Leksvik

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Leksvik kommune
Former municipality
View of the village of Leksvik
View of the village of Leksvik
Coat of arms of Leksvik kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Leksvik kommune
Nord-Trøndelag within
Norway
Leksvik within Nord-Trøndelag
Leksvik within Nord-Trøndelag
Coordinates: 63°39′59″N 10°29′29″E / 63.66639°N 10.49139°E / 63.66639; 10.49139Coordinates: 63°39′59″N 10°29′29″E / 63.66639°N 10.49139°E / 63.66639; 10.49139
Country Norway
County Nord-Trøndelag
District Fosen
Established 1 Jan 1838
Disestablished 31 Dec 2017
Administrative centre Leksvik
Area
 • Total 430.22 km2 (166.11 sq mi)
 • Land 399.70 km2 (154.33 sq mi)
 • Water 30.52 km2 (11.78 sq mi)
Area rank #230/426 in Norway
  *Area at municipal dissolution.
Population (2017)
 • Total 3,480
 • Rank #249/426 in Norway
 • Density 8.7/km2 (23/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Leksværing[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+01:00)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+02:00)
ISO 3166 code NO-1718
Official language form Neutral
Created as Formannskapsdistrikt in 1838
Succeeded by Indre Fosen in 2018

Leksvik is a former municipality in the old Nord-Trøndelag county (now in Trøndelag county), Norway. The administrative center of the municipality was the village of Leksvik. Other villages in Leksvik included Vanvikan, Seter, and Dalbygda. Norwegian County Road 755 is the main road that connected the whole municipality from north to south.

Leksvik as seen from Våttåhaugen. Photo: Christian Nesset

The villages of Leksvik and Vanvikan were the two largest urban areas in Leksvik, notable for their high tech industries which have developed to become advanced and in demand. Areas with agriculture were also widespread, but most of the municipality was covered in forests and mountains where the wildlife ruled with animals such as moose and reindeer. The moose are sometimes seen in the heart of Leksvik and Vanvikan, where modern downtown areas with commercial and residential developments are growing.

The 430-square-kilometre (170 sq mi) municipality was the 220th largest by area out of the then 426 municipalities in Norway at the time of its dissolution. Leksvik was the 249th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 3,480. The municipality's population density was 8.7 inhabitants per square kilometre (23/sq mi) and its population had decreased by 0.1% over the last decade.[2]

General information[edit]

Leksvik was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). It was one of very few municipalities in Norway with unchanged borders since that date.[3]

The municipality of Leksvik was merged with the neighboring municipality of Rissa on 1 January 2018. The new municipality was named Indre Fosen and is located in the newly merged Trøndelag county.[4]

Name[edit]

The Old Norse form of the name was Lexuvík. The first element is the genitive case of a river name Lexa and the last element is vík which means "inlet". The river name is, maybe, derived from the word lax which means "salmon". The name has also, historically, been spelled Lexvigen or Leksviken.[5]

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms were from modern times; they were granted on 28 September 1990 and they were used until 31 December 2017 when the municipality ceased to exist. The arms show the blue Trondheimsfjorden and a silver part representing the land with a clover at the end of it to represent life and growth.[6] The arms were adopted by the new municipality of Indre Fosen as well.

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway had one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Leksvik. It was part of the Fosen prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Nidaros.

Churches in Leksvik
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Leksvik Leksvik Church Leksvik 1670
Stranda Stranda Church Vanvikan 1897

Geography[edit]

View of the Bjørnåa river and falls

Leksvik was located on the eastern side of the Fosen peninsula along the coast of Trondheimsfjorden. There are two large lakes located in Leksvik: Storvatnet and Meltingvatnet.

Government[edit]

The municipality of Leksvik was responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality was governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.

Municipal council[edit]

The final municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Leksvik was made up of 25 representatives that are elected to four year terms. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:[7]

Leksvik Kommunestyre 2015–2018
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
 Labour PartyArbeiderpartiet10
 Progress PartyFremskrittspartiet2
 Conservative PartyHøyre5
 Christian Democratic PartyKristelig Folkeparti1
 Centre PartySenterpartiet5
 Socialist Left PartySosialistisk Venstreparti1
 Liberal PartyVenstre1
Total number of members:25

History[edit]

The first inhabitants are believed to have moved to Leksvik some 3,000 years ago. They left several pieces of cutting tools which are now placed in museums. But Leksvik does not appear in recorded history before the Viking Age when the villages Leksvik and Hindrem became quite important in the local area. In both Leksvik and Hindrem there have been found great tombs and ruins of buildings and longboats. On Borgen, there is a hill between Hindrem and Seter that may have been a great Viking fortress, but this could also be tracks made by the glaciers during the last ice age. After the Black Death struck Norway in 1349, Leksvik fell into silence for some 300 years.

In more modern history, Leksvik and Hindrem are small and relatively isolated villages, north of Trondheim Fjord. Two churches stood here, a church in Leksvik and a stave church in Hindrem, but this broke down in 1655 and was replaced by a modern wooden church. In the 19th century, the church of Hindrem was demolished, and the new Stranda Church was built in Vanvikan. Leksvik became well known for its goats and had 5,000 of them at their peak number.

During World War II, Leksvik was settled by German troops with the main camp on the top of Våttåhaugen, a hill north of the village of Leksvik. But as a small and isolated village, nothing of great importance happened there during the war, and it was mostly peaceful although bombs fell over Trondheim, on the south side of the fjord. After electric power first came to Leksvik, Bjørn Lyng founded the first industry in Vanvikan and Leksvik. After the first road was finally finished in the early 1960s, industry grew rapidly and replaced the goats.

Attractions[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01. 
  2. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2017). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-10-01. 
  3. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. 
  4. ^ "Om Indre Fosen" (in Norwegian). Indre Fosen kommune. Retrieved 2017-10-01. 
  5. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1903). Norske gaardnavne: Nordre Trondhjems amt (dokpro.uio.no) (in Norwegian) (15 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 48. 
  6. ^ "Leksvik kommunevåpen" (in Norwegian). Leksvik kommune. Archived from the original on 2011-07-24. Retrieved 2008-11-02. 
  7. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2015. 

External links[edit]