the spring and fall months. The time zone boundaries and DST observance are regulated by the Department of Transportation. Official and precise timekeeping services are provided by two federal agencies: the National Institute of Standards and Technology; the clocks run by these services are kept synchronized with each other as well as with those of other international timekeeping organizations. It is the combination of the time zone and daylight saving rules, along with the timekeeping services, which determines the legal civil time for any U. S. location at any moment. Before the adoption of four standard time zones for the continental United States, many towns and cities set their clocks to noon when the sun passed their local meridian, pre-corrected for the equation of time on the date of observation, to form local mean solar time.
Noon occurred at different times but time differences between distant locations were noticeable prior to the 19th century because of long travel times and the lack of long-distance instant communications prior to the development of the telegraph. The use of local solar time became awkward as railways and telecommunications improved. American railroads maintained many different time zones during the late 1800s; each train station set its own clock making it difficult to coordinate train schedules and confusing passengers. Time calculation became a serious problem for people traveling by train, according to the Library of Congress; every city in the United States used a different time standard so there were more than 300 local sun times to choose from. Time zones were therefore a compromise, relaxing the complex geographic dependence while still allowing local time to be approximate with mean solar time. Railroad managers tried to address the problem by establishing 100 railroad time zones, but this was only a partial solution to the problem.
Weather service chief Cleveland Abbe had needed to introduce four standard time zones for his weather stations, an idea which he offered to the railroads. Operators of the new railroad lines needed a new time plan that would offer a uniform train schedule for departures and arrivals. Four standard time zones for the continental United States were introduced at noon on November 18, 1883, when the telegraph lines transmitted time signals to all major cities. In October 1884, the International Meridian Conference at Washington DC adopted a proposal which stated that the prime meridian for longitude and timekeeping should be one that passes through the centre of the transit instrument at the Greenwich Observatory in the United Kingdom; the conference therefore established the Greenwich Meridian as the prime meridian and Greenwich Mean Time as the world's time standard. The US time-zone system grew from this, in which all zones referred back to GMT on the prime meridian. In 1960, the International Radio Consultative Committee formalized the concept of Coordinated Universal Time, which became the new international civil time standard.
UTC is, within about 1 second, mean solar time at 0°. UTC does not observe daylight saving time. For most purposes, UTC is considered interchangeable with GMT, but GMT is no longer defined by the scientific community. UTC is one of several related successors to GMT. Standard time zones in the United States are defined at the federal level by law 15 USC §260; the federal law establishes the transition dates and times at which daylight saving time occurs, if observed. It is the authority of the Secretary of Transportation, in coordination with the states, to determine which regions will observe which of the standard time zones and if they will observe daylight saving time; as of August 9, 2007, the standard time zones are defined in terms of hourly offsets from UTC. Prior to this they were based upon the mean solar time at several meridians 15° apart west of Greenwich. Only the full-time zone names listed below are official. View the standard time zone boundaries here; the United States uses nine standard time zones.
As defined by US law they are: From east to west, the four time zones of the contiguous United States are: Eastern Time Zone, which comprises the states on the Atlantic coast and the eastern two thirds of the Ohio Valley. Central Time Zone, which comprises the Gulf Coast, Mississippi Valley, most of the Great Plains. Mountain Time Zone, which comprises the states and portions of states that include the Rocky Mountains and the western quarter of the Great Plains. Pacific Time Zone, which comprises the states on the Pacific coast, plus Nevada and the Idaho panhandle. Alaska Time Zone, which comprises most of the state of Alaska. Hawaii-Aleutian Time Zone, which includes Hawaii and most of the length of the Aleutian Islands chain. Samoa Time Zone, which comprises American Samoa. Chamorro Time Zone, which comprises Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands. Atlantic Time Zone, which comprises Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands; some United States Minor Outlying Islands are outside the time zones defined by 15 U.
S. C. § exist in waters defined by Nautical time. In practice, military crews may
Lebanon is a city in and the county seat of Lebanon County, United States. The population was 25,477 at the 2010 census, a 4.2% increase from the 2000 count of 24,461. Lebanon is located in the central part of the Lebanon Valley, 26 miles east of Harrisburg and 29 miles west of Reading. Lebanon was founded by George Steitz in 1740 and was named Steitztown. Native tribes in the area of what is now Lebanon included the Shawnee, Gawanese and Nanticoke peoples. Lebanon was settled by European colonists in 1720, many with the family names of "Steitz" and "Light", along a creek, named "Steitz Creek"; the Light patriarchs built a fort to protect against Indians and named it "Light's Fort". The town was laid out in 1753, incorporated as a borough on February 20, 1821, became a city on November 25, 1885, it adopted the commission form of government, consisting of a mayor. Lebanon bologna was first made here. Lebanon was home to a major steel mill operated by Bethlehem Steel. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.2 square miles, all of it land.
Lebanon is bordered to the north and east by North Lebanon Township, to the south and east by South Lebanon Township, to the west by West Lebanon Township, to the south and west by North Cornwall Township. The Quittapahilla Creek drains the city westward into the Susquehanna River via the Swatara Creek; as of the 2010 census, the city was 74.1% White, 5.9% Black or African American, 0.5% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 3.2% were two or more races. 32.1% of the population were of Hispanic of Latino ancestry. As of the census of 2000, there were 24,461 people, 10,266 households, 6,056 families residing in the city; the population density was 5,844.8 people per square mile. There were 11,220 housing units at an average density of 2,681.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 85.50% White, 3.23% African American, 0.28% Native American, 1.02% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 8.11% from other races, 1.76% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 16.43% of the population. There were 10,266 households, out of which 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.7% were married couples living together, 15.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 41.0% were non-families.
35.4% of all households were made up of individuals, 15.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 3.00. In the city, the population was spread out, with 25.0% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 29.5% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.8 males. The median income for a household in the city was $27,259, the median income for a family was $34,045. Males had a median income of $26,957 versus $20,162 for females; the per capita income for the city was $15,584. About 12.8% of families and 16.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.7% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over. Public education is provided by Cornwall-Lebanon School District. Private institutions include Lebanon Catholic High School, Blue Mountain Christian School, New Covenant Christian School and Lebanon Christian Academy.
All three private institutions have a varsity sports department and an elementary, junior high, senior high. Students in Lebanon School District may attend the Lebanon County Career and Technology Center; the city is home to Harrisburg Area Community College's Lebanon Campus. Lebanon, Pennsylvania, is named after the ancient Middle Eastern nation of Lebanon, pronounced, the last syllable rhyming with the name "John." However, locals pronounce the Pennsylvania city's name and many shorten it to two syllables—"Leb-nin" or "Lep-nin." The latter is identified with Pennsylvania Dutch heritage. An infamous 1878 murder in Fort Indiantown Gap resulted in a trial of six defendants who all had blue eyes, they were given the moniker the Blue-eyed Six by a newspaper reporter who attended the trial, held in the Lebanon county courthouse. Five of the six defendants were hanged at the county jail; the trial received worldwide publicity and provided inspiration to Arthur Conan Doyle in writing the Sherlock Holmes short story "The Red-Headed League".
At one point in history the Lebanon County courthouse and jail became the home of the popular Lebanon Farmers Market. However, the market returned to the original 30,000 square foot Market House on South 8th street in 2003. Lebanon is one of several Pennsylvania towns to drop or raise a unique item at midnight on New Year's Eve. Godshall's Quality Meats, owners of Weaver's Famous Lebanon Bologna, donates a 150-pound Lebanon bologna for the annual festivity, it is encased in a metal frame and suspended from a fire department ladder truck, donated to a local rescue mission after the celebration. In December 2008, the TV show Dirty Jobs, hosted by Mike Rowe, visited the Seltzer's Smokehouse Meats to film production of Lebanon bologna. In 2008 the show featured the Wertz Candy Shop. In 2010, an independent film drama Lebanon, PA was made. While the movie was set in Lebanon, all filming was done in other parts of Pennsylvania. Local points of interest listed on the National Register of Historic Places include: Chestnut Street Log House Cornwall & Lebanon Railroad Station Josiah Funck Mansion Reading Railroad Station Salem Evangelical Lutheran Church
St. Luke's Episcopal Church (Lebanon, Pennsylvania)
St. Lukes Episcopal Church is a historic Episcopal church located at 6th and Chestnut Streets in Lebanon, Lebanon County, Pennsylvania, it was built in 1880, the cornerstone of the church was laid on St. Luke's Day, October 18, 1879 by Bishop Howe, it was designed by noted New York architect Henry Martyn Congdon in the Gothic style. The building is in the form of a Latin Cross and constructed of native sandstone, it measures 116 feet long and 75 feet wide, features a square, 85 foot tower with an octagonal turret. The roof is covered in rows of red slate, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1974. The church was incorporated as "Christ Church, of Lebanon, Pa." in 1859, admitted that same year to the Convention of the Diocese of Pennsylvania. The name of the church was changed in 1865 to the current name, "St. Luke's"
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government
The Pennsylvania Turnpike is a toll highway operated by the Pennsylvania Turnpike Commission in the U. S. state of Pennsylvania. A controlled-access highway, it runs for 360 miles across the state; the turnpike begins at the Ohio state line in Lawrence County, where the road continues west into Ohio as the Ohio Turnpike. It ends at the New Jersey border at the Delaware River–Turnpike Toll Bridge over the Delaware River in Bucks County, where the road continues east as the Pearl Harbor Memorial Extension of the New Jersey Turnpike; the highway runs east–west through the state, connecting the Pittsburgh and Philadelphia areas. It crosses the Appalachian Mountains in central Pennsylvania; the turnpike is part of the Interstate Highway System. The road uses a ticket system of tolling between the Neshaminy Falls toll plazas. An additional eastbound toll plaza is located at Gateway, near the Ohio border, while a cashless westbound toll gantry using toll-by-plate is located at the Delaware River Bridge.
E-ZPass, a form of electronic toll collection, is accepted at all toll plazas. During the 1930s the Pennsylvania Turnpike was designed to improve automobile transportation across the mountains of Pennsylvania, using seven tunnels built for the abandoned South Pennsylvania Railroad in the 1880s; the road opened on October 1940, between Irwin and Carlisle. It was one of the earlier long-distance limited-access highways in the United States, served as a precedent for additional limited-access toll roads and the Interstate Highway System. Following World War II, the turnpike was extended east to Valley Forge in 1950 and west to the Ohio border in 1951. In 1954, the road was extended further east to the Delaware River; the mainline turnpike was finished in 1956 with the completion of the Delaware River Bridge. During the 1960s an additional tube was bored at four of the two-lane tunnels, while the other three tunnels were bypassed. Improvements continue to be made to the road: rebuilding the original section to modern standards, widening portions of the turnpike to six lanes, adding interchanges.
Most in 2018, an ongoing interchange project saw the redesignation of the easternmost three miles of the road from I-276 to I-95. Though still considered part of the turnpike mainline, it is no longer signed with turnpike markers; the turnpike runs east–west across Pennsylvania, from the Ohio state line in Lawrence County to the New Jersey state line in Bucks County. It passes through the Pittsburgh and Philadelphia areas, along with farmland and woodland; the highway crosses the Appalachian Mountains, in the central part of the state, through four tunnels. The Pennsylvania Turnpike Commission, created in 1937 to construct, finance and maintain the road, controls the highway. Five members comprise the commission, including the secretary of the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation and four other members appointed by the governor of Pennsylvania. In 2015, the roadway had an annual average daily traffic count ranging from a high of 120,000 vehicles between Norristown and I-476 to a low of 12,000 vehicles between the Ohio border and I-79/US 19.
As part of the Interstate Highway System, the turnpike is part of the National Highway System. The Pennsylvania Turnpike is designated a Blue Star Memorial Highway honoring those who have served in the United States Armed Forces. In addition to the east–west Pennsylvania Turnpike, the Pennsylvania Turnpike Commission operates the Northeast Extension of the Pennsylvania Turnpike, the Beaver Valley Expressway, the Mon-Fayette Expressway, the Amos K. Hutchinson Bypass, the Southern Beltway; the Pennsylvania Turnpike begins at the Ohio state line in Lawrence County, beyond which it continues west as the Ohio Turnpike. From the state line, the turnpike heads southeast as a four-lane freeway designated as I-76 through the rural area south of New Castle. A short distance from the Ohio border, the eastbound lanes come to the Gateway toll plaza; the highway crosses into Beaver County, where it reaches its first interchange with I-376 in Big Beaver. After this interchange, the turnpike reaches the exit for PA 18 in Homewood before crossing the Beaver River on the Beaver River Bridge.
The road enters Butler County, where it comes to Cranberry Township. Here, an interchange serves U. S. Route 19 and I-79; the turnpike continues through a mix of rural land and suburban residential development north of Pittsburgh into Allegheny County. The road approaches the Warrendale toll plaza, where toll ticketing begins, continues southeast to an interchange with PA 8 in Hampton Township; the turnpike comes to the Allegheny Valley exit in Harmar Township, which provides access to PA 28 via Freeport Road. East of this interchange, the road heads south and crosses the Allegheny River on the six-lane Allegheny River Turnpike Bridge. After the Allegheny River crossing the turnpike returns to four lanes, passing through the Oakmont Country Club; the highway heads southeast to an eastern suburb of Pittsburgh. East of Monroeville, the turnpike continues through eastern Allegheny County befor
Interstate 81 in Pennsylvania
Interstate 81 is an 854.89-mile-long north–south Interstate Highway, stretching from Dandridge, Tennessee to Fisher's Landing, New York at the United States/Canadian border. In the state of Pennsylvania, I-81 runs for 232.63 miles from the Maryland state line near Greencastle to the New York state line near Hallstead and is called the American Legion Memorial Highway. It is the longest north–south Interstate in Pennsylvania. I-81 enters Pennsylvania at the Maryland state line about 13 miles south of Chambersburg. In Chambersburg at exit 16, it meets U. S. Route 30. About a mile north of Carlisle at exit 52, it meets U. S. Route 11, which takes passengers to the Pennsylvania Turnpike/ Interstate 76, since I-81 has no direct interchange with I-76; the stretch of US 11 connecting I-81 to I-76 is known locally as the "Miracle Mile" since it contains plenty of traveler services including restaurants, gas stations, truck stops, etc. From here, I-81 travels in an precisely east–west direction for the next 37 miles.
At exit 59, it has an interchange with the western terminus of Pennsylvania Route 581. I-81 becomes the Capital Beltway from exit 59 to exit 70; as passengers approach exit 67, a major complex interchange is seen. The interchange consists of U. S. Route 22 and U. S. Route 322. S. Route 322 merges with Interstate 81. Exit 70 is the eastern terminus of the US 322 concurrency and the northern terminus of Interstate 83, is located in Colonial Park. For the entire segment between the Mason–Dixon line and Interstate 78, I-81 runs through the Great Valley. North of Harrisburg between Interstate 83/U. S. Route 322 and Interstate 78, the highway passes near Fort Indiantown Gap. At mile marker 89, I-81 meets the western terminus of I-78, I-78 picks up the eastward route through the Great Valley and heads toward Allentown and New York City, while I-81 turns back northward, cutting through the Blue Mountain at Swatara Gap. From mile marker 141 to mile marker 146, I-81 passes near the city of Hazleton. At exit 151, I-81 meets Interstate 80.
As motorists enter Wilkes-Barre at mile marker 165, Interstate 81 merges with Pennsylvania Route 309 for 5 miles. At exit 175, I-81 meets with Pennsylvania Route 315, which will lead passengers to the Northeast Extension of the Pennsylvania Turnpike. In Scranton at mile marker 185, there is a short freeway called the Central Scranton Expressway, which will lead passengers into downtown Scranton. At mile marker 187, I-81 is at the Throop Dunmore Interchange, which consists of Interstate 84, Interstate 380, U. S. Route 6. US 6 merges with I-81 for 7 miles from mile marker 187 to mile marker 194. At mile marker 194 is the northern terminus of Interstate 476 and the Northeast Extension of the Pennsylvania Turnpike; the last exit in Pennsylvania is exit 230, Pennsylvania Route 171 near Hallstead. 4 miles north of exit 230 is the New York state line. A toll highway along the present-day I-81 corridor through Pennsylvania was planned in the 1950s; the section from Scranton to the New York State line was planned as a continuation of the Northeast Extension of the Pennsylvania Turnpike.
A new extension of the turnpike Between Harrisburg and Scranton was proposed. After the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1956 was passed, plans were changed to build a freeway rather than a toll road; the first section to be built ran from PA 347 in Dunmore to US 11 in northern Scranton. This section opened in 1960. All of I-81 in Pennsylvania was completed by the 1970s. Construction cost nearly $443 million. On May 9, 2013, a tanker crashed and caught fire at the interchange between I-81 and US 22/US 322 in Harrisburg; the fire damaged the bridges carrying westbound US 22/US 322 and a ramp over I-81. At least one of those bridges, carrying US 22 eastbound over I-81 and several ramps, another, the ramp carrying traffic from I-81 northbound to US 22/US 322 westbound, would have to be demolished and replaced; the fire resulted in about ten miles of I-81 being closed in both directions, with traffic being diverted along the southern portion of the Capital Beltway. The highway would not be reopened to traffic until the evening of May 13.
On April 28, 2016, plans were announced for a Scranton Beltway to use the Pennsylvania Turnpike Northeast Extension as a bypass for I-81 around the congested segment through Scranton and its suburbs. The turnpike between the two I-81 interchanges carries an average of 10,000 vehicles per day vs. 80,000 on the parallel segment of I-81. This project will build two high-speed connections between I-476 and I-81: one south of Scranton in Dupont and one north of Scranton in South Abington Township. Tolls on the connections will be paid with E-ZPass or toll-by-plate. Construction on this project, expected to cost $160 million, could begin as soon as 2021. U. S. Roads portal Pennsylvania portal Throop Dunmore Interchange Interstate 81 exits in Pennsylvania