Lee Kuan Yew referred to by his initials LKY and sometimes referred to in his earlier years as Harry Lee, was the first prime minister of Singapore, governing for three decades. Lee is recognised as the nation's founding father, with the country described as transitioning from a "third world country to first world country in a single generation" under his leadership. After attending the London School of Economics, Lee graduated from Fitzwilliam College, with double starred-first-class honours in law, he became a barrister of the Middle Temple in 1950 and practised law until 1959. Lee co-founded the People's Action Party in 1954 and was its first secretary-general until 1992, leading the party to eight consecutive victories. After Lee chose to step down as Prime Minister in 1990, he served as Senior Minister under his successor Goh Chok Tong until 2004 as Minister Mentor until 2011, under his own son Lee Hsien Loong. In total, Lee held successive ministerial positions for 56 years, he continued to serve his Tanjong Pagar constituency for nearly 60 years as a member of parliament until his death in 2015.
From 1991, he helmed the five-member Tanjong Pagar Group Representation Constituency and remained unopposed for a record five elections. Lee campaigned for Britain to relinquish its colonial rule, attained through a national referendum a merger with other former British territories to form Malaysia in 1963. However, racial strife and ideological differences led to its separation to become a sovereign city-state two years later. With overwhelming parliamentary control at every election, Lee oversaw Singapore's transformation from a British crown colony with a natural deep harbour to a developed country with a high-income economy. In the process, he forged a system of meritocratic effective and non-corrupt government and civil service. Many of his policies are now taught at the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy. Lee eschewed populist policies in favour of long-term economic planning, he championed meritocracy and multiracialism as governing principles, making English the common language to integrate its immigrant society and to facilitate trade with the West, whilst mandating bilingualism in schools to preserve students' mother tongue and ethnic identity.
Lee's rule was criticised for curtailing civil liberties and bringing libel suits against political opponents. He argued that such disciplinary measures were necessary for political stability which, together with the rule of law, were essential for economic progress, once saying: "Anybody who decides to take me on needs to put on knuckle-dusters. If you think you can hurt me more than I can hurt you, try. There is no other way you can govern a Chinese society", he died of pneumonia on 23 March 2015, aged 91. In a week of national mourning, 1.7 million residents and guests paid tribute to him at his lying-in-state at Parliament House and at community tribute sites around the island. Lee was a fourth-generation Singaporean of ethnic Chinese ancestry of Hakka and Peranakan descent, his Hakka great-grandfather, Lee Bok Boon, born in 1846, emigrated from Dabu County, China, to Singapore in 1863. He married a shopkeeper's daughter, Seow Huan Nio, but returned to China in 1882, leaving behind his wife and three children.
He died just two years after his return. Lee Kuan Yew's grandfather Lee Hoon Leong, was born in Singapore in 1871, he was educated in English at Raffles Institution, graduated with the top mark among Malay and other Singaporean students in the school. Lee Hoon Leong worked as a dispenser, an unqualified pharmacist, as a purser on a steamship of the Heap Eng Moh Shipping Line owned by a Chinese Indonesian businessman, Oei Tiong Ham. While working as a purser, Lee Hoon Leong, aged 26, married 16-year-old Ko Liem Nio, an Indonesian Peranakan, in Semarang, Dutch East Indies, it was an arranged marriage, as was the custom. Both families were middle-class, the bride and groom were both English-educated. Lee Hoon Leong's maternal grandfather owned the Katong market, a few rubber estates and houses at Orchard Road. Lee Hoon Leong became managing director of the Heap Eng Moh Steamship Company Ltd. Lee Hoon Leong had two wives, common at that time, fathered five daughters and three sons, his son Lee Chin Koon was educated in English too.
He married 15-year-old Chua Jim Neo, a Peranakan, who gave birth, aged 16, to Lee Kuan Yew, their first child, in 1923, in Singapore. Lee Kuan Yew had three younger brothers: Dennis Lee Kim Yew, Freddy Lee Thiam Yew and Dr Lee Suan Yew. Like Lee Kuan Yew, his brother Dennis read law at the University of Cambridge, they set up a law firm, Lee & Lee. Edmund W. Barker, Lee's close friend joined the law firm. Lee and Barker left the law firm to enter politics. Lee's brother Freddy became a stockbroker. Lee Kuan Yew's grandfathers' wealth declined during the Great Depression. However, his father had a secure job as a shopkeeper at Shell, where he was promoted to depot manager and provided with a chauffeured car and house, his aunt, Lee Choo Neo, was the first female doctor to practice in Singapore. Lee Kuan Yew once described his father as a man who affected his family negatively due to his nasty temper, Lee learned from a young age to keep his temper in check. Lee credits his mother for holding the family toget
The 2017 Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets football team represented the Georgia Institute of Technology during the 2017 NCAA Division I FBS football season. The Yellow Jackets were led by tenth-year head coach Paul Johnson and played their home games at Bobby Dodd Stadium, they competed as a member of the Coastal Division in the Atlantic Coast Conference. They finished the season 4 -- 4 in ACC play to finish in third place in the Coastal Division. Georgia Tech ended the 2016 season with a 9-4 overall record, 4–4 in the ACC; the Yellow Jackets ended the season winning six of their last seven games, defeating arch-rival Georgia in Athens by a score of 28–27, finishing the season with a 33–18 win in the TaxSlayer Bowl over Kentucky. Georgia Tech controlled the clock and dominated most of the game yardage wise, but gave up a key score in the final minutes of the 4th quarter. Georgia Tech had 2 missed field goal attempts. During the second overtime, Coach Paul Johnson opted to try for a 2-point conversion to win the game there instead of kicking a point after try to tie the game and continue overtime play.
Tennessee's defense came up with the Volunteers held on to the 1 point victory. Georgia Tech had a poor offensive performance during the first half, their only score was a touchdown. After some half time adjustments, Tech came storming out and put up 27 unanswered points to win the game; the game was cancelled due to the cleanup for Hurricane Irma. Coach Pat Narduzzi of Pittsburgh a few days prior to the game criticized Georgia Tech's use of cut blocks during their offensive possessions calling them "dangerous." After Georgia Tech's win, Coach Paul Johnson criticized the Yellow Jacket offense for causing 4 turnovers and said they would not have won had they played a good team as what was described as a "snide" response to Narduzzi. Georgia Tech received the opening kickoff and traded a few short drives with the Tar Heels before scoring on an 18-play drive. From on, the Jackets dominated on both sides of the ball against a injured UNC team by using time of possession to their advantage and smothering the UNC offense.
The Tar Heels scored late in the 4th quarter, against Tech's backup defenders, to end a 5-quarter shutout streak. Both Taquon Marshall and Kirvonte Benson tallied over 130 yards rushing each on the day; this was Tech's first win against UNC in 4 years. Tech led most of the game until the 4th quarter when Miami kept its chances alive with a long pass and miraculous catch. Miami would kick the game winning field goal giving the Jackets their 2nd loss of the season. Despite coming within a touchdown near the end of the first half, Georgia Tech would once again find their place as Georgia would score 24 unanswered points in their way to a victory. Tech was disqualified from bowl eligibility with the loss causing their final record to be one win shy of qualifying; this would be another successful year for Tech
Elfin Sports Cars Pty Ltd is a car manufacturer company founded by Garrie Cooper. It has been an Australian manufacturer of sports cars and motor racing cars since 1959. Elfin Sports Cars is owned by the estate of former British racing driver Tom Walkinshaw, through his company Walkinshaw Performance which owns Holden Special Vehicles, it was owned by businessmen and historic racing enthusiasts Bill Hemming and Nick Kovatch who purchased it in 1998. Elfin is the oldest continuous sports car maker in Australia and one of the most successful with 29 championships and major Grand Prix titles; the original factory was located at Conmurra Avenue, Edwardstown in suburban Adelaide, South Australia. The company is located at Braeside, a suburb of Melbourne, Australia; the company was founded by Garrie Cooper, a successful championship driver and designer and builder of racing and sports-racing cars as Elfin Sports Car Company. In 1983, following the death of its founder, the firm was bought by Tasmanian Don Elliott, racing driver Tony Edmondson and mechanic John Porter who re-established the provision of parts and service to existing owners Cooper died from a burst aorta, due to the vessel's weakness from medication he was taking to keep his blood thin after a heart valve operation in the mid-1970s, on ANZAC Day in 1982, at the age of 46.
Cliff Cooper, Garrie's father, completed outstanding orders, including six new generation Formula Vees, before offering the business for sale as well as designing a new Formula Vee, the Crusader, a Formula Brabham car. In 1993, Victorian Murray Richards acquired Elfin and set out to build a new generation Elfin Clubman called the Type 3. In failing health, he sold Elfin to Bill Hemming and Nick Kovatch in 1998. Elfin is owned by the estate of British racing driver Tom Walkinshaw. There is a heritage centre dedicated to Elfin Sports Cars in Melbourne; the centre features around 12 historic vehicles on display. Elfin drivers have won 29 championships and major titles including two Australian Drivers' Championships, four Australian Sports Car Championships, three Australian Tourist Trophies, four Australian Formula Ford Series. In addition Elfin cars won the Singapore Grand Prix, the Malaysian Grand Prix, the New Zealand Grand Prix. Drivers of Elfin cars included 1976 Formula One World Champion James Hunt, French F1 driver, Didier Pironi.
Others included Australian F1 drivers Vern Schuppan and Larry Perkins, as well as John Bowe, Frank Matich, John McCormack, Bob Jane, Allan Grice, Peter Manton and Mark Mclaughlin. Elfin is producing two V8 powered sports cars: the MS8 Streamliner and the MS8 Clubman and has introduced an entry-level model, the turbocharged four cylinder powered T5 Clubman; the engines are supplied by GM Powertrain. The MS8 is infamous for its "spirited" handling; the vehicle is somewhat disappointing, considering Elfin's motorport history. The original company produced 248 racing and sports racing cars in 27 different models over a 25-year period. Australian Formula Two Elfin Cars Pty Ltd Introducing the Holden Elfin MS8 Clubman and MS8 Streamliner Brian Ax with a profile of Elfin Video of Elfin Clubman and Streamliner MS8s Elfin racing images Retrieved from Autopics on 14 August 2008 Elfin MS8 overview
Fort Independence named Camp Independence, was a fort located in the Owens Valley, 3 miles north of present-day Independence, Inyo County, eastern California. The U. S. Army post was active from 1862 to 1877. Camp Independence was established on Oak Creek in the valley on July 4, 1862, during the Owens Valley Indian War, it served as an American Civil War army post. The fort was abandoned at the end of hostilities with the Owens Valley Paiute in December 1864. However, it was reoccupied by the Nevada Volunteers in March 1865, due to renewed conflict with the local Paiute; the post was abandoned on July 5, 1877. The military reservation was transferred to the Interior Department for disposition on July 22, 1884; when the military left the valley, the native Paiute and Shoshone peoples of the area held various allotments of land adjacent to the fort. The Fort Independence Reservation was established through executive orders Number 2264 and 2375 in 1915 and 1916; this provided the tribal members with 360 acres of land adjacent to Oak Creek in the southern Owens Valley, near the Owens River and town of Independence.
The site is a California Historical Landmark, with a historical marker on Highway 395. Fort Independence Indian Community of Paiute Indians California Historical Landmarks in Inyo County, California History of Inyo County, California
The season of 1899–1900 in Scottish football was the 27th season of competitive football in Scotland and the tenth season of the Scottish Football League. Rangers were champions of the Scottish Division One. Partick Thistle won the Scottish Division Two. Celtic were winners of the Scottish Cup after a 4–3 win over Queen's Park. Maryhill were winners of the Junior Cup after a 3–2 win over Rugby XI. Scotland were winners of the 1900 British Home Championship. Key: = Home match = Away match BHC = British Home Championship 1899–1900 Rangers F. C. season Scottish Football Historical Archive
Andrew James Harrower Dougal is a British businessman associated with the financial management of construction and property-related companies. Dougal worked with Hanson plc from 1986 in a range of general and financial management roles, rising to be group finance director chief executive from 1997 until 2002, during which time Hanson focused on building materials, becoming the world's biggest aggregates supplier and the second largest supplier of ready-mixed concrete. Dougal left Hanson with a large pay-off after quitting the group to "rebalance" his life. Dougal is a member of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of Scotland and a member of its Council, has advised on the responsibilities of non-executive directors. Dougal has been a non-executive director of Taylor Wimpey, Taylor Woodrow and Creston plc, chairing the audit committee in all three, he has been a non-executive director of Premier Farnell and BPB plc. Dougal was appointed a non-executive director of Carillion plc in October 2011, chairing its audit committee, was a member of the board in the run-up to Carillion going into liquidation on 15 January 2018.