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Lee County, Georgia

Lee County is a county located in the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 28,298, its county seat is Leesburg. Lee County is included in GA Metropolitan Statistical Area; the land for Lee, Troup and Carroll counties was ceded by the Creek people in the 1825 Treaty of Indian Springs. The counties' boundaries were created by the Georgia General Assembly on June 9, but they were not named until December 14, 1826; the county was named in honor of Henry Lee III. On January 29, 1916, five African-American men were lynched. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 362 square miles, of which 356 square miles is land and 5.9 square miles is water. Most of the western three-quarters of Lee County is located in the Kinchafoonee-Muckalee sub-basin of the ACF River Basin; the eastern quarter of the county is located in the Middle Flint River sub-basin of the same ACF River Basin, while a small corner in the south of Lee County is located in the Lower Flint River sub-basin of the same larger ACF River Basin.

An smaller southwestern corner is located in the Ichawaynochaway Creek sub-basin of the ACF River Basin. Sumter County Crisp County Worth County Dougherty County Terrell County As of the census of 2000, there were 24,757 people, 8,229 households, 6,797 families living in the county; the population density was 70 people per square mile. There were 8,813 housing units at an average density of 25 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 82.24% White, 15.50% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.84% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.48% from other races, 0.68% from two or more races. 1.21 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 8,229 households out of which 48.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.80% were married couples living together, 13.00% had a female householder with no husband present, 17.40% were non-families. 14.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.30% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.91 and the average family size was 3.21.

In the county, the population was spread out with 30.70% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 33.20% from 25 to 44, 21.30% from 45 to 64, 6.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $48,600, the median income for a family was $53,132. Males had a median income of $39,848 versus $25,715 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,897. About 6.50% of families and 8.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.50% of those under age 18 and 11.70% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 28,298 people, 9,706 households, 7,740 families living in the county; the population density was 79.5 inhabitants per square mile. There were 10,276 housing units at an average density of 28.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 76.9% white, 18.6% black or African American, 2.2% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 0.6% from other races, 1.4% from two or more races.

Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.0% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 15.1% were American, 12.3% were Irish, 10.3% were German, 9.1% were English. Of the 9,706 households, 44.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.1% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 20.3% were non-families, 16.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.17. The median age was 36.0 years. The median income for a household in the county was $59,811 and the median income for a family was $67,943. Males had a median income of $49,213 versus $34,880 for females; the per capita income for the county was $23,867. About 7.5% of families and 8.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.2% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over. Public schools are operated by the Lee County School District. Lee County High School is the sole high school of the district.

Lee County was party of the solidly Democratic Solid South where control of the dominant black population dictated unified white voting for Democratic candidates due to the Republican association with Reconstruction and black political power. However, with a combination of the Great Migration and white in-migration, the black share of the county’s population has declined and it is now powerfully Republican, having voted Republican in every presidential election since 1964, with the exception of 1968 and 1976 when it backed Southern “favorite sons” George Wallace and Jimmy Carter. Leesburg Smithville National Register of Historic Places listings in Lee County, Georgia Official Website


The United Nations Educational and Cultural Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations based in Paris, France. Its declared purpose is to contribute to promoting international collaboration in education and culture in order to increase universal respect for justice, the rule of law, human rights along with fundamental freedom proclaimed in the United Nations Charter, it is the successor of the League of Nations' International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation. UNESCO has 11 associate members. Most of its field offices are "cluster" offices. UNESCO pursues its objectives through five major programs: education, natural sciences, social/human sciences and communication/information. Projects sponsored by UNESCO include literacy and teacher-training programs, international science programs, the promotion of independent media and freedom of the press and cultural history projects, the promotion of cultural diversity, translations of world literature, international cooperation agreements to secure the world's cultural and natural heritage and to preserve human rights, attempts to bridge the worldwide digital divide.

It is a member of the United Nations Development Group. UNESCO's aim is "to contribute to the building of peace, the eradication of poverty, sustainable development and intercultural dialogue through education, the sciences, culture and information". Other priorities of the organization include attaining quality Education For All and lifelong learning, addressing emerging social and ethical challenges, fostering cultural diversity, a culture of peace and building inclusive knowledge societies through information and communication; the broad goals and objectives of the international community—as set out in the internationally agreed development goals, including the Millennium Development Goals —underpin all UNESCO strategies and activities. UNESCO and its mandate for international cooperation can be traced back to a League of Nations resolution on 21 September 1921, to elect a Commission to study feasibility; this new body, the International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation was indeed created in 1922.

On 18 December 1925, the International Bureau of Education began work as a non-governmental organization in the service of international educational development. However, the onset of World War II interrupted the work of these predecessor organizations. After the signing of the Atlantic Charter and the Declaration of the United Nations, the Conference of Allied Ministers of Education began meetings in London which continued from 16 November 1942 to 5 December 1945. On 30 October 1943, the necessity for an international organization was expressed in the Moscow Declaration, agreed upon by China, the United Kingdom, the United States and the USSR; this was followed by the Dumbarton Oaks Conference proposals of 9 October 1944. Upon the proposal of CAME and in accordance with the recommendations of the United Nations Conference on International Organization, held in San Francisco in April–June 1945, a United Nations Conference for the establishment of an educational and cultural organization was convened in London 1–16 November 1945 with 44 governments represented.

The idea of UNESCO was developed by Rab Butler, the Minister of Education for the United Kingdom, who had a great deal of influence in its development. At the ECO/CONF, the Constitution of UNESCO was introduced and signed by 37 countries, a Preparatory Commission was established; the Preparatory Commission operated between 16 November 1945, 4 November 1946—the date when UNESCO's Constitution came into force with the deposit of the twentieth ratification by a member state. The first General Conference took place from 19 November to 10 December 1946, elected Dr. Julian Huxley to Director-General; the Constitution was amended in November 1954 when the General Conference resolved that members of the Executive Board would be representatives of the governments of the States of which they are nationals and would not, as before, act in their personal capacity. This change in governance distinguished UNESCO from its predecessor, the ICIC, in how member states would work together in the organization's fields of competence.

As member states worked together over time to realize UNESCO's mandate and historical factors have shaped the organization's operations in particular during the Cold War, the decolonization process, the dissolution of the USSR. Among the major achievements of the organization is its work against racism, for example through influential statements on race starting with a declaration of anthropologists and other scientists in 1950 and concluding with the 1978 Declaration on Race and Racial Prejudice. In 1956, the Republic of South Africa withdrew from UNESCO saying that some of the organization's publications amounted to "interference" in the country's "racial problems." South Africa rejoined the organization in 1994 under the leadership of Nelson Mandela. UNESCO's early work in the field of education included the pilot project on fundamental education in the Marbial Valley, started in 1947; this project was followed by expert missions to other countries, for example, a mission to Afghanistan in 1949.

In 1948, UNESCO recommended that Member States should make free primary education compulsory and universal. In 1990, the World Conference on Education for All, in Jomtien, launched a global movement to provide basic education for all children and adults

Anatoly Slivko

Anatoly Yemelianovich Slivko was a Soviet serial killer, convicted of killing seven teenage boys in and around Nevinnomyssk, Stavropol Krai, Russian SFSR, between 1964 and 1985. Over a two decade-long period, Slivko molested young boys at his youth club after tricking them into unconsciousness, killing some of them in an attempt to recreate the violent death of a teenage boy he had witnessed in 1961, which had sexually aroused him. Slivko was executed by shooting on 16 September 1989. Anatoly Yemelianovich Slivko was born on 28 December 1938 in Dagestan ASSR, Soviet Union, he lived in Stavropol and was a married father of two children, although he had known himself to be homosexual since puberty. In 1961, Slivko witnessed a traffic accident in which a drunken motorcyclist had swerved into a group of pedestrians, fatally injuring a boy in his early teens, wearing a Young Pioneers uniform. For reasons Slivko would insist he never could explain, this scene had sexually excited him, he recalled the accident vividly: "The boy had experienced convulsions in his death throes as the smell of gasoline and fire permeated the air."Beginning in 1963, Slivko exploited his position at a children's club he ran to relive the fantasies of this accident.

Once or twice a year, he would form a close friendship with a boy, aged between 12 and 15 and never older than 17. The boy would be short for his age and would be wearing a Young Pioneers uniform - just like the boy Slivko had seen die in the traffic accident. Slivko would gain the boy's confidence and tell him of an experiment he knew which involved a controlled hanging to stretch the spine, that he would reenact the scene of a partisan executed by Nazi soldiers for his children's club in order to film this scene, after which, the boy was assured, Slivko would revive him from his state of unconsciousness. Prior to each boy undertaking this "experiment", Slivko would purchase a new uniform for the victim to wear and shine his shoes. In addition, to prevent any vomiting, the victim was required not to eat for several hours before the experiment. Once the boy was unconscious, Slivko would strip him naked and fondle him, take films in which he would arrange the body in suggestive positions, masturbate.

Over the course of 22 years, Slivko persuaded 43 boys to take part in this contrived experiment. In 36 cases, following his established ritual of photography and repeated masturbation, Slivko revived these boys. Cautioned by Slivko into silence, these individuals resumed their lives unaware of what had happened to them whilst they had been unconscious. However, in seven cases, Slivko's behavior became violent: once these victims were unconscious, he dismembered their bodies, poured gasoline on their limbs and torso, set the remains on fire to remind himself of the traffic accident which had sparked his arousal. Slivko retained the victim's shoes as a memento, as well as the photographs and films which he developed in a home laboratory; the pictures and films served as stimuli for Slivko's masturbatory fantasies for months or years until he needed fresher stimuli and killed again. On June 2, 1964, Slivko killed a 15-year-old runaway boy named Nikolai Dobryshev. Slivko claimed this particular victim was killed unintentionally, as he had been unable to revive Dobryshev once he was unconscious.

He dismembered the boy's body and buried him destroying the film and photographs he had taken of this particular victim. In May 1965, Slivko killed Aleksei Kovalenko. Slivko began operating a tourist club for boys named Chergid in 1966, after his first club had been destroyed in a fire. Eight years on November 14, 1973, a 15-year-old boy named Aleksander Nesmeyanov disappeared in Nevinnomyssk, Stavropol Krai. Two years on May 11, 1975, an 11-year-old boy named Andrei Pogasyan disappeared. Pogasyan's mother told the police that a man had shot a film in a nearby forest and that her son was going to participate. However, the police did nothing to prevent this because they knew Slivko, who had won awards for other, more innocuous films. In 1980, a 13-year-old boy named Sergei Fatsiyev, who along with Nesmeyanov and Pogasyan was a member of Chergid, disappeared; the next victim was a fifteen-year-old named Vyacheslav Khovistik, killed in 1982. On July 23, 1985, Slivko killed his final victim, a 13-year-old boy named Sergei Pavlov, who disappeared after telling a neighbor he was going to meet the leader of Chergid.

In November 1985, prosecutor Tamara Languyeva investigated Pavlov's disappearance and took an interest in Chergid's activities. However, she had no evidence of anything illegal in the way. Languyeva questioned many boys who had belonged to the club, who said they had suffered "temporary amnesia" and that Slivko had performed many experiments with them. Following a long inquiry, Slivko was arrested at his Stavropol home in December 1985, he would be formally accused of seven murders, seven counts of sexual abuse, seven counts of necrophilia. In early 1986, he led investigators to the bodies of six of his victims, although he was unable to locate the body of his first victim, Nikolai Dobryshev. In June 1986, he was placed on death row in Novocherkassk prison. In 1989, Slivko was asked by the police to help arrest a then-unidentified serial killer of Rostov Oblast who had killed a minimum of 29 victims by the time he was approached. Although Slivko did provide some insight into how offenders such as himself were able to function, much of the actual advice he provided to police would prove to be incorrect.

The then-unidentified serial killer, Andrei Chikatilo, was arrested in 1990 and would be

Harold Pender Award

The Harold Pender Award, initiated in 1972 and named after founding Dean Harold Pender, is given by the Faculty of the School of Engineering and Applied Science of the University of Pennsylvania to an outstanding member of the engineering profession who has achieved distinction by significant contributions to society. The Pender Award is the School of Engineering's highest honor. 2018: Yann LeCun, for his work in convolutional neural networks. 2013: Barbara Liskov, for her work in programming languages, programming methodology and distributed systems. 2010: Robert E. Kahn and Vinton G. Cerf, for their pioneering and seminal contributions to network-based information technology, for the design and implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite, which continues to provide the foundation for the growing Internet 2006: Mildred Dresselhaus, for pioneering contributions and leadership in the field of carbon-based nanostructures and nanotechnology, for promoting opportunities for women in science and engineering 2003: Dennis Ritchie and Ken Thompson, for development of the UNIX operating system and C programming language 2002: John J. Hopfield, for his pioneering accomplishments in the field of computational neuroscience and neuroengineering 2000: Jack St. Clair Kilby, for his contribution to the invention of the integrated circuit, or microchip 1999: John H. Holland, founder of genetic algorithms and innovative research in the science of complexity and adaptation 1995: George Dantzig, developer of the simplex algorithm spawning the field of linear programming 1993: Hiroshi Inose, leader in advances in digital communication and in increasing our understanding of the effects of information flow on society 1991: Arno Penzias, discoverer of the background microwave blackbody radiation of the universe 1990: Dana S. Scott, pioneer in application of concepts from logic and algebra to the development of mathematical semantics of programming languages 1989: Leo Esaki, pioneer in tunneling phenomena in semiconductors and development of quantum well structures 1988: John Bardeen, co-inventor of the transistor and contributor to the theory of superconductivity 1987: Herbert A. Simon, contributor to cross-disciplinary work between computer science, psychology and management, including the development of artificial intelligence and cognitive science 1986: Ronold W. P. King, leader in the development of electromagnetic antenna theory 1985: Amnon Yariv, innovator in quantum electronics and integrated optics 1984: Carver Mead and Lynn Conway, developers of CAD techniques for VLSI technology and authors of first VLSI textbook 1983: John Backus, developer of speed-coding and FORTRAN 1982: Maurice V. Wilkes, developer of world's second large-scale general-purpose electronic digital computer and author of first digital computer programmers textbook 1981: Richard W. Hamming, father of algebraic coding theory 1980: Robert H. Noyce, developer of the integrated circuit 1979: Edwin H. Land, Inventor of instant photography 1978: Claude E. Shannon, creator of quantitative Information theory 1977: Jan A. Rajchman and computer research 1976: Hyman G. Rickover, USN, father of the nuclear navy 1975: Chauncey Starr, founder of the Electric Power Research Institute 1974: Peter C.

Goldmark, inventor of the 33-1/3 rpm long-playing record 1973: John Mauchly and J. Presper Eckert, inventors of ENIAC 1972: Edward E. David Jr. science advisor to the President of the United States List of engineering awards

Dmitry Davydov (filmmaker)

Dmitry Leonidovich Davydov is a Russian film director. His first film, was screened at the 21st Busan International Film Festival, won an award for best dramatic feature at the imagineNATIVE Film + Media Arts Festival in Toronto, it was nominated for the Asia Pacific Screen Awards. This is the first film produced in the Sakha Republic. On April 29, 2017 he won an award best film director at the national filmfestival named #DVIZHENIE. Davydov was graduated from a university in Neryungri, he subsequently took a job as a schoolteacher. He now works in Chapchylgan, Amginsky District, Sakha Republic, as the director of the Filipp Lobanov Chapchylgan School, he has two children. Davydov has no training in cinema, except for attending several master classes in Yakutsk, he produced the screenplay for Bonfire himself. To produce the film, Davydov had to take a loan; the characters are played by inhabitants of Amga, who by no means are professional actors

A24 news channel

A24 is an independent pan-African Production Studio, an'African voice for Africa', based in Nairobi, Kenya. It started operations on 13th May 2008; the project is the brainchild of Salim Amin and Asif Sheikh, Salim is a Kenyan photojournalist and entrepreneur based in Nairobi who runs Camerapix, the media business started by his late father Mohammed'Mo' Amin. The channel's model for development is the Al Jazeera network in Qatar; as well as providing news, A24's mission is to communicate relevant information about cross-border issues health care, the environment, business and music, without shirking from addressing the continent's problems. Salim Amin wrote in an article: "We are different in each corner of Africa, but we need to talk to each other, we need to understand all these differences, we need to share our successes, jointly fight our problems and failures - many of which are similar - HIV, corruption, human rights and education." God in Africa Family Doctor CrossTalk Witness Shake Kuwa Tofauti Hatua Doctors on Call Nigeria This Week Kaleidoscope Business 2010 Business in Africa East Africa Report Africa's Entrepreneurs Healthy Business Initiavtive Africa Business Africa Portal:Africa A24 Media A24 photography