The Lemelson-MIT Program awards several prizes yearly to inventors in the United States. The largest is the Lemelson–MIT Prize, endowed in 1994 by Jerome H. Lemelson, funded by the Lemelson Foundation, is administered through the School of Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology; the winner receives $500,000, making it the largest cash prize for invention in the U. S; the $100,000 Lemelson-MIT Award for Global Innovation was last awarded in 2013. The Award for Global Innovation replaced the $100,000 Lemelson-MIT Lifetime Achievement Award, awarded from 1995-2006; the Lifetime Achievement Award recognized outstanding individuals whose pioneering spirit and inventiveness throughout their careers improved society and inspired others. The Lemelson-MIT Program awards invention prizes for college students, called the Lemelson-MIT Student Prize. 2016Ramesh Raskar 2015Jay Whitacre 2014Sangeeta N. Bhatia 2013Angela Belcher Rebecca Richards-Kortum and Maria Oden 2012 Stephen Quake Ashok Gadgil 2011 John A. Rogers Elizabeth Hausler 2010 Carolyn Bertozzi BP Agrawal 2009 Chad Mirkin George B.
Rathmann Professor of Chemistry, Professor of Medicine, Professor of Materials Science and Engineering, Professor of Biomedical Engineering, Professor of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Director of the International Institute for Nanotechnology and Center for Nanofabrication and Molecular Self-Assembly at Northwestern University Joel Selanikio CEO and co-Founder and Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, Georgetown University Hospital 2008Joseph DeSimone Martin Fisher 2007Timothy M. Swager Lee Lynd 2006James Fergason for his liquid crystal display innovations. Sidney Pestka 2005Elwood "Woody" Norris for his invention of a hypersonic sound system, which allows sound to be focused with laser-like precision. Robert Dennard 2004Nick Holonyak, Jr. Edith M. Flanigen 2003Leroy Hood for his invention of four devices that have helped unlock the human genome, including the automated DNA sequencer. William P. Murphy Jr. 2002 Dean Kamen for his invention of the Segway and of an infusion pump for diabetics.
Ruth R. Benerito 2001 Raymond Kurzweil Raymond Damadian for his work in magnetic resonance imaging.2000Thomas Fogarty Al Gross for his invention of the first walkie-talkie, CB radio, the telephone pager, the cordless telephone.1999Carver Mead Stephanie Kwolek for her work on liquid-crystalline polymers and the development of the armored fabric Kevlar.1998 Robert Langer Jacob Rabinow for the first disc-shaped magnetic storage media for computers, the magnetic particle clutch, the first straight-line phonograph, the first self-regulating clock, a "reading machine", the first to use the "best match" principle.1997 Douglas Engelbart for his invention of the computer mouse. Gertrude Elion for the following inventions: 6-mercaptopurine, the first treatment for leukemia. Azathioprine, the first immunosuppressive agent, used for organ transplants. Allopurinol, for gout. Pyrimethamine, for malaria. Trimethoprim, for meningitis and bacterial infections of the urinary and respiratory tracts. Acyclovir, for herpes simplex virus infection.1996Stanley Norman Cohen for the development of methods to combine and transplant genes.
Herbert Boyer for the development of methods to combine and transplant genes. Wilson Greatbatch for the development of batteries for the early implantable cardiac pacemakers.1995William Bolander William Hewlett David Packard List of engineering awards Lemelson Foundation Jerome H. Lemelson Lemelson–MIT Program Official Website Lemelson–MIT Program: Winner's Circle Lemelson–MIT Program: Lemelson–MIT Prize
Aniyathi is an Indian television series which launched on the channel Mazhavil Manorama. The show stars Meera Gowri Krishna in the leading roles, it replaced the series Pattu Saree, ended on 20 February 2015 after running for 152 episodes. The story revolves around a traditional family settled in Kerala with parents Sathyaprakash Menon and Prabha, focuses on the trials and tribulations faced by sisters Gayathri and Gowri; the lives of the sisters get more complicated when elder daughter Gayathri finds herself in a challenging situation. The story ends when Gowri and Gayathri overcome all their problems and Gayathri marries her lover Alan Joseph. Shortly after this Gowri is diagnosed with cancer, a great shock to all those who love her. However, this does not stop her from fighting for. In the final episode Gowri travels abroad for medical treatment, her family and friends await her safe return. Meera Muraleedharan as Gayathri Alan Gowri Krishna as Gowri
Gretchen Dow Simpson is a native New Englander painter. She is the author of over 60 magazine covers for The New Yorker Magazine. Simpson is the daughter of Elizabeth Sagendorph Richard A. Dow, who lived in Dover, Mass.. Simpson was educated at the Rhode Island School of Design in Providence, RI, class of 1961. In 2005, Simpson received a Pell Grant. In 2010, she received an honorary doctorate from Bryant University, a private university in Rhode Island, her two daughters are Phoebe. Simpson spent many years living in New York City, from the 1970s to the 1990s over 50 of her paintings were featured as covers of The New Yorker Magazine. Gretchen Dow Simpson has shown her work at the Virginia Lynch Gallery in RI and the Mary Ryan Gallery in NYC, her work is best known for her crisp & close-up views of New England architecture and for attention to details and lighting effects. Simpson considers herself a “painter with a photographer’s eye,” and architectural forms have always drawn her, she is drawn to geometry and scale.
On October 2012 a 1,300-square-foot highway mural, based on one of her paintings, was installed on Interstate 95 in Pawtucket, RI as part of the former Rhode Island Governor Lincoln Chafee's Highway Beautification Project. Simpson's work is exhibited in New York City and Rhode Island, many of her paintings are in private collections
Night Sky is a 1991 play by Susan Yankowitz, which premiered in New York starring Joan MacIntosh, under the direction of Joseph Chaikin, whose personal struggles with stroke and aphasia were the original inspiration for the play. It was produced Off-Broadway in a revised version under the direction of Daniella Topol and featuring Jordan Baker in the main role; the play is set in modern times, theatrically explores what Dr. Stephen Hawking called the two mysteries remaining to us: the brain and the cosmos. Anna, a brilliant and articulate astronomer, has her sights set on a promising academic career. However, her life is turned upside-down when she is struck by a car and develops aphasia. Without the ability to communicate, as a "hodge-podge of unconnected words alternately confusing, funny and wise – and sometimes all four" becomes her normal pattern of speech, Anna's life becomes more difficult, in dealing with her lover, a teen-aged daughter, attempting to continue her professional career.
However, her condition isn't irreversible, it is the process of Anna's harrowing recovery, the heart of the story. Along the way, the audience encounters another aphasia patient, Anna's therapist, other individuals who misunderstand her condition, all as Anna tries to recover and to deliver her research paper at a prestigious conference in Paris. Anna – a brilliant astronomer and the protagonist of the play. Jen – Anna's teen-aged daughter, struggling with her own issues with growing up. Daniel – Anna's love interest, an aspiring opera singer. Bill – Anna's colleague, another astronomer with the university. Yankowitz was inspired and commissioned to write the play that would become Night Sky after her friend and mentor, legendary director Joseph Chaikin, suffered a stroke during heart surgery and developed aphasia. Chaikin recovered, but the experience affected him and his friends forever, he desired to educate people about this devastating condition. Yankowitz recalled how "When he would go out in public—similar to what I showed in the play—people would assume he was an idiot, he didn't understand anything.
For somebody of Joe's outstanding intelligence and previous eloquence, it was just a horrible situation." Yankowitz uses these type of situations in her play. However, Chaikin wanted to distance himself somewhat from the play, so he gave Yankowitz three conditions: the play's protagonist was to be a woman, not a man, he wanted the aphasia to develop due to an automobile accident instead of a stroke or surgery; the third condition, which surprised Yankowitz, was. When asked why, Chaikin replied, "'Stars, stars. So many stars.' And he made a gesture. I said,'Yes, but what about them?' He couldn't find the words to express it." Author's Official Site Official Publisher Interview with Susan Yankowitz Theatre On-Line Review
Rugby union in the United States is a growing national sport. Rugby union at the youth, high school, amateur club and international levels is governed by USA Rugby. There are over 125,000 players registered with USA Rugby as of 2016. Over 2,500 rugby clubs exist around the country, including those of. Professional club competition exists as Major League Rugby. There are several other high-profile rugby competitions in the U. S; as international competition, the USA Sevens is held every February at Sam Boyd Stadium in Las Vegas, draws over 60,000 fans and is broadcast on NBC. The U. S. national team hosts international matches every June, with attendances around 20,000. Collegiately, the Collegiate Rugby Championship is held every June at Talen Energy Stadium in the Philadelphia suburb of Chester and draws around 20,000 fans and is broadcast on NBC. Rugby union was first introduced to the United States in the mid nineteenth century and gained popularity throughout the late nineteenth century. However, it started to decline from the early 1900s.
The U. S. won the gold medal in rugby at the 1920 Olympics and again at the 1924 Olympics, but rugby collapsed in the country after the 1924 Olympics. Rugby did not re-emerge in the US until its renaissance in the 1970s; the United States of America Rugby Football Union was formed in 1975. The United States men's national team, the Eagles, has competed in all but one of the Rugby World Cup tournaments held every four years since 1987; the U. S. national team plays home matches every June, including international test matches. The United States is a Tier 2 rugby nation, which means that it is not competitive at the elite level of the sport, but is one of World Rugby's key development markets; the national team has competed in the six-nation Americas Rugby Championship every year since 2016. USA Rugby fields other national teams; the men's national rugby sevens team has been a "core team" that has participated in every tournament since 2008 of the annual World Rugby Sevens Series. The women's national team has reached the quarterfinals of every Women's Rugby World Cup, won the inaugural Women's Rugby World Cup in 1991.
The women's national sevens team is one of the core teams in the World Rugby Women's Sevens Series, which has included a tournament in the U. S. since its first season in 2012–13. The U. S. tournament was held in Houston in the 2012–13 season, since has been held in the Atlanta suburb of Kennesaw, Georgia. The first recorded rugby match in the United States occurred on May 14, 1874, between Harvard University and McGill University teams. Rugby grew in the early 1900s, spurred in part by American football's crisis of 1905-06 due to the perception that American football was a violent sport. During this era, rugby was perceived as having the potential to challenge American football as the dominant football code on the west coast. At the 1920 Summer Olympics in Antwerp, a United States rugby team composed of players from Stanford University defeated France to win the gold medal. Rugby union was again included in the 1924 Summer Olympics in Paris, where the United States again defeated France for the gold.
Despite this success, rugby in the United States faded away. Rugby began its revival in the United States in the 1960s and 1970s, as many colleges started club rugby teams. USA Rugby, the body that governs rugby in the U. S. was founded in 1975. On 31 January 1976, the U. S. national team played Australia—in its first official match since the 1924 Olympics—before 8,000 fans at Glover Field in Anaheim, California. Australia won the match 24–12; the United States national team participated in the inaugural 1987 Rugby World Cup. Rugby in the U. S. received a significant boost in 2009 when the International Olympic Committee voted to reinstate rugby into the Summer Olympics beginning in 2016. Rugby union played anywhere is governed by World Rugby known as the International Rugby Board, based in Dublin, Ireland, it is the governing and law-making body for rugby globally. World Rugby has over 100 member unions. USA Rugby is the member union of the United States within World Rugby. USA Rugby is responsible for overseeing rugby union domestically and training the various national teams that they put on the pitch.
Rugby started to grow in the United States in the 1960s. The United States of America Rugby Football Union formed in 1975, joined World Rugby in 1987. Within USA Rugby, there are several Geographical Unions that are charged with governing a specific region of the country. Within these GU's, there are Local Area Unions, which are responsible for governing a specific region within their respective GU's. More than 98,000 people are registered members of USA Rugby; the numbers of registered rugby members are highest in New York and Pennsylvania. On a per-person basis, rugby membership is highest in New England and in the Rocky Mountain states of Colorado and Utah. There are 11,790 women playing senior-level rugby. Over 34,000 high school athletes play rugby for U19 clubs. Over 2,200 pre-teens play organized rugby. With over 20,000 registered females in USA Rugby, the U. S. has more female rugby players than any other country in the world. There are 1,582 referees within USA Rugby. A 2010 survey by the National Sporting Goods Manufacturers Association ranked rugby as the fastest growing sport in the U.
S.. In 2014 the Sports and Fitness Industry Association reported rugby as the fastest growing team sport in the U. S. dur
Mihr Hormozd was an Iranian nobleman from the House of Suren. He was the son of Mardanshah, the padhuspan of Nemroz, executed by the orders of the Sasanian king Khosrau II. In 628, Khosrau was overthrown by his son Kavadh II, was taken to prison, where he was shortly executed by Mihr Hormozd who sought to avenge his father's death. However, after the execution, Kavadh had Mihr Hormizd killed. Pourshariati, Parvaneh. Decline and Fall of the Sasanian Empire: The Sasanian-Parthian Confederacy and the Arab Conquest of Iran. London and New York: I. B. Tauris. ISBN 978-1-84511-645-3. Al-Tabari, Abu Ja'far Muhammad ibn Jarir. Yar-Shater, Ehsan; the History of Al-Tabari: The Sasanids, the Lakhmids, Yemen. Trans. David Waines. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press. ISBN 0-7914-0764-0