Leigh Douglass Brackett was an American writer of science fiction, has been referred to as the Queen of Space Opera. She was a screenwriter, known for her work on such films as The Big Sleep, Rio Bravo and The Long Goodbye, she worked on an abandoned draft of The Empire Strikes Back. She was the first woman shortlisted for the Hugo Award. Leigh Brackett was born December 7, 1915 in Los Angeles and grew up there. On December 31, 1946, at age 31, she married Edmond Hamilton in San Gabriel and moved with him to Kinsman, Ohio, she died of cancer in 1978 in California. Brackett first published in her mid-20s, her earliest years as a writer were her most productive. Some of her stories have social themes, such as "The Citadel of Lost Ships", which considers the effects on the native cultures of alien worlds of Earth's expanding trade empire. During this period, she was an active member of the Los Angeles Science Fantasy Society, participated in local science fiction fandom in other ways, including contributing to the second issue of Pogo's STF-ETTE, an all-female science fiction fanzine.
Brackett's first novel, No Good from a Corpse, was a hard-boiled mystery novel in the tradition of Raymond Chandler After this, Brackett's science fiction stories became more ambitious. Shadow Over Mars was her first novel-length science fiction story; this was influenced by the characterization of the 1940s detective story and film noir. In 1946, Brackett married fellow science fiction author Edmond Hamilton. Planet Stories published the novella "Lorelei of the Red Mist", in which the protagonist is a thief called Hugh Starke. Brackett finished the first half before turning it over to Ray Bradbury, so that she could leave to work on the screenplay of the movie The Big Sleep, based on a Chandler novel. Brackett returned to science fiction writing after her movie work, in 1948. From on to 1951, she produced a series of science fiction adventure stories that were longer than her previous work, including such classic representations of her planetary settings as "The Moon that Vanished" and the novel Sea-Kings of Mars.
The latter was published as The Sword of Rhiannon, a vivid description of Mars before its oceans evaporated. In "Queen of the Martian Catacombs", Brackett created the character of Eric John Stark. Stark, an orphan from Earth, is raised by the semi-sentient aboriginals of Mercury, who are killed by Earthmen, he is saved by a Terran official, who becomes his mentor. When threatened, Stark reverts to the primitive N'Chaka, the "man without a tribe", who he was on Mercury. From 1949 to 1951, Brackett featured Stark in three stories published in Planet Stories: "Queen of the Martian Catacombs", "Enchantress of Venus", "Black Amazon of Mars". With this last story, Brackett's high adventure period of writing ended. Brackett adopted an elegiac tone in her stories, no longer celebrating the conflicts of frontier worlds but lamenting the passing of civilizations, concentrating more on mood than plot; the reflective, introspective nature of these stories is indicated in the titles: "The Last Days of Shandakor", "Shannach — the Last", "Last Call from Sector 9G".
"Last Call" was published in the final issue of Planet Stories, her most reliable publisher. After Planet Stories folded, in 1955, Startling Stories and Thrilling Wonder Stories, Brackett had lost all of her magazine market; the first phase of her career as a science fiction author ended. She did produce other stories over the next decade, revised and published some as novels. A new production of this period was The Long Tomorrow, one of Brackett's more critically acclaimed science fiction novels; this novel describes an technophobic society that develops after a nuclear war. After 1955, Brackett concentrated writing for the more lucrative television markets. In 1963 and 1964, she returned to her old Martian milieu with a pair of stories. "The Road to Sinharat" can be regarded as an affectionate farewell to the world of "Queen of the Martian Catacombs", the other – with the intentionally ridiculous title of "Purple Priestess of the Mad Moon" – borders on parody. Brackett and her husband shared Guest of Honor duties at the 22nd World Science Fiction Convention in 1965 in Oakland, California.
After another hiatus of nearly a decade, Brackett returned to science fiction in the 1970s with the publication of The Ginger Star, The Hounds of Skaith and The Reavers of Skaith, collected as The Book of Skaith in 1976. This trilogy brought Eric John Stark back for adventures upon the extra-solar planet of Skaith. Referred to as the "Queen of Space Opera", Brackett wrote planetary romance. All of her planetary romances take place in the Leigh Brackett Solar System, which contains richly detailed fictional versions of the consensus Mars and Venus of science fiction from the 1930s to the 1950s. Mars appears as a marginally habitable desert world, populated by ancient and humanoid races. Brackett's Skaith combines elements of her other worlds with fanta
Philipp Ernst Maria Lieber was a German Centre party politician and member of the Reichstag. Ernst Lieber was the son of the lawyer and tea merchant Moritz Joseph Josias Lieber; the religious painter Philipp Veit, the Limburg Bishop Peter Joseph Blum and politically influential Bishop of Mainz, Wilhelm Emmanuel von Ketteler, were friends of his parents. Lieber earned his Abitur in Hadamar, he studied from 1858 law in Würzburg and Bonn. Lieber received his doctorate in Heidelberg. After the death of his father in 1863, he interrupted work on his habilitation and supported his mother in the education of his youngest sibling and the family tea trading business. In Camberg he founded a Catholic social club. Lieber married on 24 September 1873 Josephine Arnold. From the marriage twelve children were born. Lieber was a member of the Catholic Student Association KDStV Bavaria Bonn. At the initiative of Bishop Blum, in 1869 Lieber gave his first speech at a Katholikentag, he became one of the founders of the Centre party, which he took over as chair in 1891 after the death of Ludwig Windthorst.
He was elected in 1870 to the Prussian House of Representatives and in March 1871 to the first parliament. Both mandates he held until his death. During the Kulturkampf, he distinguished himself as an eloquent opponent of Bismarck in the debates on the National Sunday rest, the restriction of women, child labor, the general working time limit. Following the partial withdrawal of the Kulturkampf laws, the party under his leadership struck a decidedly a national course. Lieber supported in particular the naval bills, by which he supported the politics of Kaiser Wilhelm II. Lieber was politically active in his hometown of Camberg, he was temporarily City Council Chairman. He belonged to the district council and district committee the local parliament of the governmental district of Wiesbaden, as well as the county council of the Prussian province of Hesse-Nassau in Kassel. In Camberg, Ernst Lieber build in 1889 the Lieber'schen tower on an old foundations, in the tower room he received visitors. Lieber was elected President of the Katholikentag in Münster in 1885.
Lois Ruth Boone is a Canadian politician. She served as MLA for Prince George North from 1986 to 1991, Prince George-Mount Robson from 1991 to 2001, in the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia, she is a member of the British Columbia New Democratic Party. Boone held a number of brief positions in the Executive Council of British Columbia, including Minister of Government Services, Minister of Municipal Affairs and Housing and Minister of Transportation and Highways. Government roles included the Minister for Children and Families and Deputy Premier. After stepping down from provincial politics, Boone was re-elected as a school trustee for School District #57. In October 2010, she announced she would seek the NDP nomination in the by-election in the federal riding of Prince George-Peace River. At the November 23, 2010 School District #57 public board meeting, she announced she would not be seeking renewal of her position as vice-chair of the board nor would she be seeking re-election as a trustee.
She stated that her decision predated her decision to enter federal politics and was due to the unease she felt over being a part of so many school closure decisions and an unwillingness to continue to "do the government's dirty work". On May 2, 2011, she was defeated by Conservative Party member, Bob Zimmer, in the federal Canadian election by 62% to 25%
Elections to the Baseball Hall of Fame for 1974 followed the system in place since 1971. The Baseball Writers' Association of America voted by mail to select from recent major league players and elected two, Whitey Ford and Mickey Mantle; the Veterans Committee met in closed sessions to consider executives, managers and earlier major league players. It selected three people: Jim Bottomley, Jocko Conlan, Sam Thompson; the Negro Leagues Committee met in person and selected Cool Papa Bell. A formal induction ceremony was held in Cooperstown, New York, on August 12, 1974, with Commissioner of Baseball Bowie Kuhn presiding; the BBWAA was authorized to elect players active in 1954 or but not after 1968. All 10-year members of the BBWAA were eligible to vote. Voters were instructed to cast votes for up to 10 candidates; the ballot consisted of 42 players. A total of 3,000 individual votes were cast, an average of 8.22 per ballot. Candidates who were eligible for the first time are indicated here with dagger.
The two candidates who received at least 75% of the vote and were elected are indicated in bold italics. Allie Reynolds was on the ballot for the final time; the newly-eligible players included 9 All-Stars, 4 of whom were not included on the ballot, representing a total of 75 All-Star selections. Among the new candidates were 20-time All-Star Mickey Mantle, 12-time All-Stars Elston Howard and Eddie Mathews, 9-time All-Star Rocky Colavito, 7-time All-Star Roger Maris and 5-time All-Star Larry Jackson. Players eligible for the first time who were not included on the ballot were: John Buzhardt, Wayne Causey, Lenny Green, Larry Jackson, Stu Miller, Bill Monbouquette, Russ Nixon, Larry Sherry, Norm Siebern, Bobby Tiefenauer and John Tsitouris. 1974 Election at www.baseballhalloffame.org
Pythium violae is a plant pathogen infecting carrots. It is a soil-borne oomycete. Pythium sulcatum causes a less serious form of this disease. Pythium violae causes elliptical shaped brown lesions surrounded by a thin yellow halo on the surface of the taproot; these lesions cause a blemished aesthetic appearance on the carrot, reducing their market value while maintaining yield. The lesions are, on average, less than half an inch in diameter and appear near harvest, but can grow as the carrot matures and grow larger on processing varieties of carrots. Low density hyphae are present in early formation of the lesions, but there is little to no presence of Pythium violae spores in the mature lesions making it difficult to diagnose in the field; this disease can be instigated by excessive rainfall, poor soil drainage, cool temperatures, low soil pH. Pythium violae has been shown to infect and produce similar necrotic lesions on other hosts such as alfalfa and broccoli. However, no economic loss has been reported from these alternate host infections.
Index Fungorum USDA ARS Fungal Database
The Duomo Vecchio or Old Cathedral is a Roman Catholic church in Brescia, Italy. It is known as the Winter Co-Cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta, while the adjacent main cathedral is known as the Summer Cathedral, it is one of the most important examples of Romanesque round church in Italy. While some claims for an earlier construction exist, the earliest documents state the cathedral was built in the 11th century on the site of a prior church with a basilica layout, it has a circular shape. In the 19th century, many additions to the original medieval building were removed; the entrance portal is one addition remaining. It contains the medieval Crypt of San Filastrio, in honor of the beatified Brescian bishop. Near the entrance, rests the sarcophagus of Bishop Berardo Maggi made of red marble; the Duomo Vecchio contains l'Assunta and St. Luke, St. Mark and the sleeping Elijah by Moretto da Brescia, it contains a Gathering Manna by Gerolamo Romanino and a Translation of the Bodies of Saints by Francesco Maffei.
Media related to Duomo vecchio at Wikimedia Commons