Legia Warszawa, known in English as Legia Warsaw, is a professional football club based in Warsaw, Poland. Legia is one of the most successful Polish football clubs in history winning 13 Ekstraklasa Champions titles, a record 19 Polish Cup trophies and four Polish SuperCup matches; the club's home venue is the Polish Army Stadium. Legia was formed between 5 and 15 March 1916 during military operations in World War I on the Eastern Front in the neighborhood of Maniewicze in Volhynia, as the main football club of the Polish Legions. After the war, the club was reactivated on 14 March 1920 in an officer casino in Warsaw as Wojskowy Klub Sportowy Warszawa, renamed Legia in 1923 after merger with another local club, Korona, it became the main official football club of the Polish Army – Wojskowy Klub Sportowy Legia Warszawa. From 1949 to 1957, Legia was known as CWKS Warszawa. Before 8 April 2004 it was owned by Pol-Mot and from 8 April 2004 until 9 January 2014, it was owned by media conglomerate ITI Group.
The club is owned by Dariusz Mioduski who serves as the club's chairman. Legia was formed between 5 and 15 March 1916 during military operations in World War I on the Eastern Front in the neighborhood of Maniewicze in Wołyń, as the main football club of the Polish Legions; the formation of the club in 1916 was influenced by the outbreak of the First World War, because many Polish soldiers were involved in the formation of the Polish Legions before the war. Soldiers young men from the south of Poland played football before the war, therefore, after the formation of the team, they soon became successful. Football was a good way of spending free time, in the calm moments at the front, football matches were organized, which required the ball, making provisional goals, finding a dozen or so players; the first team training began in the spring of 1915 in Piotrków, between 5 and 15 March 1916 – at the request of Master Sergeant Zygmunt Wasserab –, a part of the Polish Legion's Commanding Staff in Kostiukhnivka to create a football club.
The president of the organization was Władysław Groele, corporal Stanislaw Mielech proposed the name "Sporting Team Legia", adopted. Other names were: "Legion Command Squad" and "Styr". White-black colors and arms were shown, showing the white letter "L" on the black dial; the players were dressed in white clothes with sloping black belts, a reference to Czarni Lwów. In the spring of 1916, the team played a number of matches with other teams, most of which ended with Legia victorious; the oldest recorded matches are: 7–0 with the Divisional Sanitary Division, 3–3 with the 6th Infantry Regiment and two victories with the 4th Infantry Regiment. In July 1916 – because of the Brusilov Offensive – the Legions began to retreat west and the club moved to Warsaw; the first match in which Polonia Warsaw was the rival was held on 29 April 1917 at Agrykola Park and ended with a 1–1 draw. Of the nine games played in Warsaw, Legia drew three. At the first away game the team won a 2–1 victory over the Polish champion KS Cracovia in Kraków, so Legia became an unofficial champion of the country.
In 1918 the war ended. The club was reactivated on 14 March 1920. In the officers' casinos in the Royal Castle, a group of former officers formed the Military Sports Club -Wojskowy Klub Sportowy- Warsaw, establishing the white and red colors of the statute. Among them was Zygmunt Wasserab, one of the founders of the club. Due to the Polish-Bolshevik war and the participation of many Warsaw players, WKS was not nominated for the premiership of the Polish championship league in 1920. In the 1921–1926 seasons, the team was not promoted beyond the A-class of the Warsaw district, but it was a important period for the club. In 1922, a statute was passed allowing the team to play in civilian teams. Zygmunt Wassarab and Jerzy Misiński worked together and the club's name was changed to the Military Sports Club "Legia" Warsaw, it was modeled on the document of LKS Pogoń Lwów. At that time, a merger with the oldest Warsaw sports club, was created, which resulted in the acquisition of new, white-green club colors.
In the first international match played on 18 May 1922, Legia lost 2–9 at their own stadium with Czechoslovakian club Viktor Zichkov Prague. A year in the championship of Warsaw, the Army took 3rd place. After the first-ever promotion beyond Class A in 1927, Legia qualified for the newly formed Polish Football League. Roman Górecki, the president of the Warsaw team, became the first president of the Polish League, their debut was on 8 May in Łódź – Klub Turystów Łódź was the opponent and the match ended in a 6–1 result. At the same time, Legia player Marian Łańko scored his first league goal free kick and recorded his first hat-trick in club history. In the same year, in a match against Pogonia Lwów, the club suffered the highest league loss, losing 2–11. At the end of the season, Legia finished fifth, despite five defeats at the start of the season. Legia striker Marian Łańko finished second scoring 31 goals; the Warsaw club made their debut in the Polish Cup, winning the match with Pogoń Warsaw 7–0.
For the next two seasons Legia occupied higher positions in the league than the other clubs: Polonia and Warszawianka. In 1930, after three years of construction, the Polish Army Stadium was opened at Łazienkowska Street. In the first match of the new
Ooruttambalam is a suburban area in Trivandrum.situated in Kattakkada Taluk of Thiruvananthapuram district, India. It is 16 km from Kerala State Road Transport Corporation's Central Bus Depot and City Depot East Fort,There are regular bus services to other parts of city also, it is only 4 kilometres from National Highway 66. Nearest towns are Balaramapuram and Neyyattinkara. Railway station is 3 km away; the railway line connects Thiruvananthapuram Central. AD 1915: Ooruttambalam Revolt under the leadership of Ayyankali. In the same year, Kallumala Agitation occurred under the leadership of Ayyankali in Perinad of Kollam. An attempt by Ayyankali to enrol a Pulayar girl in a government school led to violent acts perpetrated by upper castes against the community and to the burningdown of the school building in the village of Ooruttambalam, it is known as ‘Ooruttambalam Lahala This was followed by the first-ever agricultural strike in the history of the nation, fought not for wages but for school admission.
Ooruttambalam is awell known for temples. The Ooruttambalam Parankimamvila Sree Durga Bhagavathy Temple is located near Ooruttambalam Market. Many devotees from different parts of the state visits the temple; the Durga Pooja and Bhagavathy Pooja of the temple are famous. Atham mahothavam has been celebrating during the Malayalam month "Medam" on the day of the Malayalam nakshthra "Attam" every year; the People from all walks of the society participating in the festival Hindus and Muslims. The major attraction of the festival is the "Thalappoli Ghoshayathra", conducted during the last day of the festival. Procession starts from the temple and moves through velicode and reaches Govindamangal Mahavishnu temple. From there it moves to Govindamangalam Junction, Ooruttambalam Junction, Neeranamkuzhy Junction and comes back to temple; the procession was accompanied by many cultural programmes like Panchavadyam, Chnda Melam (orchestra of cylindrical percussion instrument, Nettipattam Kettiya Gajaveen. The elephants carry Thidambu.
It is taken out of the temple as Ezhunnallathu by the temple priest. This occasion is the only time where the goddess comes out of the temple in full alankaras in Ulthasava Thidambu. Many people from different region of kerala visits here and occupy their position at early in the morning to see the same and get worship from the goddess Durga. Neyyar dam, a tourist destination, is 16 km away, its canal passes through the town and the water is used for agriculture. Post Office and village office are near the Ooruttambalam junction. There are two schools as well. Earlier, this place was the main hub. Local government office, a local outpost of main police station are 1 km away from Ooruttambalam. Valiyarthala Thampuran Temple an ancient temple in Oorutambalam OORTTU Festival is popular in this temple Krishnapuram is a good agricultural place in ooruttambalam farmers are full-time in banana plant and in coconut plants more pupils are well educated in krishnapuram. A high school and LP Scholls are here ooruttambalam near good shepherd Church velikkodu built by Portuguese missioners in 1917 August 17.
Sree Saraswathy Vidyalayam, CBSE is a subsidiary of Bharatheeya Vidya Nikethan, having classes from pre-KG to plus two. Ooruttambalam Service co-operative Bank, is situated near the post office. Www.durgatemple.blogspot.com
Therianthropy is the mythological ability of human beings to metamorphose into other animals by means of shapeshifting. It is possible that cave drawings found at Les Trois Frères, in France, depict ancient beliefs in the concept; the most well known form of therianthropy is found in stories concerning werewolves. The term "therianthropy" comes from the Greek theríon, meaning "wild animal" or "beast", anthrōpos, meaning "human being", it was used to refer to animal transformation folklore of Europe as early as 1901. Sometimes the term "zoanthropy" is used instead. Therianthropy was used to describe spiritual beliefs in animal transformation in a 1915 Japanese publication, "A History of the Japanese People from the Earliest Times to the End of the Meiji Era". One source, "The Human Predator", raises the possibility the term may have been used as early as the 16th century in criminal trials of suspected werewolves. Therianthropy refers to the fantastical, or mythological, ability of some humans to change into animals.
Therianthropes are said to change forms via shapeshifting. Therianthropy has long existed in mythology, seems to be depicted in ancient cave drawings such as The Sorcerer, a pictograph executed at the Palaeolithic cave drawings found in the Pyrénées at the Les Trois Frères, archeological site.'Theriocephaly' refers to beings which have an animal head attached to an anthropomorphic, or human, body. Shapeshifting in folklore and anthropology refers to the alteration of physical appearance from that of a human to that of another species. Lycanthropy, the transformation of a human into a wolf, is the best known form of therianthropy, followed by cynanthropy and ailuranthropy. Werehyenas are present in the stories of several Eurasian cultures. Ancient Turkic legends from Asia talk of form-changing shamans known as kurtadams, which translates to "wolfman". Ancient Greeks wrote of kynanthropy, from κύων kyōn, which applied to mythological beings able to alternate between dog form and human form, or who possessed combined dog and human anatomical features.
The term existed by at least 1901, when it was applied to stories from China about humans turning into dogs, dogs becoming people, sexual relations between humans and canines. Anthropologist David Gordon White called Central Asia the "vortex of cynanthropy" because races of dog-men were habitually placed there by ancient writers; the weredog or cynanthrope is known in Timor. It is described as a human-canine shapeshifter, capable of transforming other people into animals against their will. European folklore features werecats, who can transform into panthers or domestic cats of an enlarged size. African legends describe people who turn into lions or leopards, while Asian werecats are depicted as becoming tigers; some Native American and First Nation legends talk about skin-walkers—people with the supernatural ability to turn into any animal they desire. To do so, they first must be wearing a pelt of the specific animal. In the folk religion of Mesoamerica, a nagual is a human being who has the power to magically turn themselves into animal forms—most donkeys and dogs—but can transform into more powerful jaguars and pumas.
Stories of humans descending from animals are found in the oral traditions for many tribal and clan origins. Sometimes the original animals had assumed human form in order to ensure their descendants retained their human shapes. North American indigenous traditions mingle the ideas of bear ancestors and ursine shapeshifters, with bears being able to shed their skins to assume human form, marrying human women in this guise; the offspring may be creatures with combined anatomy, they may be beautiful children with uncanny strength, or they may be shapeshifters themselves. P'an Hu is represented in various Chinese legends as a supernatural dog, a dog-headed man, or a canine shapeshifter that married an emperor's daughter and founded at least one race; when he is depicted as a shapeshifter, all of him can become human except for his head. The race descended from P'an Hu were characterized by Chinese writers as monsters who combined human and dog anatomy. In Turkic mythology, the wolf is a revered animal.
The Turkic legends say. The legend of Asena is an old Turkic myth. In the legend, a small Turkic village in northern China is raided by Chinese soldiers, with one baby left behind. An old she-wolf with a sky-blue mane named Asena finds nurses him, she gives birth to half-wolf, half-human cubs who are the ancestors of the Turkic people. Ethnologist Ivar Lissner theorised that cave paintings of beings with human and non-human animal features were not physical representations of mythical shapeshifters, but were instead attempts to depict shamans in the process of acquiring the mental and spiritual attributes of various beasts. Religious historian Mircea Eliade has observed that beliefs regarding animal identity and transformation into animals are widespread. In Melanesia there is a belief in the tamaniu or atai, an animal counterpart to a person, it may be a shark, a lizard, or some other creature. This creature is corporeal, can understand human speech, shares the same soul as its master, leading to legends which have many characteristics typical of shapeshifter tales, such as any death or injury affecting both forms at onc