click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Lee Smith (baseball)

Lee Arthur Smith is an American former professional baseball pitcher, who played 18 years in Major League Baseball for eight teams. Smith served as a relief pitcher during his career. One of the dominant closers in baseball history, he held the major league record for career saves from 1993 until 2006, when San Diego Padres relief pitcher Trevor Hoffman passed his total of 478. Smith was elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame on December 9, 2018 as part of the Today's Game Era Committee vote. A native of Jamestown in Bienville Parish in north Louisiana, Smith was scouted by Buck O'Neil and drafted by the Cubs in the 1975 MLB Draft. Smith was an intimidating figure on the pitcher's mound at 6 feet, 6 inches and 265 pounds with a 95-mile per hour fastball. In 1991, he set a National League record with 47 saves for the St. Louis Cardinals, was runner-up for the league's Cy Young Award. Smith set the major league career record for games finished, his 1,022 career games pitched were the third-most in history when he retired.

After the end of Smith‘s major league career, he spent time working as a pitching instructor at the minor-league level with the San Francisco Giants. Smith served as the pitching coach for the South Africa national baseball team in the 2006 World Baseball Classic and 2009 World Baseball Classic, he is a minor-league roving pitching instructor for the Giants. Lee Smith was reared in the small town of Castor in Bienville Parish. Buck O'Neil claimed credit for having scouted him. At age 17 on O'Neil's recommendation, Smith was drafted in the second round as the 28th overall pick by the Chicago Cubs in the 1975 draft. Smith began his professional career as a starting pitcher. In 1978 with the Class AA minor league Midland Cubs, Smith struggled as a starter with an ERA near 6.00, prompting manager Randy Hundley to move him to the bullpen. Smith resisted the move and tried college basketball at Northwestern State University. At the behest of former Cubs outfielder Billy Williams, Smith returned to Midland as a reliever for the 1979 season and pitched well enough to earn a promotion to Class AAA baseball for 1980.

With the major league Chicago Cubs struggling to a last-place finish, Smith came into the big leagues as a September call-up that season. Smith made his major league debut with the Cubs on September 1, 1980, against the Atlanta Braves, coming in relief for starting pitcher Dennis Lamp, who had given up four runs and eight hits in the four innings he pitched. Smith pitched one inning, striking out one and walking two, he finished the season for the last-place Cubs and was invited back to the majors for 1981. He was used as a middle relief pitcher. A streak of poor pitching was interrupted by the 1981 Major League Baseball strike, he finished with an ERA of 3.51. The Cubs' closer for 1981, Dick Tidrow, had a 3–10 season with a 5.06 ERA, as a result, in 1982 Smith, Willie Hernández and Bill Campbell shared closing duties. Smith pitched well and started five games from mid-June to early July. Former Cubs star pitcher Ferguson Jenkins returned to the team in 1982, became a major influence on the young reliever.

In what would be the last start of his career, Smith picked up his first major league hit, a home run off eventual Hall of Famer Phil Niekro. Smith managed only two singles for the rest of his career, he saved 17 games during that season and performed as the regular closer for the Cubs, a position he held for the next five years. In 1983, Smith had his best season in the majors up to that point. By May 6, he had pitched in ten games without allowing any runs while allowing only three hits and striking out 12 batters, his ERA rose to 1.85 by the end of May. Smith was selected for his first All-Star Game but did not fare well, surrendering the final two runs in the American League's 13–3 rout. Although the Cubs continued losing, Smith finished with a career-best 1.65 ERA—more than two points below the league average—and a career-best 1.074 WHIP while leading the National League with 29 saves and 56 games finished. He received a point in the NL's Cy Young Award voting and eight points in the NL Most Valuable Player Award voting.

The 1984 Cubs were the best team. While they finished with the franchise's best record and had their first postseason appearance since 1945, Smith compiled his worst ERA of the decade—although he saved more than 30 games for the first time in his career. In Game 2 of the NL Championship Series, Smith recorded two outs for the save to give Chicago a 2–0 lead in the best-of-five series against the San Diego Padres, putting them one win away from the World Series. In Game 4, the score was tied. After a scoreless eighth and a strikeout to start the bottom of the ninth, Smith allowed a one-out ninth-inning single to Tony Gwynn, Steve Garvey followed with a two-run homer to force Game 5; the Cubs led that game in the seventh inning, but the underdog Padres scored four runs and won a trip to the World Series. It would be the Cubs' only winning season in Smith's eight years with the team. In 1985, Smith for the first time dominated the league in strikeouts as a relief pitcher. After averaging fewer than eight strikeouts per nine innings in each prior season, he imp

Joseph Cartwright (artist)

Joseph Cartwright was an English marine painter. Cartwright was a native of Dawlish in Devon, worked for the navy in a civilian capacity; when the Ionian Islands came into the possession of the British sometime after the Treaty of Paris in 1815, he was appointed paymaster-general of the forces at Corfu, a position he held for some years. The nature of his post gave him many opportunities for making sketches of those islands and the neighbouring coast of Greece. On his return to England he published a volume entitled Views in the Ionian Islands, from on devoted himself to art, to painting marine subjects and naval engagements, he exhibited many pictures at the Royal Academy, the British Institution, the Society of British Artists, obtained a great reputation in his particular field. In 1825 he was elected a member of the Society of British Artists, in 1828 was appointed marine painter to H. R. H; the Duke of Clarence, Lord High Admiral of England and future King of England, William IV. Cartwright died at his apartments at London on 16 January 1829, aged about forty.

Among his main works were: The Burning of L'Orient at the Battle of the Nile, The Battle of Algiers, The Battle of Trafalgar, The Port of Venice at Carnival Time, HMS Greyhound and HMS Harrier engaging a Dutch Squadron in the Java Seas, Frigates becalmed in the Ionian Channel and A Waterspout off the Coast of Albania. Attribution: This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Bryan, Michael. "Cartwright, Joseph". In Graves, Robert Edmund. Bryan's Dictionary of Engravers. I. London: George Bell & Sons. Joseph Cartwright on Artnet Watercolours by Joseph Cartwright A view of the Citadel, Corfu HMS Little Belt and USS President exchanging fire Man from Albania Corfu islander in local costume

Shammar Yahri'sh

Shammar Yahri'sh full name was a Himyarite king. In AD 275, he led his troops to victory over Ma ` rib and Hadhramaut, he succeeded in uniting much of Yemen, assuming the title "King of Saba and Dhu Raydan and Hadhramaut and Yamnat". From his time forward the Himyarite kings were known as "Tubba kings", praised for their courage and leadership in traditional Yemeni poetry. Shamar name was recorded in Namara inscription. Shammar Yahri'sh sent a delegation to the Arab tribe of al-Azd and Tanukh and to the Sassanid court in Ctesiphon, which led to an exchange of ambassadors. At about the same time, the Roman emperor Constantius II sent the missionary Theophilus to ask if churches could be built for Roman India traders in the Himyarite territory. In about 280 AD, Shammar Yuharʿish, residing at his capital Ẓafār, united Yemen under his rule. One hundred years Abu Karib Asad, nicknamed "Asad al-Kamel" fulfilled the highest aspirations of Shammar Yuharish. Under his leadership the old Sabaean Kingdom with Ma'rib as the capital was conquered and ceased to exist as an independent kingdom.

The Axumites, who had become a strong power and had occupied the Tihamah and part of the highlands more than once, were driven back to Ethiopia. During his rule pre-Islamic Yemen reached its greatest expansion including southern parts of present Saudi Arabia and Oman as a whole, it is believed. Its believed that he subjugated the kingdom of Israel and Persia and reached as far as the Tibet, it is believed he invaded Northern India and gained lots of loot. His father king Yasir Yun ` im reached as far as the Strait of Gibraltar. Shammar tribe

Kawan Bergeloet

Kawan Bergeloet is a collection of short stories written by Soeman Hs and first published by Balai Pustaka in 1941. It contains twelve stories, seven of which were published in the magazine Pandji Poestaka, as well as an introduction by Sutan Takdir Alisjahbana; these stories are humorous in nature, presented with a diction that shows strong east Sumatran influences. Released in response to the commercial success of Mohammad Kasim's collection Teman Doedoek, Kawan Bergeloet has been reprinted several times and received positive critical appraisal. Soeman, together with Kasim, has since been considered a pioneer of the Indonesian short story; the Dutch scholar of Indonesian literature A. Teeuw writes that the collection is Soeman's most interesting contribution to Indonesian literature. Short stories and sketches in Malay have been recorded in Indonesia since the 1870s, a short story collection—H. Kommer's Warna Sari—was published in 1912; these early stories used vernacular Malay and were humorous or derived from fairy tales or detective fiction.

Short story-writing developed further in the 1920s and 1930s, when short stories and sketches in a more formal register of Malay were published in such magazines as Pandji Poestaka and Poedjangga Baroe. The first collection of short stories in the Indonesian literary canon, Mohammad Kasim's Teman Doedoek, was published by Balai Pustaka in 1937; this collection was a commercial success, selling 4,000 copies by 1941. Teman Doedoek was read by Soeman Hs, a Bengkalis-born teacher who had gained popularity as a writer of detective fiction. Soeman, once a student of Kasim's, had experimented with more humorous story-telling approaches, including in his novel Pertjobaan Setia as well as in the numerous short stories he had published through Pandji Pustaka. After the commercial success of Teman Doedoek, Balai Pustaka sought to release a new short story collection. Kawan Bergeloet contains twelve short stories or sketches written by Soeman, seven of, written for and published in Pandji Poestaka; the remaining stories were written for the new collection.

The first edition included an article on Soeman, written by Sutan Takdir Alisjahbana, published in the January 1936 issue of Pedoman Pembatja. This has been excluded from some reissues. "Tjik Mat" follows a young man named Mat. After three casts he is unable to catch any fish. On the fourth cast, he hooks a fish; the story was first published in 1933, in issue 13, volume 11, of Pandji Poestaka. "Piloe", follows a mother who goes to the port with her child, Mak Jam, to meet her husband Hajji Saleh. Upon arriving, Jam is unable to find him. A crewman tells the mother that Saleh died three days before reaching Sabang; the story was first published in 1933, in issue 40, volume 11, of Pandji Poestaka. "Salah Paham" follows Kari Boengsoe, a gambir merchant, who travels to Singapore after turning a tidy profit. When his escort leaves, Kari goes to a nearby restaurant for dinner; the waiter asks him, "Kari apa?", to which Kari replies that he wants to eat. This exchange is repeated several times until the waiter asks "Kari ajam?

Kari kambing?" Kari and the waiter begin fighting, the police are called. When they arrive, they realize the source of the confusion, explain it, leave. Shortly afterwards, the incident is repeated when Kari and the waiter have a misunderstanding over an ice cube. According to Balai Pustaka, "Salah Paham" was published. However, Ernst Kratz, in his bibliography of literature published in Indonesian magazines, does not note any publication. "Salah Sangka" follows Malim Boengsoe, a respected man from a small village, who—having had four daughters—desperately wants a son. He prays continuously, his wife becomes pregnant. Nine months when she begins labour, Malim is busy praying for a son. An escaped criminal sneaks into the room of Malim's wife, she and the other women there scream out "Laki-laki! Laki-laki!" Malim goes to the room as the criminal escapes. When Malim arrives and asks for his son, he is confused; the story was first published in 1933, in issue 59, volume 11, of Pandji Poestaka. "Pandai Djatoeh" describes an incident involving three old men at a wedding.

When the hosts pass out betel to be chewed, the first man takes out a golden mortar to crush the betel. He boasts; the second man takes out his silver mortar and says that, with silver, the betel would only taste sour if left for too long. The third man, the poorest of them all, takes out his wooden mortar and says that, having tried golden and silver mortars, he has concluded that betel crushed under wood tastes the best of all; the story was first published in issue 60, volume 11, of Pandji Poestaka. "Karena Hati" follows a man. There, he marries Sitti Aminah, a young woman who, though only 20 years of age, has been married and divorced three times, their marriage does not last long, the man leaves Aminah three days before the Eid al-Fitr holiday. However, his expensive set of black clothing, which he must wear during the Eid ceremonies, is accidentally left at Aminah's home. Pretending to be sick, the man goes to Aminah and asks her to cover him with clothing and light a fire to keep

Don Pietromonaco

Donald Stephen Pietromonaco was a child actor, award-winning radio personality and voice actor whose career would span more than 47 years. In the summer of 1948 at the age 13 Don began his acting career as Don Pietro by appearing in a number of major Hollywood productions including his first film The Boy with Green Hair with Robert Ryan and Pat O'Brien followed a year by Mrs. Mike with Dick Powell. In the 1950s there came a string of nice roles like Follow the Sun with Glenn Ford, The Gene Autry Show as Pepito Garcia and Girls in the Night with Harvey Lembeck. In 1957 Don played a Page on an ocean liner in the film classic An Affair to Remember opposite Cary Grant. In 1947 as a child Don was hired to open the play, Galileo, by Bertold Brecht and starring Charles Laughton, at the Coronet Theatre in Los Angeles, in Broadway. In his years Don related stories of Brecht and Charlie Chaplin in the audience during rehearsal, teasing him with his new nickname, “Porky.” By 1960 Don made a transition from the big screen to Don Pietro, Disc Jockey at KROG, California where he began toying with various character voices while developling an on-air persona that became one of the country's most theatrically gifted air talents.

In 1963 program director Guy Williams aka L. David Moorhead hired him for the all important early evening slot at legendary top forty rocker, KRIZ. Using the air name "The Purple Pizza Eater", Don along with his sidekick Bruno J. Grunion, a mythical teenage ne'er-do-well voiced by Pietro (unbeknownst to the listening teen audience, the two garnered huge ratings in the Phoenix market and his reputation as an on-air entertainer began capturing national attention and the management of St. Louis giant, KXOK-AM 630. Known to thousands of radio listeners as "Johnny Rabbitt", Don along with his faithful companion Bruno J. Grunion, the two would delight their predominantly teen audience from 7 pm to midnight with outlandish antics such as Rabbitt feeding Bruno to a "man-eating plant." But of course Bruno would always survive. The throngs of teens calling the station's request lines with their problems or dedications could "Blab it to the Rabbitt." From 1964 through 1968 Don Pietro would enjoy some of the highest ratings recorded to date in the St. Louis market.

Upon Pietromonaco's departure from KXOK in 1969, Don and Bruno returned once again to Phoenix and KRIZ Radio this time for the 3-7 PM Drive slot where he would earn Billboard Magazine's coveted Major Market Performer of the Year award. KRIZ would be Bruno, the end of era. In 2001, Don Pietromonaco would be inducted into the St. Louis Radio Hall of Fame. After his departure from live radio in 1971, Pietromonaco began teaching film production and voiceovers in Hollywood, as well as voicing numerous commercials. At the age of 61, Don Pietromonaco and veteran voiceover coach, died from complications due to emphysema, he once sent a film clip to the children's show The Banana Splits entitled "Pop Cop". This was a sped-up depiction of a policeman directing traffic at a St. Louis intersection, the name "Pietromonaco" can be seen on a street sign at the beginning. During his days at KXOK in St. Louis, Pietromonaco helped raise several million dollars for medical research; the "Pop Cop" in the Banana Splits video was Owen Dacey, a popular 5th District motorcycle traffic officer in the Hyde Park area of North St. Louis.

The clip shows him at the intersection of North Grand North Broadway. He was known to locals as the "Dancing Cop". Http://www.jonnieking.net: "Rabbitt Tracks"... Personal History. Legacy Inductees, St. Louis Radio Hall of Fame. Post stories make STLRadio.com. The video can be seen on youtube.com by searching for Pop Cop

Manchester (Jamaica) Local Sustainable Development Plan

The Manchester Local Sustainable Development Plan was prepared by the Manchester Parish Council and the Manchester Parish Development Committee, located in Mandeville, Jamaica, in Manchester Parish, publicly presented to the community in July 2007. The Development Plan was completed after a thorough process of participation and citizen’s mobilization that took five years; this document is the first of its kind in the English speaking Caribbean. The Plan is based on the principles of community driven development, bottom-up democracy and local capacity building to achieve sustainable development; the Plan is part of the Local Government Reform initiatives, a national effort that seeks to decentralize certain government functions. The local planning approach follows in line with the tenets of Local Agenda 21, the global initiative to improve governance and quality of life at the community level; the plan recognizes the United NationsMillennium Development Goals. The preparation of the plan involved different development agencies, local and international, it is proposed as a model for this kind of developmental approach.

The Plan was written to provide the Parish with proposed goals, actions, policy recommendation and implementation strategies inspired by the local residents’ visions that were gathered from a series of stakeholders meetings, community workshops and researches. This Local Sustainable Development Plan aims for a twenty-year multi-sectoral approach or collaboration between a myriad of sectors that will help to guide and achieve sustainable development and long-term planning for the region. In terms of objectives, the Plan seeks to address the challenges experienced by the Parish as a whole in pertinent areas that includes housing provision, traffic congestion, waste generation, water shortage and the creation of economic opportunities; the plan therefore explores relevant issues such as Land Use Designations, Transportation, Waste Management, The Natural Environment, Water, Tourism, Social Services and Community participation and Local Governance, with regard to the principles of sustainability.

Manchester’s plan begin with a comprehensive vision for the future that expresses that “the citizens of the parish imagine a future in which Manchester is known as a great place to live, work and learn, with lively and attractive towns, strong communities, a scenic countryside.” The preparation of the plan has followed a systematic process. Each stage of planning, from building partnership to evaluation, builds upon the previous. Yet, because the plan must be updated, the process is cyclical; as the plan is implemented, changing political priorities and local realities could mean that the Parish must adjust its course in order to achieve its vision. The stages in the process were as follows: 1. Building and strengthening partnership; the PDC began by forming relationship with key individuals. Strengthening these partnerships has continued throughout the planning process. 2. Gathering community information. Community workshops engaged residents in collecting information on local geography, history and economy.

3. Parish Profile; the Plan and published in April 2004, is a comprehensive compilation of information containing everything one would need to know about the Parish. 4. Community Planning Workshops. Interactive workshops were held in communities across the Parish, in which citizens discussed issues concerning their communities and formulated visions for the future. 5. Sector Work Groups. Work groups were composed of experts and policy makers in specific fields like agriculture, infrastructure and environment. Through a series of meetings, these groups discussed possible solutions for the challenges facing their sector. 6. Draft 1 of the Plan; the first Draft of Manchester’s plan was released in 2006 and is based on information from the community workshops and sectors work groups. 7. Stakeholder Meetings. Conversations with stakeholders further refined the direction of the plan. 8. Draft 2; the second draft of the plan presents a comprehensive vision and complete set of recommendations. 9. Land Use Survey.

The data was used to analyse the current pattern of land use and provided assistance for policy development and land use proposals in the Manchester LSDP. 10. Community and Stakeholder Engagement. Workshops with communities and stakeholders will give everyone a chance to review Draft 2 and influence the final draft. 11. Final Plan. Responding to community and stakeholders input, the final draft will be the one to be implemented by all the various actors. 12. Monitoring and Evaluation; the Parish will need to evaluate its progress toward its vision. The plan should be updated every five years or so. Manchester approach to the plan is based on these fundamental principles: - The ultimate goal is sustainability. Manchester must provide for the present while ensuring a better quality of life for the future through proper management of its resources; this requires considering the connections between environmental and economic forces. - The plan must belong to the citizens. The intent of the plan is to improve the lives of residents.

The plan will only be if citizens are central in its creation and implementation. - The plan should take a long-term and global perspective as well as a twenty-year, local perspective. The Parish must consider the entire range of relevant issues, from global trends to local realities; the Parish must aim for short-term improvement while looking much further into the future. - Manchester can use change to its advantage. The citizens of Manchester welcome to wealth brought by development, but they realise that